Innovative Applicationsfor Rural Broadband Community
Innovative ApplicationsInnovative Applicationsfor Ruralfor RuralBroadband CommunityBroadband CommunityMichael S. SunggiardiMichael S. SunggiardiTechnology Innovative Consultant to MCIT Republik Indonesia
When We Start?When We Start?The first internet café (telecenter) in Indonesiais a real restaurant in the middle of a BotanicalGarden in Bogor, 60 KM from Jakarta, using adial-up modem with speed 14,400bps toJakarta-ta on 1 July 1995Why we built InternetCafé? ….• Telephone line isvery limited andexpensive• Internet access isexpensive• Population ofcomputer owner issmall• Nobody knows aboutinternet
Decrease in ServicesDecrease in ServicesServices within Telecenter has dropped every year, because cellular operatorsalready provide the same services to the same customers of Telecenter, andthey give a better solution and have full mobility
Access to ContentAccess to ContentConcentrate on Internet Access only and let them choose content on their own
Build Internet AccessBuild Internet AccessIn 2009, we built 6,000 PLIK (similarto telecenter) and 2,000 MPLIK(mobile telecenter) serving 76,000villages all over Indonesia to provideinternet access with small bandwidthbecause at the time we only hadsatellite technology.
ICT in IndonesiaICT in IndonesiaWe never think about how to develop ICT-based content13 years13 years
Type of ContentType of ContentIn the beginning we are veryexcited with web technologythat can merge texts withphotos that provided a veryappealing look to websites.Now technology goes beyond yourdreams as photos are switched to highdefinition videos which need a bigbandwidth (broadband)Video of Sugata Mitra "Hole in the Wall"
Big BandwidthBig BandwidthAre we READY?We need BIG BandwidthWe need BIG BandwidthYESYES when you are in a developed countrieswhen you are in a developed countriesNONO if you are in a developing countryif you are in a developing country
Broadband?Broadband?So .... we can’t makeSo .... we can’t makeinnovative applicationsinnovative applicationsfor Ruralfor RuralBroadband CommunityBroadband Community??????
RepositoryRepositoryTo overcome bigbandwidth orbroadband that cantbe delivered to ruralareas in Indonesia, weadd a device to storevideo and image forpeople browsing attelecenters withoutdepending on slowconnection of internet.
UbiquityUbiquityWe collect books, pictures,videos and internetknowledge that later canbe accessed easily fromtelecenters and we willconvert them into locallanguages if necessary. Thiscontent is accessible fromany type of device.
Big PortalBig PortalBuilt a portal tocollect allinformation totelecenters or tonationwideknowledgeexchange anddissemination ofinformation
ICT at Rural AreaICT at Rural AreaRepository consist oftwo big systems, oneat telecenter and otherat national datacenter.University orCooperative helpingthe people in ruralareas to apply ICTs intheir daily life.
Apps for Rural AreaApps for Rural AreaPrograms that are suitablein rural area are daily usedapps for farmers whoconnect to social networksto develop collaborationbetween people in thesame or different areas.
Cross BrandingCross BrandingSince we now live in a global village, cross branding is the most important thing fordoing business at the telecenter