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Dr Zahida Chaudnary talks with the students about what Fibromyalgia.

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  1. 1. By Zahida Chaudhary MD
  2. 2. Pain could be - Physical -Emotional -Psychological Pain can be Acute or Chronic Certain types of pain are referred to as syndromes. For instance, myofascial pain syndrome refers to pain that is set off by trigger points located in the body's muscles. Fibromyalgia is an example.
  3. 3. Function of Pain Pain protects humans by warning of harmful processes. people protect themselves from burns, bruises and wounds Reflexes, regulated at the level of spinal cord, protect by removing a body part away from danger Emotional arousal, which is experienced as distress or fear of personal experiences, past or present. Fear, person restrict movements, which in turn promotes healing of the injury resulting from that pain
  4. 4. Only the Brain Can Activate Pain When a body part is damaged, nerve endings send a signal to the brain containing information about the nature of the damage But no pain is felt until the brain interprets this information and decides that pain would be a good way to encourage you to take action that will help protect and heal the damage.
  5. 5. What Causes Fibromyalgia? The cause of fibromyalgia is not known. Those affected experience pain in response to stimuli that are normally not perceived as painful. Substance P is one such Researchers have found elevated levels of a neurotransmitter. It is a protein found in the brain nerve chemical signal, called substance P. and spinal cord, and is Nerve cells communicate with one another associated with some through neurotransmitters. inflammatory processes in the joints. Its function is to The onset of fibromyalgia has been associated cause pain. Substance P has been implicated in pain with psychological distress, trauma, and syndromes such as: infection low back pain fibromyalgia Arthritis
  6. 6. Fibromyalgia Tender Points Fibromyalgia "tender points" are localized areas of the body that are tender to light touch, are commonly found around the elbows, shoulders, knees, hips, back of the head, and the sides of the breastbone. The pain of fibromyalgia is generally widespread, involving both sides of the body. Pain usually affects the neck, buttocks, shoulders, arms, the upper back, and the chest As mentioned earlier, the pain in fibromyalgia is not caused by tissue inflammation
  7. 7. Conditions That Mimic Fibromyalgia As mentioned, no simple blood test or X-ray can tell you if you have fibromyalgia. Because many medical conditions can cause pain in different areas of the body, your doctor may still want to do blood tests or X-rays to rule out illnesses that mimic fibromyalgia.
  8. 8. What Is the Treatment for Fibromyalgia? Although there is no cure for fibromyalgia, treatment can relieve some of the symptoms. Treatment programs are most effective when they combine patient education, stress reduction, regular exercise, and medications. 1-Patient Education 2-Stress Reduction 3-Exercise 4-Diet
  9. 9. Alternative Treatments for Fibromyalgia Work well. That's because holistic therapies influence your total being. In that way, they may allow us to reduce our medications and increase our normal activities Check to see what limitations might apply Working with your doctor, you can find an acceptable way to blend conventional medicine with alternative treatments or natural remedies. Acupuncture Electro acupuncture Chiropractic Care Massage Therapy Biofeedback Meditation
  10. 10. What Is the Outlook for Patients With Fibromyalgia? The outlook for patients with fibromyalgia is generally quite good. It is important to note that fibromyalgia is not an organthreatening illness. Those patients with an approach to treatment that involves optimal understanding of the condition, as well as sleep improvement, stress reduction, and exercise, tend to do best.
  11. 11. The Gift of Pain Life without pain could really hurt you. Pain is not something that most of us would count as a blessing. Pain is an indicator that lets us know that something is wrong Indeed, pain is a gift that none of us want and yet none of us can do without it. Fortunately at Seclairer we offer and practice most of these treatment modalities