Researchers' mobility in Republic of Serbia


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  • Registration of stay All foreigners are required by law to register with the police station in their district within 24 hours of receiving a Serbian entry stamp at a border crossing or airport. Registration is done automatically by hotel staff upon check-in. In case of a private accommodation, the responsibility falls on a foreigner and his/her host to register him/her with the police in the district in which he/she is staying. White card Registered foreigner receives a White card – equivalent of a personal ID, the only document which shows the address of a temporary residence. According to the law, foreigner is supposed to renew it within 72 hours of returning to Serbia. In practice this can be impossible for frequent travelers. What most people do is get their card after a trip. They keep that one for a few months and renew it again after another trip. No need for “unregistering”. Temporary residence may be permitted to a foreigner whose intention is to stay in the Republic of Serbia longer than 90 days for the purposes of: Work, employment, performance of economic or other professional activities; Enrolling a school, university or advanced education course, scientific research, practical training, participation in the programmes of international exchange of pupils and students, and/or other scientific/education activities; Family rejoining; Other reasonable reasons in accordance with the law or an international treaty. Non-marital relationship may be granted if foreigner furnishes the proof that: He/she has got sufficient financial means to sustain him/her; What this mean in reality is that foreigner will need a certificate from his/her bank to prove he/she have at least EU 1,000 so as to be able to pay for any medical or other expenses you may incur in Serbia. It is possible to print a statement off the internet from the bank stating current balance He/she has got health insurance; His/her reasons for temporary residence are justified and in compliance with the purpose of temporary residence referred to in Article 26, paragraph 1 of the Law. Typically, long visas are issued for periods of 1 year or 6 months.
  • Researchers' mobility in Republic of Serbia

    1. 1. Researchers’ mobility in Republic of Serbia Milan Zdravković Training for Romanian EURAXESS network, 29-30 April 2010
    2. 2. Contents of presentation <ul><li>Science and research in Serbia </li></ul><ul><li>Overview of entry conditions </li></ul><ul><li>SER-MORE project – main deliverables and impact </li></ul><ul><li>Main obstacles for researchers mobility in Serbia </li></ul>Training for Romanian EURAXESS network, 29-30 April 2010
    3. 3. S cience and research in Serbia – Governance and financing <ul><li>Governance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SCIENCE: Ministry of science and technological development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HIGHER EDUCATION: Ministry of education </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Financing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No funds or agencies responsible for financing R&D activities - complete control comes under the responsibility of the Ministry for science </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State funding: Technological development, Innovation and Basic Research programmes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>General expenditure on R&D – 0.5% of GDP (to reach 1% till 2011) </li></ul></ul>Training for Romanian EURAXESS network, 29-30 April 2010
    4. 4. S cience and research in Serbia - International cooperation <ul><li>Has been very active and successful in international cooperation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>FP7 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Weak points: participation of SMEs and mobility of scientists (DG Enlargement report 2009) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Associated with the Competition and Innovation Programme (CIP) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>a positive step towards engaging the private sector in research and innovation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>TEMPUS, COST, EUREKA, NATO, Bilateral cooperation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Short-term mobility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bilateral cooperation (Germany, France, Croatia) </li></ul></ul></ul>Training for Romanian EURAXESS network, 29-30 April 2010
    5. 5. S cience and research in Serbia – Human resources <ul><li>The quality of the science system in Serbia is generally considered much higher than the level of economy would suggest, because of the human capital </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3.5 researchers per 1,000 of the labor force </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Of the total 22,485 R&D personnel in 2004, 11,637 are researchers. 35% were engaged in the government sector, 59 % in the higher education sector and 6 % in the business sector. </li></ul></ul>Training for Romanian EURAXESS network, 29-30 April 2010
    6. 6. Age pyramid of scientific community Training for Romanian EURAXESS network, 29-30 April 2010
    7. 7. Science and technological development strategy 2010-2015 <ul><li>Adopted 25.2.2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Main concepts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shift to innovation – create effective and efficient national innovation system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus to national priorities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>50% of R&D budget to basic research until now </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Biomedicine and human health, New materials and nanosciences, Environment protection and climate change, Agriculture and food, Energy and energy efficiency, ICT, Improvement of public policy making processes and affirmation of national identity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Invest in infrastructure </li></ul></ul>Training for Romanian EURAXESS network, 29-30 April 2010
    8. 8. Opportunities for incoming researchers’ mobility <ul><li>Well developed expat community </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More than 22.000 foreigners, on different grounds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many foreigners come to Serbia and then search for a job </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organized groups, forums, clubs, meetings, parties… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Scientific diaspora </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Repatriation programmes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Funding (return, develop teams, reviews) </li></ul></ul>Training for Romanian EURAXESS network, 29-30 April 2010
    9. 9. Law on foreigners <ul><li>The new Law On Foreigners has been applied from 1 July 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>“ Copy and paste” of standard EU visa laws </li></ul><ul><li>Solves main loop-hole in previous immigration law </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Based on law on foreigners, foreign nationals entering Serbia on a tourist or business status can stay in the country for maximum of 90 days within a 180 days period. In the past a foreign national could step across border before their ninetieth day and re-enter the very same day to be granted another 90 days of stay. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Main concepts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Registration of stay, white card, temporary residence </li></ul></ul>Training for Romanian EURAXESS network, 29-30 April 2010
    10. 10. Coming to Serbia to search for a job <ul><li>Using short stay visa </li></ul><ul><li>Once it expires, many are using non-marital relationship grounds or incorporating a small business (self-employment) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It provides the ground for temporary residence, but also covers social security and healthcare in state healthcare system </li></ul></ul>Training for Romanian EURAXESS network, 29-30 April 2010
    11. 11. Reported problems <ul><li>Once you enter on the grounds of professional employment, you need to register in next 3 days. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>However, if you are already in Serbia on different grounds (even already registered), you have to get out and get in, again, in order to avoid a fine. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Registration of stay is required 24hrs after each entry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Problem for frequent travelers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Offices in Belgrade are crowded and all staff does not speak good English </li></ul><ul><li>Law on foreigners states that approval of two ministries (education, science) is required for entry on scientific work/educational grounds </li></ul>Training for Romanian EURAXESS network, 29-30 April 2010
    12. 12. SER-MORE - Development of a Serbian network of mobility centres <ul><li>FP7 Support action, 2008-2011 </li></ul><ul><li>Main deliverables </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National EURAXESS network </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>5 SC, 33 LCPs, trainings, workshops, extranet tools, assistance tools (charters, manuals, survival guide) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National EURAXESS portal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1200 visits/month, guides, research landscape, testimonials </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promotion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Newsletters, online advertising, info days, conferences, Facebook </li></ul></ul></ul>Training for Romanian EURAXESS network, 29-30 April 2010
    13. 13. SER-MORE Impact <ul><li>35 foreign researchers, working in Serbia supported </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Three distinguished groups: lectors, phd students, researchers doing a field work (not affiliated to any Serbian institution) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In 2009, 12 successful applications in FP7 PEOPLE </li></ul><ul><li>1 signatory of C&C </li></ul><ul><li>Participation in public discussion on the Strategy </li></ul>Training for Romanian EURAXESS network, 29-30 April 2010
    14. 14. Main obstacles for researchers’ mobility <ul><li>University is disintegrated </li></ul><ul><li>Network penetration is more than satisfactory, however, data is still not coming </li></ul><ul><li>Employment process is not transparent </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of PhD programmes in English language </li></ul><ul><li>Extremely complicated, long and expensive process of diploma recognition </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of self-funding of the faculties </li></ul><ul><li>Securing jobs – even unpaid leave is hard to negotiate </li></ul><ul><li>Researchers are old – family issue </li></ul>Training for Romanian EURAXESS network, 29-30 April 2010
    15. 15. Thank you for your attention Milan Zdravković info Training for Romanian EURAXESS network, 29-30 April 2010