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Teacher presentation

  1. 1. Drama By Derick Miller
  2. 2. What Is Drama? A drama is a story enacted onstage for a live audience .
  3. 3. <ul><li>Origins of Drama </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The word drama comes from the Greek verb dran, which means “to do.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The earliest known plays . . . </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>were written around the fifth century B.C. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>produced for festivals to honor Dionysus, the god of wine and fertility </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Dramatic Structure Like the plot of a story, the plot of a play involves characters who face a problem or conflict. Climax point of highest tension; action determines how the conflict will be resolved Resolution conflict is resolved; play ends Plot: Sequence of events that develop the drama Exposition characters and conflict are introduced
  5. 5. Elements of Drama
  6. 6. There are three types of Drama Elements. <ul><li>Literary </li></ul><ul><li>Technical </li></ul><ul><li>Performance </li></ul>
  7. 7. Literary Elements (What is needed to write a script or story?) <ul><li>Script </li></ul><ul><li>Plot </li></ul><ul><li>Character </li></ul><ul><li>Story Organization </li></ul><ul><li>Setting </li></ul><ul><li>Dialogue </li></ul><ul><li>Monologue /soliloquy/aside </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict </li></ul>
  8. 8. Technical Elements (What is needed to produce a play?) <ul><li>Scenery </li></ul><ul><li>Costumes </li></ul><ul><li>Props </li></ul><ul><li>Sound and Music </li></ul><ul><li>Make-up </li></ul>
  9. 9. Performance Elements (What do the actors do on stage to make a character come alive?) <ul><li>Acting </li></ul><ul><li>Speaking </li></ul><ul><li>Non-verbal Expression </li></ul>
  10. 10. But…what do all these words mean?
  11. 11. All the elements of drama combine to make a good production. They are all important. Some demonstrate more of one element than others.
  12. 12. Literary Elements <ul><li>Script? </li></ul><ul><li>A script is the written words and directions of a play. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Literary Elements <ul><li>Plot? </li></ul><ul><li>The plot is the storyline or arrangement of action. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Literary Elements <ul><li>Character? </li></ul><ul><li>A character is a person portrayed in a drama. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Literary Elements <ul><li>Story Organization? </li></ul><ul><li>The story organization is how a story is told – the beginning, middle and end. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Literary Elements <ul><li>Setting? </li></ul><ul><li>The setting is where the action takes place. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Literary Elements <ul><li>Dialogue? </li></ul><ul><li>A dialogue is a spoken conversation between two characters. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Literary Elements <ul><li>Monologue? </li></ul><ul><li>A monologue is a long speech made by one person. </li></ul><ul><li>Soliloquy? A character alone on stage reveals private thoughts. </li></ul><ul><li>Aside? A character briefly expresses private thoughts to the audience that other characters on stage cannot hear. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Literary Elements <ul><li>Conflict? </li></ul><ul><li>The internal or external struggle between opposing forces, ideas, or interests that create dramatic tension. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Technical Elements <ul><li>Scenery? </li></ul><ul><li>The scenery is theatrical equipment such as curtains, backdrops, and platforms to communicate the environment. An example might be trees to show a forest environment. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Technical Elements <ul><li>Props? </li></ul><ul><li>Props are any article other than costumes or scenery used as part of a dramatic production. An example might be a table on the stage. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Technical Elements <ul><li>Sound and Music? </li></ul><ul><li>Sound is the effect an audience hears during a show, like the sound of rain. And music – well, you know what music is! </li></ul>
  23. 23. Technical Elements <ul><li>Make-up? </li></ul><ul><li>Make-up is the use of costumes, wigs and body paint to transform an actor into a character. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Performance Elements <ul><li>Acting? </li></ul><ul><li>Acting is how speaking and moving help to create characters. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Performance Elements <ul><li>Non-verbal Expression </li></ul><ul><li>Non-expression includes gestures, facial expressions, and movement. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Performance Elements <ul><li>Speaking </li></ul><ul><li>Speaking is vocal expression, projection, speaking style and diction. </li></ul>
  27. 27. The ancient Greeks developed drama, making two basic types of play. <ul><li>These two types are: </li></ul><ul><li>A Tragedy </li></ul><ul><li>A Comedy </li></ul>
  28. 28. Tragedy A tragedy is a play that ends unhappily. right and wrong justice and injustice life and death <ul><ul><li>Most classic Greek tragedies deal with serious, universal themes such as </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. The protagonist of most classical tragedies is a tragic hero. This hero <ul><ul><li>is noble and in many ways admirable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>has a tragic flaw, a personal failing that leads to a tragic end </li></ul></ul>rebelliousness jealousy pride Tragedy
  30. 30. Comedy A comedy is a play that ends happily. The plot usually centers on a romantic conflict. boy meets girl boy loses girl boy wins girl
  31. 31. Comedy The main characters in a comedy could be anyone: nobility servants townspeople
  32. 32. Comedy <ul><ul><li>Comic complications always occur before the conflict is resolved . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In most cases, the play ends with a wedding. </li></ul></ul>
  33. 33. <ul><li>A comedy ends happily after an amusing series of problem. </li></ul><ul><li>Tragedy stresses human greatness, but comedy emphasizes human faults and the weaknesses of society </li></ul>Conclusion
  34. 34. Thanks