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Lecture 1--Research Theory & Philosophy


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Lecture 1--Research Theory & Philosophy

  1. 1. #1 Location In The Research Process<br />Formulating<br />Research<br />Questions<br />Appropriate<br />Design<br />Craft<br />Knowledge<br />Appropriate<br />Sampling<br />Decisions<br />Previous<br />Research<br />Ensure<br />Research<br />Ethics<br />Data<br />Collection<br />&<br />Management<br />Data<br />Analysis<br />Ongoing<br />Research<br />Interpretation<br />Dissemination<br />
  2. 2. Social Work & Science...<br />How do we know what we know?<br />Agreement Reality-Believing what we have been told.<br />Tradition- things “everybody knows”. Agency practice, “best practice”, accepted norm<br />Authority- “experts” not always right.<br />Common Sense- seems rational and logical<br />Popular media- very influential and easily tainted.<br />Experiential Reality- Direct experience and observation<br />
  3. 3. Research, Craft Knowledge, and Dogma<br />Scientific Thinking<br />Using logical reasoning to derive knowledge from evidence <br />Research (observation, objectivity, and replication)<br />Formal Scientific reasoning<br />Systematically analyzing evidence<br />Rules out competing hypotheses<br />Ideally, is informed by craft knowledge <br />Craft Knowledge<br />Informal scientific reasoning<br />Reflecting on observations and experiences<br />Conclusions that guide practices<br />Is open to feedback from research <br />
  4. 4. Research, Craft Knowledge, and Dogma<br />Dogma<br />Ideas or beliefs that are not based in scientific thinking<br />Assigned credibility based on notions of authority<br />Dogma is a closed thinking system<br />Not open to feedback from research or craft knowledge<br />Dogmatic thinking is often anti-scientific<br />
  5. 5. Research, Craft Knowledge, and Dogma<br />Since much of Social Work practice is value based, there is a risk of dogmatic, anti-scientific thinking<br />Many Social Workers do not understand how to use research<br />Many researchers fail to effectively translate research findings into craft knowledge - Research questions are often far removed from practice issues<br />
  6. 6. Social Work & Science...<br />Threats To Accurate Understanding –<br />Inaccurate Observation<br />Limited Observations<br />Ignoring Contradictory Evidence<br />Speculation<br />Illogical Reasoning<br />Premature Conclusions<br />Scientific Inquiry –<br /><ul><li>Careful & Deliberate Observations
  7. 7. Replication
  8. 8. Commitment To Evidence
  9. 9. Continued Observations
  10. 10. Public & Peer Review
  11. 11. Open Investigation
  12. 12. Nothing Deemed Unexplainable - Unresearchable</li></li></ul><li>Social Work Research...<br />Provide Practical Knowledge<br />Alleviate Suffering & Promote Social Welfare<br />Compassionate, Problem Solving, Practical<br />Practical Research Problems<br />Inadequate Practice Evaluations<br />Evidence Based Practice Is Guidance<br />Discriminate Between Strong & Weak Evidence<br />NASW Ethics<br />To Clients – Utilize Best Practice Knowledge<br />To Profession – Contribute To The Body Of Knowledge<br />