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Benefit of bilingualism_session3_posting

  1. 1. “ Global Citizenship” Immersion Parent Partner Meeting Session 3 Wednesday, November 16 Advantages of becoming bilingual, biliterate, and multi-cultural
  2. 2. A little about myself <ul><li>Mike Yamakawa </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Born in Tokyo, Japan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Came to the U.S. in 11 th grade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Masters in Linguistics with TESOL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Taught in immersion classroom for 15 years from 2 nd to 6 th grade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Started working at El Marino in 2000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FLAP curriculum development support since last year </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Review: Session 2 <ul><li>“ All students in language immersion program will be fully bilingual and bi-literate by 5 th grade.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Learning in Spanish/Japanese immersion classroom will negatively affect my child’s English development (native English speaker).” </li></ul><ul><li>“ A Spanish/Japanese speaking child will develop English better if he learns only in English.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ In an immersion program, a Spanish/ Japanese speaking child will be able to learn academic subjects like social studies, science and English reading quickly.” </li></ul>
  4. 4. Myth or Reality? Question #5 <ul><li>“ Parents should help their immersion students to speak, read and write in the target language even if they don’t speak the language well.” </li></ul>
  5. 5. Home Language Support <ul><ul><li>Monolingual parents should provide academic support in their home language. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Native language offers richer language input (vocabulary, sentence patterns, native expressions) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Read to your children in the home language. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encourage writing in the home language. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most skills learned in the first language are transferred to the second. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Help make your child’s second-language experience positive and lasting by being supportive and enthusiastic. Offer the language of support and encouragement. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Myth or Reality? Question #6 <ul><li>“ Immersion education fosters appreciation for people of different ethnicity and culture in students.” </li></ul>
  7. 7. Immersion Education and Multiculturalism <ul><ul><li>In early grades, target language (Spanish and Japanese) is the status language for a significant portion of the day. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The target language speakers are respected for their knowledge of the TL. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>During English time, the situation is reversed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The target language culture is respected. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Both groups of students are highly valued. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Immersion Education and Cross-Cultural Attitudes <ul><li>Survey revealed that two-way immersion students scored very high in: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Perceptions and willingness to interact with others who differed in physical characteristics (looks, skin color) or in language background </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>belief that speaking another language could help them understand and get along better with other people and that Spanish is important to talk to others </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enjoyment in meeting people who speak another language. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Lindholm-Leary, 2000) </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>What comes to your mind when you hear the phrase “global citizen?” Can you explain why? </li></ul>Pair Share!
  10. 10. CCUSD Vision Statement: Global Citizenship <ul><li>&quot;Culver City Unified School District’s innovative K-12 Language Program is dedicated to preparing lifelong multilingual global citizens through a comprehensive curriculum via language and cultural learning.“ </li></ul>
  11. 11. Global Citizenship : What is it? <ul><li>“ Citizenship” implies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Perspective </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A Global Citizen sees things from the global perspective and not from local/national view </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ownership </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A Global Citizen has keen sense of owning this world as a natural-born citizen </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Responsibility to contribute </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A Global Citizen has a sense of belonging to the global community and feels responsible to contribute to the global society </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Willingness to collaborate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A Global Citizen is willing to work with other citizens as a team for the good of the entire community </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Today’s Overview <ul><li>Facts about Bilingualism </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits of Being Bilingual, Bi-literate, and Multi-cultural </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bilingual brain (cognitive advantages) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bilingual eyes (global perspectives) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bilingual heart (cross-cultural attitudes) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bilingual hands (career) </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Facts about bilingualism <ul><li>It has been estimated that more than half of the world's population is bilingual, that is uses two or more languages in everyday life. </li></ul><ul><li>Bilinguals often do not have equal knowledge of their languages. In fact, bilinguals know their languages to the level that they need them and many are dominant in one of them. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Facts about bilingualism <ul><li>Many bilinguals have an accent in their different languages and often have difficulties translating one language for another (esp. specialized language). </li></ul><ul><li>Bilingualism will not delay language acquisition in young children. This was a popular myth in the first part of the last century, but there is no research evidence to that effect. Their rate of language acquisition is the same as that of their monolingual counterparts. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Facts about bilingualism <ul><li>Bilingual children will not always mix their languages. In fact, they adapt their use of languages to the situation they are in. </li></ul><ul><li>Bilingualism will not affect negatively the cognitive development of bilingual children. Recent research appears to show the contrary; bilingual children do better than monolingual children in certain cognitive tasks. </li></ul><ul><li>(source: “The Reality of Living with Two (or more) Languages “ by Francois Grosjean, Ph.D. ) </li></ul>
  16. 16. Language immersion programs promotes additive bilingualism <ul><li>“ Additive Bilingualism” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A situation in which a child derives maximum benefit from the bilingual experience for his cognitive development; this is usually the case where the two languages are highly valued in the child’s environment </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Benefits of Being Bilingual, Bi-literate, and multi-cultural Bilingual Brain (cognition) Bilingual Hands (career) Bilingual Eyes (perception) Bilingual Heart (attitudes)
  18. 19. Benefits of Being Bilingual: “Bilingual Brain” (Cognitive Advantages) <ul><li>“ Bilingual Brain” </li></ul><ul><li>(“The Bilingual Advantage (2011)” by CLAUDIA DREIFUS) </li></ul><ul><li>Bilingual children (5-6 yrs) process language differently </li></ul><ul><li>“ Apples grow on noses.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Monolingual children: “That’s silly.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bilingual children (in their own words): “It’s silly, but it’s grammatically correct.” </li></ul></ul>
  19. 20. <ul><li>“ Sensitivity for Language “ </li></ul><ul><li>(Meta-linguistic Development) </li></ul><ul><li>Bilingual children exhibit a greater sensitivity to linguistic meanings and may be more flexible in their thinking than are monolingual children (Cummins and Swain, 1986; Diaz, 1986; Hakuta and Diaz,1985; Ricciardelli, 1989). </li></ul><ul><li>Bilingual children possess explicit knowledge about the structure and functions of language itself. </li></ul>Benefits of Being Bilingual: “Bilingual Brain” (Cognitive Advantages)
  20. 21. <ul><li>“ Meta-linguistic Development” </li></ul><ul><li>In gaining control over two language systems, the bilingual child has had to decipher much more language input than the monolingual child who has been exposed to only one language system. </li></ul><ul><li>Thus, the bilingual child has had considerably more practice in analyzing meanings than the monolingual child. </li></ul><ul><li>(Cummins, “Immersion Education for the Millennium: What We Have Learned from 30 Years of Research on Second Language Immersion (2000)”.) </li></ul>Benefits of Being Bilingual: “Bilingual Brain” (Cognitive Advantages)
  21. 22. <ul><li>“ Executive Control System” </li></ul><ul><li>The system makes it possible for us to hold two different things in our mind at one time and switch between them. </li></ul><ul><li>When a bilingual speaks, both languages pop up and the executive control system sorts through everything and attend to what’s relevant in the moment. </li></ul><ul><li>Speaking more than one language works to strengthen the ability to distinguish between irrelevant and important information and to focus on what is relevant while ignoring distractions. </li></ul>Benefits of Being Bilingual: “Bilingual Brain” (Cognitive Advantages)
  22. 23. <ul><li>Bilingual children are more effective at multi-tasking. </li></ul><ul><li>Adults who speak more than one language do a better job prioritizing information in potentially confusing situations. </li></ul><ul><li>Being bilingual helps ward off early symptoms of Alzheimer's disease in the elderly. </li></ul><ul><li>(Findings reported at the annual meeting of the American Assn. for the Advancement of Science in Washington, D.C.) </li></ul>Benefits of Being Bilingual: “Bilingual Brain” (Cognitive Advantages)
  23. 24. <ul><li>Other Cognitive Advantages of Bilingual Children </li></ul><ul><li>more creative and better at solving complex problems than those who do not (Bamford and Mizokawa, 1991) </li></ul><ul><li>(Balanced bilinguals) often outperform similar monolingual persons on both verbal and nonverbal tests of intelligence and </li></ul><ul><li>often show greater intellectual flexibility (Bruck, Lambert, and Tucker, 1974; Hakuta, 1986; Weatherford, 1986) </li></ul>Benefits of Being Bilingual: “Bilingual Brain” (Cognitive Advantages)
  24. 25. <ul><li>“ The received wisdom was that bilingualism created confusion, especially in children…The belief was that people who could speak two or more languages had difficulty using either. The bottom line is that bilingualism is good for you .” </li></ul><ul><li>Judith Kroll </li></ul><ul><li>Professor of psychology at Penn State. (at the annual meeting of the American Assn. for the Advancement of Science in Washington, D.C.) </li></ul>
  25. 26. Benefits of Being Bilingual and Bi-literate “Bilingual Eyes” (Global Perspectives) <ul><li>Knowing more than one language expands access to people and resources. </li></ul><ul><li>Individuals who speak and read more than one language have the ability to communicate with more people, read more literature, and benefit more fully from travel to other countries. </li></ul>
  26. 27. Benefits of Being Bilingual/Bi-literate “Bilingual Eyes” (Global Perspectives) <ul><li>Being bilingual and biliterate gives greater depth to their understanding of human experience by fostering an appreciation for the customs and achievements of people beyond their own communities. </li></ul><ul><li>(From Marcos, K. M. (1998, Fall). “Second Language Learning: Everyone Can Benefit.” The ERIC Review, 6(1), 2-5) </li></ul>“ The Report of Atomic Bomb” by Yatsuzuka, Kaname
  27. 28. Benefits of Being Bilingual/Bi-literate “Bilingual Heart” (Cross-Cultural Attitudes) <ul><li>Research suggests that language learners develop a more positive attitude toward the target language and/or the speakers of that language . </li></ul><ul><li>Bamford, K. W., & Mizokawa, D. T. (1989) found a significant change in attitudes in 2 nd graders in Spanish-immersion program towards Hispanic culture . </li></ul><ul><li>A group of upper-level elementary students enrolled in French and Spanish foreign language immersion programs displayed higher levels of intercultural sensitivity than peers in an English-medium school. (Corbaz, 2006) </li></ul>
  28. 29. <ul><li>Bilingualism and multilingualism have many benefits to society. </li></ul><ul><li>Americans who are fluent in more than one language can enhance America’s economic competitiveness abroad, maintain its political and security interests, and work to promote an understanding of cultural diversity within the United States. </li></ul><ul><li>(From Marcos, K. M. (1998, Fall). “Second Language Learning: Everyone Can Benefit.” The ERIC Review, 6(1), 2-5) </li></ul>Benefits of Being Bilingual/Bi-literate “Bilingual Hands” (Career Advantages)
  29. 30. <ul><li>International trade specialists, overseas media correspondents, diplomats, airline employees, and national security personnel need to be familiar with other languages and cultures to do their jobs well. </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers, healthcare providers, customer service representatives, and law enforcement personnel also serve their constituencies more effectively when they can reach across languages and cultures. </li></ul>Benefits of Being Bilingual/Bi-literate “Bilingual Hands” (Career Advantages)
  30. 31. <ul><li>Knowing a second language can give people a competitive advantage in the work force by opening up additional job opportunities (Villano, 1996). </li></ul><ul><li>According to a 2008 international Korn/Ferry poll, 64 percent of business executives speak two or more languages …Bilingual employees can be employed not only as language teachers, translators and interpreters but also any business or government job will seek bilingual employees in an increasingly global economy. </li></ul><ul><li>(Source: “What Are the Benefits of Bilingual Jobs? by Charlotte Mission www. </li></ul>Benefits of Being Bilingual/Bi-literate “Bilingual Hands” (Career Advantages)
  31. 32. Benefits of Being Bilingual/Bi-literate “Bilingual Hands” (Career Advantages) <ul><li>On average, bilinguals receive pay checks between 5 and 20 percent per hour more than the position's base rate , according to </li></ul><ul><li>According to the National Association for Bilingual Education, the law approves up to $1,000 in monthly extra pay for bilingual active-duty military personnel. Civilians may earn special pay up to 5 percent of their base salary. </li></ul><ul><li>(From “Why It Pays to Be Bilingual,” by AOL Jobs Contributor, posted Jan 26th 2009) </li></ul>
  32. 33. Benefits of Being Bilingual/Bi-literate “Bilingual Hands” (Career Advantages) <ul><li>The University of Phoenix Research Institute surveyed 511 workers and 419 employers last fall. </li></ul><ul><li>42% of employers expect business proficiency in Chinese to be in moderate or high demand in a decade; nearly 70% expect Spanish to be in demand. </li></ul><ul><li>Meanwhile, more than 80% of workers said it was somewhat or highly unlikely that they'd become proficient to conduct business in Chinese in the next 10 years, and nearly 60% said they'd probably not learn Spanish. </li></ul><ul><li>(Source: The Wall Street Journal, Careers: January, 2011) </li></ul>
  33. 34. Benefits of Being Bilingual/Bi-literate “Bilingual Hands” (Career Advantages) <ul><li>According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the employment of translators and interpreters in the US is expected to jump by 22 percent between 2008 and 2018 </li></ul><ul><li>(Source: the International Business Times) </li></ul><ul><li> reported that there is a growing need for interpreters especially in the health care industry, as the number of non-English speakers in the US rises. </li></ul><ul><li>(Source:, January 17, 2011, Fred Yager) </li></ul>
  34. 35. Real Advantage of Being an Immersion Student
  35. 36. Thank you for participating! <ul><li>We look forward to seeing you at the next Immersion Parent Partner session! </li></ul><ul><li>Session 4: Wednesday, January 25 </li></ul><ul><li>“ How to help your child read and write in another language” </li></ul><ul><li>I don’t speak the target language. How can I help my child read and write better in that language?” </li></ul><ul><li>If that is your question, please come to next meeting and find out how! </li></ul>