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3.1 jamestown-virginia1


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3.1 jamestown-virginia1

  1. 1. <ul><li>Jamestown/Virginia Notes </li></ul><ul><li>Mercantilism </li></ul><ul><li>An economic system in which nations tried to accumulate as much wealth </li></ul><ul><li>(gold and silver) as possible, as an indication of their national power </li></ul><ul><li>Nations established colonies to increase their wealth and used them in </li></ul><ul><li>two ways: </li></ul><ul><li>1) to provide raw materials for the manufacturers of the home country </li></ul><ul><li>2) to provide markets for manufactured goods from the home country </li></ul>
  2. 2. Joint-Stock Company Investors pooled money to share the risk and possibly share the rewards of expensive, risky projects, such as establishing colonies
  3. 3. Charter Colony - A joint-stock company was given a charter by their King to establish a colony within a specific region
  4. 4. <ul><li>Jamestown </li></ul><ul><li>established in 1607 and was first successful, permanent English </li></ul><ul><li>colony in North America </li></ul><ul><li>it was a charter colony, formed by the Virginia Company of London, </li></ul><ul><li>a joint-stock company </li></ul><ul><li>- It was located in a swampy, coastal area along the James River </li></ul>
  5. 5. Problems for Jamestown Colonists - many of the colonists were ‘gentlemen’ who expected to easily find gold and return home - these men were unprepared for the hard work of colonization - despite sufficient fish & game animals, and fertile soil most of them starved to death - ongoing conflict with the nearby Powhatan Indians - illness from swampy conditions – mosquitoes, parasites/disease, and salt poisoning
  6. 6. <ul><li>John Smith </li></ul><ul><li>Adventurer & mercenary whose leadership helped Jamestown survive </li></ul><ul><li>its early days </li></ul><ul><li>He cooperated with the Powhatan & Pocahontas to reduce conflict and </li></ul><ul><li>to acquire food </li></ul><ul><li>- He demanded that colonists work to produce food to avoid starvation </li></ul>
  7. 7. Powhaton Confederacy - Large group of American Indians in the Chesapeake region who were led by Chief Powhaton
  8. 8. <ul><li>Pocahontas </li></ul><ul><li>Powhatan princess who worked with John Smith to help </li></ul><ul><li>Jamestown survive </li></ul><ul><li>Married tobacco-producer John Rolfe and brought temporary </li></ul><ul><li>peace </li></ul><ul><li>Died of disease in England raising support for the Virginia </li></ul><ul><li>Company </li></ul>
  9. 9. Starving Time - Winter of 1609 -10 - Several problems led to the colonists running out of food: - lack of planning and farming, lack of supply from England, the Powhatan tried to starve the English out - Colonists ate dogs, rats, shoe leather, and in a few cases human meat.
  10. 10. <ul><li>“ Lord Delaware” </li></ul><ul><li>In June of 1610 the few remaining colonists boarded a supply ship and began a return trip to England </li></ul><ul><li>They were intercepted downriver by the new Governor, Baron De La Warr and returned to the colony site </li></ul><ul><li>“ Lord Delaware” used harsh “Irish tactics” against the Powhatan, destroying their crops and villages, as they had the colonists, allowing the colony to survive </li></ul>
  11. 11. Cash Crop - A commodity that is grown specifically to sell at market, not to feed the farmer’s family