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The Toyota Kata Starter Kata

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To get better at scientific thinking begin with these Starter Kata, and build on them once you master their patterns. Instructions for each Starter Kata (and much more) are in the 'Toyota Kata Practice Guide.' Download and use these PowerPoint slides if you like.

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  • Thank you very much for the material you make available for everyone, I continuously learn from it. Regarding KATA, I'd like to ask your ideas about the "Vision" on KATA board. I see that in the examples the focus is of course on the Challenges, but to all readers of this comment: would the vision help the employees to understand the whole or just make it more complex to deploy the actions?
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The Toyota Kata Starter Kata

  1. 1. The Toyota Kata STARTER KATA To get better at scientific thinking begin with these Starter Kata, and build on them once you master their patterns. Instructions for each Starter Kata (and much more) are in the Toyota Kata Practice Guide By Mike Rother
  2. 2. • Learner’s storyboard format (for the learner) • Steps of process analysis (learner) • Steps to establishing a target condition (learner) • Current condition/target condition form (learner) • Obstacle parking lot (learner) • Experimenting record (learner) • Five-question card (for the coach) After an Introduction on the black-edged pages, this ppt file contains the Starter Kata for practicing the Improvement Kata and Coaching Kata patterns: For instructions refer to the Toyota Kata Practice Guide (TKPG) 2
  3. 3. 3 Starter Kata are structured routines that you practice deliberately, especially at the beginning, so their pattern becomes a habit and leaves you with new abilities. Starter Kata are a way of learning fundamental skills. The Toyota Kata (TK) Starter Kata are for practicing scientific-thinking skill and mindset. Instructions for the TK Starter Kata are in the Toyota Kata Practice Guide (2017, McGraw-Hill). At first you should try to practice each Starter Kata exactly as described, until its pattern becomes somewhat automatic and habitual for you. That can take a few weeks of practice. When you reach that point and have learned through practice to understand the "why" behind a Starter Kata's routine, then you can build on it to develop your own style, as long as the core pattern remains intact. Toyota Kata helps you build scientific- thinking skills and mindset, via its well- proven set of Starter Kata to practice daily. They come from the Toyota Kata research and have been used for practice at thousands of organizations around the world. Begin with the Starter Kata presented here and then, as you gain skill and understanding, add to or adjust them to fit your situation as needed. Best wishes for practicing how to scientifically achieve goals! Mike Rother STARTER KATA TO PRACTICE SCIENTIFIC THINKING SKILLS
  4. 4. For scientific-thinking skill, begin by practicing the Starter Kata presented here and in the Toyota Kata Practice Guide. Starter Kataare structured practice routines that put you on the road to learning fundamentals and developing new patterns of thinking. Practicing Starter Kata increases the speed of learning and is particularly helpful when you want to create a shared way of thinking and acting in a group of people, because everyone starts with the same basics. 4
  5. 5. As we grow more proficient in any skill, we learn and develop our own style and techniques. When a new learner comes along it’s natural to want to share that with them. But it’s too much for the beginner! Be a coach, not a lecturer. Instead, have the next beginner start with Starter Kata practice routines. Then they can build from there — just like you did. Don’t Make This Mistake Starter Kata (beginhere) Skillsgrown beyond the Starter Kata Beginner Experienced NEXT Beginner Don’t overload a beginner with the more advanced stuff you’ve learned. It's too soon. That just confuses their initial practice and slows down their learning. 5
  6. 6. Information entering our mind self-organizes into the existing patterns of our neural library. Toyota Kata is about practicing scientific patterns of thinking. Those patterns are embedded in the Starter Kata. Practice the Starter Kata, internalize their patterns, and you’re on the way to greater scientific thinking. It’s About Developing Some New Patterns in Your Thinking Then you can apply that new skill to whatever goals and challenges you have! 6
  7. 7. • They help beginners start to acquire a new skill by providing simple predefined, step-by-step practice routines for internalizing fundamentals. • They give the coach a point of comparison for gauging the learner’s performance and providing corrective feedback and suggestions. • They help to develop a shared mode of thinking and acting across a team or organization by providing common routines for everyone’s initial practice. • Perhaps most important, Starter Kata help bridge a gap by translating theoretical principles and concepts into something real and teachable. Benefits of Practicing Starter Kata 7
  8. 8. A pattern of scientific thinking to improve in the direction of a challenge This is the pattern of scientific thinking we are trying to teach The Improvement Kata Pattern 8
  9. 9. There are Starter Kata for each step of the Improvement Kata pattern, and for the Coach STARTER KATA for the learner STARTER KATA for the coach The Improvement Kata Pattern Please start practicing this way 9
  10. 10. The experimenting record Daily coaching cycles at the learner’s storyboard, with the five Coaching Kata questions Steps of process analysis Steps to establishing a target condition LEARNER COACH Obstacle parking lot Learner’s storyboard Instructions for these Starter Kata are in the Toyota Kata Practice Guide (TKPG) The Toyota Kata Starter Kata 10
  11. 11. FOR THE LEARNER Start with this board format The Learner’s Storyboard
  12. 12. Focus Process: Challenge: Target Condition Achieve by: Actual Condition Now Experimenting Record Obstacles Parking Lot
  13. 13. FOR THE LEARNER For grasping the current condition Steps of Process Analysis
  14. 14. FOR THE LEARNER A desired outcome and operating pattern, as your next goalpost Steps to Establishing a Target Condition
  15. 15. FOR THE LEARNER Obstacle Parking Lot
  16. 16. Cut here to post on storyboard Current Condition / Target Condition Form FOR THE LEARNER
  17. 17. Experimenting Record Use until you overcome an obstacle, then start a new form FOR THE LEARNER
  18. 18. PREDICTION EVIDENCE EVALUATE ACTION The scientific learning cycle is embedded in the experimenting record, to make the cycle easy to practice.
  19. 19. Layout of the Experimenting Record = one obstacle per form, one experiment per row. Predict what you expect and compare that with what actually happens. That’s how you learn. The prediction side is where you plan the next experiment and predict the outcome The evidence side is where you record what actually happened, compare that with the prediction, and record what you learned This is the one obstacle to the target condition that you are currently working on It usually take a series of experiments in order to overcome an obstacle
  20. 20. FOR THE COACH The Five Coaching Kata Questions A printer / copier 5Q card template is on the next two pages
  21. 21. Front of card COACHINGKATA COACHINGKATA COACHINGKATA COACHINGKATA
  22. 22. Back of card
  23. 23. FOR THE COACH Daily Coaching Cycles with the 5 Questions - 20 minutes or less -
  24. 24. Current Condition Coaching Cycle Dialogue Learner Coach Next Target Condition Learner's Storyboard With beginner learners, ask the five Coaching Kata questions after each step. TIP: Identify the learner’s threshold of knowledge and have them plan their next experiment there.
  25. 25. 1) What is the Target Condition? • Is the target condition connected to the challenge? • What do you want to be happening? • No verbs! • Measureable? • Not 'lack of something' • Achieve-by date? 5) How quickly can we go and see what we Have Learned from taking that step? • Numbers, not opinions. • Can you show me? • How do you know? • How did you get the data? • Is there a run chart? 2) What is the Actual Condition now? What did you plan as your Last Step? What did you Expect? What Actually Happened? What did you Learn? REFLECTION • What was being tested? • Is the PDCA Cycles Record filled in? • Was this written down? • Just read it! • Only facts & numbers. • Are the numbers written down? • Is there a run chart? • What is different than expected? • Did the Learner really reflect on this? 3) What Obstacles do you think are preventing you from reaching the target condition? Which *one* are you addressing now? • Is the Obstacles Parking Lot up-to-date? • True obstacles (variation), not action items or lack of a perceived solution. • Where does this problem occur? • Can you show me? • When does this problem occur? 4) What is your next step? (Next experiment) What do you expect? • What is the current knowledge threshold? • Did what was learned in the last experiment frame this one? The Starter Kata Coaching Questions Example notes & clarifying questions • Is expectation written down? • Please read it. • What numerical outcome do you expect? • How will you measure it? • How many cycles do you plan to measure? • Strive for cheap and fast experiments • Can we run this experiment today? Right now? • When is the next coaching cycle? • Accompany the Learner if necessary. As your coaching abilities grow you should evolve your own coaching style, which includes adding your own questions. Of course, any additional questions should be consistent with the principles and pattern of the Starter Kata. Begin with the Starter Kata five-question card. As you get used to the card, start adding notes and your own clarifying questions. One technique is to make a folding card as shown below. The folded card still fits in your pocket, but has space on the unfolded right-hand side to jot down notes and test your own questions. Example notes and clarifying questions are shown here, just as thought starters. The underlying pattern of the five Coaching Kata questions should remain! Card folds here
  26. 26. Best wishes for practicing how to scientifically achieve goals! 27

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