Framing and naming the shots

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These are the basic camera shots and names.

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Framing and naming the shots

  1. 1. Shots, framing and meaning Camera basics 16:9 aspect ratio 9 16
  2. 2. neutral camera height subjective Extreme long shot (XLS/WA) subject very small in frame. Male or female? used to open a sequence - where are we?
  3. 3. neutral camera height subjective Very long shot (VLS) subject is about 3rd screen space used to introduce a person but not identify them
  4. 4. neutral camera height subjective long shot (LS) subject fills the frame used to introduce a someone often in motion
  5. 5. neutral camera height subjective medium long shot (MLS) subject is cut by the frame above/below knees we recognise but lack detail esp. eyes
  6. 6. neutral camera height subjective medium shot (MS) frame cuts subject below waist & elbow Direction of gaze draws attention
  7. 7. neutral camera height subjective medium close up (MCU) frame cuts subject below arm joint facial expressions emphasised - not intrusive
  8. 8. neutral camera height subjective close up (CU) frame cuts subject above arm joint - not neck! emphasises intimacy, secrecy etc
  9. 9. neutral camera height subjective big close up (BCU) frame cuts subject above brow, above chin extreme emotion
  10. 10. neutral camera height subjective extreme close up (ECU) frame features just eyes or eyes and nose intrusive and powerful
  11. 11. neutral camera height camera left camera right objective interviews MCU - headroom subject rotated slightly and not looking to camera 3/4 profile
  12. 12. neutral camera height camera left camera right objective interviews - looking room definite ‘eyeline’, framed camera left or right 3/4 profile
  13. 13. neutral camera height objective eyeline eyeline interviews - matching MCUs these shots need to balance each other
  14. 14. More reading ‘The Grammar of the shot’. Roy Thompson

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