Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
S’eclairer Psychiatry
www.seclairer.com
Tel: 724-468-3999
AUTISM: Always Unique Totally Intelligent Sometimes Mysterious
W...
What else can
present like ASD?
 Rett Syndrome
 Selective mutism
 Language disorders and
social communication
disorder
...
Autism Spectrum Disorders
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Autism Spectrum Disorders

490 views

Published on

Autism: Always Unique Totally Intelligent Sometimes Mysterious

What is ASD? How do you diagnose ASD?

Published in: Health & Medicine
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Autism Spectrum Disorders

  1. 1. S’eclairer Psychiatry www.seclairer.com Tel: 724-468-3999 AUTISM: Always Unique Totally Intelligent Sometimes Mysterious What is ASD? ASD is a new term used in the DSM-V to encompass what was previously 4 different disorders: 1. Autistic disorder 2. Asperger’s disorder 3. Childhood disintegrative disorder 4. Pervasive development disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS) ASD is a type of neuro- developmental disorder, which are characterized by a delay in the development of basic skills and achievement of milestones. How do you diagnose ASD? Diagnostic criteria for ASD according to the DSM-V:  Persistent deficits in social communication and social interaction  Restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities  Symptoms must be present in the early developmental period  Symptoms cause clinically significant impairment in functioning  Disturbances are not better explained by intellectual disability Specifiers are being used to differentiate where a patient lies on the ASD “spectrum”:  With or without assoc. intellectual impairment  With or without assoc. language impairment  Assoc. with a medical or genetic condition or environmental factor  Assoc. with another neurodevelopmental, mental, or behavioral disorder  With catatonia Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) Prevalence: 1% of the world pop. has been diagnosed with ASD 1:88 children 5x more common in male children
  2. 2. What else can present like ASD?  Rett Syndrome  Selective mutism  Language disorders and social communication disorder  Intellectual disability  Stereotypic movement disorder  Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)  Schizophrenia How is ASD treated?  Autism cannot be cured  Goal of treatment: help a child reach his or her full potential and function  Behavioral therapy and management – with positive reinforcement  Speech therapy  Occupational therapy  Physical therapy  Medications – sometimes used to treat assoc. depression, anxiety, etc. How do patients with ASD present? Examples of social deficits:  Deficits in social- emotional reciprocity, non-verbal communication, and understanding relationships Examples of repetitive patterns of behavior:  Repetitive motor movements, echolalia, insistence on sameness, rituals, fixated interests, hypo-reactivity or hyper-reactivity to stimuli Pathophysiology behind ASD? Neural anomalies:  Abnormal frontal lobe, temporal lobe, cerebellum  Abnormal neuron connectivity  Reduced GABAB receptors Metabolic anomalies:  Elevated blood serotonin  Reduced serum biotinidase  Reduced plasma complement (C4B) What causes autism? The cause of autism is unknown… Genetic? Environmental? Related to other medical conditions? Studies have NOT linked autism to any childhood vaccinations.

×