The Assyrians and Babylon

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The Assyrians and Babylon

  1. 1. THE FIRST EMPIRES CHAPTER 1, SECTION 3
  2. 2. THE FIRST EMPIRESHanging Gardens Vocabulary 1:3  Nebuchadnezzar  Chaldean king who rebuilt Babylon into an imperial city
  3. 3. Assyria  Militaristic empire in Mesopotamia 900- 610 BCTHE FIRST NinevahEMPIRES  Capital city of the Assyrian EmpireAssyria’s military powerand well-organized Provincesgovernment helped it  Political districtsbuild a vast empire inMesopotamia by 650 Hanging GardensB.C.  An immense staircase of greenery in Babylon near king’s palace Caravans  Groups of traveling merchants Astronomers  People who study the heavenly bodies.
  4. 4. AssyriansASSYRIANS  New empire in Mesopotamia—theWhat present day Assyrianscountry takes its namefrom the AncientAssyrians?  Fertile valleys—attracted invaders. Large army was necessary for protection.  900 BC—begin taking over parts of Mesopotamia
  5. 5. Strength of Assyrian ArmyASSYRIANARMY  Well organized armyWhy did the Assyrians  Foot soldiers with spearsneed such a formidiblearmy presence? and daggers. Bowmen and chariot riders.  First large army to use iron weapons—learned to smelt iron from Hittites.  Anyone resisting Assyrians were destroyed
  6. 6. Assyrian GovernmentASSYRIANARMY  Kings had to be strong toWhy did the Assyriansneed such a formidible rule large empirearmy presence?  Very well organized  Empire divided into provinces with officials to govern the provinces  Roads were built with soldiers protecting them
  7. 7. Assyrian GovernmentASSYRIANPROVINCES  Kings had to be strong toThe vastness of theAssyrian empire made rule large empireit necessary to divide itinto smaller units  Very well organizedcalled provinces.  Empire divided into provinces with officials to govern the provinces  Roads were built with soldiers protecting them
  8. 8. LIBRARY OF Life in AssyriaASHURBANIPAL  Lived much like BabyloniansThe library at Ninevah before theminspired Alexander theGreat to build libraries  Were skilled buildersthroughout his empire.  Produced and collected literature  One of the world’s earliest libraries in Ninevah  Epic of Gilgamesh-- oldest story in the history of the world.
  9. 9. Demise of AsyriaCIVIL WAR  Cruel treatment of peopleIn history, Civil Warsare usually a catalyst led to rebellions  650 BC—Civil wars brokefor outside invasions.Why do you think theAmerican Civil War didnot lead to such outside out over who would beinterference? king  Chaldeans captured the capital of Ninevah in 612 BC and empire crumbled.
  10. 10. Babylon was an empirefor 70 years andcontrolled nearly theentire Middle Eastduring this period.606 BC-536 BC Babylon
  11. 11. The ChaldeansNEBUCHADNEZZAR  King Nebuchadnezzar—Nebuchadnezzarreigned for 45 of Chaldean king thatthe 70 years thatthe Babylonian led the Chaldeans toEmpire stood. greatness in Babylon Chaldean control 605 BC-562 BC
  12. 12. City of BabylonBABYLON  World’s largest and richest cityThe city of Babylonwas massive with: during Nebuchadnezzar’s reign• Walls 60 miles  Surrounded by a massive brickaround wall.• 15 miles on each side  Large palaces and temples;• 300 feet high massive ziggurat at city center• 80 feet thick• Extending some 35  Hanging Gardens of Babylonfeet below the ground  Along major trade routes; citizens acquired great wealth trading with caravans
  13. 13. Babylonian City of BabylonMedicine  Major center of scienceSurgery was known  Astronomers studied the moon andand even delicateoperations on the starseye were performed.  One of the first sundialsThe Babylonianshad a superb  First to make a seven day weekknowledge ofhuman and animal (Chaldeans)anatomy andphysiology andwere aware, forexample, of the  Fall of the Chaldeanscirculation of theblood and the pulse.  539 BC- Persians captured Babylon
  14. 14. Reviewing the Main Ideas•U S I N G C A V A L R Y A N D F O O T S O L D I E R S A R M E DWITH IRON WEAPONS, THE ASSYRIANS CREATEDA LARGE EMPIRE THAT INCLUDED ALL OFMESOPOTAMIA AND EXTENDED INTO EGYPT.•T H E C H A L D E A N S B U I L T A L A R G E E M P I R E T H A TINCLUDED BABYLON, THE LARGEST ANDRICHEST CITY IN THE WORLD AT THE TIME.

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