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Mat+clark+ +ielts+speaking+(2007)


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Mat+clark+ +ielts+speaking+(2007)

  1. 1. 大家网[]更多更好的资料请上大家网[]
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  44. 44. .... 3 The Speaking Test Fonnat 大家网[] This list of topics is not complete and every year more J)Jl:*��m-$*atr�Wi!topics are introduced into Part One. 1m. 4ij:1fHi��jm£$�l!lHio The important fact is that all of these topics should be m���, � 1:����JiJTJrjquite familiar to you. Even if you dont like sport, you should (f.J � $ if!f »11 0 f!n -it � 1: � W �-f* Jfbe able to answer basic questions related to the topic of � �. itL�w:�� @J��� �1r �sport. U� 111] Jm 0 Another important fact is that the topics are "general". �9"m��-.�. �@��:l!-�IY-JThey are not specific to any particular country or region. ifSlm. #-�ttX1�-Ai*IJij�--:x:itI!LKoThis means that the questions on food for example are about -tBJJt�iJl.1l�Tit��l!»!, �t��food in general or food in your country, not specifically T-��k�����JiJTff���kabout "food in China". �, #-�-}EA1*m"9=trnlB��"0 One useful tip to remember about the Part One topics m��it�fl9�, m-mHt�@ifSand questions is that they are designed so that every »1i & 1iiJ Jm B� i�it� 1-1 T JiJT ff m � a<Jcandidate in any country has an equal opportunity to fully � � t� �� 1r -¥ � fl9 tIL � [n] � JiJT 1fanswer ALL questions. riiJ Imo For example, you might be asked: "What food is f9tJ �U. �1:� flf 1iiJ:itt : .. {fJ1fJ Ii1popular in your country?" Or "What food do you like �m:��jffi����ft�?"Bl�eating?" You will NOT be asked: "How do you make "1�q; � Ill: 1t �? "1JI�� 11t I,l]: "1IIChinese dumplings ?" Or "Do you prefer noodles or �t-f§�T?"E1�"{JjJ:�OO*� .nce: �*11i?" ? " From the list of topics we can see that there are JAifSJmJtl��1flmJ)JttflJ, m­approximately 50 Part One topics (and this list is increasing $*�f.J1r 50 lif!fJm (#- J3. 4ij:1f:trstfevery year). If there are five possible questions for each Part !tt:bU)o t!i4ij:-if5JHi1r 5 l1lJ�i&:t£One topic then we can conclude that there are potentially IrlJ � rilJ Jm, Jj!IJ� J)J ffti�m-$7t-;ff250+ questions in Part One. 250 $1 nr��11ttilll] I3<J ruJJMl 0 This presents a problem. Most candidates prepare for l!Wttz:�T-lliiJlEo FHT*�their speaking test by preparing .. specific answers " for 1i�1:.�ttx1" A-f* lilJ 1m"1fE it "lfj"specific questions". It seems an almost impossible task to m���"0 �mit 250 1J)lL��prepare 250+ answers. Even if this was possible, it would �fPJ.3f�*���o Nn{j!1fllTfm. ��take an enonnous effort and use up most of a students t.t!.1�1t LU §*B<J� j] , )!JL3f�f£preparation time and energy. ¥J1�� �� �*$7tAtnJ] f11� f1 0 Most people who prepare in this way focus on the ��l!#1JA4i�fl9��$IiJ{�.. content" of each answer and as we have already seen, re3::�fHf1P.ttf���"I*J?(I."L, �content does not increase your score. Within the content �lIft1nTW:illJiJTijf, l!#-��m WJ��they may be learning vocabulary for each question, but m�*�o ������u�it�?(I.vocabulary only influences part of your score. Also it �ctt-@�4if.1IJ=i]JMH11�rJ�1IiJr[, 1f!would be very difficult to learn 250+ sets of iSi]l[J{��n��1:$*�*0 :tfJ3.� 更多更好的资料请上大家网[] 37
  45. 45. 大家网[]更多更好的资料请上大家网[]
  46. 46. , 3 The Speaking·-.t Format 大家网[] Look at the example question: "Tell me about yourhometown." This seems like a simple question Candidates must l!1fii]m�{�Hflfa1.o ���@iremember that the examiner is NOT asking this question i.e {±, � � fa] J! l fa] 1m 3f � � � jgbecause he or she wants to know something about your 1tf!.��m T fM� (J{J �� 0hometown. Remember: The examiner is not interested in you, your i±.: ;tj�*�:!i!:x>t;tj�1 A.,life or anything you say. The examiner is doing a job. The ;tj�(J{J�m�;tj�i�(J{J1fMP-J��job is to award a score for your spoken English in relation to ��o ;tj§:!i!:t£1Gmt{iJ!(J{JI 11:, tlP¥1ithe marking system. ,lfflif?tf�ll���a<J r=Iitftr?to So again we can see that content becomes irrelevant. J9T �� � 11l -N?X� ili � � * �:!i!:The examiner is actually asking the following question: x���� 0 �g��{Era]rflif�"Show me your ability to describe something (a place) and IYiJJH!: "m!�1fJm:i£�$� (-1-:1:&give me some town or city vocabulary." jj)(J{Jfl�j], *§*-@*T�.a<J WJ1Co " Look at the example answer: "I come from Beijing. I am native of this city. Beijing is the capital of China. In Beijing there are many historical buildings. Beijing Duck is very famous-I always eat· it with my friends. " The problem with this response is that it "answers" the � � * (J{J fa] J1i t£ T �1f t: .. [illquestion but it doesnt offer the examiner any evidence of �.. T fa]J1i, 1f!;tj�&tm (Ii];tji§r m!$your ability to describe something. A description needs to �B(J{Jm�.�Rj]o.�@§*�offer detailed and precise infonnation and the points need to �, flrou�ffLm, ffijJ3.i�l�1IV1¥�be developed in some way. jj�m!7fi�� 0 If we consider the marking system we can also add that *Jm vy:?tf�ftE, �� tf:!. 1!1:f-r i*JJMthe answer does not contain any features of native-speaker 1fM* ±� lit r=I *(J{JJXl.� astyle spoken English . • The answer is short / direct . • �*MH� /lHto • It does not contain any linkingwords or phrases. • �§*{fMittiWJEJt�i!to • It does not contain any redundant language. • [ill��§*{ffPJJLWJo • There are no examples of uncommon vocabulary. • &:ff�r-1itmWJr[o • There is no idiomatic language. • ri:ff.33 itf 0 • The grammar is correct but it is very basic grammar. • itfii.iEfdrJ{g���*iTf·iio • There are no complex ·sentence structures. • &:ff��ii]-r�ftJo • The tense use is limited . ·�za;j�1£�o 更多更好的资料请上大家网[] 39
  47. 47. . ---... ,4. � 大家网[] This answer is therefore typical of a lower score (4-5). J!� r"I��:9t!:�ft-Jff£?t( 4-5 ?t ) Now consider the following answer: I @]�o "Well as you can probably guess I come from Beijing and I have lived here all my life, although at the moment Im studying in another city-Tianjin. I suppose if I bad to describe Beijing, the first thing I would say is that its absolutely enonnous, maybe even one of the biggest cities in Asia I guess. Its so big in fact that even the locals have problems finding their way around. Another significant characteristic is that it offers examples of both classical and contemporary architecture. Actually some of the Chinas most renowned landmarks are "slap­ bang" in the middle of Beijing. This response is much better in quality than the first J!1-@]�� l:t�-1-M1¥J�, �answer for the following reasons: m:!ufF: • It is long but doesnt move away from the topic! • @]��*, ffl�*19:�-WU.3:: question. �o • It contains redundant language. • E!*lCilij 0 • It contains linking phrases. • E!*ii�I1:�iHo • It contains one idiom. • E!*-1- J3 i!t 0 • lt contains some uncommon vocabulary. • §.*-.ltiJ4�1itmllij¥[o • The vocabulary is topic-specific. • iifJr[-;Jj �l-ij§"Jmo • It contains examples of complex sentence structures. • @*��11]T�ttJo • It contains a mix of tenses. .@*��Bt�o • The grammar is correct (even in the longer • i!}! 71F. fifij ( f!D f1! tE � * ft-J 11] structures). rrf" )0 Because this answer meets many of the marking system EE Ti!l@l��1t;Wj?tB<J*$descriptions required to achieve a higher score it would be BW?t�*,w�-.ft.m�7�typical of a score of7+. I:JJ:8�Jt�o I) Activity In the answer above find examples of the following: • Redundant language • Uncommon vocabulary • Linking words • Idiomatic vocabulary • Linking phrases • Different tenses (how many are used?)Description Structures When responding to description questions, you need to begin with a lead-in phrase. (This is anexample of a linking device ! redundant language). Possible lead-in phrases include the following: 更多更好的资料请上大家网[]40
  48. 48. 3 The SpeakingTest Format 大家网[] OK then... Right, ok... Alright. .. Well... Well, you know... Well first of all... Actually... We can add a "pointing phrase" next, to signal to the listener that the first point is coming. (This isanother example of a linking device / redundant language.) ... the first thing I should mention is that. .. ... the point Id like to begin with is that. . . .. . I could start off by saying that... initial point would be that ... .. .I need to start offby pointing out that... ... the main thing you need to know is that... .. . I suppose I should begin by highlighting the fact that... may ( or may not) be aware that in fact. .. .. . I really need to kick off with the point that. .. Most of the above contain interchangeable words. Now you are ready to describe your first point. Activity Example question: "Tell me about the street that you live in." Think about one important point you can describe about your street (it could be location, size,appearance, the buildings etc.). Do not give the name as this is not really describing (and the namewould probably be in Chinese so you would not be using examples of topic-related vocabulary.) Selecta lead-in phrase and a pointing phrase. • Now describe your first point. • Choose different lead-in and pointing phrases and practice describing the first point about your street. The first point needs to be developed with a complex sentence. Notice in the example how thecandidate uses a structure with "that". " ...the first thing [ would say is that irs absolutely enormous, maybe even one of the biggest citiesin Asia [ guess." This is a simple but effective way to join your linking phrase with the detail sentence. The result isa complex structure. Notice how the candidate then uses another linking word "maybe even" to addmore details. 更多更好的资料请上大家网[] 41
  49. 49. 大家网[] o Activity Example question: "Tell me about your studies or job." Choose a lead-in and pointing phrase. Introduce your first point and use a structure with "that".Add a linking word to introduce a detail about your first point. Now we can look at the full structure. (1) Lead-in phrase (2) 1 st pointing phrase (3) Point I (4) Linking word / phrase + detail about point I (5) 2nd pointing phrase (6) Point 2 (7) Linking word / phrase + detail about point 2 (8) 3rd pointing phrase (9) Point 3 (10) Linking word / phrase + detail about point 3 Examples of 2nd pointing phrases: Another point which I could add is that. .. A second feature which I should mention is that... As well as that, I could say that... On top of that I can also add that. .. Also, I suppose I should say that... Examples of 3rd pointing phrases: And I shouldnt forget to mention that. .. In addition to what rYe just said, I can add that... Something else that I n�ed to comment on is that ... I guess I could also remark on the fact that... So a complete response might look something like this: �WeILfirst ofall"the!main.thing you need to know is that. .. (point l) •..In fact... (detail l) .. On . top of that I can also add that...(point 2}...which means... (detail 2) ...Something else that I need to comment on is that... (point 3}... So actually (detaiI3}... C) Activity Practice saying the full sample structure with your own points and details for the followingquestions: 更多更好的资料请上大家网[]42
  50. 50. , --•.. .... 3 The Speaking �8$t Format 大家网[] .. )i;. T�ll me about the house / flat you live in. Tell me about your city. Describe your hometown. What is your l11ain ambition? I Tell me about your job. What makes you happy? Tell me about your family. Now write out your own full describing structure using the example phrases. Now practice usingyour structure for the questions above. Summary of "Description" Questions Most candidates will probably be asked at least one ��5tJ����W1lIOJ ¥tl-1-tltdescription question. This question is often one of the first ��B-Jrn]JWo �tEtt��-$?tJ!.questions in Part One. By producing style of answer we have :Ii)le rill B-J /flJ I! z- 0 �1l!WOO NT � �just seen, the candidate is focusing on the marking system �EB����, ��f£fF�Btf±mcriteria and not "answering" the question. We have not Yif?tf�{lB��*, ffij��Jt�:(£" [illlooked at any vocabulary for any of the individual topics or �"IOJ/l�L ft1ili15��n�&�T�­questions-this can be found in the section on topic-specific Jt.1* ±JW!OC IOJ I! fIg if fiiJ i� ¥[. * 45vocabulary later in this book. f�J§�Tif5JW� mi�1[ -iJ*if�tllt ilE1ji$�IH1fffi 0 A very common type of questions in Part One is the �-$?t1it !It!.EB-�/,illlm�*"liking" questions. For xample: "00 you like animals?" xj("�IiiJl!o 19tJ�ll: "1�*xj(i}tj��? " As an examiner I have asked this style question hun- fF�5tJ�, j!�/OJlMi��rilli1f{dreds of times. A common response might be something like: stXo -%Hlg nll��: "Yes, I like animals. I like cats and dogs because they are very lovely." If you have read and understood what has been written tf��B�I�i�*Jj.*45rrjso far in this book, you should be starting to see the oo�*EB�3 .• �� •• &ili��problems with this answer. This answer lacks all the features @�EB�*Z�o��*���*±common in native-speaker style English. The answer �*EB�M.#R*��.T[ill��focuses I 0 0 % on content. �*:!ltc Expressing likes and dislikes is actually quite a large ill T �>t :g � B-J � it t£ � i! q:t :l!area of the English language and as a result there is a wide mr�EB�B.ffi�EB����&mrange of language available to express these functions. �o ��,§InJ "1%I*�iSfJ!fWJPl?J?" • �1::When the examiner asks, "Do you like animals?", your mJjtl �m)!l.� B�i:W�f*��:g iE ,answer should display some ability to express these ��lItrPJ���� § cB�ift�n�f1 0functions using a range of appropriate language. "I like" and "I dont like" do not display any ability ·ft*�"!OC"��*�"z�fJ{Jto skilfully or flexibly express these functions. In most [ill � m � fm � lR 5tJ 1:: ff� J5 M;!OC � 更多更好的资料请上大家网[] 43
  51. 51. i§! �!t · ihrf= ..... �< 大家网[]cases, the examiner probably used "like" or "dont like" m*.�.��.ho��$.M�in the question, so candidates who use these words are r �rgB9 rrlJ Ii! r:p �{tm " .�"Wt" �simply recycling the question words in the form of a .�"/J{J�¥-F. ��1Jj�QlI:tfF�@t�statement. m!l f!}iHiUy[zJf T :l For these questions, the flrst step is to find some @1�J!�rrlJJiiat, �)tM�ili�alternative language for "liking". The following expressions f-tif "liking" /J{JXf1F.m!$ 0 I:J r ��can be used for all general topics: Qs � ffl T J9Tff -JNtE�m : Im fairly I pretty keen on... Im quite / pretty fond of. .. Im really into... Im totally mad about. .. Im quite a big fan of. .. Im quite partial to... I simply adore .. , Im quite passionate about. .. Im quite enthusiastic about. .. I generally prefer .. , (use only when comparing) Most of the adverbs are interchangeable in this .lit. r:p * $ fJ( iU iiU $ � I:J 1i 1!R:list. f9! JH ( One advantage of the IELTS vocabulary marking m/[i,�iiiiUr[$?tif?tfi�f1EB�­system is that if you use an uncommon word incorrectly or �M��.*��mffl������in the wrong context, you will still get some credit for trying �J: r)( J:f1ftffl T �-�r-# m�r[.to use the word. ����iiffl¥Ufj��iiUffif��-J1!J?t 0 For example, if a candidate said: "Im quite enthusiastic about Korean food," Compare it with: ..I like Korean food." Native-speakers wouldnt normally use the word �� 9i; iIt � -Hj:iIt � A - IN: � � ffl"enthusiastic" to describe food, but the first sentence is "enthusiastic"*WiJ£jit!fWJ, fg�-1l]better than the second because it attempts to use an rt�=1l]1l-F, ���-1l]E2 * T �r-ijtuncommon vocabulary item (quite enthusiastic). m iifH[ (quite enthusiastic) 0 So dont be afraid to use any of the words from the 114 lit. � *- ng 1!f ffl j� � m fj{] �fiJlist-they are all worth more to your score than "I like" or 1[. t1n tt "I like"�"I enjoy"!1!1ffIJ"I enjoy". ������?to We return to the question: "Do you like animals?" The ilft1fHI}tX@JflJ rrlJJii"f�.�zroaim of our answer is to use about 3 or 4 "liking" !fWJ�? "ft1IJa9@J��miJj 3 � 41­expressions. "W�X"�B9��o Look at the following answer: 更多更好的资料请上大家网[]44
  52. 52. 3 The SpeakirigTes�forrnat 大家网[] "Well to be quite honest, in general I would say that Im actually quite keen on animals, but in particular I would probably have to say that Im really into domestic pets like dogs. I guess the reason why Im a fan of dogs is because I adore their loyalty and companionship. In addition to dogs I suppose Im also pretty passionate about endangered species, especially dolphins and things like that and this is due to the fact I feel some degree of responsibility towards wildlife protection" () Activity How many "liking" expressions can you find in the answer? How many linking phrases can youfind? How much redundant language is there? Find examples of uncommon or topic-specificvocabulary. (Note "things like that"-the meaning of "like" is not the same as the meaning in thequestion.) Possible starting phrases for "liking" questions include: Well in general I would say that... Actually, I suppose that for the most part Id probably say that... Well, to be honest I should really say that... Of course I think Id have to say that. .. Certainly I would definitely say that... Well, I guess that generally speaking I would certainly say that... Then select the first "liking" expression and add the topic word or a general category of the topic. Example: "Well in general I would say that Im quite passionate about Italian food; ... " Now you need to add a linking word or phrase to introduce a specific type of the topic or category(eg, pizza). ... but in particular.. : be more precise.. . ... particularly... be more specific.. . ...especially... be more exact... ... specifically... be more accurate... Now add your second "liking" expression with the specific type. Example: "Well in general I would say that Im quite passionate about Italian food, to be morespecific, I would probably say that Im really into pizza and pasta." Now add a linking phrase to introduce the first reason: And I guess this is probably because... This could be because.. . This might be because.. . This is due to the fact that... I suppose the reason has something to do with the fact that... 更多更好的资料请上大家网[] 45
  53. 53. . ---.... ,大家网[] .. �. "Well in general I would say that Im quite passionate about Italian food; .to b e more specific I would probably say that Im really into pizza and pasta. This is mainly because my girlfriend is Italian so she always cooks Italian cuisine at home." Now use a linking phrase to introduce your second point. As well as this... To add to this... In addition to this ... Use another "liking" expression: "As well as this, Im quite partial to vegetarian food." Now be more specific: ..As well as this, Im quite partial to vegetarian food especially things like bean curd. This could be because...Im quite conscious of healthy eating and bean curd is a fat-free food and its high in nutritional value." So the complete structure looks like this: "Well to be quite honest, in general I would say that Im actually quite keen on ... , but in particular I would probably have to say that Im really know, things like . .! guess the . reason why Im a fan of because I adore...In addition to this I suppose Im also pretty passionate about..., especially ...and things like that, and this is due to the fact that... " Use the structure above to answer the following questions: What food do you like? Do you like listening to music? Do you like reading? Do you like shopping? What do you like about your hometown? What do you like about yOl;lT studies / job? Now answer the questions using your own structure . .. Disliking" questions are quite common in Part *T·.�" EI<J rcilllltE 0 ift�iJtOne of the speaking test . The answers can be very ��-$7t�&1it.!A!.o @]�llt�/tl]l!nrsimilar to the "liking" questions but with .. disliking" VJ f1( lill �"* �"� EI<J Ill] l.�tJJ� ft:� ,vocabulary . w.�� f(Mi� �iPJ 7[±lt1t:ilJ -=f�� .. .. 0 The following language can be used to express ��r��1JAnrm*@]� "Y.i.,dislikes". �"�lY-JriJ]J1i : Im not so keen on ... Im not really that fond of... Im not much of a fan of... 更多更好的资料请上大家网[]46
  54. 54. "c,;,,,:::""" 3 The Speakin�t.t" 大家网[] ," ,!II : And for very strong "dislikes" use the following: I totally detest... I really cant stand ... • I absolutely loathe ... In your answer, try to use a "dislike" and a "strong if @]�9=tiJt��m-1-�l5 ., /Fdislike" phrase. Use the same style of structure as the *x!x."��1-�l5"5j?!HI�"�il1]¥[o"liking" answer but change the linking phrases. m�fP1"§�" �@]��Ja]T�f�, f.§jj:]t£PR:)!ti,��if. 0 Example: "Is there anything you dont like about your hometown?" "Of course I think Id have to say that Im not so keen on the weather. To be more precise, I really cant stand the summer months. This is due to the fact that the temperatures can get as high as 40 degrees so it can be quite uncomfortable if you dont have air conditioning in your house. In addition to this, Im not really that fond of the public transport system. And I guess this is probably because the buses are too old and the seats are really hard, so long journeys are usually pretty bumpy." m�f�fj{J��@]� rOOJL1-". I Now answer the following "disliking" questions using asimilar structure: lf1f> "�B� r!JJJ}ji: Is there anything you dont like about your school! studies? Is there any food you dont like? Whats the worst thing about shopping? Are there any clothes that you dont like? What type of weather do you dislike? Summary of "Liking I Disliking" Questions �J The most important thing is to avoid the simple ���, �1:��Wfjmi1f!vocabulary (like, dislike, enjoy, love, hate) and replace these il1] 1C (like, dislike, enjoy, love, hate),with the expressions given in this chapter. f$.itm*.JYf9UB��1iA:�mHtto Many candidates put "likes" and "dislikes" in the �& � � 1: ffi .. 3 xX" fIl /F. �" "same answer (usually the "liking" question). This is not tilS $. if IPJ � @] � 41 ( illi 1ft * @] � ., *wrong, but as we have seen, the answers to these questions �" �fj{J r!JJ !�i) 2:# &:ff�, fE!. � 0can be quite long, so it is better to split them into two n�m,2:®�M��***.��separate answers. 1n?tnx;p;I.j 1-I�JL B� @I� tt$JtM 0 Remember: Give a developed answer to every question. ff� ::xq-&1-rt=i]Jl1ItI5M��*@]In the past I have heard answers like these: �oii��;f�t�nJTiIJl1:J!¥-¥B<Jr5J� : 更多更好的资料请上大家网[] 47
  55. 55. 大家网[] Do you like animals?-No, I dont like animals. Do you like reading?-No, I like watching TV instead. Is there anything you dont like about your hometown?-No, I like my city. • As a rule, if the examiner asks you if you like jJJi ht ;t;. R Irl) � �� � J: J/A��something, give a positive answer (yes) even if that answer �,-.�����@�,gW��is not true. In the same way, if the question is: " Is there Jij����/Fr.f 0 fPJ�. �u*riiJJm�:anything you dont like about...?", you should also give a "�T"""ffJ� tt�/FliJ/Aa<.Jru;? "positive answer (yes). -tl1.���i1f);£rEl�o Speaking positively is much eaSIer than speaking � � (f� @ � ,trl, tt �);£ (fJ @l�?if.negatively and it is easier to give reasons and examples to �. � tl1 iE fffi (J{J JI IiI fU f9tJ r-m tt Ii 00say "why" rather than "why not". B<Jfa11f!o Remember: Base your answer on language not on it.: ��(]I,]��mfmIJmTift�fact or truth . You do not get any marks for telling the W/F•• �D��/F���*�.�truth ! ffiH�5j-oQu��fioJl1ype 4: "Typt!�s of" Q.uestiQ!!s Another common type of questions in Part One is I ��- ifIS 7} Jj - � m- !J� (j� rUJ �:m:"types of questions. §�"types of "(j�IiiJl;:ijo For example: "Tell me about the different types of public transport in your city." The most common problem with these questions is I M. r ltd 1ill . 1:! .shown in the following answer: tliHiiJ Bt�� ill :Jll89M" !.4!.1iiJJ!: "In my city there are many types of public transport, for example, buses, taxis , motorcycle taxis, trains , planes , ferries and mini-buses. " In this answer, the candidate lists seven types of public ��tflll1�rp�IJtH 7 7 #0�transport. However. the answer is 10 0 % content and there is 3CiiIJ{.o � # @�*�{j!lrI:TJ*Jno evidence of native-speaker style language. Some ?iJ.,�x*±�m�mofl���Jijcandidates may believe that get one mark for every type of fl�1A:1-J4ij�HI-�3C:ilRI.Jt·�PT�� 1transport that they list but this is not true. 5j-. it�/F�o One reason for this answer is that in spoken Chinese it ii :H � # [ill � B� -1 Jjj( � �is quite common to give these "list" style answers. " �IJ * .. t£ �� if,- [J if,- rp H:: �M M" fft!. B<J [ill �1fAo A good answer to these questions should be structured M- (f<.J IIII �m � � p.ft � �Ij 1f Atiland developed in the following way. � 1ij rtJ!i f� jf � 7f !ill � 0 更多更好的资料请上大家网[]48
  56. 56. · .... " .- , ; :: " " ,,� ••......... 3 The speaki"iigTsst Format 大家网[] . . "".". ..�: ,.......,." Begin with an opening phrase: Well actually •.. Of course, you know ... Sure, obviously .. . Of course, it goes without saying ... OK, certainly ... Then use one of the following: ...theres quite a mixed variety of ... ...theres quite an extensive diversity of ... ...theres quite a wide range of... . ..theres quite a diverse mixture of ... ...theres a fairly broad range of... So the opening line might be: "Of course, it goes without saying that theres quite a mixed variety of public transport in my city." Now use the following structure to introduce the first type: But I guess the most + adj. .. .would probably be ... However, I suppose the most + adj. ...could possibly be ... Though I think the most + adj.. ..would potentially be ... Yet I imagine the most + adj....may well be ... Still, I suspect that the most + adj. ..could perhaps be ... . In these structures you will need to select an adjective iE�®/pJ�rp, �����-1which fits the question. Here are some possible adjective �-&t:i!1I6]m8{J%�i�o rOOl�tH Tsuggestions: -®liJf����%�i�: common {t�MJ commonplace -tJtlr-J influential �*},,{.;Jlr-Jpopular MiAtMJ frequent ��lr-J prevalent �tfAt�fashionable M.�}J �I.L lr-J trendy atftfl� notorious ? � ��4�famous ttl� � well-known 1.P � � crucial .f.*�-l-� widely-used -t�1�Jfl� widely-known �� � prominent �:i-� important �-l-� significant �5lYk� widespread �1&lr-J standard *;f.;it ir.J conventional ttt;tMJ celebrated :i- � 9I.J hip #WJJMJ with-it at�MJ commonly-used tJflMJ usual -ttMJ customary >]j�� commonly-known it pJf ffil1.P a� current J1.,(£ � fashionable at�MJ notable :i- � 9I.J best-selling it #J 1jlj MJ up-to-date itmrir.J renowned �� MJ I 更多更好的资料请上大家网[] 49
  57. 57. .:,·,. i iII........... , 4 r .. .. �. 大家网[] So the first sentence could be: "Of course, it goes without saying. that theres quite a mixed variety of public transport· in my city. Though I think the most commonly-used would potentially be buses." Now use a phrase to add a detail: The thing with buses is that... I assume buses are ,so + adj. because... The point I wanttoiaddaboiJt busesis that... And what you have to realise with buses is that... And the explanation for this could be that. .. And the basis of this is that... So the first part of the answer could be: "Of course, it goes without saying that theres quite a mixed variety of public transport in my city. Though I think the most commonly-used would potentially be buses. And the explanation for this could be that � are so cheap and reliable. In fact the average bus fare in my city is about one yuan for a single journey. Notice that the detail sentence doesnt repeat the word tt�, tlli��IBTjB<J�ff1ij&ffm�"buses", instead it uses the pronoun "they" (some answers {9!J+J-� ifiJ "buses", Wi J!Ff-H-tiii] "they"wilJ need "it"). *�f�( *J @ Iiq�7ffl� HJ"it")o Also notice that the detail sentence uses a linking word :if�tt�, Wi*�ilB<Jiwa:Jmm7"in fact" to make a complex structure. �t�ii]"in fact"*�mt�1ij�c Now use a linking phrase to introduce a second type. Besides (buses), ... As well as (buses), ... In addition to (buses), ... Another kind of (public transport) would be... Another form of (public transport) worth mentioning could be... A second variety of (public transport) would be something like.. . A subsequent category would be something like... So the next part of the answer might be: "As well as buses, a second variety of public transport would be something like taxis." Add a linking phrase to develop the second type: 更多更好的资料请上大家网[]50
  58. 58. ·-.;:; ·:�r 3 The SpeakingTestForr:r)�t 大家网[] And the main characteristic of (taxis) is that. .. And the unique aspect of (taxis) is that ... And one exceptional aspect with (taxis) is that... Add the detail with a linking word to form a complex sentence: "As well as buses, a second variety of public transport would be something like taxis. Andone exceptional aspect with (taxis) is that they are certainly the quickest way to get around town.So if youre in a hurry then taxis are the best bet ( = the best choice )." Now you need to add a vague end line: And of course theres the usual things like.. . And obviously you can also find things like.. . Likewise, as might be expected, there are things like... And naturally, there are things like... So the final sentence might be: "Likewise, as might be expected, theres things like ferries, motorcycle taxis and trains,although these are not as widely-used as the first two that I mentioned. U So the finished structure might look something like: "Of course, it goes without saying theres quite an extensive diversity of .•. (topic) Stil� Isuspect that the most + adj. could perhaps be... (type 1) A nd what you have to realise with. ..(type 1) is that...In fact / so / but / because... (detail) Another form of.. (topic) worth mentioning could be... (type 2) And the main characteristicof ... (type 2) is that ...(detail) (+ linking word / complex structure). And naturally, theres things like . . . (2 or 3 other types)" Use the complete model structure to answer the following questions: Tell me about the types of sports that are popular in your country. What kinds of restaurants are popular in your country? What types of shops can be found in your local area? What types of things do people collect in your country? What hobbies are common in your country? What types of TV programmes are popular in your country? Now design your own structure using the language options provided in this section. 更多更好的资料请上大家网[] 51
  59. 59. 大家网[]更多更好的资料请上大家网[]
  60. 60. 3 The speaking Test:Format -... : - , """ 大家网[] "How often do you go to the cinema?" "Well to be honest, I think I would have to say that it really depends. Like for instance, if I have the money, then its quite possible that] will watch a movie in the cinema, two or three times a month. You know cinema tickets are pretty pricey in China. Whereas in contrast, if Im broke, its more likely that Ill watch movies at home on DVD; you probably know that DVDs are quite cheap here, especially compared to the price of a cinema ticket. " The key to the answer is the structure "it depends". If ��Ef�*tt�"it depends"�;ftj 0you use this, you can produce a "situational contrast" which mE!]1 tfj "·��xftt." M!�1:.���mallows you to use contrast language (linking words). xftt/ii-rf 11 (:itj:1(l1:iPJi! ) 0 The flrst step is too select an opening phrase: Well to be honest... Well in truth... Actually to be faiL.. Well in all fairness... In actual fact... In fact, in all honesty... Now select a depends" phrase: · ...I think I would have to say that it really depends. .. .I suppose I would have to maintain that it kind of depends really . .. .I imagine that it would depend on the situation. .. .I guess my answer would be determined by different conditions. Now select a linking phrase: Like for instance... More precisely like... Like more specifically ... Like, to be more direct... You know like, to be exact... Notice that all of these linking phrases include the word 1EH�tl::f:a<j:Iik, l!�iit�tlmi!9=t"like". In these structures "like" is a conjunction used as a §j!"like"-inJo f:.:(ill��9=t£--1-meaningless filler word. This is very typical of infonnal iij:1(jnJ, 1JtJ:fJft:rifiA1*:*)(a<j:l:JUEinJc;native-speaker English. l!tf1Jik*±�t:i&--OOftEf�AJJ2�,�o It is important to get the next step exactly right. The r - tl7iJl1iiEi :Iik� �#m � E8 fij 0success of this structure relies on the following conditional :i! ftt 1.l] f-� f� B<] JJX::r)] � tk: T r JIj �grammar structure: fl}:1.l] : Select one of the following: If(situation A) ...then I will most likely... If(situation A) ... then its quite possible that I will... If (situation A) ...then as a consequence I will probably... If (situation A) ...then I guess its quite likely that I will... 更多更好的资料请上大家网[] 53
  61. 61. I!!��, wI"-J a&2t:-f= tj , 4, ....... ,A _- � :"" , 大家网[] Your answer is going to compare two different � 1:. Ef{J @1 �!/4f �;J tt w;j fP � Ill] �situations or conditions. These can be quite flexible. Here hl%l!xtl:f5Lo :i!.@n]" ���1ItJJ!m 0 rare some possible ideas to use: 00 � ili�.®m�TEf{J��: Situation A Situation 8 Weekdays Weekends Summer Winter Good weather Bad weather Term time School holidays If Im alone... If Im with friends ... IfIve got a lot of time... If Im fairly busy... So the opening sentence might be: "Well in all fairness, I imagine that it would depend on the situation. Like for instance, if (situation A)...then I will most likely ... so / because / in fact. .. " Answer the following question, introducing one �Ef{JIIlJJ!. �BJtrp-.�1fsituation. (Develop the situation using a complex structure.) I %o(Jtj!i�1l]�if�fPlf%mHfi�:) "How much time do you spend listening to music?" (If possible try to avoid repeating the question ( � n]" fI�:0J! �m:!i {tJfj rUJ J8l J:f Ef{Jvocabulary "listening to music".) Now you can compare iPJy[ "listening to music" 0 ) Jfi.{£�·1fsituation A with situation B. Add a compare linking % A � B m:qTxiftto �1Jn�l�;Jttphrase: ��iJlJ: Whereas in contrast... Though, at the same time... Whereas on the other hand... While, oppositely... Select one of the following: If (situation B) ..• then its more likely that Ill... If (situation B) ...thenits almost certain that I will... If (situation B) ...then I will almost always... If (situation B) ...then I will most certainly.. . Remember to develop situation 8 with a complex ¥±jlm��1l]�X�··tff% 8 �Jfstructure. .�£� 0 Now answer the following questions using the fully lJ1:(£ m 1E 7t Ji Jf i£ � � � ftJ @1developed structure for two situations. (If you want to give a �L;Ara<jro]:lIo (5lQ*�1:.11tf1=ili1!longer response you could even introduce a third situation.) *�@1�. �PJL;A1r-mm=:l*If%o) 更多更好的资料请上大家网[]54
  62. 62. .... . - . 3 The Speakfng T8$t Form�t "" -, 大家网[] How often do you go to the cinema? Where do you usually go shopping? When do you usually read? At what time of day do you usually listen to music? Who do you spend your evenings with? When you go out in the evenings, what do you usually do? How often do you play sports? How often do you eat out in restaurants?I Summary of "Wh-lHow often" Questions I If you follow the example structure, make sure that you �n*��£Jl�J-Hl:��ta�, *�choose two situations that are very different. It is easier to ����� ��m�o����.�contrast two clearly different situations. � ��IW�x;j"tt�*£���o Make sure that you use "if" and "will" for both * � � �11f�mfj!m "if " fnsituations. This is a fairly complex grammar structure but it "will" l! 1- ift #;: ta � ffj fl1f � � 0is easy to construct accurately. This type of answer directly �,�m�am •• m�o l!�@�influences the "Grammar" score and the "Fluency" score in � 1Ht� ntnJ �� 0 ift�iJt r:p "i!#;:"your speaking test. tl1"mt�IJN: "pijJ.Ji (.i<.J��?t 0 In Part One, the examiner might ask you questions �trltm-$?t JlJ fj�� liiJ -@which appear to be direct "Yes / No" questions. 1rt1Hf.J"� / �"m.�rii]�o Look at the following examples: Do people wear special clothes at weddings in your country? Is watching TV a popular activity in your country? Do you think it is important to play sports / do physical exercise? Is fast food popular in your country? Is healthy eating important? Can you play a musical instrument? Do you think its important for children to learn to play a musical instrument? Is food expensive in your country? Is education free in your country? Do you think you are an ambitious person? A common problem with these questions is that many x;j"Tl!�m.lll), ������@�candidates begin their answer with a direct "Yes" or "No" rii]lmlli:(£llttm"�"�"� �"*@and then give one or more details to explain their answer. � ,-lIHlfjZJ)l�� :i1!fifU¥ff i!jf� 0 更多更好的资料请上大家网[] 55
  63. 63. 大家网[]This is not wrong, but these answers are often too simple in m, 19JtifH!�:ftJiITfij., tttt�grammar structure and lack the essential I inking phrases. 1" HI � (f.J it4tI1:�itt 0 A better answer is to answer BOTH "Yes" and "No". Iftj II,t JtJ·, �"fil" � �" @] �l!�By doing this you will produce a response with better quality rll]Jmtt�MD l!ff.�:£.Wtft�m£MB.Jlanguage structures. i.g.��:ftJff.�7 0 Look at the following example: "Is healthy eating important?" "Yes, healthy eating is important, because... " I If you answer in this way, you are limiting your answer �ll*l!ff.@l�, ��EJJtre@]�ffij�&to a fairly basic structure. t£-1-tt��B.J��l:7 0 Now look at the next example: "Well in actual fact, if I think about it, I guess that in many way� its fairly important, e&pecially when you consider that a healthy diet can help to prevent a variety of diseases and health problems such as diabetes and obesity. But you also have to understand that eating unhealthy food in moderation is not overly hannful. In fact unhealthy food is often tastier than healthy food so I guess its fine to eat a little junk food now and then. So all in all I guess. my answer would have to be yes and no. " It is possible to use this type of structure for many, but *giHtfU)r���giHf�"� / N"�not all, "Yes / No" questions. rrJ]mli�rJ Hjl!fftAMJ*lrjl�o t Look at the list of questions at the beginning of this if if * 1l ff 1m IYf �IJ ill a<] Ill] IJl ,section and decide which ones you would be able to answer �Il Wi 19J� J!t:. nr �:tm!It � � @] � 0with this structure. The structure can be built in this way. First, use an �:ftJnr �:tl!ff.�J3.� D 1t)c, ftJflopening phrase: -1ff��i*: Well in actual fact, if I think about it, I guess that in many ways... OK, well in reality, I suppose that to some extent... Alright, I guess that on the one hand... Well certainly in some ways... Now make your first statement (eg, Its fairly £mtE7F�f.j�-}i�:U�d� ( bt�ll: Itsimportant...). Develop the first statement using a linking fairly important... ) ffl-1ittiI1:�� 0structure: �ff�-,���: ...especially when you consider that... ...particularly if you think about the point that... 更多更好的资料请上大家网[]56
  64. 64. 3 The Speakiri-g-Tes�For.mat 大家网[] ...especially with regard to the point that. .. ...and this is definitely the case with... Try using this structure to give a "Yes" answer for the iJt#�ffJ�f41�f1gx;rfOOl¥JrQ]following questions: 1m�--t-Fr�I¥J@] �: Is crime a problem in your country? Do people in your country often keep pets? Is it always good to be ambitious? Now you need to introduce your "No" answer. First fJ!tF.�ff.H1�� @] �T 0 ti";t�use a linking phrase: m--t-:ii1JH/t�i-rt : But you also have to understand that... Even so, you could also say that. .. At the same time you could say that... I After describing your "No" answer, you can "round- ��7"G�� @1 � ZJ5, IlJ �jmoff " the answer with one of the following phrases: rOOI¥J--t-�iftuHT"��": So all in all I guess my answer would have to be yes and no. So on the whole I suppose the answer has to be yes and no. So all things considered I guess the answer is both yes and no. So in the main, I suppose the answer is probably yes and no. Use the full structure to answer the following questions: Do many people work on farms in your country? Is food expensive in your country? Is public transport expensive in your country? Do you think that it is important to spend time alone? Some "Yes / No" questions in Part One cannot use this m-$7tfl-J!t"�/=a"�IiiJ�"Yes and No" style of response. Look at the following ffEm"�ltl=a"l!�$?tFr�$?t��questions: 1¥Jffi1�ms��o �rrmB"Jrp]D!: Is watching TV a popular activity in your country? Can you play a musical instru�ent? Are friends important to you? With questions like this it may be difficult to answer 1��:t-f (I� I/:i]J�ri�r��q�XflUAiE1iboth yes and no. It is probably much easier to give a "Yes" 1�f:nOO* @] �o nrffE�--t-Fr�I¥J�answer. Use the structures given to introduce your "Yes" ������o �mJYf�I¥J�f1g*11 更多更好的资料请上大家网[] 57
  65. 65. 大家网[] l±P� Iidea and then develop this single idea with one or two � � 5E � xrt� � Fn m - w.J 1-reasons or details. �fEJBt�lIril*�7fl!-��oI �i�" Summary of "Yes / No" Questions "",1 .J I The most important thing is to avoid repeating the 1ft 1l! � a<] � ill jflf fk. HI "Yes" !!.X:question structure with a "Yes" or "No". Example: "No" 1t�ln:JJm��f�o {9tJ�Il: "Israst food popular in your country?" "Yes, fast food is very popular in my country, especially ... " As we have seen before, repeating the question ft1fJ�iH, m!ilii]JmI¥J1i]T�#Jstructure does not have any significant influence on your �·H� 7t ji fl fij !IJJ, HJT I:J �ll* � 1� ;Wiscore, so if you want a high score-DONT DO IT! 7t-WtjJIJn�fFtt ! . . . . . With these questions you need to think quite quickly, Wtrii]fljl!�ro]JMIH1, ���·tJci!especially if you want to give a "Yes and No" style answer. }�,�, jt;lt:li!:�ll*�z�m "�11lYou dont need to have wonderful ideas for your "Yes �"lfJmA;lill�o ���!.l6,�tfH&.and No" answer, just something that gives you the chance to IJ�AA!.,�* lill � , fP�:Ji&�i11$flmuse the structure. Remember-the examiner is not marking �m�������.fiD W�:�your ideas. -g/FJi& 19� � (J<] ;@J�tT 7t 0Question Typ-e 7 : "Woulc!�_ Q�estions Look at the following questions: W�uld you like to move to another city ,in the future? Would you like to change your job? Would you like to live near the sea? Would you like to learn another foreign language? Would you like to be in a film? What would you like to change about your city? What would you like to change about your school (school in the past)? Would you like to change your name? When the examiner asks these questions, he or she is �ll"rllJllt�rii]I!IIf, 1illEJttttE���listening carefully to one aspect of your answer. What do -ntiA1i!& ft9inJT�� un � q:t (J<]�-1Jyou think is the most important aspect of your answer for OOo�iA�@�l!���.���1Jthese questions? OO�ft�? Look at the following example: 更多更好的资料请上大家网[]58
  66. 66. t f" 1 , i¥,. ., 3 The Speakirig�t<��rm�t 大家网[] "Would you like to change your name?" "No, I dont want to change my name. � fact I think Im really fond of my name because it has quite a deep and significant meaning, and as well as this, my mother chose it for me so she doesnt want me to change it. Actually I am sure I will never change my name!" Is this a good answer? l! :m:-1-M-B<J @) � Ilij? What is good about this answer? l!-tlnllt9.f{EP]J�m ? What is missing from this answer? r�illt 4 M 1.$: 71t 2. ? The grammar aspect of these questions is very l! @IO]m fl �iif�l! 1-1JOO��important. As a basic rule, if the question uses "would", #j!�o �*rnt91UWt:m:, 1B]1mfl�ilithen you need to include at least one example of "would" JJe "would" , :5j1:3IY�if:E�� rft mJ:-ff(or might / could) in your answer. -1X"would" (1OC::f:m: might / could)o For most of these questions, you should use the second �fT*���rO]»E, ��iM=Jconditional tense in your answer. In fact the examiner is �o/aJH1�*@]�o $�L, �1rwH�expecting you to produce an example of this verb tense. �WtJ!nJT¥Ij�1:{tffll!#;fJiif]Bt� :) The form of the second conditional is quite simple: *,t41ijB>t�B<JmA;��#raJ!f! : If + past simple, would / could / might + infinitive verb. eg: If I lived near the sea, I would be able to eat fresh seafood. If 1 had the time, I would go for travelling. The second conditional is used to talk about a present *,{41ijBt�ffl VJ �i�:fm{EW(:�or future time, to describe an event that is unlikely *BtrB]�1:B<J$. Wi�-{tf �PJ�(hypothetical). � ( 11 f� a<J )$>11i 0 eg : If I worked in a factory, I would be tired every day! (But I dont work in a factory and its unlikely that I will work in a factory in the future.) o Activity 1 Think of one basic second conditional structure for each question: use positive sentences. Try touse different words for each example. eg: "Would you like to move to another city in the future?" "I would like to change cities if I had the chance. " Or "If I had the chance I would like to move to another city. " Would you like to change your job? Would you like to live near the sea? �ould you like to learn another foreign language? Would you like to be in a film? What would you like to change about your city? What would you like to change about your school? 更多更好的资料请上大家网[] 59
  67. 67. 大家网[] Would you like to change your name? What job would you like to do in the future? " Would you like to live in a foreign country? Would you like to be a professional photographer? When you add a reason or detail, you need to use more second conditional structures: eg: "Would you like to move to another city in the future?" " "I would like to change cities if 1 had the chance, because if 1 lived in a different city I would make lots of new friends and I could try lots of new kinds of food. Also I might be able to find a well-paid job. n ..J Activity 2 Go back to the previous activity questions and develop your answer with details or reasons, usingmore examples of the second conditional. (Try to use some examples with "might" and "could".) Forsome of these questions it is possible to use a negative form. eg: "Would you like to move to another city?" "No I wouldnt like to move to another city, because if I lived in another city I wouldnt have any friends. Try to make some negative sentences for the questions (remember your details and reasons can beeither positive or negative structures, but they should be second conditional). Sometimes candidates begin these questions with: "I never thought about it." This is not a goodexample of native-speaker language. The following structures can be used to begin your answer. Well, quite honestly I dont think Ive ever thought about that, but I guess... Actually, this isnt something that Ive ever considered, but in short... Im not really sure how to put this, but I suppose generally speaking... Look at the following complete structure: "Would you like to move to another city?" .. Actually, this isnt something that Ive ever considered, but in short I suppose I would possibly consider moving cities, especially if I had the chance to move to a coastal city like Xiamen or Sanya. If I lived in a seaside city I would be able to hang out on the beach every day and I would also have the opportunity to get into water sports like scuba-diving and possibly surfing." Notice how the first structure used "verb+ing": "I suppose I would possibly consider movingcities... " 更多更好的资料请上大家网[]60
  68. 68. .. 3 The SpeakingTest Format 大家网[] This structure is much more complex than the basic: "I suppose I would like to move to anothercity...., Try to use one of the following structures for your first structure. I imagine I would possibly think about (verb + ing)... I guess I would maybe contemplate (verb + ing) ... I would perhaps reflect on (verb + ing)... Look at the activity questions again and try to use one "verb + ing" structure for each. Try to use adifferent verb from the question verb. eg: "Would you like to learn another foreign language?" "Well, quite honestly I dont think Ive ever thought about that. But I guess I would maybe contemplate taking up a new language." Now practice developing all of the "Would" questions in this section. Summary of Part One Question Types In Part One of the speaking test, most of the I=l ift� iit � - $5t B<J -}( � fx: Ill]questions asked will be one of the seven types described JMl�]�T*lliti£a<j 7 #��Z-oin this section. There may be one or two questions that �jTH��� -�1r6]»Jj�JmT� 7 #are not covered, but most candidates will find that all of ��. fE!$fl����:oo{tk1n�­their part one questions are covered by these seven $5t I¥J FJT � Ill] � tlHg * ifi! 7 ¥p �types. �B<J���o If the examiner asks a question that is not covered by ;ff�:f��1§I¥� frDlMimHi T � 7these seven types, just remember the following rule: flll��, IiJ �� lc.{±"Fffiil¥-J�mIJ: Long response - Linking phrases - Complex sentence - Redundant language (�*I¥J@)� - lt�tt�ift - �tk�ti!i� JL�) One obvious question that has not been described in * il * iti£ k1 "Why" m [,OJ (f] r�this section is the .. Why" question . These questions are Boi!����Qm����.5t�more common in Part Three but they occasionally appear in $, {IT f� � -tiL t/j .fI]:{£ I=l itt� iJ m -Part One. See the Part Three question types later in this book .#o •••*����m�.*�for ideas on how to answer these questions. B� � B<J 1t-tB * 7 � �n fpJ [ill �i!� IIiJIMio 更多更好的资料请上大家网[] 61
  69. 69. cr�JfInt:-t:I� ��L 大家网[] In this section each Part One topic is presented with *-;1 r:�I4ij:1m-$7t�JmmM-tpossible questions and example uncommon vocabulary and � IlJtm H j1] B� Iii] 1m f1l Ej -ijS 1m fir .3C B"lidiomatic language relevant to that topic. (Remember-one ��nt m iii] ¥[� 33 iff ( t± .-if7tf,jof the most important aspects of the marking system is li.m�B"l-1-1fOOilt���nt fflWJuncommon and idiomatic vocabulary.) 7[ t11 )3 iff B� {9!ffl 0 ) Most of the idioms have been explained in simple *- � fl 33 iff B m raJ if! lfJ � itt.English, but the vocabulary has not been translated into " , {f!n::iii]r[**llIllmtrt=r)(oChinese. You should use these topic pages as a learning tool. 5j�Etr�rei!@-ijSmf1:1g-�Select one or two topics per day and use a good dictionary �33 IAo 4ij::x:i2;�-w;j1-ijSJm, mto translate the words yourself: in this way you will be -*tfB"lWJA � B l1mlli!@1tiiPJ;actively learning the new vocabulary. You will fmd it �f-F5j�IlJV....t±i;b!tf!lJH�1::WJo 5j1::easier to remember the words if you have translated them �2itJW., �Il* � B:i1!filmll, i�{±�yourself. ®if!iPJ�$3t4£;f� 0Topic 1 : Where you live Tell me about your hometown / street / apartment. I I What do you like about your hometown / street / house / apartment? Tell me the good things about your house. Is there anything you dont like about it? Would you like to move to another city / street / house / apartment? What would you change about your city? Would you recommend your area / street as a good place to live?• Nounswinding street suburb architecture back alleythe locals (= people) local cuisine shopping districtresidential area estate neighbourhood municipalityapartment complex capital• Adjectivessprawling regionally important commercial powerfulunique distinctive built-up affluentindustrial provincial 更多更好的资料请上大家网[]62
  70. 70. .."- ..... . .... .. ,., ., ! . ,.�.. ,. 3 The SpeakingT:es.t Format 大家网[]�Idiomsrun down(= in bad condition) Some areas are run-down.up-market I chic (= fashionable) Some neighbourhoods are becoming very up-market / chic.Topic 2a : What you do-your job Tell me about your job. I What job do you do? Why did you choose this job? What do you like about your job? How long have you been doing this job? Is there anything you dont like? --------�)�Nounsprofession line of business occupation line of work�Verbsbe involved in share responsibility for work within a team� Adjectiveshectic exhausting taxing intricateundemanding�Idiomswork flat out(= work very hard) Sometimes I have to workflat out.on the go(= very busy) Im always on the go.get to the bottom of(= solve) I have to get to the bottom of problems related to...pull out all the stops(= make a special effort ) When its busy I have to pull out all the stops.take charge of(= manage) I often have to take charge of the whole department.pick up the pieces( = take responsibility) When theres a problem I have to pick up the pieces.Topic 2b : What you do-your studies""-------� What are you studying? Where are you studying? Why did you choose this college I university? Whats good about where youre studying? What would you like to do after your studies?�Nounsschoolwork branch of learning field of study disciplinelecturer theory 更多更好的资料请上大家网[] 63
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  100. 100. . The Speakin�t"t FOrm�t " " 3 大家网[] c� __ P_a _rt_T_w_o_o_f_th_e___e_ S p __ ) After completing Part One (usually after 4�5 minutes) m-$7}�iJ��lt5(jj1it 4-5the examiner will move onto Part Two of the speaking 7}lltt), �§�fl#jltJr Dift�iJt�test . m=$5to In Part Two the examiner gives the candidate a topic tEm=$5t, �§��4ij:11l�1::card and the candidate has one minute to prepare and make �-�*-ijlil]-F, �1::1f 1 7}tr/lBJII3Jnotes. After the one minute preparation time the candidate is 1itiifkfU)iIJ tJj � J� ; fl#fI!�*�required to talk about the topic for between one and two 1::mJ��i!I]�-Wii7}lltt( -f.&�mljminutes (as a rule you are expected to speak for at least 1 ��1::3?:�illijf 1 7}��, �mlfaJminute 30 seconds-anything less than this and your ����nluJ"Ym:�ll"-JffiB�q�5to)"Fluency" score may be reduced). Candidates do not need to worry about "timing" in Part �1::j9:&�tHjLm=$7}B.1·itTwo because the examiner will stop the candidate when the Blj"". �:1g¥1J 2 7}�B>j"�§�t1kM�clock hits two minutes. 1::�r*o The best strategy in Part Two is to keep talking until m = $5t B� :li{!illiJ� ��/Gthe examiner says stop . Candidates are naturally nervous ���,.��,§M�:1g�o�1::�in this part of the test so it is not good to try to guess the illii:i!$5tAlj" EI ?&��5*, ElY J))./Gtime . t1k1�� 1::1tiJf: Blj" 113] 0 IELTS Myth: Most people believe that in the speaking xlj"!ftt�, �JJ!ltIT: *$�AlA:1g �test, Part One is the easiest, Part Two is more difficult and i��iJt�m-$7}�:li�� B� , m ..Part Three is the most difficult section. With regard to =$7}��-®,m-$5t:li�o�performance, this is not usually the case. Most candidates ���fJ,l!P�1f{ti:iJEliti�rt:o *$�perform quite well in Parts One and Three but the Part ���m-fQm�$7}�:OO�F1ftjff .Two performance is usually the worst part of the ffifiEm= $7}ii 1ft��:li� (�P, ittinterview ( i . e . the language quality is lower than other 1f&til ttJtf1H$7}�& ) 0parts). The biggest problem with Part Two is that candidates m=$7}:li*�rilJl!���jcfocus on content. Most people are so busy trying to think iiI @] � a"J I*J� *$�Amtt T I� 0about "what to say" and as a result they forget about � "iJt1tz." , �*!P?a� T flf!1fl&r 更多更好的资料请上大家网[] 93