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Anatomi Sendi pada Tubuh Manusia

M
mila anisa

Anatomi Sendi pada Tubuh Manusia terbagi atas beberapa klasifikasi berdasarkan referensi ilmiah

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ARTHROLOGI
Dr.Mila Anisa,MMRS
REFERENSI
Clemente, Carmine D. Anatomy: a regional atlas of the
human body, 6th ed. 2011
Gerard A. Tortora and Principles of Anatomy and
Physiology, 12th ed. 2009
Sukendro & Graffite . Buku Ajar Anatomi Olahraga.
2019
Pengertian
arthrologi
Apa itu arthrology?
Arthrologi adalah ilmu yang mempelajari tentang sendi, yaitu hubungan
antara dua atau lebih komponen kerangka. Arthrologi berasal dari bahasa
Yunani yaitu “arthron” yang berarti sendi dan “logos” yang berarti ilmu.
Selain itu ada pula istilah lain yang berasal dari bahasa latin “article” yang
juga berarti sendi. Dari istilah di atas, dikemukakan lah istilah “articulatio”
untuk menyebut sendi. Atau sering juga menggunakan “art” untuk
menunjuk sendi.
Klasifikasi arthrology
A. Struktural
• Synovial cavity (+/-)
• Type of connective
tissue
B.Fungsional
• Degree of
movement
A.Klasifikasi Struktural
1.Articulatio Fibrosa
 Synovial cavity (-)
 Dense irregular
connective tissue
 a) gomphosis—
art.dentoalveolaris
b)sutura (fibrosa<<)—
skull bone
c)syndesmosis
(fibrosa>>)—
syn.tibiofibularis,
syn.radiulnaris

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Anatomi Sendi pada Tubuh Manusia

  • 2. REFERENSI Clemente, Carmine D. Anatomy: a regional atlas of the human body, 6th ed. 2011 Gerard A. Tortora and Principles of Anatomy and Physiology, 12th ed. 2009 Sukendro & Graffite . Buku Ajar Anatomi Olahraga. 2019
  • 4. Apa itu arthrology? Arthrologi adalah ilmu yang mempelajari tentang sendi, yaitu hubungan antara dua atau lebih komponen kerangka. Arthrologi berasal dari bahasa Yunani yaitu “arthron” yang berarti sendi dan “logos” yang berarti ilmu. Selain itu ada pula istilah lain yang berasal dari bahasa latin “article” yang juga berarti sendi. Dari istilah di atas, dikemukakan lah istilah “articulatio” untuk menyebut sendi. Atau sering juga menggunakan “art” untuk menunjuk sendi.
  • 5. Klasifikasi arthrology A. Struktural • Synovial cavity (+/-) • Type of connective tissue B.Fungsional • Degree of movement
  • 6. A.Klasifikasi Struktural 1.Articulatio Fibrosa  Synovial cavity (-)  Dense irregular connective tissue  a) gomphosis— art.dentoalveolaris b)sutura (fibrosa<<)— skull bone c)syndesmosis (fibrosa>>)— syn.tibiofibularis, syn.radiulnaris
  • 7. A.Klasifikasi Struktural 1.Articulatio Fibrosa  Synovial cavity (-)  Dense irregular connective tissue  a) gomphosis— art.dentoalveolaris b)sutura (fibrosa<<)— skull bone c)syndesmosis (fibrosa>>)— syn.tibiofibularis, syn.radiulnaris
  • 8. 1.Articulatio Fibrosa  Synovial cavity (-)  Dense irregular connective tissue  a) gomphosis— art.dentoalveolaris b)sutura (fibrosa<<)— skull bone c)syndesmosis (fibrosa>>)— syn.tibiofibularis, syn.radiulnaris
  • 9. 2.Articulatio cartilaginea  Synovial cavity (-)  Tulang rawan  Tersusun dari Hyaline cartilage atau fibrocartilago
  • 10. 3.Articulatio Synovialis a) Membrana Synovialis  jaringan ikat yang vascular  Melapisi permukaan dalam capsula sendi  menghasilkan cairan serupa jeli / synovia (hyaluronic acid&interstitial fluid)-- immobile→viscous>> mobile→viscous<< →less stress b) Cartilago Articularis  Avasculer  Tidak terdapat syaraf  Aseluler  Bersifat elastis  Nutrisi diperoleh dari cairan synovia secara difusi  Pada pemeriksaan foto rongent, tidak tampak
  • 11. c) Accessory ligaments, articular discs, and labra  Accessory ligament,terdiri dari: 1. Ligamentum ekstra capsulare – fibular and tibial collateral ligaments of the knee joint 2. Ligamentum intra articulare – anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments of the knee joint  Discus dan miniscus articularis: tulang rawan yang berfungsi untuk menerima tumbukan,weight distribution,distribusi cairan synovial  Labium articularis/labra (bibir sendi)--head of femur/humerus (mencegah dislokasi pada femur)
  • 12. Kelompok sendi synovial: 1. Sendi Putar/ Pivot Joint 2. Sendi Engsel/ Hinge 3. Sendi Gulung/ Condyloid 4. Sendi Pelana/ Saddle 5. Sendi Geser/ Plane 6. Sendi Peluru / Ball and Socket.
  • 19. Range of motion (ROM) refers to the range, measured in degrees of a circle, through which the bones of a joint can be moved Faktor yang memperkuat persendian: 1.struktur/ bentuk tulang persendian---interlocking fit at hip joint allows rotational movement 2. Kekuatan dan ketegangan ligament persendian ---knee joint dengan anterior&posterior cruciate ligament 3.Pengaturan gerak dan tension otot--- abduksi paha di hip joint<90 derajat 4.Kontak dengan jaringan lunak--- terbatasnya flexi forearm di elbow joint oleh lemak 5.hormon—relaxin hormone dengan meningkatnya fleksibilitas sym.pubic dan menurunnya tension ligament tulang penyusun rongga panggul saat persalinan 6.Disuse---hubungan immobilisasi sendi dengan penurunan ROM, terkait penurunan jumlah cairan sendi, flexibilitas ligament dan tendon (- ), muscular atrophy
  • 20. Osteitis Pubis exercise-related chronic groin pain found often in sportspeople, particularly in football codes. it is mainly caused by instability around the pelvic bones, particularly where the pelvic bones meet at the pubic symphysis, and is often referred to as an overuse injury. it may be aggravated when undertaking activities such as running or kicking, where unbalanced loads are placed through the pelvis. this instability comes when an athlete has poor muscular control around their lower back and pelvic regions (often referred to as core stability). when additional forces are experienced at the pubic symphysis through walking, running or jumping, the symphyseal surfaces show increased movement against one another (in what should only be a slightly moveable joint), resulting in greater wear, tear and stress. this may lead to erosion at the pubic symphysis in advanced stages. Recovery time can be extremely variable, with reported recovery rates as high as 7.5 months for soccer, 17.7 months for rugby and 15 months for Afl . Research in 2014 has shown that a compliant professional footballer who has undertaken a successful rehabilitation program may be able to return to competition within a four- to five-month timeframe
  • 23. Tugas Selasa 12/10/21 ● Sebutkan klasifikasi dari persendian (struktural dan fungsional) ● Sebutkan macam persendian dan gerakannya pada sendi synovial
  • 24. CREDITS: This presentation template was created by Slidesgo, including icons by Flaticon, and infographics & images by Freepik Does anyone have any questions? addyouremail@freepik.com +91 620 421 838 yourcompany.com Thanks Please keep this slide for attribution