The Legislative Branch Article I Congress
House of Representatives <ul><li>Term: 2 years </li></ul><ul><li>Qualifications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>25 years old </li></...
House of Representatives <ul><li>Number of representatives: 435 </li></ul><ul><li>Head of House of Representatives </li></...
House of Representatives <ul><li>Special Powers of the House of Representatives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All money (appropria...
Senate <ul><li>Term of office: 6 years </li></ul><ul><li>Qualifications:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>30 years old </li></ul></u...
Senate <ul><li>Number of Senators: 100 </li></ul><ul><li>Head of the Senate: U.S. Vice President </li></ul><ul><li>Day to ...
Senate <ul><li>Special Powers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Approves all treaties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Approves all appointm...
Congress <ul><li>Both houses: </li></ul><ul><li>Must keep a Journal: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Congressional Record </li><...
Congress <ul><li>Both houses make their own rules for behavior and punishments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Censure: formally rep...
Privileges and Compensation of Congress members: <ul><li>Salary $147,000 per year </li></ul><ul><li>Medical and dental ben...
Privileges and Compensation of Congress members: <ul><li>Immunity or legal protection:  </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot be sued o...
Powers of Congress <ul><li>Raise and collect taxes </li></ul><ul><li>Borrow money </li></ul><ul><li>Regulate commerce </li...
ELASTIC CLAUSE <ul><li>The necessary and proper clause gives Congress the power to make laws “necessary and proper” to car...
Powers denied Congress <ul><li>Congress cannot make laws concerning slave trade until 1808 </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot suspen...
Powers denied Congress <ul><li>No direct tax- the 16 th  amendment allows income tax </li></ul><ul><li>No tax on exports <...
Powers denied the States <ul><li>Cannot coin money </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot have a state militia, troops, or navy </li></u...
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Congress Powerpoint

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Congress Powerpoint

  1. 1. The Legislative Branch Article I Congress
  2. 2. House of Representatives <ul><li>Term: 2 years </li></ul><ul><li>Qualifications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>25 years old </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>7 years as a U.S. citizen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resident of represented state </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. House of Representatives <ul><li>Number of representatives: 435 </li></ul><ul><li>Head of House of Representatives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Speaker of the House </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decides the committees each member will serve on </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decides the order in which bills will be heard </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. House of Representatives <ul><li>Special Powers of the House of Representatives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All money (appropriations) bills start here </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Select the President in an Electoral College tie </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Write the article of impeachment against high ranking officials </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Senate <ul><li>Term of office: 6 years </li></ul><ul><li>Qualifications: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>30 years old </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>9 years a citizen of the U.S. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resident of the represented state </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Senate <ul><li>Number of Senators: 100 </li></ul><ul><li>Head of the Senate: U.S. Vice President </li></ul><ul><li>Day to day head of Senate: President Pro Tempore </li></ul><ul><li>Power: Decides committee members and order bill are debated. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Senate <ul><li>Special Powers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Approves all treaties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Approves all appointments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chooses the Vice President in an Electoral College tie </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acts as the jury in all trials of impeachment </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Congress <ul><li>Both houses: </li></ul><ul><li>Must keep a Journal: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Congressional Record </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Must hold sessions at the same time: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sessions begin January 3 rd each year </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Must have a quorum to do business: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>51% of members present on the floor </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Congress <ul><li>Both houses make their own rules for behavior and punishments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Censure: formally reprimand, written in the record </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fines and penalties may be set for some offenses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expulsion: members with gross misconduct may be thrown out of office </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Privileges and Compensation of Congress members: <ul><li>Salary $147,000 per year </li></ul><ul><li>Medical and dental benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Free office, parking, and trips to home state </li></ul><ul><li>Staff budget </li></ul><ul><li>Tax break on second home </li></ul><ul><li>Franking privilege- free postage on all mail to constituents </li></ul>
  11. 11. Privileges and Compensation of Congress members: <ul><li>Immunity or legal protection: </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot be sued of anything they say or write while carrying out their duties </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot be arrested for minor offenses while Congress is in session </li></ul><ul><li>May not hold in other political office at the same time </li></ul>
  12. 12. Powers of Congress <ul><li>Raise and collect taxes </li></ul><ul><li>Borrow money </li></ul><ul><li>Regulate commerce </li></ul><ul><li>Set laws for Naturalization and Bankruptcy </li></ul><ul><li>Coin Money </li></ul><ul><li>Punish counterfeiting </li></ul><ul><li>Post office </li></ul><ul><li>Copyrights and patents </li></ul><ul><li>Set up courts </li></ul><ul><li>Declare war </li></ul><ul><li>Establish the military and National guard </li></ul><ul><li>Make rules and allot funds for the military and National guard </li></ul><ul><li>Punish pirates </li></ul><ul><li>Run Washington D.C. and all federal property </li></ul><ul><li>Elastic clause- implied power </li></ul>
  13. 13. ELASTIC CLAUSE <ul><li>The necessary and proper clause gives Congress the power to make laws “necessary and proper” to carry out the delegated duties </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as the ‘elastic clause’ it stretches the power given Congress </li></ul>
  14. 14. Powers denied Congress <ul><li>Congress cannot make laws concerning slave trade until 1808 </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot suspend the writ of Habeas Corpus- must show cause for holding a suspect except in wartime </li></ul><ul><li>No ex post facto law- cannot punish a person for an act committed before there was a law against it. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Powers denied Congress <ul><li>No direct tax- the 16 th amendment allows income tax </li></ul><ul><li>No tax on exports </li></ul><ul><li>All states must be treated the same </li></ul><ul><li>Congress must approve all expenditures of the President through laws </li></ul><ul><li>No titles of nobility </li></ul>
  16. 16. Powers denied the States <ul><li>Cannot coin money </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot have a state militia, troops, or navy </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot make treaties </li></ul><ul><li>No ex post facto law </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot suspend the Writ of Habeas Corpus </li></ul><ul><li>No import or export tax </li></ul><ul><li>No titles of nobility </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot pass any law that the Federal government is not allowed to pass </li></ul>

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