Presented by: Mangeshika Tiwary
Faculty -H.R.
PICT STM
Business Environment in INDIA
 The New Economic Policy(NEP),1991.
Open up the Economy
Removed Licenses and Permit Syste...
Earlier Scenario
 Industrial Enterprise till 80’s
Has been operating within a protected environment
Got accustomed to a...
With New Economic Policy
(NEP),1991.
 LPG came in India,
L- liberalization
P- privatization
G-globalization, with LPG cha...
MNC’S came in India with,
Good quality of product
Fastest delivery
Cheaper goods
Good after sale service
This increase...
Continues….
 In Monopoly– customer was at the mercy of seller.
 In today’s “Competitive environment”—sellers run behind ...
Today the whole market is based on cut-
throat competition.
 Companies are trying to reduce their overheads so that they ...
Flatter Organization
 Flatter Organization
 Runs on the principles of 1:2:3 now become 1:2:5, where one
employee works a...
LPG
Boom to Business in
INDIA
Reduce Overheads
Increase
Profit
Marginal profit
Assured minimum surplus
Surviving the
Compe...
Appropriateness of Organization Structure in context of
change demands.
Outer Context
 Outer context is the pressure and ...
Levels of H.R. roles.
 Today H.R. is playing both administrative role which includes
Level 1 to Level 3 activities as wel...
Levels of H.R. roles
 Level 3-Here designing and implementing are vital
activities wherein the focus is on reviewing the
...
Levels of H.R. roles
 Level4-Here H.R. focuses on strategizing, innovating,
and leading across the Organization. Here H.R...
Levels of H.R. roles
 Level5-This is the most progressive level focused on
making H.R. a business partner. Here ,managers...
Today’s H.R. managers shifted their focus from:
-tangibles to intangibles
-Short –term goals to building long-term capabil...
Role of H.R. Today
 Today H.R. understands customers and other stakeholders and
direct the talent to be business –focused...
Role of H.R. Today
 H.R. has become one of the profit centers in any
business, by its contributions.
Retention of Key Pe...
O.D. is like R&D of H.R.
 Organization is made up of 3 essential components:
1. Technology
2. Structure &
3. People
1.Tec...
O.D. is like R&D of H.R.
2.Structure
a)Division of work
b)Defines the levels
c)Authority positions
3.People
a)They control...
O.D. is like R&D of H.R
 For the organization to achieve its competitive success
,it is H.R. who ensures that the human a...
H.R. plays a role of O.D. practitioner in
an organization.
By giving O.D. perspective to H.R. ,H.R. professionals :
1. cre...
O.D. is an “Organizational
Improvement Strategy”
 Strategy:
“A Strategy is the pattern or plan that integrates an
organiz...
O.D. is an “Organizational
Improvement Strategy”
 If the organization has a mission to accomplish, then
it plans a strate...
Strategic H.R.
 Environmental changes and increasing competition among
organizations contribute to fostering an integrate...
Strategic H.R.
 The achievement of the goals and objectives of the
organization depends on the “people "in the
organizati...
Strategic H.R
 The essence of H.R. is strategic.
 Strategic function of H.R. demands right people in
place to carry out ...
Any Business Strategy has effect on
H.R.
“This makes H.R. acts as a catalyst or change agent,
leads to Organization Develo...
Developing Organization's
Competitive Advantage
 H.R. plays potential role in implementing strategy and
developing an org...
H.R. objective measure of Strategic
Readiness
 H.R. measure this by measuring organization’s
competencies, leadership , C...
H.R. objective measure of Strategic
Readiness
4. Alignment: personal goals linked to organizational
goals.
 % of goal ali...
Business Strategies & Challenges of
H.R. as O.D. Practitioner
 With the changing business strategies,H.R. has to
respond ...
Business Strategy or Growth
Strategy
Growth Strategies
Organic
Growth
Strategies
In-Organic
Growth
Strategies
•Expansion
•...
Merger & Acquisition as Growth
Strategy
 A merger is a combination of two companies to form a
new company,
while
an acqui...
Reasons for merger &
acquisition(M&A)
 To realize economies of scale
 Increase revenue
 Synergy
 Geographical or other...
Human side of merger &
acquisition activity
 It has been estimated that anywhere from 50% to 75% of all
M&A fail to achie...
Changing focus or focusing on
Human Side of M&A
 In today’s economy ,the management of human side of
change is the real k...
Three stages of M&A
1. Pre-combination
 Identifying reasons for the M&A
 Forming M&A team leader
 Searching for potenti...
Three stages of M&A
2. Combination & Integration
 Selecting the integration manager
 Designing /implementing teams
 Cre...
Three stages of M&A
3. Solidification & Assessment
 Solidifying leadership & staffing
 Assessing the new strategies & st...
Role of H.R. Department in M&A
activity
1. Developing key H.R. Strategies for a company’s M&A activities.
2 Managing the a...
Role of H.R. Department in M&A
activity
8. Identifying and embracing new roles for the H.R. Leader.
9. Identifying and dev...
conclusion
 The key H.R. role is not only in M&A.
 The application of H.R. strategies itself is an O.D.
intervention.
 ...
Thank You
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

“Effects of changing business environment on business strategies and challenges of h.r. as o.d. practitioner

2,680 views

Published on

“Effects of changing Business Environment on Business Strategies and Challenges of H.R. as O.D. Practitioner.”

Published in: Business
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,680
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
46
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

“Effects of changing business environment on business strategies and challenges of h.r. as o.d. practitioner

  1. 1. Presented by: Mangeshika Tiwary Faculty -H.R. PICT STM
  2. 2. Business Environment in INDIA  The New Economic Policy(NEP),1991. Open up the Economy Removed Licenses and Permit System Helped in expanding manufacturing and services industry. Allowed easy foreign investment
  3. 3. Earlier Scenario  Industrial Enterprise till 80’s Has been operating within a protected environment Got accustomed to a protected market application of R & D, rather than primary R & D Customer had to wait longer for a product, like in Auto Industry.
  4. 4. With New Economic Policy (NEP),1991.  LPG came in India, L- liberalization P- privatization G-globalization, with LPG changes in Indian Business Environment happened and continued. Lot of MNC’S came to India.
  5. 5. MNC’S came in India with, Good quality of product Fastest delivery Cheaper goods Good after sale service This increase the number of market players/companies in a particular sector. E.g. Airtel; Vodafone; Reliance Replaced monopoly or dominant market share with larger “C” i.e. Competition.
  6. 6. Continues….  In Monopoly– customer was at the mercy of seller.  In today’s “Competitive environment”—sellers run behind the customers, making customer “an integral part "of the business.  With changes in Indian Business Environment, there are changes in :  Standard of living  Product Quality  Technology  Consumer Culture  Quality of services  Infrastructure  Education
  7. 7. Today the whole market is based on cut- throat competition.  Companies are trying to reduce their overheads so that they can, i ) sell better; ii) increase their marginal profits iii) maintain minimum surplus to run the business. The only area where they can cut cost or reduce overheads is Labor /Employees, because if there is any imbalance in production; marketing; quality ; technology, then market is gone for that company or market player. As a result today we have leaner/flatter organization.
  8. 8. Flatter Organization  Flatter Organization  Runs on the principles of 1:2:3 now become 1:2:5, where one employee works at place of two and desired to give output of five. Why we have flatter organization?
  9. 9. LPG Boom to Business in INDIA Reduce Overheads Increase Profit Marginal profit Assured minimum surplus Surviving the Competition 1).Labour (Only Area to cut the cost 2.)Limited reduction in, 1. Production 2. Marketing 3. Quality 4. Technology 3.)Operationally its easier to deploy,control,get output from smaller and flexible workforce. Leads to increase customers Customers, gets discounted price, quality products at cheaper rates.
  10. 10. Appropriateness of Organization Structure in context of change demands. Outer Context  Outer context is the pressure and demands that external environment put on a company.  Inner context is the state of readiness and the ability of an organization to cope with the pressures and demands that external environment would make on it. Inner Context
  11. 11. Levels of H.R. roles.  Today H.R. is playing both administrative role which includes Level 1 to Level 3 activities as well as role of a business partner(strategic role) includes Level 4 & Level 5 activities .  Level 1-Thebottom most level activity. Includes documentation, data gathering, record keeping and MIS.  Level 2-revolves around monitoring and execution in which the focus is on collecting information, reminding people ,getting forms filled and statutory obligations fulfilled. E.g. monitoring appraisal forms filled up in time.
  12. 12. Levels of H.R. roles  Level 3-Here designing and implementing are vital activities wherein the focus is on reviewing the existing systems,redesigninng and starting new practices in performance appraisal, Learning and Development etc.
  13. 13. Levels of H.R. roles  Level4-Here H.R. focuses on strategizing, innovating, and leading across the Organization. Here H.R. managers align H.R. functions with organizational goals, becomes talent –focused and the concern is on acquiring, retaining, nurturing and multiplying talent.
  14. 14. Levels of H.R. roles  Level5-This is the most progressive level focused on making H.R. a business partner. Here ,managers realize that there can be no business without talented people at all levels and particularly at the top. They believe in philosophy that people make business and therefore “people-driven talent –management "is essential.
  15. 15. Today’s H.R. managers shifted their focus from: -tangibles to intangibles -Short –term goals to building long-term capabilities -Quarterly results to intellectual capital-building and shareholder value enhancement.
  16. 16. Role of H.R. Today  Today H.R. understands customers and other stakeholders and direct the talent to be business –focused.  H.R. Managers today are growing to be CEO of the Organizations.  Today H.R. people or managers have business sense, they influence Organizational Culture and make positive changes within the Organization.
  17. 17. Role of H.R. Today  H.R. has become one of the profit centers in any business, by its contributions. Retention of Key People By managing change Improving work culture Handling surplus employees and making redundancy cost-effective. This is how O.D. comes in picture.
  18. 18. O.D. is like R&D of H.R.  Organization is made up of 3 essential components: 1. Technology 2. Structure & 3. People 1.Technology a) To compete with the competitors b) To give quality products c) To satisfy needs of the customers
  19. 19. O.D. is like R&D of H.R. 2.Structure a)Division of work b)Defines the levels c)Authority positions 3.People a)They control all other resources b)Use their potential to complete the job c)Ultimately determines the effectiveness of the strategy development, its implementation and subsequent competitive success.
  20. 20. O.D. is like R&D of H.R  For the organization to achieve its competitive success ,it is H.R. who ensures that the human asset is effectively aligned with strategy that is chosen by the organisation. With this H.R. plays a role of O.D. practitioner in an organization.
  21. 21. H.R. plays a role of O.D. practitioner in an organization. By giving O.D. perspective to H.R. ,H.R. professionals : 1. create and support strategies for organizational transformation, including the design and delivery of H.R. intervention in support of these. 2. Take a lead role in shaping organization design. 1. Support organization in major change and organization design.
  22. 22. O.D. is an “Organizational Improvement Strategy”  Strategy: “A Strategy is the pattern or plan that integrates an organization’s major goals, policies and action sequences into a cohesive whole.” by-James Brian Quinn’s
  23. 23. O.D. is an “Organizational Improvement Strategy”  If the organization has a mission to accomplish, then it plans a strategy to attain it.  One of the basic objectives of any organization is growth.  Growth and prosperity are closely associated with the Strategic planning of the organization. Therefore companies select growth strategies as per their need, are classified into Organic & Inorganic growth strategies.
  24. 24. Strategic H.R.  Environmental changes and increasing competition among organizations contribute to fostering an integrated approach towards the human resource management strategy and corporate strategy.  This approach links H.R. Function with the long term corporate strategy.  An organizations choice of strategy determines its approach to competitive advantage and provides the basis for action in the various functional areas, including H.R.
  25. 25. Strategic H.R.  The achievement of the goals and objectives of the organization depends on the “people "in the organization, how they are made available, developed, motivated and retained in the organization, all is done by H.R.  H.R. performs two distinct functions: administrative & Strategic functions.
  26. 26. Strategic H.R  The essence of H.R. is strategic.  Strategic function of H.R. demands right people in place to carry out strategic initiative. Like senior H.R. personnel's. E.g.- V.P. H.R. or Sr. V.P. H.R.  Requires business knowledge, financial skills as well as consulting skills.  H.R. Strategy is the way organization plans to utilize its human resources.
  27. 27. Any Business Strategy has effect on H.R. “This makes H.R. acts as a catalyst or change agent, leads to Organization Development.”
  28. 28. Developing Organization's Competitive Advantage  H.R. plays potential role in implementing strategy and developing an organization competitive advantage.  In essence ,an organization’s competitive advantage is more likely obtained when its H.R. is effectively linked with its strategy.  The benefit of H.R. being a part of the strategic process can be measured.
  29. 29. H.R. objective measure of Strategic Readiness  H.R. measure this by measuring organization’s competencies, leadership , Culture, alignment, and learning. 1. Strategic Competence: understand what competencies needed, available and plan to close the gap. 1. Leadership: build leadership pipeline. 1. Culture: internalize a shared vision aligned with strategy.  Culture Alignment Survey  % of personal understand strategy.
  30. 30. H.R. objective measure of Strategic Readiness 4. Alignment: personal goals linked to organizational goals.  % of goal alignment  % of incentive alignment 5.Learning & Knowledge: sharing of knowledge & experience needed by the strategy.  Sharing across departments : best practices, key people,teams,rewards.
  31. 31. Business Strategies & Challenges of H.R. as O.D. Practitioner  With the changing business strategies,H.R. has to respond with new H.R. strategies which leads to overall Organizational D
  32. 32. Business Strategy or Growth Strategy Growth Strategies Organic Growth Strategies In-Organic Growth Strategies •Expansion •Diversification •Innovation etc Merger &Acquisition Joint Ventures Strategic Alliances
  33. 33. Merger & Acquisition as Growth Strategy  A merger is a combination of two companies to form a new company, while an acquisition is the purchase of one company by another with no new company being formed.
  34. 34. Reasons for merger & acquisition(M&A)  To realize economies of scale  Increase revenue  Synergy  Geographical or other diversification & recourse transfer.  Change of management  To create anti-competitive effect  To improve operative performance  Expansion
  35. 35. Human side of merger & acquisition activity  It has been estimated that anywhere from 50% to 75% of all M&A fail to achieve their financial or strategic objectives.  Organizations tend to invest time ,money and energy in initial due diligence activities, such as assessing strategic fit, evaluating financial models, considering possible market And customer reactions, and contemplating productroadmaps,but tend to invest relatively little in understanding the merger’s possible impact on people. (Tetenbaum,1999)
  36. 36. Changing focus or focusing on Human Side of M&A  In today’s economy ,the management of human side of change is the real key to maximizing the value of a deal. i.e. (M&A).  This is where H.R. comes in picture. As H.R. needs to be engaged in any big organizational change and acts as a change agent, because people issues occurs at several phases or stages of M&A activity.
  37. 37. Three stages of M&A 1. Pre-combination  Identifying reasons for the M&A  Forming M&A team leader  Searching for potential partners  Planning for managing the process of M&A  Planning to learn from processes.
  38. 38. Three stages of M&A 2. Combination & Integration  Selecting the integration manager  Designing /implementing teams  Creating the new structure,strategies,leadership  Retaining key employees  Motivating the employees  Managing the change process  Communicating to involving stakeholders  Deciding on H.R. policies and practices
  39. 39. Three stages of M&A 3. Solidification & Assessment  Solidifying leadership & staffing  Assessing the new strategies & structure  Assessing the new culture  Assessing the new HRM policies & practices  Assessing the concerns of the stakeholders  Revising as needed  Learning from the process
  40. 40. Role of H.R. Department in M&A activity 1. Developing key H.R. Strategies for a company’s M&A activities. 2 Managing the administrative role. 3 Providing input into managing the process of change. 4 Advising top management on the merged company’s new organization structure. 5 Overseeing the communications. 6 Managing the learning process. 7 Re-casting the H.R. Department itself.
  41. 41. Role of H.R. Department in M&A activity 8. Identifying and embracing new roles for the H.R. Leader. 9. Identifying and developing new competencies 10 .Relocation of individuals 11. Harmonisation of compensation & benefits. 12. Training 13. Retention of key people 14. Managing employee insecurities
  42. 42. conclusion  The key H.R. role is not only in M&A.  The application of H.R. strategies itself is an O.D. intervention.  Change has to be made at all levels in the organization.
  43. 43. Thank You

×