The Principles of the  United States Constitution
I. Popular Sovereignty <ul><li>The people hold the ultimate authority </li></ul><ul><li>A representative democracy lets th...
II. Limited Government <ul><li>Framers wanted to guard against tyranny </li></ul><ul><li>Government is limited to the powe...
III. Federalism <ul><li>The division of power between State and National Governments </li></ul><ul><li>Some powers are sha...
IV. Separation of Powers <ul><li>No one holds “too much” power </li></ul><ul><li>Legislative branch makes the laws </li></...
Legislative Branch <ul><li>Senate and House of Representatives </li></ul><ul><li>Make our laws </li></ul><ul><li>Appropria...
Executive Branch <ul><li>The President of the United States </li></ul><ul><li>Chief Executive </li></ul><ul><li>Chief of S...
Judicial Branch <ul><li>Supreme Court and other Federal Courts </li></ul><ul><li>Preserve and protect the rights guarantee...
V. Checks and Balances <ul><li>Prevents the abuse of power in government </li></ul><ul><li>Each branch can check each othe...
Executive Checks <ul><li>Propose laws to Congress </li></ul><ul><li>Veto laws made by Congress </li></ul><ul><li>Negotiate...
Legislative Checks <ul><li>Override president’s veto </li></ul><ul><li>Ratify treaties </li></ul><ul><li>Confirm executive...
Judicial Checks <ul><li>Declare executive acts unconstitutional </li></ul><ul><li>Declare laws unconstitutional </li></ul>...
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Constitution

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Constitution

  1. 1. The Principles of the United States Constitution
  2. 2. I. Popular Sovereignty <ul><li>The people hold the ultimate authority </li></ul><ul><li>A representative democracy lets the people elect leaders to make decisions for them. </li></ul><ul><li>Orrin Hatch, Bob Bennett, and Chris Cannon are our elected officials in Congress </li></ul>
  3. 3. II. Limited Government <ul><li>Framers wanted to guard against tyranny </li></ul><ul><li>Government is limited to the power given them in the Constitution. </li></ul><ul><li>The Constitution tells how leaders who overstep their power can be removed </li></ul>
  4. 4. III. Federalism <ul><li>The division of power between State and National Governments </li></ul><ul><li>Some powers are shared </li></ul><ul><li>The National Government has the “supreme power” </li></ul>
  5. 5. IV. Separation of Powers <ul><li>No one holds “too much” power </li></ul><ul><li>Legislative branch makes the laws </li></ul><ul><li>Executive branch carries out the laws </li></ul><ul><li>Legislative branch interprets the laws </li></ul>
  6. 6. Legislative Branch <ul><li>Senate and House of Representatives </li></ul><ul><li>Make our laws </li></ul><ul><li>Appropriate Money </li></ul><ul><li>Regulate Immigration </li></ul><ul><li>Establish Post Offices and Roads </li></ul><ul><li>Regulate Interstate Commerce and Transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Declare War </li></ul>
  7. 7. Executive Branch <ul><li>The President of the United States </li></ul><ul><li>Chief Executive </li></ul><ul><li>Chief of State </li></ul><ul><li>Chief Legislator </li></ul><ul><li>Commander in Chief </li></ul>
  8. 8. Judicial Branch <ul><li>Supreme Court and other Federal Courts </li></ul><ul><li>Preserve and protect the rights guaranteed by the Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Considers cases involving national laws </li></ul><ul><li>Declares laws and acts “unconstitutional” </li></ul>
  9. 9. V. Checks and Balances <ul><li>Prevents the abuse of power in government </li></ul><ul><li>Each branch can check each other branch </li></ul>
  10. 10. Executive Checks <ul><li>Propose laws to Congress </li></ul><ul><li>Veto laws made by Congress </li></ul><ul><li>Negotiate foreign treaties </li></ul><ul><li>Appoint federal judges </li></ul><ul><li>Grant pardons to federal offenders </li></ul>
  11. 11. Legislative Checks <ul><li>Override president’s veto </li></ul><ul><li>Ratify treaties </li></ul><ul><li>Confirm executive appointments </li></ul><ul><li>Impeach federal officers and judges </li></ul><ul><li>Create and dissolve lower federal courts </li></ul>
  12. 12. Judicial Checks <ul><li>Declare executive acts unconstitutional </li></ul><ul><li>Declare laws unconstitutional </li></ul><ul><li>Declare acts of Congress unconstitutional </li></ul><ul><li>The Supreme Court holds the final check </li></ul>

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