4231020001INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATESUse black ink or black ball-point pen.Write your name, centre number and candidate num...
2(4231-02)ExamineronlyAnswer all questions.Theme 1 – Water1. (a) Study the photograph (below) and diagram opposite.ABC(i) ...
(4231-02)(iii) The diagram shows a cross-section from B to C in the photograph. Annotate thisdiagram to explain how one ri...
(4231-02)4 Examineronly(c) Explain how a river landform(s) affects the lives of people who live along rivers.Use one or mo...
Turn over.42310200055(4231-02)ExamineronlyTheme 2 – Climate Change2. (a) Study the graph below.Carbon Dioxide (CO2) in the...
(4231-02)(b) Outline the likely positive and negative effects of climate change on the lives of peoplewho live in MEDCs su...
4231020007(4231-02)(c) Read the following newspaper article about Bangladesh, which is an LEDC.Turn over.7 ExamineronlyExp...
8(4231-02)ExamineronlyTheme 3 – Living in an Active Zone3. (a) Study the photograph and map below.(i) Describe the locatio...
(4231-02)(iii) Explain the formation of any one landform found at constructive plate margins.You must use a diagram to hel...
10(4231-02)Examineronly(b) Explain how the impact of earthquakes on people’s lives may be reduced. [6]Use one or more exam...
BLANK PAGE(4231-02) Turn over.114231020011© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
12(4231-02)ExamineronlyTheme 4 – Changing Populations4. (a) Study the bar chart below.Change in World population by region...
(4231-02)(b) Study the photograph below.Hambleden - BuckinghamshireTurn over.13 ExamineronlyThe picturesque village of Ham...
14(4231-02)Examineronly(c) Explain why many Western European countries face an increasingly ageing population.Use one or m...
(4231-02)Theme 5 – Globalisation5. (a) Study the textbox and map below.Turn over.15 ExamineronlyEquatorTropic of CancerTro...
16(4231-02)Examineronly(ii) Explain how changes in technology have allowed increased globalisation of humanactivities. [3]...
17(4231-02)Examineronly(c) Explain why some people who live in newly industrialised countries such as India orChina see gl...
18(4231-02)ExamineronlyTheme 6 – Development6. (a) Study the textbox and scattergraph below.0020406080100120140160180MaliC...
(4231-02)(b) Study the map below.Percentage of Children Completing Primary Education in sub-Saharan AfricaTurn over.19 Exa...
20(4231-02)Examineronly(c)ExplainhowNGOscanhelpLEDCsachieveoneormoreoftheMillenniumDevelopmentGoals.Use one or more exampl...
Examineronly(4231-02)For continuation only21© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
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2012 GCSE Core Unit 1 Higher Paper

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2012 GCSE Core Unit 1 Higher Paper

  1. 1. 4231020001INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATESUse black ink or black ball-point pen.Write your name, centre number and candidate number in the spaces at the top of this page.Answer all the questions.Write your answers in the spaces provided in this booklet. Where the space is not sufficient foryour answer, continue the answer at the back of the book, taking care to number the continuationcorrectly.INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATESThe number of marks is given in brackets at the end of each question or part-question.You are reminded that assessment will take into account the quality of written communicationused in your answers that involve extended writing.SJJ*(S12-4231-02)SurnameOther NamesCandidateNumber0CentreNumberGCSE4231/02GEOGRAPHY(Specification A)HIGHER TIERUNIT 1 Core GeographyA.M. THURSDAY, 14 June 201213⁄4 hoursFor Examiner’s use onlyQuestion 1Question 2Question 3Question 4Question 5Question 6TOTALMARKS© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  2. 2. 2(4231-02)ExamineronlyAnswer all questions.Theme 1 – Water1. (a) Study the photograph (below) and diagram opposite.ABC(i) In the box provided label landform A identified in the photograph. [1](ii) Explain how the river has created feature B. [2]© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  3. 3. (4231-02)(iii) The diagram shows a cross-section from B to C in the photograph. Annotate thisdiagram to explain how one river process is causing the outward migration of themeander bend. [4]Turn over.42310200033 ExamineronlyB CUse evidence from the diagram to explain how people affect the flow of water in adrainage basin. [2]KeyOverland flowInfiltrationThroughflowGroundwater flow(b) Study the diagram below.Flow of water in a drainage basin© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  4. 4. (4231-02)4 Examineronly(c) Explain how a river landform(s) affects the lives of people who live along rivers.Use one or more examples to illustrate your answer. [6]© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  5. 5. Turn over.42310200055(4231-02)ExamineronlyTheme 2 – Climate Change2. (a) Study the graph below.Carbon Dioxide (CO2) in the Atmosphere1960310.0320.0330.0340.0350.0360.0370.0380.01965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010CarbonDioxidepartspermillion(ppm)(i) Describe the change in CO2 in the atmosphere between 1960 and 2010. [2](ii) Suggest reasons to explain why the total amount of CO2 has changed over time.[3]© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  6. 6. (4231-02)(b) Outline the likely positive and negative effects of climate change on the lives of peoplewho live in MEDCs such as the UK. [4]Positive effectsNegative effects6 Examineronly© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  7. 7. 4231020007(4231-02)(c) Read the following newspaper article about Bangladesh, which is an LEDC.Turn over.7 ExamineronlyExplain why climate change is likely to have a greater impact on the lives of people wholive in LEDCs, rather than people who live in MEDCs.Use information from this article and your own knowledge to illustrate your answer.[6]Climate change and BangladeshAdapted from Md Saidur Rahman 2007Rising sea levels is one of the most important issues humans will have tograpple with in this century. The people who will be affected first live in placeswith low-lying deltas like Bangladesh.The increasing intensity of tropical storms and rising sea level are making itimpossible for people to live in some parts of the country. Millions of peopleface the possibility of being among the first climate refugees. A one metre sealevel rise would flood more than 15 per cent of Bangladesh, forcing 13 millionpeople to leave their homes.© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  8. 8. 8(4231-02)ExamineronlyTheme 3 – Living in an Active Zone3. (a) Study the photograph and map below.(i) Describe the location of Skjaldbreidur. [2](ii) Use the map and photograph to identify two pieces of evidence to suggest that thephotograph was taken at a constructive plate margin. [2]1. ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................2. ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................Atlantic OceanMid-AtlanticRidgeMid-AtlanticRidgeEURASIANPLATENORTH AMERICANPLATEICELAND0 50Reykjavik100kmEyjafjallajokullVolcanoSkjaldbreidurSkjaldbreidurKey: = Volcano© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  9. 9. (4231-02)(iii) Explain the formation of any one landform found at constructive plate margins.You must use a diagram to help your answer. [5]Landform .......................................................................................................................................................................Turn over.42310200099 ExamineronlyExplanation ..................................................................................................................................................................© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  10. 10. 10(4231-02)Examineronly(b) Explain how the impact of earthquakes on people’s lives may be reduced. [6]Use one or more examples to illustrate your answer.© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  11. 11. BLANK PAGE(4231-02) Turn over.114231020011© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  12. 12. 12(4231-02)ExamineronlyTheme 4 – Changing Populations4. (a) Study the bar chart below.Change in World population by region 2005-2050Least DevelopedCountries0 50–50% Growth100 150USAIndiaChinaEurope(i) The population of Least Developed Countries will grow 125% by 2050.Add a bar to the graph to show this. [1](ii) By how much is India’s population predicted to grow between 2005 and 2050? [1].......................................................... %(iii) Suggest reasons to explain the predicted population change in one other regionidentified in the graph. [3]Region .........................................................................................Explanation© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  13. 13. (4231-02)(b) Study the photograph below.Hambleden - BuckinghamshireTurn over.13 ExamineronlyThe picturesque village of Hambleden was bought in 2007 by new land ownerMr Scharzenbach for £38m.Using evidence in the photograph only, describe the attractions of living in rural areasin MEDCs such as the UK. [4]Reproduced from http://sobreinglaterra.com© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  14. 14. 14(4231-02)Examineronly(c) Explain why many Western European countries face an increasingly ageing population.Use one or more examples to illustrate your answer. [6]© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  15. 15. (4231-02)Theme 5 – Globalisation5. (a) Study the textbox and map below.Turn over.15 ExamineronlyEquatorTropic of CancerTropic of Capricornmyspace orkutAfricaEuropeAsiaAustralasiaSouthAmericaNorthAmerica(i) Compare the distribution of countries in which myspace and orkut are the mostpopular social networking website. [3]Globalisation is when human activities increasingly take place on a worldwide scaleCountries in which the social networking sites myspace and orkut are the most popular.© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  16. 16. 16(4231-02)Examineronly(ii) Explain how changes in technology have allowed increased globalisation of humanactivities. [3](b) Study the graph below.Indian Trans-National Company (TNC) Investments Abroad (1996-2005)1996050010001500200025001997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005MillionsofdollarsDescribe Indian TNC investments abroad between 1996 and 2005. [3]© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  17. 17. 17(4231-02)Examineronly(c) Explain why some people who live in newly industrialised countries such as India orChina see globalisation as a threat.Use one or more examples to illustrate your answer. [6]Turn over.© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  18. 18. 18(4231-02)ExamineronlyTheme 6 – Development6. (a) Study the textbox and scattergraph below.0020406080100120140160180MaliChad Ivory CoastPakistanIndiaVietnamSri LankaPhilippinesBangladeshGhanaKenyaCambodiaMalawi200Countries inSub-Saharan Africa500 1000 1500 2000Countries inSouth Asia(i) Describe the relationship between GNI and under 5 mortality. [2](ii) Use the graph to describe the differences in under 5 mortality between countriesin Sub-Saharan Africa and countries in South Asia. [2]under 5mortalityGNI (US$)GNI is a measure of the wealth of a country. It is usually measured in US Dollars (US$).Under 5 mortality is the number of children who die before the age of 5 for every 1000 births.© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  19. 19. (4231-02)(b) Study the map below.Percentage of Children Completing Primary Education in sub-Saharan AfricaTurn over.19 ExamineronlyPrimary EducationPercentage of childrencompleting primaryeducationless than 50%50-69%70-84%85-94%95% or moreno dataTropic of CapricornEquatorN(i) Describe the distribution of countries where less than 50% of children completeprimary education. [2](ii) Suggest why it is important that countries in sub-Saharan Africa improve theeducation of girls in particular. [3]© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  20. 20. 20(4231-02)Examineronly(c)ExplainhowNGOscanhelpLEDCsachieveoneormoreoftheMillenniumDevelopmentGoals.Use one or more examples to illustrate your answer. [6]Oxfam is an example of a Non-Governmental Organisation (NGO) whichprovides aid to countries in need of help.End of Question 6© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  21. 21. Examineronly(4231-02)For continuation only21© WJEC CBAC Ltd.

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