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National Association for Year-Round Education NAYRE Charles Ballinger Executive Director Emeritus Email:  i [email_address] Web:  www.nayre.org Fax: ( 858) 571-5754 Phone:  (619) 276-5296 San Diego CA 92171-1386 PO Box 711386
[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Eight Reasons Given to Avoid Calendar Modification
[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Six Generalized Reasons for Calendar Modification
School Year Flexibility 365  Days per calendar year ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],60  Remaining optional/flexible days
45-15 Single Track Model 45 Classroom Days 45 Classroom Days 45 Classroom Days 45 Classroom Days 15 School Days Off 15 School Days Off 15 School Days Off 15 School Days Off
45-15 Single-Track Calendar
Dual Plan - 45-15 and Traditional
National Association for Year-Round Education Multi-Track Track 1 Student Holiday Weekend
National Association for Year-Round Education Multi-Track Student Holiday Weekend Track 1 Track 2
National Association for Year-Round Education Multi-Track Student Holiday Weekend Track 1 Track 2 Track 3
National Association for Year-Round Education Multi-Track Student Holiday Weekend Track 1 Track 2 Track 3 Track 4
National Association for Year-Round Education Multi-Track
60 Classroom Days 60 Classroom Days 60 Classroom Days 20 School Days Off 20 School Days Off 20 School Days Off 60-20 Single-Track Calendar
60 Classroom Days 60 Classroom Days 60 Classroom Days 15 School Days Off 15 School Days Off 15 School Days Off 15 School Days Off 60-15 Single-Track Calendar
90-30 Single-Track Calendar
3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks Flexible All-Year Model – Single Track
Personalized Continuous Model  Single Track
Instructional Considerations of Common Year-Round Calendars
Instructional Considerations of Common Year-Round Calendars
Short List of Common Intersession Classes Elementary Remedial Classes English Grade 3 Language Arts Grade 4 Mathematics Grade 5 Language Arts grade 5 Science Grade 6 Enrichment Classes Discovering Dinosaurs Learning About the Ocean Young Poets Science in the Laboratory Exploring the Nation’s Capital
Short List of Common Intersession Classes High School Remedial Classes English 9 English 10 Second Language Learners Algebra I Algebra II  American History Enrichment Classes Astronomy Music Appreciation Psychology History of Art Science Fair Geology
Length of School Year/Vacation 2004-05 - Canada
Length of School Year/Vacation 2004-05  Countries Other than the U.S. and Canada
Comparison of Calendars – US, Canada, Great Britain
Calendar Reform Research Research Generate new knowledge; resolve contradictions and inconsistencies. Attempt to control variables Evaluation Collect systematic information to determine the extent to which educational objectives are actually realized. Initiated to guide and facilitate decision making and to determine effectiveness NOTE: School Districts in Large Part Utilize Evaluation Methodology
Research/Evaluation Results Bottom Line No studies demonstrate effectiveness of traditional calendar No studies demonstrate academic harm in any of the modified/balanced calendars Results Meta-analyses to date suggest a slight gain for all students Gain of one month each year for 12 years equals 1.33 additional years on instruction. More significant gains noticeable in specific student populations known as educationally-challenged
National Association for Year-Round Education NAYRE Email:  i [email_address] Web:  www.nayre.org Fax:  (858)  571 - 5754 Phone:  (619)  276 - 5296 San Diego CA 92171-1386 PO Box 711386

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Charles Ballinger 2007

  • 1. National Association for Year-Round Education NAYRE Charles Ballinger Executive Director Emeritus Email: i [email_address] Web: www.nayre.org Fax: ( 858) 571-5754 Phone: (619) 276-5296 San Diego CA 92171-1386 PO Box 711386
  • 2.
  • 3.
  • 4.
  • 5. 45-15 Single Track Model 45 Classroom Days 45 Classroom Days 45 Classroom Days 45 Classroom Days 15 School Days Off 15 School Days Off 15 School Days Off 15 School Days Off
  • 7. Dual Plan - 45-15 and Traditional
  • 8. National Association for Year-Round Education Multi-Track Track 1 Student Holiday Weekend
  • 9. National Association for Year-Round Education Multi-Track Student Holiday Weekend Track 1 Track 2
  • 10. National Association for Year-Round Education Multi-Track Student Holiday Weekend Track 1 Track 2 Track 3
  • 11. National Association for Year-Round Education Multi-Track Student Holiday Weekend Track 1 Track 2 Track 3 Track 4
  • 12. National Association for Year-Round Education Multi-Track
  • 13. 60 Classroom Days 60 Classroom Days 60 Classroom Days 20 School Days Off 20 School Days Off 20 School Days Off 60-20 Single-Track Calendar
  • 14. 60 Classroom Days 60 Classroom Days 60 Classroom Days 15 School Days Off 15 School Days Off 15 School Days Off 15 School Days Off 60-15 Single-Track Calendar
  • 16. 3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks Flexible All-Year Model – Single Track
  • 18. Instructional Considerations of Common Year-Round Calendars
  • 19. Instructional Considerations of Common Year-Round Calendars
  • 20. Short List of Common Intersession Classes Elementary Remedial Classes English Grade 3 Language Arts Grade 4 Mathematics Grade 5 Language Arts grade 5 Science Grade 6 Enrichment Classes Discovering Dinosaurs Learning About the Ocean Young Poets Science in the Laboratory Exploring the Nation’s Capital
  • 21. Short List of Common Intersession Classes High School Remedial Classes English 9 English 10 Second Language Learners Algebra I Algebra II American History Enrichment Classes Astronomy Music Appreciation Psychology History of Art Science Fair Geology
  • 22. Length of School Year/Vacation 2004-05 - Canada
  • 23. Length of School Year/Vacation 2004-05 Countries Other than the U.S. and Canada
  • 24. Comparison of Calendars – US, Canada, Great Britain
  • 25. Calendar Reform Research Research Generate new knowledge; resolve contradictions and inconsistencies. Attempt to control variables Evaluation Collect systematic information to determine the extent to which educational objectives are actually realized. Initiated to guide and facilitate decision making and to determine effectiveness NOTE: School Districts in Large Part Utilize Evaluation Methodology
  • 26. Research/Evaluation Results Bottom Line No studies demonstrate effectiveness of traditional calendar No studies demonstrate academic harm in any of the modified/balanced calendars Results Meta-analyses to date suggest a slight gain for all students Gain of one month each year for 12 years equals 1.33 additional years on instruction. More significant gains noticeable in specific student populations known as educationally-challenged
  • 27. National Association for Year-Round Education NAYRE Email: i [email_address] Web: www.nayre.org Fax: (858) 571 - 5754 Phone: (619) 276 - 5296 San Diego CA 92171-1386 PO Box 711386