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characteristics of metaphysical poetry.


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my first educational presentation, on the characteristics of metaphysical poetry.

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characteristics of metaphysical poetry.

  1. 1. Parmar Milan .L Roll No. :- 16 Semester :- M.A. Sem.1 Year :- 2014 - 15 Topic:- Characteristics of Metaphysical poetry Submitted to Smt. S.B. Gardi Department of English, Maharaja Krishnakumarsinhji Bhavnagar University, Bhavnagar.
  2. 2. What is metaphysical poetry ? A group of poets emerged in the beginning of the seventeenth century, whose poetry come to be known as the metaphysical poetry. Metaphysical :- literally ‘meta’ means beyond and ‘physic’ means physical nature. A word metaphysical first time used by dr. Johnson in “ The lives of poet ”
  3. 3. Metaphysical school John Donne :- ( 1572- 1631) George Herbert :- (1593-1633) Andrew Marvell :- (1621-1678) Abraham Cowley :- (1618-1667) John Hall:- (1627-1656 ) The made conscious attempt to differ by displaying their learning and scholarship in their poems. They were highly learned and they tried to prove their learning through their poetry.
  4. 4. Conceit :- a particular type of metaphor or simile. For example:- “ If they be two , they are two so, As stiff twin, compasses are two Thy soul the fixed foot, makes no show To move, but doth, if th’other do.”
  5. 5. • They use figure of speech excessively. For instance, “you are as slow as a snail.” • Their similes and metaphors are far fetched and are often drawn from unfamiliar source. • Their images are logical and intellectual rather than sensuous or emotional.
  6. 6. “ Images taken from field of knowledge, science, agriculture, geography, history, astronomy, chemistry, architecture, geometry, mathematics, biology, medical etc. ” For example. Mark but this flea, and mark in this How little that , which thou deniest me is It sucke’d me first, and now sucks thee And in this flea our two blood mingled be.”  The use of such images makes their poetry difficult.
  7. 7. Dr. Samuel Johnson criticize by saying that ” their poetry stands a trial of their finger but not of the ear” Decline:- With the restoration Charles || in 1660 metaphysical school declined as theatres were opened back.