World war ii

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World war ii

  1. 1. The War to End All Wars
  2. 2. <ul><li>Great Depression-a global economic crisis </li></ul><ul><li>During The Depression Europeans economies declined Unemployment skyrocketed as businesses, farms, and banks went bankrupt </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Dictator -a ruler who has total control </li></ul><ul><li>Russia, Italy, and Germany had dictators rise to power during the depression </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Russian dictator who gained power in 1917 after Russian revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Formed Communist government </li></ul><ul><li>Communism -political system in which the government owns all of the property and all aspects of life in the country </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Took over after Lenin died </li></ul><ul><li>He made all economic decisions </li></ul><ul><li>Restricted religious worship </li></ul><ul><li>Used secret police to spy on citizens </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Italian dictator </li></ul><ul><li>Promised to make Italy stronger and revive economy </li></ul><ul><li>Spoke of restoring the glory of the former Roman Empire </li></ul><ul><li>Suspended basic rights including freedom of speech and trial by jury </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Angry over the Treaty of Versailles, he founded the National Fascist Party. </li></ul><ul><li>Fascism stressed the glory of the state—the rights and concerns of individuals were of little importance. </li></ul><ul><li>Established a dictatorship that allowed no other political parties </li></ul><ul><li>Had total control over daily life in a totalitarian regime </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Totalitarianism is a political system where the state, usually under the control of a single political person, recognizes no limits to its authority and strives to regulate every aspect of public and private life wherever feasible. </li></ul><ul><li>Think Mussolini, Hitler, Stalin, Lenin </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Promised to strengthen Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Vowed to rebuild Germany’s military and economy </li></ul><ul><li>Banned all parties except the Nazi Party </li></ul><ul><li>Began discriminating against so-called inferior races, particularly Jews. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Italian and German Aggression leads Europe into WWII </li></ul><ul><li>Aggression -Attack or use of force </li></ul><ul><li>Italy invades Ethiopia </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler and Mussolini form the Rome-Berlin Axis </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler annexes (or adds) Austria to Germany’s territory. This violates the Treaty of Versailles </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Empire of Japan believed that militarism and that the strength of the military is equal to the strength of a nation </li></ul><ul><li>Led by General Hideki Tojo , the minister </li></ul><ul><ul><li>of war who took control of the country in October of 1941. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>The belief or desire of a government that a country should maintain a strong military capability and be prepared to use it aggressively to defend or promote national interests. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Government where the people have a voice in those ruling them </li></ul><ul><li>The people’s voice is heard through Free Elections </li></ul><ul><li>Free Enterprise System-People have choices in their economic system, can own their own businesses and control their own economic success/failures </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>President Roosevelt tried to keep the US out of the war with the theory of Isolationism </li></ul><ul><li>Isolationism-Policy where a country refuses to enter into any treaties or alliances </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>The US remains out of WWII until Japan attacks US at Pearl Harbor-Dec 7, 1941 </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Axis Powers </li></ul><ul><li>Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Italy </li></ul><ul><li>Japan </li></ul><ul><li>Allied Powers </li></ul><ul><li>France </li></ul><ul><li>Great Britain </li></ul><ul><li>United States </li></ul><ul><li>Russia </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Was the genocide of approximately six million European Jews during World War II, a program of systematic state-sponsored extermination by Nazi Germany. </li></ul><ul><li>Genocide - is the deliberate and systematic destruction, in whole or in part, of an ethnic, racial, religious, or national group. </li></ul><ul><li>Two-thirds of the population of nine million Jews who had resided in Europe before the Holocaust were killed. </li></ul>
  18. 19. <ul><li>Propaganda- the coordinated attempt to influence public opinion through the use of media. </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler used Propaganda to convince Germany and his followers to enter into a “Total War” and to carry out his plan to “exterminate” the Jewish population. </li></ul>

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