The FMEA as the Risk-Management Tool for the Hazardous Wastes Control in the Context of  the  Oil-Refining Industry Revekk...
Why  it is needed to manage risks? <ul><li>risk assessment and risk management – mandatory requirements of OHSAS 1800 0  &...
Risk and risk-management <ul><li>Risk is: </li></ul><ul><li>the quantifiable likelihood of loss or less-than-expected retu...
Qualitative risk analysis <ul><li>1. Analysis of available information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>review and analysis of accoun...
Quantitative risk analysis <ul><li>1. Analytical methods </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the sensitivity analysis; </li></ul></ul><u...
Risk-management in different sectors <ul><li>Food industry   -  HACCP  ( Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points ); </...
Examples of the Oil-refining hazardous wastes <ul><li>oil-containing pulps; </li></ul><ul><li>processed pulps’ water runof...
Hazardous wastes’ life cycle
Adopted FMEA scales Modified Severity rating Scale (S) Priority risk number (PRN)=S*O*D Rating Description Definition (Sev...
Adopted FMEA scales  Modified Occurrence rating Scale (O) Priority risk number (PRN)=S*O*D Occurrence rate Description Rat...
Adopted FMEA scales  Modified Detection and Eliminating rating Scale (D) Priority risk number (PRN)=S*O*D Description Defi...
Activities based on the FMEA Ind. Waste Number PRN XXXX1 1000 XXXX2 100 XXXX3 1 FMEA Final process Regulatory activity Man...
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Revekka Goldberg, "The FMEA as the Risk-Management Tool for the Hazardous Wastes Control in the Context of the Oil-Refining Industry"

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Revekka Goldberg, "The FMEA as the Risk-Management Tool for the Hazardous Wastes Control in the Context of the Oil-Refining Industry"

  1. 1. The FMEA as the Risk-Management Tool for the Hazardous Wastes Control in the Context of the Oil-Refining Industry Revekka Goldberg Quality Management Department
  2. 2. Why it is needed to manage risks? <ul><li>risk assessment and risk management – mandatory requirements of OHSAS 1800 0 & ISO 14000 ; </li></ul><ul><li>new version of ISO 9004:2009 ; </li></ul><ul><li>new series of standards ISO 31000 </li></ul><ul><li>inadequacy of the dominating management tools ; </li></ul><ul><li>special significance in the period of crisis . </li></ul>
  3. 3. Risk and risk-management <ul><li>Risk is: </li></ul><ul><li>the quantifiable likelihood of loss or less-than-expected returns. (The InvestorWords Glossary) </li></ul><ul><li>the probable frequency and probable magnitude of future loss. (“An Introduction to Factor Analysis of Information Risk (FAIR)”) </li></ul><ul><li>a combination of the likelihood of an occurrence of a hazardous event or exposure and the severity of injury or ill health that can be caused by the event or exposure. (OHSAS 18001) </li></ul><ul><li>Risk management is: </li></ul><ul><li>the identification, assessment, and prioritization of followed by coordinated and economical application of resources to minimize, monitor, and control the probability and/or impact of unfortunate events or to maximize the realization of opportunities. (ISO 31000) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Qualitative risk analysis <ul><li>1. Analysis of available information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>review and analysis of accounting and management documents; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the analysis of periodic reports. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2. Collecting new information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a standardized questionnaire; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>personalized inspection of production units; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>expert consultation (internal & external). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>3. Modelling the organization’s activity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the compilation and analysis of the organizational structure; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the analysis of stream-maps. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>4. Heuristic methods </li></ul>
  5. 5. Quantitative risk analysis <ul><li>1. Analytical methods </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the sensitivity analysis; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the scenario analysis. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2. Probability-theoretical methods </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the statistical methods; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the simulation; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the fault-three analysis; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the logical and probabilistic methods. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>3. Heuristic methods of quantitative analysis </li></ul><ul><li>4. Unconventional methods </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the artificial intelligence (neural networks); </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>modeling based on fuzzy logic. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Risk-management in different sectors <ul><li>Food industry - HACCP ( Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points ); </li></ul><ul><li>Pharmaceutics – mathematical methods and the unique risk matrix ; </li></ul><ul><li>Economy - payment flows’ probability distribution analysis, certainty equivalents method, scenario methodology. </li></ul><ul><li>Automobile manufacturing – the FMEA (Failure Mode and Effects Analysis). </li></ul>
  7. 7. Examples of the Oil-refining hazardous wastes <ul><li>oil-containing pulps; </li></ul><ul><li>processed pulps’ water runoff ; </li></ul><ul><li>demineralized pulps ; </li></ul><ul><li>oil desulphatisation fragments ; </li></ul><ul><li>elemental sulphur ; </li></ul><ul><li>residual asphalt ; </li></ul><ul><li>pulps containing hydrargyrum ; </li></ul><ul><li>acid tar . </li></ul>
  8. 8. Hazardous wastes’ life cycle
  9. 9. Adopted FMEA scales Modified Severity rating Scale (S) Priority risk number (PRN)=S*O*D Rating Description Definition (Severity of Effect) 10 Particularly large-scale damage (More than 30 000 $) The consequences are connected with the global ecological disaster and/or the loss of human lives … … … 2 Insignificant damage ( Less than 3  000 $) The consequences have insignificant impact on the environment of company’s affected zone. It is possible to eliminate the consequences. 1 Absent of damage There is no significant impact.
  10. 10. Adopted FMEA scales Modified Occurrence rating Scale (O) Priority risk number (PRN)=S*O*D Occurrence rate Description Rating Extremely high: failure is inevitable 0,1 10 … … … Relatively few failures 0,0001 2 The failure is unlikely 0,00 0 01 1
  11. 11. Adopted FMEA scales Modified Detection and Eliminating rating Scale (D) Priority risk number (PRN)=S*O*D Description Definition Rating Impossible It is impossible to detect and/or eliminate the failure 10 … … … Very good The control will detect and/or eliminate the failure almost for sure 2 Perfect Control will detect and/or eliminate the failure for sure 1
  12. 12. Activities based on the FMEA Ind. Waste Number PRN XXXX1 1000 XXXX2 100 XXXX3 1 FMEA Final process Regulatory activity Managerial decision-making

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