-828675-1337310<br />Introduction................................................................pg.1<br />Definition.....................................................................pg.2<br />Symptoms and Diagnosis...........................................pg.3<br />Causes and Treatment...............................................pg.4<br />Nutritional Support....................................................pg.5<br />Recipe………………………………………………..pg.6<br />Conclusion...................................................................pg.7<br />Work Cited..................................................................pg.8<br />.<br />15716254531995Nutrition plays a vital role in daily life and allows the body to function properly and remain healthy. An adequate nutrition involves the essential macronutrients and also the micronutrients. Macronutrients are proteins, fats, carbohydrates, fat, and water that are required for growth and energy. Micronutrients such as minerals and vitamins are needed for the proper growth and development of the human body, and are required only in very small amounts. Various diseases and conditions that people face today are due to deficiencies of micronutrients. Cholesterol is a waxy, fatlike substance that the body needs to function normally. Similar to high blood pressure, hypercholesterolemia, most commonly referred to as high cholesterol is not a disease. High cholesterol is a condition that may result in very serious consequences such as heart attacks and strokes. In a recent study done by Statistics Canada, blood tests of thousands showed that 41 per cent of adults have high cholesterol. Many people who have high cholesterol may have no idea they have this condition because they may not have any visible symptoms. Therefore, it is extremely important for people of all ages to keep track of their cholesterol levels.<br />What is it?<br />Cholesterol is a fat-like substance that is produced by the body, more specifically the liver, and is an essential nutrient to the body. <br />It is essential for the function of cell membranes, for producing hormones, and for producing vitamin d within the body.<br />Two types of cholesterol: LDL (bad cholesterol) and HDL (good cholesterol) <br />4152900321945A body typically requires only a small amount of cholesterol until the excess cholesterol deposits into various arteries. <br />Body Parts Affected<br />High cholesterol mainly affects the arteries found in the heart, the brain, <br />and the legs for the reason that the excess cholesterol begins to build up on <br />the walls of the arteries<br />The arteries are greatley affected by high cholesterol <br />As high blood cholesterol builds up in the arteries, a waxy substance <br />called plaque causes them to narrow and harden, also known as <br />atherosclerosis.<br />Coronary arteries transport blood to the heart, therefore if plaque <br />causes these arteries to narrow, the blood flow to the heart will <br />significantly slow down and become insufficient resulting in coronary<br /> heart disease<br />4048125144780If plaque decides to burst within the arteries, cholesterol and fat will <br />enter the bloodstream causing clotting and eventurally resulting in a <br />heart attack<br />Not only is the circulatory system strongly affected, but high cholesterol <br />has a negative impact on the eyes as well<br />Those suffering from high cholesterol should be aware of the <br />increased risk of an eye condition known as retinal vein <br />occlusion<br />Similar to the arteries effect, high cholesterol will narrow <br />blood vessels causing a shortage of blood needed by the <br />retina<br />Clots can form which totally block the blood from entering the <br />retina and eventually the eyesight will weaken<br />Effects on Individuals<br />Unfortounately, cholesterol itself portrays no signs or symptoms, leaving an individual clueless of the condition<br />High cholesterol may begin at an early age, however risk factors and complications develop later on well into the adult-life<br />638175109855<br />3171825104140<br />1905003810<br /><ul><li>LDL cholesterol “bad-cholesterol” is found in the bloodstream and settles as fatty deposits on the inside of your blood vessels (Body and Health Canada)
These build up over time to become scars, called plagues.
This stimulates extra cell growth in the lining of the arteries. Plaque can damage and clog the arteries, including the coronary arteries feeding the hearts.
This is called atherosclerosis-hardening of the arteries and can result in angina-chest pains
There is clearly no sign of high cholesterol; it is more of a “silent” condition that offers no early warning.
You are diagnosed of High Cholesterol through a blood test and physical exam.
High levels of LDL cholesterol cause more plaque build up and increases the risk of a heart attack.
Also, you can get symptoms from the complications of high cholesterol which include pain the calves caused by narrowed arteries to the legs.
The main complications are heart disease and stroke.
If your doctor diagnoses you with high cholesterol, your doctor will order a simple blood test to check your cholesterol level.
These tests usually measure your total cholesterol level as well as the bad cholesterol-LDL and good cholesterol-HDL.
Doctors will give put you through a screening process, and while at it your doctor will exam and ask you about your diet and medical conditions in your personal and family history.</li></ul>461962590805<br /><ul><li>There are many factors in determining whether your LDL cholesterol is high or low.
331470022860A reason why a person would become diagnosed with high cholesterol is due to:
Limiting alcohol consumption-no more than two drinks per day to a max of nine per week for women or 14 per week for men
Medications-have been proven to lower the chance of further clogging of the arteries and treat cholesterol problems by lowering bad cholesterol-LDL and raising the levels of good cholesterol-HDL</li></ul>304800058420-20002558420<br />Foods that Lower Cholesterol: <br />4048125125730219075120955Whole grains<br />Blueberries<br />Pistachios/almonds/walnuts <br />Olives/olive oil<br />Fish/fish oil<br />Pomegranate juice<br />Foods high in fiber<br />Foods to avoid: <br />229552511430523875068580Eggs<br />3933825177800Whole-milk dairy products <br />Butter <br />Cream<br />Ice cream<br />Chicken/turkey<br />Lamb<br />Any sweets (potato chips, cakes, cookies etc) <br />* These foods contain both trans fat and saturated <br />fat which should be avoided when being diagnosed <br />with high cholesterol*<br />Vitamins/Supplements for High Cholesterol<br />Fiber is often recommended either as a supplement or coming from a direct source of food. <br />Omega 3 fatty-acids also reduce cholesterol which are found in fish oils.<br />The B vitamin, also recognized as Niacin, is known to reduce the LDL (bad). cholesterol while at the same time increasing the HDL (good) cholesterol. <br />4143375485775Vitamin C supplements help prevent heart disease, which arises as a result of high cholesterol, because it decreases the amount of cholesterol deposits in the arteries and blood vessels. <br />2038350263525Vitamin E is an antioxidant which additionally lowers bad cholesterol levels within the body. <br />-5524506350<br />3848100135255<br />Caramelized Onion and Grapefruit Salad<br />Caramelized onions:<br />3 tablespoons olive oil <br />2 onions, very thinly sliced <br />1 tablespoon balsamic vinegar <br />1/4 teaspoon kosher salt <br />1/4 teaspoon freshly ground black pepper <br />3476625168275<br />Dressing:<br />2 tablespoons red wine vinegar <br />2 tablespoons fresh lemon juice <br />4295775806451 teaspoon honey <br />1/4 cup extra-virgin olive oil <br />Kosher salt and freshly ground black pepper <br />Salad:<br />2 pink grapefruits <br />1 head romaine lettuce, thinly sliced or torn into 1-inch pieces <br />1 large fennel bulb, trimmed and thinly sliced <br />1 small cucumber, peeled, seeded and thinly sliced <br />3 scallions, finely sliced <br />1 tablespoon chopped fresh thyme leaves <br />220980116510<br />Garlic Salmon<br />1 1/2 pounds salmon fillet <br />salt and pepper to taste <br />3 cloves garlic, minced <br />1 sprig fresh dill, chopped <br />5 slices lemon <br />5 sprigs fresh dill weed <br />2 green onions, chopped<br />Without proper nutrition, the body is unable to function properly and stay healthy. This may result in many diseases or conditions such as high cholesterol. Nutrition is important for everyone, especially those living with high cholesterol. People living with high cholesterol must make sure they get the proper nutrition by having the right amount of both macronutrients and micronutrients. A person diagnosed with high cholesterol must avoid foods that contain trans fat and saturated fats. They must also incorporate foods that lower their cholesterol such as foods high in fiber. Supplements of fiber and vitamins B, C, and E are recommended as well. With the adequate nutrition, cholesterol levels can be controlled, improving the life of an individual suffering from high cholesterol. <br />103822555880<br /><ul><li>C., Benjamin. "High Cholesterol." emedicinehealth. emedicinehealth, 2011. Web. 29 May 2011. <http://www.emedicinehealth.com/high_cholesterol/article_em.htm>.
De Laurentiis, Giada. "Caremelized Onion and Grapefruit Salad." foodnetwork.com. foodnetwork, n.d. Web. 29 May 2011. <http://www.foodnetwork.com/recipes/giada-de-laurentiis/caramelized-onion-and-grapefruit-salad-recipe/index.html>.
"HIGH CHOLESTEROL - The Facts." HIGH CHOLESTEROL - The Facts. HeartPoint, September 1997. Web. 29 May 2011. <http://www.heartpoint.com/Cholfacts.html>.
"High cholesterol hits 41% of adults." CBC News | Health. CBC News, 23/03/2010. Web. 29 May 2011. <http://www.cbc.ca/news/health/story/2010/03/23/cholesterol-canadians.html>.
Johnson, Priya. "Why is Nutrition Important." Buzzle.com. Buzzle, 2011. Web. 29 May 2011. <http://www.buzzle.com/articles/why-is-nutrition-important.html>.
Kaniecki, Diana. "Vitamin Supplements for Treating High Cholesterol and Triglycerides." livestrong.com. livestrong, 22/11/10. Web. 29 May 2011. <http://www.livestrong.com/article/314926-vitamin-supplements-for-treating-high-cholesterol-and-triglycerides/>.
"Nutrition." Benton County - Health Status Report. Benton County, 2009. Web. 29 May 2011. <http://www.google.ca/imgres?imgurl=http://www.co.benton.or.us/health/health_status/images/cholesterol7.gif&imgrefurl=http://www.co.benton.or.us/health/health_status/
"Understanding Your Cholesterol Lowering Supplements." Supplement Cellar. supplement cellar, 2011. Web. 29 May 2011. <http://supplementcellar.com/herbal-supplements/cholesterol-lowering-supplements/>.