SurrealismA movement in the visual arts and literature that flourished in Europe between World Wars I and II.
SURREALISM Exploration of ways to express in art the world of dreams and the unconscious Inspired by Freud and Jung - interested in the nature of dreams In dreams, people moved beyond the constraints of society Artists’ role: to bring inner and outer reality together Two forms of Surrealism: Biomorphic (interested in life forms): Joan Miro Naturalistic (recognizable scenes of nightmare or dream images): Rene Magritte, Salvador DaliDali, The Crucifixion, 1958.
Two Forms of SurrealismBiomorphic or Abstract Surrealism Naturalistic or Illusionistic (Miro, Masson, Matta) Surrealism (Dali, Tanguy, Magritte)• Automatism – “dictation of thoughts • Recognizable scenes and objectswithout control of the mind” that are taken out of natural context,• Abstraction distorted and combined in a fantastic• Originated from the experiments in dreamlike way.chance and automatism carried on by • Sources: Henri Rousseau, Chagall,Dadaists and Surrealist writers. Ensor, de Chirico, the Romantics
SURREALISM A style of art and literature developed principally in the 20th century, in which fantastic visual imagery from the subconscious mind is used with no intention of making the artwork logically comprehensible. Involves fantasy & dreams Is illogical Stresses the subconscious Automatism – to allow your subconscious mind to take over in your art. Demented sense of humor 1924 – 1950s (between World Wars I & II) Europe (especially France and Spain) Founded in 1924 by poet and critic Andre Breton who published The Surrealist Manifesto: join the world of fantasy to the everyday rational world in “an absolute reality, a surreality.” Breton adapted the theories of Sigmund Freud- dream analysis the unconscious is the wellspring of the imagination.Magritte, Time Transfixed, 1938.
Rene Magritte (1898-1967) Mother committed suicide when Magritte was 14 Known for placing realistic objects together in absurd combinationsRene Magritte, The Son of Man, 1964.
Salvador DaliAt the young age of 10, Dalí firstbegan paintingDalí embraced all the science ofpainting as a way to study thepsyche through subconsciousimages.He called this process theParanoiac Critical Method. Asany paranoiac, the artist shouldallow these images to reach theconscience, and then do what theparanoiac cannot do: Freezethem on canvas to giveconsciousness the opportunity tocomprehend their meaning.Dies of heart failure in 1989
The images of Salvador Dali are very realistically rendered. He was a superb draftsman and used that ability to create a dreamlike or nightmarish reality of his own. This image called Soft Boiled Beans was also said to be his premonition about the Spanish Civil War.Dali, Soft Boiled Beans, 1936.
Decay and death are symbolized by a dead tree and a strange sea monster decomposing The limp watch indicates that someone has the power to twist time as he or she sees fit. Bottom Line: in time, everything will die and decay except time itselfDali, The Persistence Of Memory, 1931.
Salvador Dali, Disintergration of The Persistence Of Memory, 1954.
Dali Atomicus (Dali With Everything In Suspension), 1948 (Philip Halsman).
Dali, Archeological Reminiscence of Millets Angelus, 1933-35.
Salvador Dali, The Temptation of St. Anthony, 1946.
Joan MiroOrganic forms that expand andcontract visuallyUsed automatism - planned accidentsElement of hallucinationVery abstract, almost child-like imagesCombination of unconscious andconscious image-makingMiro, Le Petit Rose, 1933
Joan Miró, A Dew Drop Falling from a Birds Wing Wakes Rosalie, who Has Been Asleep in the Shadow of a Spiders Web. 1939.
Exquisite Corpses Lessons from the Surrealist Movement
Apocalyptic Digital CollageCollect 15 images of interesting What to do with these pictures? textures or landscapes. • Eventually we are going to use • Create a folder in you’re mythese textures to build a landscape, Documents called Surrealist Project.Ex. Tire treads, sand dunes, bricks, •When you find all 15 images, save leaves, rocks, lightning, lava, them to your surrealist folder. tornados, etc. • Open a new document named Apocalyptic Surrealist Collage.• A landscape is a picture of a place. • Select areas you like from the pictures using a selection tool. • You need to find pictures that will • Copy and paste, drag or open theseeventually make a sky and a ground. images into the empty document. • Arrange, crop, erase, warp these images to make your landscape. • Fill all the space.
Requirements for Collage Requirements What to look for • Minimum 10 pictures needed to come together to make the collage. •Different Textures• all pieces must fit together to make one picture. • Different Objects • Not a collection of squares of pictures put together. • Different Landscapes • Must be a standard size 8 ½ x 10 inch document. • Apocalyptic Symbols • You need a horizon line.