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PCS Series: Research and Tools for Supporting Military Transitions

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An overview of common issues military families face during a Permanent Change of Station (PCS). The first half of this webinar will look at the 2018 RAND Report, “Enhancing Family Stability During a Permanent Change of Station.” The second half of the webinar will focus on the tools available to military service providers through Military OneSource, such as Plan my Move, and other Military OneSource moving resources that can support families throughout a PCS.
This is the 3rd webinar in a 3-part Permanent Change of Station series focused on the issues military families face during a PCS.

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PCS Series: Research and Tools for Supporting Military Transitions

  1. 1. PCS Series: Research and Tools For Supporting Military Transitions militaryfamilieslearningnetwork.org/event/30355 1This material is based upon work supported by the National Institute of Food and Agriculture, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the Office of Military Family Readiness Policy, U.S. Department of Defense under Award Number 2015-48770-24368.
  2. 2. Connecting military family service providers and Cooperative Extension professionals to research and to each other through engaging online learning opportunities militaryfamilieslearningnetwork.org 2This material is based upon work supported by the National Institute of Food and Agriculture, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the Office of Military Family Readiness Policy, U.S. Department of Defense under Award Number 2015-48770-24368.
  3. 3. Vickie LaFollette Department of Defense Program Analyst, Office of Military Family and Community Policy Department of Defense Project Lead, Military Families Learning Network Today’s Presenters Zona Lewis Manager, Strategic Outreach Online Content & Resources Office of Military Family and Community Policy
  4. 4. PCS Series: Research and Tools for Supporting Military Transitions Presenters: Zona Lewis, Office of Military Community and Family Policy Vickie LaFollette, Office of Military Community and Family Policy
  5. 5. PCS Series: Research and Tools for Supporting Military Transitions Learning Objectives • Awareness of the RAND Report: Enhancing Family Stability During Permanent Change of Station: A Review of Disruptions and Policies (2018) • Awareness of the RAND Report: The Effects of Military Change of Station Moves on Spousal Earnings (2016) • Awareness of legislative changes impacting permanent change of station moves for military families • Awareness of the 2017 Spouse Survey Results – Active Duty • Awareness of Military OneSource Tools and Resources for Relocating Military Families 5
  6. 6. PCS Series: Research and Tools for Supporting Military Transitions Over to you! How many of you work with relocating military families on a regular basis? 6
  7. 7. PCS Series: Research and Tools for Supporting Military Transitions Over to you! If so, where in the process do you begin working with these families? Earlier in the move process to set up a budget or at the end of the move where there may be financial difficulties? 7
  8. 8. PCS Series: Research and Tools for Supporting Military Transitions Over to you! What do you see as the “biggest” issue facing military families during a PCS? 8
  9. 9. PCS Series: Research and Tools for Supporting Military Transitions RAND Report: Enhancing Family Stability During Permanent Change of Station: A Review of Disruptions and Policies Background: • The 2017 National Defense Authorization Act required the Secretary of Defense to submit a report to Congress discussing actions taken to enhance stability of military families undergoing a PCS. 9 Free-Photos/Pixabaycom CC0
  10. 10. PCS Series: Research and Tools for Supporting Military Transitions • The Department requested assistance from RAND to conduct a review of the impact of PCS moves on family stability • Review consisted of the following: Identify disruptions to family stability generated by PCS • Conduct in-depth review of select disruptions to family stability • Identify existing DoD and service programs addressing PCS moves and the associated disruptions • RAND used existing literature, published survey data and feedback from interviews of DoD personnel in the construction of report RAND Report: Enhancing Family Stability During Permanent Change of Station: A Review of Disruptions and Policies 10
  11. 11. PCS Series: Research and Tools for Supporting Military Transitions RAND Report: Enhancing Family Stability During Permanent Change of Station: A Review of Disruptions and Policies Permanent Change of Station Disruptions and Category • First Order Disruptions are defined as problems or issues experienced as a direct result of a PCS • First Order Disruptions include: • Household Management • Employment • Changing Schools • Child Care 11
  12. 12. PCS Series: Research and Tools for Supporting Military Transitions RAND Report: Enhancing Family Stability During Permanent Change of Station: A Review of Disruptions and Policies Permanent Change of Station Disruptions and Category • Second Order Disruptions are defined as problems or issues experienced indirectly as a result of a PCS • Second Order Disruptions include: • Military Life • Psychosocial Outcomes • School Performance and Engagement • Family Functioning 12
  13. 13. PCS Series: Research and Tools for Supporting Military Transitions RAND Report: Enhancing Family Stability During Permanent Change of Station: A Review of Disruptions and Policies Key Permanent Change of Station Disruptions • Disruptions to Spouse Employment • Retention Intentions – whether to remain on active duty • Decisions to move as a family unit or to move separately 13 Skeeze/Pixabay.com, CC0
  14. 14. PCS Series: Research and Tools for Supporting Military Transitions RAND Report: Enhancing Family Stability During Permanent Change of Station: A Review of Disruptions and Policies Findings • DoD and Services offer a range of programs, policies and services to assist military families during permanent change of station moves • Existing DoD programs, policies and services are comprehensive • Service branches have assignment policies to mitigate permanent change of station disruptions • Civilian programs and services exist to assist military families during a permanent change of station move • No assessment of the programs, policies or services 14
  15. 15. PCS Series: Research and Tools for Supporting Military Transitions RAND Research Brief: The Effects of Military Change of Station Moves on Spousal Earnings Background The research team examined the causal impact of military moves on spousal earnings by creating a longitudinal database that tracks careers and incomes of more than 900,000 military spouses over the period of 2001-2012 Findings • PCS moves cause decline in spouse earnings and labor force participation • Among military working spouses, PCS moves reduces earnings by approximately $3,100 • PCS moves also result in lower labor force participation – spouses who experience a PCS move are 4-5% less likely to have any earnings in the year of the move • Spouses with children, under the age of 6, are particularly impacted by PCS moves – spouses with young children may need more time to help children adapt 15
  16. 16. PCS Series: Research and Tools for Supporting Military Transitions RAND Research Brief: The Effects of Military Change of Station Moves on Spousal Earnings Findings • Female and male military spouse wages and employment are impacted • Husbands experience larger dollar losses in earnings following a PCS move • Vast majority of spouse are female versus male spouses • Negative effects of the PCS move on spousal earnings persist after the move • Spouses who experience a PCS move continue to have lower wages several years after the move • Cumulatively, over the 3-year period, earning losses are approximately $4200 16
  17. 17. PCS Series: Research and Tools for Supporting Military Transitions 2017 Survey Active Duty Spouses (2017 ADSS) Results Spouse Military Support – Active Duty • Question: How satisfied are you with the military way of life • Question: Do you think your spouse should stay on or leave active duty • 60% satisfied with military way of life (lower than 2012 and 2015) • 61% favored spouse staying in the military (lower than 2012 and 2015) 17 Book Babe/Pixabay.com, CC0
  18. 18. PCS Series: Research and Tools for Supporting Military Transitions 2017 Survey Active Duty Spouses (2017 ADSS) Results Spouse Unemployment Rate - Active Duty • 24% Unemployment Rate (steady since 2012) • 61% of spouses were in the labor force • Unemployed spouses had been looking for work on the average of 17 weeks 18 Foundry/Pixabay.com, CC0
  19. 19. PCS Series: Research and Tools for Supporting Military Transitions 2017 Survey Active Duty Spouses (2017 ADSS) Results Spouse Well-Being – Active Duty • Question: Which of the following best describes your (and/or your spouses) financial condition? Comfortable, Some Difficulty, Not comfortable • 71% reporting comfortable financial condition (higher than 2006-2012) 19 27707/Pixabay.com, CC0
  20. 20. PCS Series: Research and Tools for Supporting Military Transitions 2017 Survey Active Duty Spouses (2017 ADSS) Results • Financial Problems in the Past 12 Months - Active Duty Spouses • Personal issues with partner due to finances – 19% • Borrowed money from family /friends to pay bills – 12% • Had to pay overdraft fees to bank/credit union 2+ times – 11% • Took money out of a retirement fund/investment fund to pay living expenses – 9% • Pressured to pay bills by stores, creditors, or bill collectors – 9% • Failed to make monthly/min payment on credit card account or Military Star Card – 8% • Failed to make car payment – 4% • Had telephone/cable/internet shut off – 4% 20
  21. 21. PCS Series: Research and Tools for Supporting Military Transitions 2017 Survey Active Duty Spouses (2017 ADSS) Results Relocation – Active Duty • Average number of PCSs during service members career is 2.9 moves. The number, on average, increases with age of spouse: • For spouses less than 26 years old, the average is 1.4 moves; • For spouses over age 40, the average is 4.9 moves • The average length of time between PCS moves is 23.8 months. By service: • Army 20.8 months • Navy 29 months • Marine Corps 21.7 months • Air Force 24.5 months 21
  22. 22. PCS Series: Research and Tools for Supporting Military Transitions 2017 Survey Active Duty Spouses (2017 ADSS) Results • For those with school age children, changing schools was a large problem for 40% for those with elementary age children (6-12 years old) and 46% for those with teenagers. • For those with children under the age of 6, availability of child care was a large issue for 32% during their most recent PCS move. 22 Skeeze/Pixabay.com, CC0
  23. 23. PCS Series: Research and Tools for Supporting Military Transitions Legislative Updates and Congressional Items of Interest Housing Flexibility Options – PCS Moves • Eligible service members and their families have increased housing flexibility options within the United States, including Alaska and Hawaii, based on changes in the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018. • Eligible service members may request flexible housing arrangements starting 180 days before their PCS date, with the options ending 180 days after the PCS date 23
  24. 24. PCS Series: Research and Tools for Supporting Military Transitions Legislative Updates and Congressional Items of Interest Housing Flexibility Options – PCS Moves • Service members who qualify include: • One or more dependents enrolled in the Exceptional Family Member Program • A spouse who is currently employed/enrolled in a degree, certificate or license-granting program; • An immediate family member with a chronic or long-term illness who they are caring • One or more children attending an elementary or secondary school. 24
  25. 25. PCS Series: Research and Tools for Supporting Military Transitions Legislative Updates and Congressional Items of Interest PCS Reimbursement for Spouse Licensure/Certification • Pursuant to National Defense Authorization 2018, Section 556 all Military Departments shall provide up to $500 in reimbursable travel expenses for qualifying relicensing costs of the spouses of the member when the member is reassigned either as a permanent change of station or permanent change of assignment from a duty station in one state to a duty station in another state. • Qualifying relicensing costs include exam and registration fees that are imposed by the State of the new duty station to secure license or certification to engage in the same profession that the spouse of the member engaged in while in the State of the original duty station. Furthermore, the fees paid or incurred by the member or spouse to secure the license or certification from the State of the new duty station must be after the date on which the orders directing the reassignment are issued. 25
  26. 26. PCS Series: Research and Tools for Supporting Military Transitions Legislative Updates and Congressional Items of Interest Interstate Compacts to Support License Portability – Defense State Liaison Issue • States can support mobile service members and their spouses by establishing licensure compacts which allow people licensed in an occupation in one state to practice in other states without having to apply for a license • This benefits service members and their spouse who relocate frequently • Compacts already exists for jobs such as physical therapy and nursing • DoD is working with other states to establish • To learn more: https://statepolicy.militaryonesource.mil/key-issue/interstate- compacts-to-support-license-portability • Military State Policy Source link: https://statepolicy.militaryonesource.mil/ 26
  27. 27. PCS Series: Research and Tools for Supporting Military Transitions Over to you! What, if any, is your go-to resource to assist PCSing families? 27
  28. 28. PCS Series: Research and Tools for Supporting Military Transitions Over to you! If you could create one online tool to assist PCSing families, what would it be and what would it do? 28
  29. 29. PCS Series: Research and Tools for Supporting Military Transitions • Military OneSource’s Spouse Relocation and Transition Specialty Consultations (800) 342-9647 • Military OneSource Website https://www.militaryonesource.mil/ • MilitaryINSTALLATIONS https://installations.militaryonesource.mil/ • Plan My Move http://planmymove.militaryonesource.mil/ Four Key Resources for PCS Moves 29
  30. 30. PCS Series: Research and Tools for Supporting Military Transitions • Personalized moving plans • Relocation assistance • Pre-departure briefings • Foreign-born spouse support • Affordable housing assistance Most importantly, this support comes at NO COST! Spouse Relocation & Transition Specialty Consultations 30
  31. 31. PCS Series: Research and Tools for Supporting Military Transitions MilitaryOneSource.mil 31
  32. 32. PCS Series: Research and Tools for Supporting Military Transitions Moving and Housing Category Page 32
  33. 33. PCS Series: Research and Tools for Supporting Military Transitions Moving Topic Page 33
  34. 34. PCS Series: Research and Tools for Supporting Military Transitions Moving Topic Page - Benefits Button 34
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  36. 36. PCS Series: Research and Tools for Supporting Military Transitions https://www.defensetravel.dod.mil/site/allowances.cfm 36
  37. 37. PCS Series: Research and Tools for Supporting Military Transitions Moving Topic Page 37
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  43. 43. PCS Series: Research and Tools for Supporting Military Transitions Financial & Legal Category Page 43
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  45. 45. PCS Series: Research and Tools for Supporting Military Transitions Personal Financial Topic Page 45
  46. 46. PCS Series: Research and Tools for Supporting Military Transitions Personal Finance – Resources Button 46
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  48. 48. PCS Series: Research and Tools for Supporting Military Transitions MilitaryINSTALLATIONS provides contact information for programs and services, maps and directions, links to comprehensive location overviews and community points of interest for military installations worldwide. MilitaryINSTALLATIONS Website 48
  49. 49. PCS Series: Research and Tools for Supporting Military Transitions • There are two primary ways to get to the MilitaryINSTALLATIONS website (1) From the URL https://installations.militaryonesource.mil/ (2) From the footer of any page on MiltiaryOneSource.mil MilitaryINSTALLATIONS 49
  50. 50. PCS Series: Research and Tools for Supporting Military Transitions MilitaryINSTALLATIONS continued… 50
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  56. 56. PCS Series: Research and Tools for Supporting Military Transitions MilitaryINSTALLATIONS – State Pages 56
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  64. 64. PCS Series: Research and Tools for Supporting Military Transitions MilitaryINSTALLATIONS – State Pages continued… 64
  65. 65. PCS Series: Research and Tools for Supporting Military Transitions Plan My Move Plan My Move provides service members and their families with access to information about entitlements and benefits, points of contact, checklists, planning tools and information on education and employment designed to make frequent moves easier and less disruptive. https://planmymove.militaryonesource.mil/ 65
  66. 66. PCS Series: Research and Tools for Supporting Military Transitions Plan My Move continued… 66
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  71. 71. PCS Series: Research and Tools for Supporting Military Transitions Are there other PCSing financial tasks or tips we should include here? Over to you! 71
  72. 72. PCS Series: Research and Tools for Supporting Military Transitions • Relocation Communication Strategy (March – August) • Social Media Engagement • All the Ways Campaign • Social Media Ads • All the Ways campaign • YouTube Ads • Display Ads and Paid Search • Gas Station TV Communication Engagements & Initiatives 72
  73. 73. PCS Series: Research and Tools for Supporting Military Transitions Social Media Engagement 73
  74. 74. PCS Series: Research and Tools for Supporting Military Transitions The Moving In The Military landing page is the destination for social and/or paid promotions surrounding moving topics. https://www.militaryonesource.mil/m oving-in-the-military Moving Landing Page 74
  75. 75. PCS Series: Research and Tools for Supporting Military Transitions • Relocation Assistance video https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZGdYURuVBBw&list=PLwJycwX3 ubJ8KRpzkrhEkwZ6AVruwZxk4&index=4&spfreload=10 All the Ways Videos 75 • Pet Relocation video https://www.youtube.com/watch?v =V6rNo2ocMco&list=PLwJycwX3ubJ 8KRpzkrhEkwZ6AVruwZxk4&index=6 &spfreload=10
  76. 76. PCS Series: Research and Tools for Supporting Military Transitions YouTube Ads 76
  77. 77. PCS Series: Research and Tools for Supporting Military Transitions • Digital banner ads • Paid Search Display Advertising & Paid Search 77
  78. 78. PCS Series: Research and Tools for Supporting Military Transitions Gas Station TV Ads Image is courtesy of GSTV.com 78
  79. 79. 79 Thank you for joining us today. For more information, log on to www.MilitaryOneSource.mil or call 800-342-9647.
  80. 80. Connect with MFLN Personal Finance! @MFLNPF 80 @MilitaryFamilies Moneytalk & Money Moment Podcasts Military Families Learning Network
  81. 81. Connect with MFLN Family Transitions! 81 @MFLNFT @MilitaryFamilies MFLN Family Transitions Podcasts Military Families Learning Network MFLN Family Transitions
  82. 82. Evaluation and Continuing Education Credits MFLN Personal Finance is offering 1.5 CEUs for today’s webinar for AFC- and CPFC-credentialed participants. Please complete the evaluation and post-test at: https://vce.az1.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_9sEFtN3Pa qHWLqt Must pass post-test with an 80% or higher to receive certificate. 82
  83. 83. Evaluation and Continuing Education Credits/Certificate MFLN Family Transitions is offering 1.5 credit hour and a certificate for today’s webinar from University of Texas- Austin, Steven Hicks School of Social Work. Please complete the evaluation and post-test at: https://vce.az1.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_9sEFtN3Paq HWLqt Must pass post-test with an 80% or higher to receive certificate 83
  84. 84. MFLN Personal Finance Upcoming Events Gender and Finances • Tuesday, May 28, 2019 • 11:00 am – 12:30 pm Eastern • RSVP: militaryfamilieslearningnetwork.org/event/22051/ Insurance Principles & Resources: What Financial Practitioners Need to Know • Tuesday, June 18, 2019 • 11:00 am – 12:30 pm Eastern • RSVP: militaryfamilieslearningnetwork.org/event/22064/ For more information on MFLN Personal Finance visit: militaryfamilieslearningnetwork.org/personal-finance 84
  85. 85. Sesame Street Overview on Military Resources Safe and Sound: Caring in Our Community Home is Where Your Heart Is At Our Best: Caregiving Today Engaged and Extraordinary: Supporting Young Children with Special Needs DEC 06 JAN 17 APR 19 JUL 10 NOV 14 2018 2019 11:00 a.m. – 12:00 p.m. Eastern 11:00 a.m. – 12:30 p.m. Eastern 11:00 a.m. – 12:30 p.m. Eastern 11:00 a.m. – 12:30 p.m. Eastern 11:00 a.m. – 12:30 p.m. Eastern
  86. 86. militaryfamilieslearningnetwork.org 86This material is based upon work supported by the National Institute of Food and Agriculture, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the Office of Military Family Readiness Policy, U.S. Department of Defense under Award Number 2015-48770-24368.

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