INTRODUCTION Cute, handsome, intelligent, interesting, beautiful, bad, nice, cheap, heavy, easy or difficult are some of the words teenagers use to describe a situation, event, task or person. Teenagers usually talk about different topics. They tend to compare each music genre, TV program, singer or actor. They also like to share information about authors of songs, bands, books of their interest. Besides, some of them learn adjectives to talk with their classmates to give either negative or positive attributes to them.
OBJECTIVES To help students to get more information about the usage of adjectives, let them know about its features, usual order, and rules to make comparisons, include the exception of the adjectives, To clarify how to choose the correct adjective according to the context, and how to identify it among pronouns and nouns in sentences.
ADJECTIVESThe word adjective brings to mind the following characteristics: Adjectives modify nouns and pronouns by telling which, what kind of, whose or how many. An adjective can be a word a phrase or a clause. Verbs have an adjective form called a participle. All possessive words are adjectives.
One or more adjectives can modify a noun. Usually, no more than three or four adjectives are used to describe the same noun:Order of the adjectives:Number, Characteristic, Size, Shape, Age, Color, Origin, NounEx. A beautiful new green Italian suit Three big long red pencils
COMPARATIVE FORM AND SUPERLATIVE FORM OF ADJECTIVES We use the comparative form of adjectives when we compare two persons, things or events. We use the superlative form of adjectives when we compare three or more things.
COMPARATIVE FORMShort adjectives = adjective + -erExamples: Shorter than fatter than taller thanLong adjectives = More +adjective + thanExamples: More intelligent than More difficult than More handsome than
SUPERLATIVE FORMShort adjective = the + adjective + -estExamples: The longest The cheapest The loudestLong adjective= the + most + adjectiveExamples: The most interesting The most exciting The most expensive
Certain adjectives are exceptions and do not follow the other rules. You are probably already familiar with these irregular adjective forms.Possitive Comparative Superlative(One) (Two) (Three or more)Bad worse worstGood better bestLittle less least
CHOOSING THE CORRECT ADJECTIVE MISSUSED WORDS Farther/farthest a measurable distance Further/furthest into depth Ex. China is farther away from here than England. I need further information about your work experience. COMPARISONS WITHIN A GROUP Ex. Mrs. Grebe is better than any teacher in school. Mrs. Grebe is better than any other teacher in the school. INAPROPRIATE USE OF THE SUPERLATIVEBe sure to choose how many things are being compared.
DISTINGUISHING ADJECTIVES FROM NOUNS AND PRONOUNSMany times the same word can be used as different parts of speech. You cannot tell what part of speech a word is until you determine its use in a sentence.
EXAMPLES Pro. Each of the players did I exchanged the book for well. his. ( Pro.) Adj. Adj. Each player performed That is his book. well. N. N This tire is a radial tire. Mary is my best friend. Adj. Adj. This tire marks were Mary’s hair always looks examined attractive.
ASSIGNMENT Underline any adjectives in the following sentences: Did you see the tall, skinny, girl on the diving board? My sister Maude is tall and skinny. Seven unhappy children were crying at the overcrowded beach. Having had a miserable, depressing day, I walked to the bus stop in the pouring rain. After a long morning the tense, understaffed accounting group left for a much-needed lunch. He is the friendliest, most sincere person I know. Where’s my dirty, ragged high school sweater? Over the muddy river, through the spooky woods, and pass the old haunted house is how we get to Grandmother’s house. Most people don’t like disorganized, boring English classes. She has seventy baseball cards that were worth several dollars each.
ASSIGNMENT Write the comparative and the superlative form of the adjectives. Possitive Comparative Superlative Tall Efficient Good Busy Big Little Beautiful Unique Strong Witty Modern Durable Tan Difficult Merry Perfect Friendly Successful