“ Our school calendar is based upon the agrarian economy and not too many of our kids are working the fields today.” - Arne Duncan (Quoted in AP Article September 27, 2009)
"Now, I know longer school days and school years are not wildly popular ideas…But the challenges of a new century demand more time in the classroom ." - President Barack Obama (Quoted in AP Article September 27, 2009)
Country Number of Days TIMSS Scores Japan 243 605 S. Korea 220 607 Israel 216 522 Luxembourg 216 ? Netherlands 200 541 Thailand 200 522 Hong Kong 195 588 England 192 506 Finland 190 ? Nigeria 190 ? United States 180 500
What does the research say about summer loss and extend time?
“ Summer achievement loss is particularly evident in reading ability. While many students show loss in reading skills over the summer months, low income students, who do not have access to books in the home, experience an average loss in reading achievement of two months ." - Cooper (1996)
“ When Adams 14 students are compared to academically similar students the Adams 14 students significantly greater academic loss over the summer months than their peers nationally .” - Adams 14 Study (2009)
Continuous year calendars do not stop summer loss . - Adams 14 (Year Round/Continuous Year Calendar Research Report)
Degree of Learning = Time spent learning Time needed to learn Carroll (1963)
“ A recent literature review failed to find strong evidence supporting the belief that an extended school year (or longer school day) in the other countries is a significant cause of greater student achievement.”
The equation is more complex than time alone… Academic Learning = Allocated Time x Student Engagement x Successful Learning
High quality instructional practices that engage students in rigorous content must be in place for more time to be effective. #1
The Adams 14 Strategy To improve student achievement so that 80% of students assessed will be on grade level by 2014 by ensuring that each classroom has a dynamic , standards-based teacher who provides powerful 21 st century learning experiences to all students .
Summer learning loss is significant and must be addressed. Targeted summer school must be in place to reduce this loss. #2