Samuel de Champlain

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Samuel de Champlain

  1. 1. Samuel de Champlain
  2. 2. The Father of New France a French explorer navigator Cartographer Soldier geographer ethnologist diplomat chronicler.
  3. 3. Antoine de Champlain Marguerite Leroy Samuel de Champlain + Helene Boulle (married in 1610) Date of birth: August 13, 1574 Place of birth: the village of Brouage, ancient Province of Saintonge
  4. 4. Samuel de Champlain’s signature
  5. 5. Samuel de Champlain’s education -Champlain's school education was limited, because Brouage was the occasion of frequent struggles, during the civil wars of the time, and his active habits and excellent common-sense led him to educate himself. -He often came in contact with men of high character, connected with the military and commercial departments. - he paid considerable attention to the study and practice of drawing
  6. 6. -Joined the French Army at age 20 -Fought in the war between the Protestants -and the Catholics -Fought on the Catholic side -Served in the army until 1598
  7. 7. Champlain became involved with group who were interested in the fur trade and in 1603 was dispatched for North America. He used his cartographers skills and produced a map of the St Lawrence river and upon his return to France published the map.
  8. 8. Champlain was chosen to be geographer on an expedition to Acadia. They landed in May on the southeast coast of Nova Scotia and Champlain was asked to choose a location for a temporary settlement. He explored the Bay of Fundy and St. John River area before selecting a small island in the St. Croix River. The team built a fort and spent the winter there.
  9. 9. *He found no friendly areas where he felt another settlement could be established. *Returned to France to organize another effort for colonizing the new lands in America.
  10. 10. *Champlain landed with his settlers and established a new settlement named Quebec City.
  11. 11. Painting showing the arrival of Samuel de Champlain on the future site of Quebec City, 1608
  12. 12. *made contact and formed friendly relations with the Huron, the Algonquin, the Montagnais and the Etchemin. The mighty Iroquois were their enemy and they appealed to Champlain to help them with their fight against them. Champlain and 9 of his soldiers setout with 300 Algonquin's to explore the Iroquois lands to the south and travelled south along the Richelieu River to Lake Champlain.
  13. 13. The Defeat of The Iroquois on Lake Champlain drawn by Champlain
  14. 14. *he traveled upriver from Quebec City to the former village of Hochelega where he established Montreal. *Champlain was named lieutenant and given the power to act as virtual governor in New France. He was empowered to expand the lands of the colony, make treaties with the native people, administer the colonies and explore to the west for the route to China and the Indies.
  15. 15. *Champlain returned once again to New France * explored through to the Great Lakes and the Georgian Bay area in Ontario. The lake and river network in Ontario and Quebec made the birch bark canoe, the natives choice, the easiest way to travel throughout the land.
  16. 16. * made a brave voyage into the interior of Canada accompanied by a tribe of Native Americans with whom he had good relations, the Hurons. Champlain and the French aided the Hurons in an attack on the Iroquois, but they lost the battle and Champlain was hit in the knee with an arrow and unable to walk. He lived with the Hurons that winter, between the foot of Georgian Bay and Lake Simcoe. During his stay, he composed one of the earliest and most detailed accounts of Native American life.
  17. 17. -1620 – 1635: Commander of New France After 1620 Champlain focused on governing Quebec -1628: War between England and France -1629: Surrendered Quebec to English Held prisoner in England -1632: Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye England gave Quebec back to France
  18. 18. *Champlain spent some time writing about his travels until, in 1632, the British and the French signed the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye, returning Quebec to the French. Champlain returned to be its governor. By this time, however, his health was failing and he was forced to retire in 1633. He died in Quebec on Christmas Day in 1635.
  19. 19. *Samuel de Champlain reported that the St Lawrence Iroquoians and their settlements had disappeared altogether from the St Lawrence valley. This is believed due to outmigration, epidemic of European diseases, or intertribal wars. *He established Montreal *In 1611 Champlain established a fur trading post on the Island of Montreal, on a site initially named La Place Royale. At the confluence of Petite Rivière and St. Lawrence River, it is where present-day Pointe-à-Callière stands.
  20. 20. -Founder of first permanent European settlement in Canada -founded Quebec, Montreal -Discovered Lake Champlain -Created detailed maps of Atlantic coast and St. Lawrence River -Strove to establish peaceful relations with the many Indian nations he encountered
  21. 21. Was prepared and done by Mikheeva Alexandra Contact details: e-meil mikheeva.alexandra@mail.ru
  22. 22. * Canada History http://www.canadahistory.com/sections/eras/ 2%20worlds%20meet/champlain/Champlain.ht ml *bio. True story http://www.biography.com/people/samuel-de- champlain-9243971?page=1 *http://www.samueldechamplain.com/ *http://www.enchantedlearning.com/explorers /page/c/champlain.shtml

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