The needs of researchers in key disciplines are changing rapidly and this has important implications for the library’s role in enhancing research productivity and impact.
Librarians can build a roadmap for supporting 21st Century research needs that draws on both published research sources and institution-specific user research. Several key trends from recent studies and ideas for institution-specific user research tools are highlighted within.
Good afternoon everyone– I am Mike Diaz, Executive Director of Marketing for ProQuest.Our session today will be focused on key trends in research needs overall and by discipline.
Above all we want this to be a best practices conversation. I encourage everyone to share your insight.Desired outcome translate deeper understanding of research needs into better support for researchers across disciplines.
There is lots of research which is available to libraries at no cost to help you assess trends in researcher needs. Following are just a few suggestions in terms of research sources. This presentation will be made available online so no need to capture all of these now.RIN Info Use – May 2011RIN Life Sciences November 2009Reinventing Research – April 2011
Faculty Survey Ithaka – April 2010; 2009 studyDiscipline reports 2009New reports just announced History with NEH and Chemistry with JISC
Digital Info Seeker – Feb 2010Scholarly Information Practices - Jan 2009CIBER, December 2010
External Factors – Much of this funder drivenFunding organizations encourage institutions and scholars to collaborateUniversities doing more extensive outreach to organizations, corporations, and public - need to show relevance of results to real world. Jet fuel commercialization, interaction of two proteins implications for disease development.Global, interdisciplinary collaboration – language issuesSome evidence of collaboration via use of Google docs and Skype
Gateway services – Researchers drawn to Google ScholarFrustration with password barriersWant access any time via any deviceFull text access critical – consider ILL as last resortDiscovery services aimed at addressing need for simple, fast access to information. A lot more that can be done by libraries and vendors to enhance support for research needs.
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It is also good to do one-to-one discussions when opportunities arise. Here are some questions that might be helpful in assessing research needs.
Audrey Powers has held numerous positions in academic, medical, and special libraries. Throughout her career she has been employed by major research institutions in which she focused on the evaluation of collections and the collection development process. She currently serves as a Charleston Conference Director and is on several advisory boards including IGI Global, Macy’s and Institute for Research in Art. As coordinator for NYU Bobst Library’s Data Service Studio, Jason Phillips plays a key role in instruction, collection development, data librarianship and digital libraries. He is a member of the executive committee of the Anthropology and Sociology Section of ACRL and the chairman of its Instruction and Information Literacy Committee. Jason holds an MLS from the Long Island University’s Palmer School of Library and Information Science and a Master’s in Sociology from Harvard University. Corey Seeman joined University of Michigan Kresge School in 2005 after stints at the University of Toledo (Ohio), Innovative Interfaces, and the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. He has a M.A.L.S. (1992) from Dominican University and an A.B. (1986) from the University of Chicago. He has presented and written on a variety of topics including library systems, cataloging and collection development for autism works. He is currently focused on writing about change management and service issues in academic libraries. As the Institutes Librarian at Arizona State University, Brunning manages print and image collections and develops teaching programs in all disciplines the Herberger Institute serves. He has extensive experience in managing digital collections as an Electronic Resources Coordinator at Arizona State University Libraries, Systems Librarian, and Coordinator for Computing Services.
21st Century Research Landscape
Understanding the 21st Century Research Landscape: Emerging Trends and Needs Within and Across Disciplines Charleston Conference 2011 Mike Diaz, Executive Director, Marketing
Session Objectives Spark a conversation that surfaces current and emerging research needs across disciplines Identify strategies for translating this insight into better support for research-intensive users.
Agenda Studies and key themes relating to researcher needs Specific insights on research needs from our expert panel Trends in research needs across disciplines Broad subject area and discipline-specific trends Recommendations for librarians Q&A
Research Information Network Patterns of Information Use and Exchange Across Disciplines (Presentation From Fiesole Collection Devt Retreat) Reinventing Research – Information Practices in the Humanities Case Studies of Researchers in the Life Sciences (In conjunction with British Library)
Ithaka Faculty Survey Discipline Reports Education Economics History Biosciences New Discipline Studies/Reports Just Announced Chemistry with JISC History with NEH
Other Notable Reports OCLC/JISC/RIN – The Digital Information Seeker (key insights from 12 separate user studies) OCLC - Scholarly Information Practices in the Online Environment CIBER/UCL/Emerald - Social Media and Research Workflow
Assessment and the Research Process Assessment demands drive a heavy emphasis on journal citation metrics which are easily accessible Faculty incentives favor traditional channels for dissemination of findings and use of journal citation chains remains critical for research Implications for humanities scholars – metrics do not offer comprehensive coverage for academic monographs and other modes of research E-books could start to play a more important role in scholarship with e-delivery and greater accessibility via large indexes
Central Role of Data/Data Management Data has been critical for serving researcher needs for a long time New applications mean that researchers aren’t just crunching numbers (eg. datamining, visualization) Demand for external data sources and support for selecting, accessing, and using the data Researchers need better tools for managing their own data. Value of open data for society – think Genomics Openness constrained by competitive concerns in some disciplines and legal/privacy considerations
Range of Digital Source Types is Important Video Audio Datasets Primary sources Documents Manuscripts Historical News Text becomes a dataset via text mining
Emerging Modes of Collaboration Key external factors driving need for continued expansion of academic collaboration Academic collaboration often involves email and does not fully leverage latest technologies and tools Very little incentive for communication beyond traditional channels (journals, conf proceedings) Sciences more advanced in collaboration than the humanities. Long tradition of multi-author articles in life sciences and physics and use of social media in computer science
Need for simple and fast access Researchers looking for a few convenient, trusted tools with 24x7 access Gateway services play critical role as a starting place (esp. Google/Scholar and cross-discipline indexes) Often researchers want their research experience to be familiar - like tools they use outside of work – Yahoo, YouTube, Amazon, Kayak Excellent opportunity for publishers, technology providers and libraries to work together.
Significant Variations by Institution, Department… Combine trends information with “local” insight LibQual Zoomerang/Survey Monkey Focus Groups Interviews Website Survey Tools such as ForeSee Results
Some Questions for Interviews/Focus Groups What key factors come into play for your research productivity reporting? How are requirements of funders changing in your field? How can the library help you to be more effective with your research? What types of information sources are most critical for your research and how do you access them today? Tell me about how you use datasets, multimedia, etc…? To what extent do you collaborate with other researchers? If so, what approaches and tools are you using to ensure that you can manage these collaborations effectively? How do you stay organized and manage your research efforts?
Panel of Experts Audrey Powers, Collection Development and Research Librarian for College of the Arts, University of South Florida Jason B. Phillips, Librarian for Sociology, Psychology, Gender & Sexuality Studies and American Studies and Coordinator, Data Service Studio, New York University Library Corey Seeman, Director, Kresge Business Administration Library, University of Michigan Dennis Brunning, Humanities Development Librarian and Librarian for the Herberger Institute Arizona State University