Albums of american colonies

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  • Interesting information! And don´t forget to visit Uncle Garys site: http://www.slideshare.net/unclegaryfromsweden You are very welcome! Merry Christmas by the way! And if You´re a Spanishspeaker why not visit: http://slideshare.net/gertfors/ Feliz Navidad!
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Albums of american colonies

  1. 1. Mike McCreary<br />Albums of American Colonies<br />
  2. 2. Native Americans (Canada)<br />The Jesuits of France settled in Canada on a mission to spread Christianity<br />The Native Americans they encountered were the Algonquians, Montagnais, Hurons and the Iroquois <br />These tribes were much more civilized than previously thought<br />Their peaceful ways and agricultural lifestyle of the Algonquians made it easier for the Jesuits to convert them to Christianity <br />
  3. 3. Native Americans (United States)<br />With the arrival of the Europeans, many tribes had to adjust to another presence in their land<br />Some, such as Squanto, tried to make peaceful relations through trade<br />Others, like Openchacanough, openly fought against the colonists<br />Eventually treaties had to be signed to stop the exploitation of the Natives<br />Red Shoes used these treaties and conflicts among the European colonies to gain power and wealth between both Indian nations and the colonies<br />Squanto<br />Openchacanough<br />
  4. 4. Native Americans (South America)<br />When the Spanish came to S. America, they came looking to conquer and own whatever they found<br />Many were promised better lives but were sold as slaves<br />Priests of the old religion were persecuted and often killed<br />They practiced their religion in secret and pretended to be Christians when accused of witchcraft and idolatry <br />
  5. 5. Africans<br />The African slave trade was the greatest forced migration in history<br />Their traditions and culture blended into every part of the land they were forced to move to<br />Some were granted freedom and worked along side the White merchants and farmers<br />During the American Revolution, slaves were offered freedom to fight on the British side<br />They were allowed to marry but this was not seen as legally binding and marriages could be broken up if one was sold to another owner<br />
  6. 6. English<br />The English was one of the strongest empires in the world<br />“The sun never sets on the English Empire” meant that their colonies were so far ranging that it was daylight in at least one of them all the time<br />Their presence in America was a tragic beginning at the colony of Jamestown<br />It is still unknown the exact cause of the colony’s collapse but theories include disease, starvation, Indian resistance, and even poisoning<br />Plymouth was a much more successful endeavor set up by the Puritans escaping religious persecution<br />
  7. 7. France<br />France colonized much of Canada around the same time England was expanding<br />This created much tension between the two countries<br />The Seven Years (French and Indian) war was fought over this mounting tension between territorial boundaries<br />This war ended with the French being forced out of Canada<br />While still limiting freedoms of the Native Americans, France gave them more leeway into decided what type of lifestyle they wanted under French rule<br />
  8. 8. Dutch<br />The Dutch gained occupancy of the territory between Virginia and New France in the 1620’s<br />Colonists of New Amsterdam (New York later) were complaining that the labor on the farms was too difficult and slaves were needed to be productive<br />In the 1640’s, slave trade that originally went from Angola to Curacao (another Dutch colony) was now allowed to go directly to New Amsterdam<br />The Dutch colonies in Brazil also sent slaves to New Amsterdam to help ease the labor disputes<br />
  9. 9. Spanish<br />The Spanish conquered all of Mexico and a vast area of S. America<br />Lima is the capital of Peru and was also a Spanish colony<br />An eccentric character who lived most of his life in Lima was Cristobal Bequer<br />He avoided the law by joining a monastery and working his way up the channels of the church<br />He was convicted of harassment but also avoided punishment by delaying the court with appeals for over a year<br />This story shows the influence of church and original countries laws being difficult to enforce in a colony being established <br />
  10. 10. Portuguese<br />Brazil was a major colony for the Portuguese<br />It had a major sugar exportation that required a lot of workers<br />Because it was such a vast diverse land, guides were often needed to find “free laborers”<br />Damiana de Cunha was one guide who was a native raised by the colonial governor<br />Her goal was to convince her tribe of the Amazon to move to the villages set up by the Portuguese where the food was more reliable and safer<br />
  11. 11. Sources<br />American Colonies<br />Jesuit Relations<br />Struggle and Survival<br />The Aztecs<br />The Slave in Early New York -William Renwick Riddell The Journal of Negro History, Vol. 13, No. 1 (Jan., 1928), pp. 53-86 Published by: Association for the Study of African-American Life and History, Inc.<br />

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