Brave New World Aldous Huxley
The title is an allusion to Shakespeare’s <ul><li>O, wonder! </li></ul><ul><li>How many goodly creatures are there here! <...
Genre: Science fiction, dystopia <ul><li>The opposite of DYSTOPIA is UTOPIA, a perfect society. </li></ul><ul><li>Eden, Sh...
Satire and social commentary <ul><li>Science fiction is set in the future, but it satirizes conditions in the present.  </...
Human Nature <ul><li>Are people just a conglameration of chemical reactions and responses to stimuli? </li></ul><ul><li>Ar...
Totalitarianism and communism <ul><li>BNW is a prophetic warning against the dangers of societies that have a “one size fi...
Consumerism <ul><li>BNW questions the wisdom of consumerism and the illusion of instant gratification.  </li></ul>Buy, Buy...
Progress <ul><li>Modern thinkers have questioned the idea that the human race is progressing toward a better future.  </li...
Technology <ul><li>Can science and technology save the human race?  </li></ul>Better living through chemicals!
Art <ul><li>The World State has no art because it is unnecessary. </li></ul><ul><li>Is art necessary?  Do people NEED art?...
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Brave New World

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BNW intro lecture

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Brave New World

  1. 1. Brave New World Aldous Huxley
  2. 2. The title is an allusion to Shakespeare’s <ul><li>O, wonder! </li></ul><ul><li>How many goodly creatures are there here! </li></ul><ul><li>How beauteous mankind is! O brave new world, </li></ul><ul><li>That has such people in't! </li></ul>The Tempest
  3. 3. Genre: Science fiction, dystopia <ul><li>The opposite of DYSTOPIA is UTOPIA, a perfect society. </li></ul><ul><li>Eden, Shangri-La, Eldorado are </li></ul><ul><li>utopias. </li></ul><ul><li>Nazi Germany and the USSR = </li></ul><ul><li>dystopias. </li></ul>A dystopia is a society that seeks perfection through control and conditioning.
  4. 4. Satire and social commentary <ul><li>Science fiction is set in the future, but it satirizes conditions in the present. </li></ul>A critique of the modern
  5. 5. Human Nature <ul><li>Are people just a conglameration of chemical reactions and responses to stimuli? </li></ul><ul><li>Are we more than the sum of our parts? </li></ul>What a piece of work is a man!
  6. 6. Totalitarianism and communism <ul><li>BNW is a prophetic warning against the dangers of societies that have a “one size fits all” solution for human beings. </li></ul>BNW as political literature
  7. 7. Consumerism <ul><li>BNW questions the wisdom of consumerism and the illusion of instant gratification. </li></ul>Buy, Buy, Buy!
  8. 8. Progress <ul><li>Modern thinkers have questioned the idea that the human race is progressing toward a better future. </li></ul>Getting better?
  9. 9. Technology <ul><li>Can science and technology save the human race? </li></ul>Better living through chemicals!
  10. 10. Art <ul><li>The World State has no art because it is unnecessary. </li></ul><ul><li>Is art necessary? Do people NEED art? </li></ul>What is the function of art?

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