Formation and evolution of rock. At the beginning of the 1960s, pop
and rock and roll trends of the 1950s continued. By the mid-1960s,
rock and roll in its purest form was gradually overtaken by pop rock,
beat, psychedelic rock, blues rock, and folk rock.
The 1960s saw funk and soul music rising in popularity; rhythm and
blues in general remained popular.
Beatles - catchy tunes, boyish looks and
they fit in with popular culture at the time
(children deviating from their parents rule
and gaining more independence
Rolling Stones - they were completely different from other
rock n roll groups. They were influenced by rhythm and
blues but they developed this into a new kind of sound that
made them accomplish being represented as the mods and
rockers. the Rolling Stones as the leather-jacket-wearing
Muddy Waters -Muddy headed to England in 1958 and
shocked audiences (whose only previous exposure to blues
had come via the acoustic folk/blues sounds of acts such as
Sonny Terry and Brownie McGhee) with his loud, amplified
electric guitar and thunderous beat.
Beatles -Their first UK, nationwide broadcast was during the 1963 winter -
one of the worst in the 20th Century - which meant a record TV audience.
The timing in America was again to provide a light contrast to the news of
the assassination of Kennedy. It was popular with younger people and after
the war, people wanted a new style of things.
Muddy (His 1958 tour of England marked possibly the first time amplified,
modern urban blues was heard there) In Great Britain, some listeners had
been enthusiastic about blues since World War II. American servicemen
disembarked in Liverpool and other ports with recordings of American
blues, swing, and Dixieland, and many these 78s found their way into the
hands of British record collectors and radio programs.
The Beatles built their reputation playing clubs in
Liverpool and Hamburg over a three-year period from
1960. Manager Brian Epstein moulded them into a
professional act and producer George Martin enhanced
their musical potential.
They gained popularity in the United Kingdom after their
first hit, "Love Me Do", in late 1962.
1960s subcultures included radicals, mods, rockers, bikers, hippies
and the freak scene.
Mod is a British youth subculture of the early to mid-1960s.
Focused on music and fashion, the subculture has its roots in a
small group of London-based stylish young men in the late 1950s
who were termed modernists because they listened to modern jazz.
Rockers are members of a biker subculture that originated in the
United Kingdom during the 1950s. It was mainly centred around
British cafe racer motorcycles and rock and roll music.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2vmzvlHrTCs < link- 25 seconds.
The 1960s were a decade of political and social upheaval. Young people
challenged the traditional values of their parent's generation and actively
opposed the decisions of the government. Women demanded equal rights and
others called for racial equality and a new consideration for the environment.
Many more demonstrated against the Vietnam War, conscription and the
Swinging sixties - Youthquake was a 1960s fashion,
musical and cultural movement. Teenagers dominated
the fashion and music scene. The fashion of
youthquake was fun, spirited and youthful – miniskirts
How was music distributed?
Rock music was also very popular in the 1990s.
Electronic music, which had risen in popularity in the
1980s, grew highly popular in the 1990s; House and
Techno from the 1980s rose to international success
in this decade. Hip Hop grew and continued to be
highly successful in the decade.
Madonna has an incredible ability to
change with the times and keep people
talking about her. With almost every new
album since the release of her self titled
debut, Madonna has grabbed headlines for
Tom Jones has experimented with
almost every form of music such as
pop, rock, gospel and country. He has
sold over 100 million records. Cultural
impact with lyrics and different
sounds has made him even more
The Beatles wrote hundreds of songs in the
time that most could only write a few. They also
had a gift for knowing what songs would likely
be liked and what songs were not up to par.
They also were the first artists to write their own
songs instead of using songs written by song
writers -which was the norm at the time. The
young girls of the decade swooned at their
presence due to their good looks.
Pop music in the 90s touched on social and
cultural issues that made audiences think
and enter debate with friends and family.
For example: Michael Jackson targeted issues
- Emo is a style of rock music characterised by melodic
musicianship and expressive, often confessional, lyrics.
It originated in the mid-1980s hardcore punk movement
of Washington, D.C., where it was known as "emotional
hardcore" or "emocore" and pioneered by bands such
as Rites of Spring and Embrace.
- By the mid-1990s numerous emo acts emerged from
the Midwestern and Central United States, and several
independent record labels began to specialize in the
Demo tapes were given to Record labels
and Radio stations.
The more air plays they got, the more
famous they became, and eventually
were able to release singles.
They were often featured on music shows
like ‘Top of the Pops’
How was music distributed and marketed?