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Early european exploration


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Early European Exploration Notes from Class. Used July 25-29th.

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Early european exploration

  1. 1. Early European Exploration
  2. 2. Causes and Effects of Exploration <ul><li>Causes </li></ul><ul><li>Desire for new trade routes </li></ul><ul><li>Growing power and wealth of European Nations </li></ul><ul><li>Competion for trade </li></ul><ul><li>Missionaries desire to convert others to Christianity </li></ul><ul><li>Effects </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge about other regions </li></ul><ul><li>Europeans and Native Americans clash </li></ul><ul><li>Enslavement of Africans </li></ul><ul><li>Rivalry in America grows </li></ul>
  3. 3. Portugal <ul><li>Portugal took lead in exploring what they knew as the “world” </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted to find new trade routes to India and China </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted to find a more direct route to Western Africa for gold </li></ul><ul><li>West Africa becomes known as the “Gold Coast” </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Vasco da Gama-First European to sail around Africa to India </li></ul><ul><li>Portugal becomes an extremely wealthy nation with their new trade routes </li></ul>
  5. 6. Christopher Columbus <ul><li>Columbus thought you could get to India by sailing west from Europe and it would be shorter. </li></ul><ul><li>Thought it would take about two months to make it to Asia from Europe by sailing west </li></ul><ul><li>King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella backed Columbus with the promise he would spread Christianity and make Spain the wealthiest European country. </li></ul>
  6. 8. Columbus Continued <ul><li>Columbus left Spain in August of 1492 </li></ul><ul><li>He arrived in what he thought was India in October </li></ul><ul><li>Columbus had in fact landed in what we know today as the Bahamas </li></ul><ul><li>Area is also called West Indies </li></ul>
  7. 9. <ul><li>Columbus makes 4 Voyages in total exploring: Haiti, Dominican Republic, Cuba and Jamaica. </li></ul><ul><li>Sailed along coasts of Central America and the Northern part of South America </li></ul>
  8. 10. Line of Demarcation <ul><li>Imaginary Line running down the middle of the Atlantic Ocean drawn by Pope Alexander VI </li></ul><ul><li>Spain controlled all lands west </li></ul><ul><li>Portugal controlled all lands east </li></ul>
  9. 11. Line of Demarcation
  10. 12. Magellan <ul><li>Ferdinand Magellan-first European to circumnavigate the world. He was looking for a faster way around South America to Asia </li></ul><ul><li>Circumnavigate-sail around </li></ul>