Joint Stock Company- A business owned by many people Virginia Company of London- Joint Stock Company developed to try and establish a colony in Virginia. Please Note-When we speak of Virginia at this time we are talking of all land north of Spanish Florida and south of Canada along the Atlantic Coast.
First successful colony in 1607 that saw success due to many factors, including the popularity of crops like tobacco, leadership from John Smith and aid from Native Americans (ex. Pocahontas). Goal: find gold and other natural resources
144 men sailed from England ◦ 39 died during journey Settle by the “James River” ◦ Why did they chose to settle next to the river? By river: easy to bring in people & supplies Inland: Hidden from Spanish ships sailing in Atlantic
• Colonists struggled • Settlement was in swampland • Impure drinking water • Disease • Starvation • Lack of skills to hunt, fish, and/or farm • Native American attacks • Negative relations with Natives harmed local trade
John Smith- first leader of Jamestown. Told colonists they would not eat if they did not work. Made friendly relations with Indians which helped colonists survive.
Introduced by John Rolfe, brought from the Caribbean illegally. The use of tobacco as a cash crop saves the colony of Jamestown.
The use of tobacco as a cash crop allows Jamestown to grow as a colony. More people start coming over to Jamestown. VA. Co. of London promises 50 acres of land to anyone that pays their way over to the Jamestown Colony. Indentured Servants- people who would pay for passage to the new world, food, clothing and shelter by working off their debt. Usually this would be a 5-7 year commitment.
Apprentices-People who learn a trade from a skilled worker. Many of the people who came over to Jamestown would come over to learn a trade in order to make a living. Examples of skilled labor-silversmith, blacksmith, printer
Burgesses- Elected Representatives House of Burgesses- Elected officials would meet and make laws for the colony. This is the first representative government in the American Colonies.