Upper Merion Final

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Upper Merion Final

  1. 1. Energy, Climate Change, and Green are buzzwords?
  2. 2. Well, maybe too much buzz?
  3. 3. What is the problem? How did we get here? What can we do about it? Global Climate Change Michael Dunn, USEPA Overview and Perspectives March 26, 2009 Industrial Revolution Reduce emissions Energy-use in buildings, transportation, & industry
  4. 4. Perspectives on Climate Change <ul><li>What is the science and data behind our concern with Climate Change </li></ul><ul><li>What might the impacts be of a warmer atmosphere? </li></ul><ul><li>Where are the emissions sources? </li></ul><ul><li>Here are some EPA programs designed to reduce emissions (+Biz case) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy Star </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Climate Leaders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State and Local Programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainable Partnership Program; customized guidance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Assess, plan, implement, and measure </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pathway to an integrated environmental strategy. </li></ul></ul></ul>Overview
  5. 5. What do we know about Climate Change Consensus & Challenges Scientific Consensus: Climate change is a serious and urgent issue Human activities have a powerful role in climate change and its associated risks and impacts Climate change results from GHGs associated with economic activities including energy, industry, transport, and land use <ul><li>Challenges: </li></ul><ul><li>Now and later </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Requires action now for future risk </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Here and there </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Global risk, local impact, local action, environmental justice </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Us and them </li></ul><ul><li>Trade-offs </li></ul>
  6. 6. GHG Emissions Scenarios Charts and Graphs <ul><li>GHG emissions are increasing </li></ul><ul><li>3 Areas of Concern: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mitigation (reduce GHG emissions & future impacts) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adaptation (accommodate likely impacts) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Science and Research </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Total overall GHG reductions needed from 1990 Base to contain CC: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>~ 10 - 20% by 2020 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>~ 60 - 80% by 2050 </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Climate Change Impacts EPA Projections
  8. 8. Climate Leaders Climate Change Impacts Example: Summertime Heat
  9. 9. GHG Emissions Reduction - Cap & Trade Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) <ul><li>Cap and Trade program for electricity sector </li></ul><ul><li>States involved: Connecticut, Delaware, </li></ul><ul><li>Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New </li></ul><ul><li>Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, </li></ul><ul><li>Rhode Island and Vermont </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Observer: Pennsylvania </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The program will apply to fossil fuel-fired electric </li></ul><ul><li>generators 25 megawatts (MW) and larger </li></ul><ul><li>The first compliance period began on January 1, 2009. </li></ul><ul><li>Regional emissions would be capped at 121.3 million short tons of CO2 through 2014, and reduced to 10% below this level in 2018. </li></ul><ul><li>The initial cap is approximately equivalent to 1990 emissions. </li></ul>States Release Results of Auction 3   2009 Allowances Clear at $3.51   2012 Allowances Clear at $3.05
  10. 10. <ul><li>Will these pricing policies be: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strong enough… ? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wide enough… ? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fast enough… ? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>At what price would a gas tax spur desired changes in consumption levels? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Did the recent increase in oil prices affected the price of products made with petroleum (i.e., plastics)? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Will all important sectors be covered? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Exploring all possible cost-effective reductions? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How long for legislative and regulatory action? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>… to adequately address climate change? </li></ul>GHG Emissions Reductions Questions for Cap & Trade
  11. 11. <ul><li>Energy Policy is key, but should be complemented by targeted programs to address gaps </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bottom-up approach complements top-down approach of proposed policies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fills proposed policies’ gaps related to their strength, breadth, and speed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sector-specific regulations? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Encourage development and use voluntary programs and offsets </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce GHG emissions using creative, low-cost approaches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase business efficiency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce use of materials, energy, water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minimize waste, transportation </li></ul></ul>GHG Emissions Reductions Filling the gap
  12. 12. Conventional Sector-based View of U.S. GHG Emissions By Source <ul><li>2005 U.S. Emissions: 7,260 MMTCO2E </li></ul><ul><li>Conventional View </li></ul><ul><li>Electricity production </li></ul><ul><li>Automobiles and transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Energy/electricity consumption </li></ul>
  13. 13. U.S. Mobile Source GHG Emissions By Sector (2006) U.S. Greenhouse Gases and Sinks
  14. 14. Systems-based View of U.S. GHG Emissions By Type and Category
  15. 15. View of U.S. GHG Emissions
  16. 16. First step to reducing emissions Efficiency is a “cheap” and effective place to start.
  17. 17. Another step to reducing emissions Indirect Lifecycle Emissions EPA Waste/GhG Calculators http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/wycd/waste/calculators/ WARM calculates and totals GHG emissions of baseline and alternative waste management practices—source reduction, recycling, combustion, composting, and landfilling. RECON estimates life-cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and energy impacts from purchasing and/or manufacturing materials with varying degrees of post-consumer recycled content.
  18. 18. EPA Waste/GhG Calculators <ul><li>http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/wycd/waste/calculators/ </li></ul>WARM calculates and totals GHG emissions of baseline and alternative waste management practices—source reduction, recycling, combustion, composting, and landfilling. RECON estimates life-cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and energy impacts from purchasing and/or manufacturing materials with varying degrees of post-consumer recycled content.
  19. 19. EPA Tools and Resources <ul><li>Assess your current condition </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a Plan for improvements </li></ul><ul><li>Implement changes & upgrades </li></ul><ul><li>Measure and track </li></ul><ul><li>Continue Improvement </li></ul>
  20. 20. Highlighted EPA Program Fuel Efficiency MPG Is 60 MPG high or low for an automobile? Statement of Energy Performance EPA Rating Is 80 kBtu/SF/YR high or low for a building? Rating systems for Buildings
  21. 21. Highlighted EPA Program
  22. 22. EPA Programs
  23. 23. EPA Programs EPA’s Climate and Energy State and Local Program assists state and local governments in their clean energy efforts by providing technical assistance, analytical tools, and outreach support. Specific assistance includes: Identifying and documenting cost-effective policies and initiatives that promote renewable energy, energy efficiency, and related clean technologies. Measuring and evaluating the environmental, economic, and public health benefits of clean energy initiatives. Fostering peer exchange opportunities for state and local officials to share information on best practices and innovative policies. Offering a suite of national voluntary programs that provide partners with assistance and recognition for their clean energy actions. www.epa.gov/cleanenergy/energy-programs/state-and-local/
  24. 24. EPA Programs Mid-Atlantic Sustainable Partnerships <ul><li>New EPA bundled programs that will guide partners and encourage: </li></ul><ul><li>Energy savings and green power use </li></ul><ul><li>Recycling : Solid Waste, Building Materials, and Electronics </li></ul><ul><li>Green Buildings </li></ul><ul><li>Water savings, pounds of pollutants reduced, costs reduced </li></ul><ul><li>Hazardous and toxic chemicals reduced </li></ul>One-stop-shop for EPA programs
  25. 25. Global Climate Change Michael Dunn, USEPA Overview and EPA Perspectives March 26, 2009 Thank you. Michael Dunn [email_address] 215.814.2712
  26. 27. 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 2013 40 36 32 28 24 20 16 12 8 4 0 Cents/ kWh Residential Electricity Prices: Scenario with Electric Transportation
  27. 28. Benefits of Local Climate Protection <ul><li>Improve air quality </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce municipal operating costs </li></ul><ul><li>Save money </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce traffic congestion </li></ul><ul><li>Create local jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Protect public health </li></ul><ul><li>Improve the quality of life </li></ul><ul><li>Creates legacy of leadership </li></ul>

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