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Music in the 1960s and 1990s


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Music in the 1960s and 1990s

  1. 1. Zara Mikai
  2. 2. Formation and evolution of rock. At the beginning of the 1960s, pop and rock and roll trends of the 1950s continued. By the mid-1960s, rock and roll in its purest form was gradually overtaken by pop rock, beat, psychedelic rock, blues rock, and folk rock. The 1960s saw funk and soul music rising in popularity; rhythm and blues in general remained popular. 591DE8&index=5
  3. 3. Beatles - catchy tunes, boyish looks and they fit in with popular culture at the time (children deviating from their parents rule and gaining more independence Rolling Stones - they were completely different from other rock n roll groups. They were influenced by rhythm and blues but they developed this into a new kind of sound that made them accomplish being represented as the mods and rockers. the Rolling Stones as the leather-jacket-wearing rockers. Muddy Waters -Muddy headed to England in 1958 and shocked audiences (whose only previous exposure to blues had come via the acoustic folk/blues sounds of acts such as Sonny Terry and Brownie McGhee) with his loud, amplified electric guitar and thunderous beat.
  4. 4. Beatles -Their first UK, nationwide broadcast was during the 1963 winter - one of the worst in the 20th Century - which meant a record TV audience. The timing in America was again to provide a light contrast to the news of the assassination of Kennedy. It was popular with younger people and after the war, people wanted a new style of things. Muddy (His 1958 tour of England marked possibly the first time amplified, modern urban blues was heard there) In Great Britain, some listeners had been enthusiastic about blues since World War II. American servicemen disembarked in Liverpool and other ports with recordings of American blues, swing, and Dixieland, and many these 78s found their way into the hands of British record collectors and radio programs.
  5. 5. The Beatles built their reputation playing clubs in Liverpool and Hamburg over a three-year period from 1960. Manager Brian Epstein moulded them into a professional act and producer George Martin enhanced their musical potential. They gained popularity in the United Kingdom after their first hit, "Love Me Do", in late 1962.
  6. 6. 1960s subcultures included radicals, mods, rockers, bikers, hippies and the freak scene. Mod is a British youth subculture of the early to mid-1960s. Focused on music and fashion, the subculture has its roots in a small group of London-based stylish young men in the late 1950s who were termed modernists because they listened to modern jazz. Rockers are members of a biker subculture that originated in the United Kingdom during the 1950s. It was mainly centred around British cafe racer motorcycles and rock and roll music. < link- 25 seconds.
  7. 7. The 1960s were a decade of political and social upheaval. Young people challenged the traditional values of their parent's generation and actively opposed the decisions of the government. Women demanded equal rights and others called for racial equality and a new consideration for the environment. Many more demonstrated against the Vietnam War, conscription and the nuclear industry.
  8. 8. Swinging sixties - Youthquake was a 1960s fashion, musical and cultural movement. Teenagers dominated the fashion and music scene. The fashion of youthquake was fun, spirited and youthful – miniskirts and jumpsuits.
  9. 9. Vinyls Radios Cassette Tapes Radiogramaphones
  10. 10. Selling records Concerts How was music distributed? Record shops Radio stations
  11. 11. Rock music was also very popular in the 1990s. Electronic music, which had risen in popularity in the 1980s, grew highly popular in the 1990s; House and Techno from the 1980s rose to international success in this decade. Hip Hop grew and continued to be highly successful in the decade.
  12. 12. Madonna has an incredible ability to change with the times and keep people talking about her. With almost every new album since the release of her self titled debut, Madonna has grabbed headlines for something. Tom Jones has experimented with almost every form of music such as pop, rock, gospel and country. He has sold over 100 million records. Cultural impact with lyrics and different sounds has made him even more popular. The Beatles wrote hundreds of songs in the time that most could only write a few. They also had a gift for knowing what songs would likely be liked and what songs were not up to par. They also were the first artists to write their own songs instead of using songs written by song writers -which was the norm at the time. The young girls of the decade swooned at their presence due to their good looks.
  13. 13. Pop music in the 90s touched on social and cultural issues that made audiences think and enter debate with friends and family. For example: Michael Jackson targeted issues like racism.
  14. 14. Emo/Indie - Emo is a style of rock music characterised by melodic musicianship and expressive, often confessional, lyrics. It originated in the mid-1980s hardcore punk movement of Washington, D.C., where it was known as "emotional hardcore" or "emocore" and pioneered by bands such as Rites of Spring and Embrace. - By the mid-1990s numerous emo acts emerged from the Midwestern and Central United States, and several independent record labels began to specialize in the style.
  15. 15. Demo tapes were given to Record labels and Radio stations. The more air plays they got, the more famous they became, and eventually were able to release singles. They were often featured on music shows like ‘Top of the Pops’ How was music distributed and marketed?