Sara, an 18-year-old web developerStarted tinkering with websites when she was 13 for her and her friendsFamily is pushing her to go to college. If she completes her college degree, she would have a formal recognition of her skills and could apply for a job.But she finds classes unchallengingTaken a few open education courses through Peer to Peer University
Learning happens everywhere. For many years people have received recognition for their efforts and achievements. Sometimes they are given a certificate, medal, diploma, trophy or letter. However, it has always been hard to share this recognition to a wider audience. It was also hard to give these awards in a way that is easily shared and can scale to much larger groups. Yet it's often difficult to be recognized for skills and achievements that are gained outside of school.
In its most basic form, an Open Badge is a digital reward which can be stored inside a student's ‘digital backpack’.In late 2011, Mozilla, HASTAC and the MacArthur Foundation came together at the center of a broad community of collaborators to produce an open technical standard for any organization to create, issue, manage and verify digital badges. In March 2013, they released the first version of their Open Badge specification and the Open Badges Infrastructure (OBI) software that implements the standard.
The badges can be achieved by completing tasks and goals set by an issuer, such as a learning provider (awarding badges for achieving soft skills) or a website (for completing an online task), basically anyone who wants to keep a user motivated and interested. The issuer creates the criteria needed for the user to achieve the badge. This is embedded inside the badge in the form of metadata, along with who issued the badge, when it was issued and an expiry date if relevant.
Open Badge metadata includes:The defined outcomes required to earn the badge and the evidence earners provided to demonstrate their competenceThe qualifications of the learning provider, credential sponsor, or issuing organization and their trustworthinessThe relationship between the badge and larger programs, professional learning pathways, and/or larger skill setsVerification of the badge earner’s identity and relevant, secure, trusted communications about their qualifications, competencies and skills
Charting learning route. Badge pathways provide people with opportunities to make decisions based on personal agency, to define steps that may seem more like hops, and to think about ways to do things that aren’t sequential or even seemingly rational.
Process of issuing a badgeAn issuer makes a badge available to their community of earners on their website.
When awarded the badge, an earner sends it to their Backpack.Earners can share their badges through their Backpack and grant permission for a particular site to display that collection of badges.
Displayers pull badges out of the Backpack based on earner action and privacy settings.Badges are not siloed or limited to one site Each earner controls where their badges are displayed through the BackpackEach earner can create collections of badges and share with displayersEarners can also make badges public
The participants in a badging system are characterized using a few broad groups: Issuers - organization or individual who issues Open Badges to their community. The issuer is responsible for defining badges, making them available to earners andawarding them. Earners - someone who earns a badge (either by applying or being directly issued with it). The earner can use their Backpack to manage and share their badges.Displayers - a website, organization, or person who accesses publicly shared Open Badges and displays them for badge earners.
- Collaboration with Mozilla, the MacArthur Foundation, and HASTACHelping learners ‘find their way’ through the available learning activities (challenges), recognizing learners’ soft skills and motivating them to do more. There are over 55 available badges Learning activities, and thus all the badges, are aligned with the components of the Common Core State Standards
Supported by the Nominet TrustEstablishing a new means of recognizing and valuing skills and talents of young peopleRaise the value of authentic learningCollaboration between innovative charities, teachers, awarding bodies, education hackers and employersS2Rsilver:Tasks:Create a Sports Report which includes an interview Your report needs to be about sport and include an interview (audio or video)Featured Sports Report x 2 You must have 2 of your Sports Reports featured to the S2R Network.Promote your sports report Submit one of your sports reports which has received over 50 views and 5 likes.
The Open Badges Infrastructure (OBI) - which is being developed by the non-profit Mozilla Foundation and shaped by an international community of developers - can be used to issue, display and earn the digital awards.The Open Badges framework is designed to make badging flexible enough to represent the full range of learning and experience in online and offline life. This requires support for multiple, potentially significantly varied, badge issuers. Empowering earners to use their badges as legitimate credentials also requires support for sharing of badges across many display sites.Earners can share badges across such varied online environments as personal blogs and social networking channels, tying a variety of achievements to a single identity. It is critical for the infrastructure to be open, to give earners control over how they represent their own learning and experiences, to allow anyone to issue badges, and for each earner to be able to carry their badges with them throughout their online life.It is critical for the infrastructure to be open, to give earners control over how they represent their own learning and experiences, to allow anyone to issue badges, and for each earner to be able to carry their badges with them throughout their online life.
Workshop - Open Badges in Education
Digital Badges in Education
• Learner scenario
• Problems with educational landscape
• Defining a badge
• Badging process
• Examples of applying badges
• Task for you
• Sara, an 18-year-old web developer
What are the problems with formal diplomas?
(Discuss in groups in 5 minutes)
Problems with educational landscape
1. Diplomas present an incomplete picture
– Do not capture learning outside of classroom
2. Diplomas lack transparency and granularity
– Program and course outcomes not granular and
3. Connecting learning and career pathways
– Slow response on market demands
What is a Badge?
• A Badge is a symbol or indicator of one’s
accomplishment, skill, quality or interest
• Examples like Boy and Girl Scouts, Foursquare
• Open Badge is a digital reward which can be
stored inside a student's ‘digital backpack’
• Badges can be achieved by completing tasks and
8Smithsonian quest badges, link: http://smithsonianquests.org/
Potential roles of badges in education:
- Higher formal education
- Online learning and MOOCs
Potential Roles in Education
Primary Secondary Higher Vocational Online
motivation Visibility of a
(indicator of a
(filled based on Task 2 responses)
Potential Roles in Education
‘Signposting’ in the Learning Space - Badge
Participants in a badging process
• Issuers - create badges, make them available to
earners and award them
• Earners - apply for badges and display them
• Displayers - display badges earned by particular
Pathways for Lifelong Learning
• Providence After School Alliance – PASA
Grading Soft Skills - GRASS
• Developing innovative pedagogical approaches
and ICT tools to support:
– to develop novel pedagogical approaches to support
continuous development of learners' soft skills
– to incorporate these approaches in daily practices,
at multiple levels of education
– to develop a rich, structured set of soft skills metrics
Project website: http://grass.fon.bg.ac.rs/
Open Badges Infrastructure (OBI)
• Developed by the Mozilla Foundation
• Used to issue, earn and display badges
• Applications are able to share, stack, combine,
and include badges issued by other applications.
• Divide in groups of 4 members
• Find a use case for using badges in education
(e.g. classes you teach, attend etc.)
• Design 2-3 badges (15 min)
• Present your badges (10 min)
• Badge Canvas: http://bit.ly/digital-badge-canvas
• Mozilla Wiki, “Open Badges presentation
• Acclaim, “Open Badges for Higher Education”
Digital Badges in Education