Chapter IntroductionSection 1: Duties and ResponsibilitiesSection 2: Citizens and the CommunityVisual Summary
As citizens, we are free toexercise our rights. In returnwe are expected to fulfillcertain duties andresponsibilities. By doing so,we help ensure that ourgovernment will be effectivein serving our needs andprotecting our rights.
Section 1:Duties and ResponsibilitiesFor government to beeffective, citizens must fulfilltheir civic duties andresponsibilities. As Americancitizens, we enjoy many rightsunder our system ofgovernment. Along with thoserights, we also share manyresponsibilities. Theseresponsibilities help protectour rights.
Section 2:Citizens and the CommunityCitizen participation is essentialto the foundation andpreservation of the U.S. politicalsystem. Good citizenship does notdepend on each of us doing onlywhat we are required to do by law.The American ideal of citizenshiphas always stressed each citizen’sresponsibility to participate in his orher community.
Guide to ReadingBig IdeaFor government to be effective,citizens must fulfill their civic dutiesand responsibilities.
Guide to ReadingContent Vocabulary• responsibility • draft• duty • toleranceAcademic Vocabulary• global• income
Duties of Citizens The privilege of U.S. citizenship brings with it certain duties and responsibilities.
Duties of Citizens (cont.)• Along with the rights and freedoms guaranteed in the Constitution, citizens have responsibilities and duties.
Duties of Citizens (cont.)• Duties required of citizens: – Obey the law (most important) – Pay taxes – Defend the nation – Volunteer and draft – Serve in court (as a juror or a witness) – Attend school (education increases income and makes better voters)
Duties of Citizens (cont.)• Where does our tax money go? – Pays government employees – Maintain armed forces – Help those in need – Police and firefighters – Roads – Prisons and justice system – Other programs
Civic Responsibilities The voluntary responsibilities of U.S. citizens include participating in the political process and being informed.
Civic Responsibilities (cont.)• Being a good citizen means more than just doing what is required by law.
Civic Responsibilities (cont.)• Responsibilities:– Stay informed about government– Vote (gives elected officials consent to make decisions)– Respect others’ rights and show tolerance– Volunteer and be active in the community Citizen’s Duties and Responsibilities
Guide to ReadingBig IdeaCitizen participation is essential tothe foundation and preservation ofthe U.S. political system.
Citizen Involvement By volunteering, we make our communities better places to live, gain new opportunities to solve problems, and learn new things.
Citizen Involvement (cont.)• Volunteers contribute to their communities and make them better places to live.• Good citizens in a community: – Share interests and concerns – Help one another – Address many pressing social needs – Show concern about the welfare of others
Citizen Involvement (cont.)• Government resources: – Limited – Run by large bureaucracies
Citizen Involvement (cont.)• Volunteerism: – Giving time through activities such as working at an animal shelter – Giving money to charity
Volunteers in Action Young people can make a difference by volunteering.
Volunteers in Action (cont.)• People of all ages, including students, have many opportunities to contribute to society by volunteering, helping the community as well as individuals.
Volunteers in Action (cont.)• Ways of volunteering: – Charitable organizations – Community service group at a school – National service programs American Volunteers in Action
Citizenship• The combination of rights, responsibilities, and duties characterizes what it means to be a citizen of a free democratic society.• As citizens, we are free to exercise our rights.• In return, we are expected to fulfill certain duties and responsibilities.
Why Should I Participate?• A key part of being a good citizen is taking an active and engaged role in your community.• A well-planned project gives you opportunities to practice your rights and responsibilities as a citizen.• You make a difference by participating. Your efforts are needed, valued, and respected.• When you share your knowledge and skills to help others, you develop new skills and cultivate new knowledge.
Our DutiesDuties are things we arerequired to do by law.• One of the duties of all Americans is to obey the law.• Americans have a duty to pay taxes.• Another duty of citizenship is to defend the nation.
Our ResponsibilitiesResponsibilities are things we should do. Civicresponsibilities include:• being informed;• speaking up and voting;• respecting others’ rights;• respecting diversity; and• contributing to the common good.
Active Citizens• Participate in community service• Do their part to make their schools, communities, and the world a better place
responsibility an obligation that we fulfill voluntarily
domestic relating to or occurring in one’s owncountry
annual covering the periods of a year oroccurring once a year
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