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Thesis drug rehab and detox

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This project seeks to help solve the problem of substance abuse and
addiction by breaking the cycle of addiction among the youth who are
credulous victims and also help establish conducive standards by providing
a therapeutic environment where they will be given the required treatment
through counselling and rehabilitation.

Published in: Design
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Thesis drug rehab and detox

  1. 1. DRUG DE-ADDICTION & REHAB. Centre, PANTANG LEVEL 500 CENTRAL UNIVERSITY COLLEGE DEPT.OF ARCHITECTURE ARC/10/01/1221 MICHAEL FOSU BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE - THESIS REHABILITATION CENTRE DRUG ADDICTS FOR "Even if I go through the deepest darkness, I will not be afraid, LORD, for you are with me" (Ps 54:2)
  2. 2. DRUG DE-ADDICTION & REHAB. Centre, PANTANG LEVEL 500 CENTRAL UNIVERSITY COLLEGE DEPT.OF ARCHITECTURE ARC/10/01/1221 MICHAEL FOSU BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE - THESIS Introduction Approximately 15.3 million people suffer from drug use disorders globally (World Health Organization, 2013), and according to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (2013), the abuse of illicit psychoactive drugs results in approximately 200,000 deaths every year. Predominant drug use across the globe :  Cannabis(marijuana)  Stimulants(atpm.)  Depressants  narcotics  hallucinogens WHAT ARE DRUGS? Drugs are substances that affect the physical and mental condition of persons significantly and adversely any substance that can lead to addiction, misuse and dependence is a drug. WHAT IS ADDICTION? Dependence upon a particular substance in order to function That’s where addiction starts for everyone WHAT IS DE-ADDICTION? Any person who is abnormally dependent on narcotic drugs Who is a drug addict? Is the psychiatric plus allopathic treatment for helping an addicted patient to successfully come out of the addiction. REASONS FOR DRUG ADDICTION  Curiosity  Despair & frustration  Influence of western culture CAUSES OF DRUG ADDICTION  Financial difficulties  Psychological problems  Marital problems  High level sports competitions EFFECTS OF DRUG ADDICTION  Sleeplessness & tremors  Increase in heart rate & blood pressure  Violence & hallucinations  STDS(death)  Exposure from peers  Availability  Job stress 1
  3. 3. DRUG DE-ADDICTION & REHAB. Centre, PANTANG LEVEL 500 CENTRAL UNIVERSITY COLLEGE DEPT.OF ARCHITECTURE ARC/10/01/1221 MICHAEL FOSU BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE - THESIS It is very disheartening to all and sundry that as Ghana steadily climbs the ladder of development, an increasing number of our youth, supposedly the spine of our growth, are taking to drugs, which ruin their lives and drag the nation’s progress. Cannabis (hashish and marijuana) Cocaine and heroin The illegal drugs most frequently consumed in Ghana are: Dr Akwasi Osei (GHS) HEADLINES “World day against drug trafficking & use”(2011) Kumasi. Cpt. Baffour Gyimah (Ex.NACOB) Drug addiction assumes disturbing dimension – Psychiatrist “Ghana Needs Rehab Centre For Addicts” – S. Stanley Eyo [NACOB] Even though drug abuse and addiction is an unfortunate situation that is taking the better part of the youth nowadays, the number of youth engaged in it increases every day. According to the 2007 World Drug Report by the UN Office on Drugs and Crime, 21.5% of Ghanaians, aged from 15 to 64, smoked marijuana or used another cannabis product in 2006. The report continues that Ghanaians use drugs more than five times the world average, which, as a result, has made Ghana the leader of African countries and third in the world in cannabis or marijuana behind Papua new Guinea & Micronesia “Ghanaian chronicle”(May 4,2014) Ntampi Usage in Ghana ”People who use drugs are turned to the psychiatric homes, but in reality the psychiatric home is not the place for drug addicts.” LIFE STYLE OF DRUG ADDICTS IN GHANA Since there is no drug addiction rehab facility to cater for such people ,they end up eventually at the psychiatric hospitals. “Huge sums of money are spent on drug related issues such as crime, violence and mental illness “ Rev. E. P. Aubin[Devine healer],July 2013 ,Accra. Article- GNA Drug addicts have little or no influence in Ghanaian societies. Drug addict’s rehab center [Proposed] [Existing] Introduction 2
  4. 4. DRUG DE-ADDICTION & REHAB. Centre, PANTANG LEVEL 500 CENTRAL UNIVERSITY COLLEGE DEPT.OF ARCHITECTURE ARC/10/01/1221 MICHAEL FOSU BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE - THESIS PROBLEMS IDENTIFIED  Stigma attached to addicts visiting psychiatric hospitals GENERAL CHALLENGES THE REHAB SEEKS TO SOLVE Economic sector: huge sums of money spent on illicit drugs. Health sector: mortality rate caused by substance and narcotic abuse. Educational sector: alarming rate of drug addiction among the youth social: stigmatization, integration  Out of the 594 drug-related cases admitted to the Accra Psychiatric Hospital in 2007, 400 were cannabis-related, 141 alcohol-related and 53 were cocaine and heroin users, DATA OF ACCRA PSYCHIATRIC HOSPITAL (2007) MALE FEMALE DATA OF PANTANG (2012) 194400 500 75 DATA OF ACCRA PSYCHIATRIC HOSPITAL (2013) 440 200 DRUG RELATED CASES :AGE (15 – 30 ) FACTS (DAC) KORLE BU GENERAL 50% 3,651 9,143 2,562  Most of the drug addicts are of the ages of 15 years and above.  Design will therefore be based on teen age to 30 years for treatment and rehabilitation. CONCLUSION ADMISSION Introduction  Perceived social stigmas associated with being in rehab.  The belief that issues can be overcome without professional help  Fear of sharing with others or being vulnerable.  Financial trouble that makes it hard to pay for treatment. 3
  5. 5. DRUG DE-ADDICTION & REHAB. Centre, PANTANG LEVEL 500 CENTRAL UNIVERSITY COLLEGE DEPT.OF ARCHITECTURE ARC/10/01/1221 MICHAEL FOSU BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE - THESIS A I M  TO PROVIDE AN ARCHITECTURAL RESPONSE TO SOCIETY’S HEALTH NEEDS BY CREATING A DETOX FACILITY WHICH IS READY TO MOTIVATE , INSPIRE & HELP DRUG ADDICTS IN THEIR BATTLE TO OVERCOME ADDICTION. O B J E C T I V E S CREATE A PLACE THAT CAN ENHANCE HOLISTIC TREATMENT FOR DRUG ADDICTED PATIENTS. CREATING A THERAPEUTIC ENVIRONMENT WHICH WILL BE DEVOID OF INSTITUTIONAL OR PRISON MENTALITY DESIGN CONCEPT M E T H O D O L O G Y DESIGN CONSIDERATION  To create a link between the existing psychiatric hospitals & the proposed rehab centre for drug addicts S C O P E The project entails the planning and design scheme of both inpatient and out patient drug de addiction facility which comprises:  Patient’s accommodation  Therapy(All forms)  Recreational areas  Monitoring center(support facility) PROJECT SPONSORS There is an appropriate recommendation that the proposed facility should have a prototype in all 10 regions of Ghana which will go a long to minimize and cure the rate of addiction among the youth of the country. PA THP MC R Introduction DESIGN PRINCIPLES  Recovery oriented & patient centered  Therapeutic environment  Safe ,secured & protected environment DRUG ADDICTS (15 -30YRS) IN GHANA WITH BOTH MILD & SEVERE CONDITIONS. 4
  6. 6. DRUG DE-ADDICTION & REHAB. Centre, PANTANG LEVEL 500 CENTRAL UNIVERSITY COLLEGE DEPT.OF ARCHITECTURE ARC/10/01/1221 MICHAEL FOSU BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE - THESIS Case study The aim of this case study is to identify the standard requirements of spaces for the design of a rehab centers for addicts. REHABILITATION CENTRE FOR DRUG ADDICTS Designed by : KATY YAISA REYES MAJOR AREAS Derived from AutoCAD library (Google) circulation patterns spatial arrangement basic areas The layout design illustrates a major path from the main pedestrian access from which the facilities were placed both on the left and right side. the pedestrian path serves as a symmetrical axis linking the facilities. An asymmetrical balance as the ordering design principle for the layout design. A. General parking B. Reception and administration C. Hall D. Cafeteria E. Vocational workshops F. Therapy and counseling G. Recreation Area H. Accommodation c About 50% percent of the layout was used for landscaping and recreational purposes to create healing and relaxing spaces for the users of the facility. The use of fountains also helps in performing the function as the green landscape. Position of cafeteria for easy access H 5
  7. 7. DRUG DE-ADDICTION & REHAB. Centre, PANTANG LEVEL 500 CENTRAL UNIVERSITY COLLEGE DEPT.OF ARCHITECTURE ARC/10/01/1221 MICHAEL FOSU BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE - THESIS PSYCO/GROUP THERAPY DORMETORY PHYSIOTHERAPY REHABILITATION CENTER Derived from AutoCAD library (Google) BIOSOUND THERAPY RECREATIONAL AREA COUSELLING THERAPY SPACE INCORPORATION OF LANDSCAPE SPACES FOR SOCIAL INTERACTION AND AS A THERAPEUTIC EFFECT. CONCLUSION  Proposed Design Will Therefore Follow The Same Principles.  All Case Studies Have Similar Arrangement Of Major Spaces.  The Use Of Landscape In The Case Studies Serves A Therapeutic Purpose Which Aids In Providing Stress Free And Smooth Healing Environment. Group therapy space [Fitness] Case study
  8. 8. DRUG DE-ADDICTION & REHAB. Centre, PANTANG LEVEL 500 CENTRAL UNIVERSITY COLLEGE DEPT.OF ARCHITECTURE ARC/10/01/1221 MICHAEL FOSU BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE - THESIS RECOVERY CENTRE LEDGEHILL DRUG ADDICTION &  Location: Canada LANDSCAPING OF THE LEDGEHILL DRUG & RECOVERY CENTRE Site of a 1800’s farm the property covers more than 110 acres of fields and woods. Formerly a corporate training centre and a 4 star inn. Numerous paths and quiet areas are found around the property. Ariel view “Reconnect with nature and the outdoors” NATURAL ELEMENTS  TREES  PLANTS  FLOWERS  ROCKS  WATER BODIES  COLORS INTERIOR FEATURES Private & away from  Distraction  Temptation ADAPTATIONS & CONCLUSION Surroundings and place play an important part in recovery. AREAS & SPACES  Library  Counseling rooms  Accommodation  gardens  Water features to cool the environment.  Vegetation to remove dust pollutants, therapeutic treatments  Gardens [reduce stress] NATURAL GARDENSWATER GARDEN Case study 7
  9. 9. DRUG DE-ADDICTION & REHAB. Centre, PANTANG LEVEL 500 CENTRAL UNIVERSITY COLLEGE DEPT.OF ARCHITECTURE ARC/10/01/1221 MICHAEL FOSU BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE - THESIS ALTA MIRA Residential treatment Centre whose mission is to provide hope, strength and inspiration for individuals and families suffering from addiction. ADDICTION CENTRE Location: Sausalito,carlifonia FITNESS COUSELLING THERAPY KAYAKING OUTDOOR COUNSELLING AMENITIES & HOLISTIC SERVICES  Single ,double & private rooms  Yoga ,acapunture,massage & guided meditation  Physical therapy  Nutritional counseling CONCLUSION The rational behind the addiction centre is to engage patients more into physical activities to enhance successful recovery.  Reconnect with their bodies  Care for their spirit  Reignite their sense of fun and adventure PATIENTS Landscape Dayroom OUTDOOR SWIMMING Case study 8
  10. 10. DRUG DE-ADDICTION & REHAB. Centre, PANTANG LEVEL 500 CENTRAL UNIVERSITY COLLEGE DEPT.OF ARCHITECTURE ARC/10/01/1221 MICHAEL FOSU BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE - THESIS HOLISTIC TREATMENT SOCIOMETRY HOLISTIC APPROACH VERBAL THERAPIES PHYSICAL & RELAXATION ACTIVITIES CREATIVE & EXPRESSIVE ACTIVITIES RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES UNDER THE SUPERVISION OF A DOCTOR MUSIC THERAPY FITNESS BIOSOUNDART THERAPY Symptoms According to national institute of drug abuse,90 days golden standard for treatment.  Change old behaviors  Learn new habits  Gain deeper understanding of recovery  Learn new coping tools Special study 9
  11. 11. DRUG DE-ADDICTION & REHAB. Centre, PANTANG LEVEL 500 CENTRAL UNIVERSITY COLLEGE DEPT.OF ARCHITECTURE ARC/10/01/1221 MICHAEL FOSU BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE - THESIS OUTPATIENT SERVICE Special study INPATIENT SERVICE Outpatient service offers treatment to patients without staying overnight. Provides flexible times that allow individuals to participate in both their daily affairs and treatment. It is common to continue outpatient treatment after a 90-day drug rehab program has been completed. The inpatient service is normally inpatient facilities. During this time, patients live at the facility and interact with their peers and doctors. This allows for medical care to be available at all times, which is perfect for those who may have psychological dependencies that need assistance. 90 days rehab program  Moderate to severe addiction condition What will be treated:  Heroin addiction Behavioral addiction  Anorexia Substance abuse  Alcohol addiction  Marijuana addiction Cocaine addiction  Love addiction  Sex addiction  Gambling addiction  Bulimia 30 days rehab program 60 days rehab program  Mild to moderate addiction condition  Mild addiction condition Marijuana addictionGambling addiction Sex addiction Bulimia Anorexia Alcohol addiction Heroin addiction 10
  12. 12. DRUG DE-ADDICTION & REHAB. Centre, PANTANG LEVEL 500 CENTRAL UNIVERSITY COLLEGE DEPT.OF ARCHITECTURE ARC/10/01/1221 MICHAEL FOSU BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE - THESIS CHARACTERISTICSOFHEALINGGARDENSFORDRUGADDICTS Gardens Nature plays a great role in reducing stress. Gardens will be incorporated in the design to help rehab consumers work out stress.  will create environment for outdoor work and interaction. WALKWAYS Special study “PATIENTS RECONNECTINGWITH NATURE “ THERAPEUTIC GARDENS Design principles for a successful garden  Variety of spaces: both group and solitary occupancy  A prevalence of green material  Encourages exercise  Provides positive distraction  Minimize intrusions  Minimize ambiguity FUNCTION OF THERAPEUTIC GARDEN - Aid in clinical treatment injury and illness (e.g. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, physical disabilities) - Provide a positive distraction from illness and concerns - Reduce stress and blood pressure. - Normalize the environment, the setting, offer more “real life” application for treatment. - Improve mood, function and socialization. Therapeutic garden: A therapeutic garden includes aspect that promotes restoration and more than any other garden types. The purpose of a therapeutic garden is the intent to support the patient’s cure and recovery in the medical environment. It can imply treatment or a remedy with the expectation of a positive measurable outcome. 11
  13. 13. DRUG DE-ADDICTION & REHAB. Centre, PANTANG LEVEL 500 CENTRAL UNIVERSITY COLLEGE DEPT.OF ARCHITECTURE ARC/10/01/1221 MICHAEL FOSU BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE - THESIS SUSTAINABLE CONSIDERATIONS A biogas can be fed with human and animal waste, kitchen waste and crops to produce gas for electricity, cooking and lighting. The proposed facility will take advantage of the fuel produce from the biogas for cooking RAINWATER HARVESTING Rainwater which falls on roof will be collected and in underground to ensure adequate supply of water throughout the year Special study Incorporating multiple courtyard systems  Provides safe and secured environment with minimum supervision  Enhances different and multiple activities  Improves ventilation Predominant use of natural ventilation & lighting Use of solar power as alternative energy supply 19
  14. 14. DRUG DE-ADDICTION & REHAB. Centre, PANTANG LEVEL 500 CENTRAL UNIVERSITY COLLEGE DEPT.OF ARCHITECTURE ARC/10/01/1221 MICHAEL FOSU BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE - THESIS COLOUR PSYCHOLOGY Special study Blue Peaceful, comfortable, contemplative, restful Black Despondent, ominous, powerful, strong White Cool, pure, clean Yellow Cheerful, inspiring, vital Purple Dignified, mournful Red Stimulating, hot, active, happy Green Calm, serene, quiet, refreshing General Guide To Assist In Selection Of Appropriate Colours which will be used in spaces Cool colours Warm colours 12
  15. 15. DRUG DE-ADDICTION & REHAB. Centre, PANTANG LEVEL 500 CENTRAL UNIVERSITY COLLEGE DEPT.OF ARCHITECTURE ARC/10/01/1221 MICHAEL FOSU BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE - THESIS SECURITY Closed circuit television – To monitor both staff and patient’s activities. Hidden cameras will also be used in the facility Way finding and signage Way finding and signage that allows patients and visitors to navigate to and throughout any mental health unit Tamperproof electrical appliances Appropriate Materials used in health facility TREATEMENT OF EXPOSED COLUMNS Cladding exposed /stand alone columns with soft cladding materials like wood ,plastic or foam reduces injury on collision. FIRE SAFETY Special study Nurse Station 13
  16. 16. DRUG DE-ADDICTION & REHAB. Centre, PANTANG LEVEL 500 CENTRAL UNIVERSITY COLLEGE DEPT.OF ARCHITECTURE ARC/10/01/1221 MICHAEL FOSU BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE - THESIS Site LOCATION GREATER ACCRA REGION The proposed [DDA] & rehab facility is going to be sited in greater Accra region. GA DISTRICT NEAR TO PANTANG VILLAGE. JUSTIFICATION PANTANG- ABOKOBI ROAD MADINA -ABURI ROAD 1.5 KILOMETERS OFF THE MAIN ACCRA-ABURI . 26 KILOMETERS FROM THE CENTRE OF ACCRA.  Apparently, Pantang hospital has an area demarcated for a proposed drug addiction centre  From observations, locating the site closer to the psychiatric hospital will also serve as a deterrence for drug addicts whom do not wish to end in the psychiatric hospital  Site Is Surrounded By A Community To Serve As Support For Social, Cultural And Spiritual Activity.  The proposed site is secluded away from the CBS enhancing privacy and avoidance of distraction to addicts. Population: 244,226 people Density : 1,391/km2 F a c t s 5°43′04″N 0°11′22″W The village is under the jurisdiction of the Ga East Municipal District and is in the Abokobi-Madina constituency of the Ghana parliament PROPOSED SITE 14
  17. 17. DRUG DE-ADDICTION & REHAB. Centre, PANTANG LEVEL 500 CENTRAL UNIVERSITY COLLEGE DEPT.OF ARCHITECTURE ARC/10/01/1221 MICHAEL FOSU BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE - THESIS Base map LEGEND Pantang hospital Industrial area Pantang – Abokobi road 15
  18. 18. DRUG DE-ADDICTION & REHAB. Centre, PANTANG LEVEL 500 CENTRAL UNIVERSITY COLLEGE DEPT.OF ARCHITECTURE ARC/10/01/1221 MICHAEL FOSU BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE - THESIS Site Annual rainfall : 730mm Mean day temp: 27 – 30 •c Mean night temp: 21 – 23 •c Mean annual day sunshine: 8hrs CRITERIA for site selection  Presence of an existing mental hospital  Land size  Orientation Architecture & setting Blend of traditional & modern buildings Site can found in Rural district  View  Topography  Privacy RESIDENTIAL AREA Total area:30 acres Mode of transportation Cars ,motorcycles, bicycle Peak season: July &August Rainy season : starts from May to September /October RESIDENTIAL AREA PANTANG HOSPITAL INDUSTRIAL AREA FACTS The Hospital was built in 1975 to serve Ghana & West Africa. Located in the pantang village in the Ga district,365 acres of land. Services Primary healthcare (OPD) to villages within 10km radius Outpatient & Inpatient Psychiatric (severe mental disorder) Treatment & rehabilitation STATS UNDEVELOPED AREA ZONING IN CONTEXT WITH SURROUNDING AREAS - PANTANG M M MORTUARY 16
  19. 19. DRUG DE-ADDICTION & REHAB. Centre, PANTANG LEVEL 500 CENTRAL UNIVERSITY COLLEGE DEPT.OF ARCHITECTURE ARC/10/01/1221 MICHAEL FOSU BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE - THESIS PERIPHERAL STUDY PROPOSED SITE Existing water source The proposed site is few meters away from the hospital 4 Mins 3 Mins 5Mins 7 Mins Site TravellingDistance 1 1.Micheletti 2.Trsaco 3. Wards 4 3 2 6. Staff Bungalows5. Staff Acc. View to Aburi Hills 6 4. Occ. Therapy dpt. 17
  20. 20. DRUG DE-ADDICTION & REHAB. Centre, PANTANG LEVEL 500 CENTRAL UNIVERSITY COLLEGE DEPT.OF ARCHITECTURE ARC/10/01/1221 MICHAEL FOSU BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE - THESIS ANALYSIS View from east View from south View from north Water source Unavailability of portable water and electricity will Raise options of providing CONCLUSION  Alternative energy supply  rainwater storage and treatment  bio gas for the generation of fuel and energy. Peripherals Site PANTANGHOSPITALAccess to the site is not defined Privacy and less noise MERITS DEMERITS The site has no electricity /water supply OPPORTUNITIES THREATS Water on site not conducive for drinking due to pollution There is an existing industrial company (Michelleti) which might cause noise pollution SOUTHWEST MOSOON WINDS [ PREVALANT WIND DIRECTION Scale 1:200 X-X Y-Y  Proposed solar plant ROYAL ALUMINIUM AREA.PANTANG HOSPITAL. PROPOSED ITE LANDSIZE: 35Acres Undeveloped Area PROPOSED ITE PANTANG ROAD ROYAL ALUM. LTD PANTANG HOSPITAL Gentle slope Soil type is a mixture of loam &sandy Streetlights Vegetation cover Good views from the site to the Aburi mountains Serenity of the site due to presence of greenery There exists a water source on the site this could be used for recreational purposes 207 213 18
  21. 21. DRUG DE-ADDICTION & REHAB. Centre, PANTANG LEVEL 500 CENTRAL UNIVERSITY COLLEGE DEPT.OF ARCHITECTURE ARC/10/01/1221 MICHAEL FOSU BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE - THESIS Philosophy & concept The main philosophybehind the design :  Healing environment  Safety & security  Sense of communal living  Patient - centered The design seek to provide an environment which will expedite the recovery of patients through the creation of the following Nature is said to reduce stress & improve clinical outcomes(Ulrich,2002).therefore the incorporation of more greeneries & gardens will be created for patients to have a view and also have contact with them “SERENITY FOR HEALING” The main concepts behind the design MODERNISM Using natural colours This can be achieved by;  Creating an environment with therapeutic effects on • Colour • material • texture  Creating a healing environment with the introduction of therapeutic gardens “CONNECTING OF INTERIOR & EXTERIOR SPACES Themes of modernist architecture  simplicity and clarity of forms  visual expression of structure  use of industrially-produced materials; adoption of the machine aesthetic  A visual emphasis on horizontal and vertical lines  The result of design should derive directly from its purpose
  22. 22. DRUG DE-ADDICTION & REHAB. Centre, PANTANG LEVEL 500 CENTRAL UNIVERSITY COLLEGE DEPT.OF ARCHITECTURE ARC/10/01/1221 MICHAEL FOSU BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE - THESIS Brief Development This design seeks to involve the community in the treatment and rehabilitation of people with several levels of drug addiction. Due to the nature of the de addiction treatment, it makes it very difficult for families or community to wean the victims of the addiction; therefore there is a need for such a facility to house them and provide them with all the necessary amenities to help in their recovery and rehabilitation.
  23. 23. DRUG DE-ADDICTION & REHAB. Centre, PANTANG LEVEL 500 CENTRAL UNIVERSITY COLLEGE DEPT.OF ARCHITECTURE ARC/10/01/1221 MICHAEL FOSU BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE - THESIS Programming Activity cycle of Patients Groups of Patients ACCESS to the facility: riding, driving and walking OUTPATIENT: for treatment, diagnosis, drugs and examination INPATIENT: severe level of addicted patients are temporarily detained for treatment, observation and rehabilitation REHABILITATION: addicts are treated and inpatients who have recovered are taken through rehabilitation programmes OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY DEPARTMENT: Both inpatients and out patients are taught some training to prepare them for their communities Major areas in a drug rehab facility Inpatient Mental Health Unit Relationship Diagram
  24. 24. DRUG DE-ADDICTION & REHAB. Centre, PANTANG LEVEL 500 CENTRAL UNIVERSITY COLLEGE DEPT.OF ARCHITECTURE ARC/10/01/1221 MICHAEL FOSU BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE - THESIS CASE STUDIES OF MAJOR AREAS IN A REHAB CENTER FOR DRUG ADDICTS A. General parking B. Reception C. Women's ward A B CD E F ADACCV DRUG TREATEMENT FACILITY SAN ANGELO ,TEXAS D. Men’s ward E. Detox & therapy F. Workshop G. Accommodation GENERAL LAYOUT / MAJOR AREAS DETOX AREA ADMINISTRATION AND OUTPATIENT DEPT. G Recreational area Admin & o.p.d cafeteria Inpatient Accomm. Derived from AutoCAD library (Google) Case study 6
  25. 25. DRUG DE-ADDICTION & REHAB. Centre, PANTANG LEVEL 500 CENTRAL UNIVERSITY COLLEGE DEPT.OF ARCHITECTURE ARC/10/01/1221 MICHAEL FOSU BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE - THESIS Brief Development Provide a detox facility Detox facility Inpatient service Recreational areas Therapeutic services Outpatient service Reception Waiting area Nurse Station Patient’s Rooms (50 beds) Washrooms Storage Lounge Dining room Dayroom Kitchens Multipurpose areas Gardens/ Courtyard Relaxing and meditating areas Examination rooms INITIAL CONSULTATION COLLECTION OF PATIENT’S INFO HEALTH EVALUATION DETOX STARTS INPATIENT ACCOMM. Reception Waiting Area Nurse station Records Detox ward Sauna room Bio sound room Storage Staff Lounges Kitchenette Staff Common Area Meeting Area Laboratory Medical store Therapeutic Garden ADMIN.& O.P.D •THIS PROGRAM REQUIRES THE PATIENT TO CHECK INTO THE FACILITY TO COMPLETE THE ENTIRE DETOX PROCESS INPATIENT PROGRAM •TREATING INDIVIDUALS FOR SEVERAL HOURS A DAY OVER THE COURSE OF FEW WEEKS TILL THE ENTIRE DETOX IS COMPLETE OUTPATIENT PROGRAM Mini football Park Basketball Court Volleyball Court Table tennis Storages Washrooms RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES TYPES OF DETOX PROGRAMS Art Room Textiles, Offices Washroom Exhibition hall Catering Kitchenette Classrooms Music therapy Library OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY MAJOR AREAS AND SUB AREAS GENERIC FLOW CHART (DETOX) ANXILLIARY UTILITY 20
  26. 26. DRUG DE-ADDICTION & REHAB. Centre, PANTANG LEVEL 500 CENTRAL UNIVERSITY COLLEGE DEPT.OF ARCHITECTURE ARC/10/01/1221 MICHAEL FOSU BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE - THESIS Brief Development DETOX TREATMENT PROCESS FAMILY INVOLVEMENT IS KEY TO PATIENT’S RECOVERY GROUPS OF PATIENTS Single RECEPTION INTAKE PROCESS Information about patient’s drug history and prior use will be taken and recorded by a clinical psychologist LABORATORY TEST Helps evaluate patients health to be able to determine if a patient needs to be detoxified TREATMENT PLAN A therapist will devise a treatment plan that is specific to patient’s individual needs COUNSELLING DETOX Family DETOX STARTS SPECIAL THERAPY
  27. 27. DRUG DE-ADDICTION & REHAB. Centre, PANTANG LEVEL 500 CENTRAL UNIVERSITY COLLEGE DEPT.OF ARCHITECTURE ARC/10/01/1221 MICHAEL FOSU BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE - THESIS ACCOMMODATION SCHEDULE OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY DEPT. SPACES DESCRIPTION QUAN. SIZE (m2) Textiles With working space, storages (raw materials and finished products), office Max. 6 people 1 11x5 55m2 Catering With working space, storages (raw food), office Max. 5 people 11x5 55m2 Art & painting Office, storage 1 11x5 55m2 Dancing and music With dancing space, office and storage 1 11x5 55m2 220m2 + 20% FOR CIRCULATION = 220.2m2 22 ADMIN & DETOX BLOCK SPACES DESCRIPTION QUAN. SIZE (m2) Reception 1 10x12 12m2 Nurse station 8 3 x 4 12m2 Offices 15 3.5 x3.5 12.25m2 Detox wards 4 7.5 x 6.5 48.5 Recovery wards 4 7.5 x 6.5 48.5 Laboratory 1 7 x 4.5 48.5 Med store 1 4.5x4.5 20.25m2 kitchenette 2 2.X 2 4m2 Storage 4 3x2 6m2 Staff rest areas 4 4x5 20m2 lounge 1 4.5x4.5 20.25m2 Interactive area 1 4x10 40m2 washroom Staff and patients 4 Courtyards 2 14x7.5 Behavorial counseling rooms 2 7.5x4.5 48.5 Audio visual lecture room 2 7.5x 4.5 48.5 Bio sound room 4 7.5x7.5 48.5 1486m2 + 20% FOR CIRCULATION = 1486.2m2
  28. 28. DRUG DE-ADDICTION & REHAB. Centre, PANTANG LEVEL 500 CENTRAL UNIVERSITY COLLEGE DEPT.OF ARCHITECTURE ARC/10/01/1221 MICHAEL FOSU BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE - THESIS PATIENT ACCOMMODATIONS SPACES DESCRIPTION QUAN. SIZE (m2) Patient Accommodation 1 in a room 2 in a room 25 4.5x4 2143,7m2 Visitors washroom 2 3.5 x 4 28m2 Sick bay 2 4.5x4 36m2 Surveillance room 2 3x 2.5 2206.9m2 Nurses’ station 4 3.5x 3 10.5 Staff area or unit 2 3x4 24m2 Reception with visitors lounge 2 5 x 5 50m2 Dayroom 2 5 x6.5 65m2 ACCOMMODATION SCHEDULE 21 CAFETERIA & EXHIBITION HALL SPACES DESCRIPTION QUAN. SIZE (m2) Eating area 1 12943x8150 194145m2 Service counter 1 2.5 x 3.5 8.75m2 kitchen 1 3.5x3 10.5 Office 1 2.5 x 2.5 6.25 storage 1 3 x 2 6m2 TOTAL 194176m2 RECREATIONAL AREA SPACES DESCRIPTION QUAN. SIZE (m2) Multipurpose court 1 13500x15250 TOTAL 205,875m2 ISOLATION WARDS SPACES DESCRIPTION QUAN. SIZE (m2) Nurse station 2 2.5x2.5 6.25m2 reception 2 6x4 24m2 rooms 8 3.5x2.5 8.75 Treatment room 2 4x5 20m2 staff 2 3.5x2.5 8.75m2 TOTAL 67.75m2 4563m2 + 20% FOR CIRCULATION = 4564m2 194176m2 + 20% FOR CIRCULATION = 194176.2m2 m2 + 20% FOR CIRCULATION = 67.95m2
  29. 29. DRUG DE-ADDICTION & REHAB. Centre, PANTANG LEVEL 500 CENTRAL UNIVERSITY COLLEGE DEPT.OF ARCHITECTURE ARC/10/01/1221 MICHAEL FOSU BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE - THESIS Conceptual site planning SITE EXISTING N The Site is gently inclined towards south about 10 degrees with respect to the north facing upwards The Site has slopes rising about 1m from the extreme north and 500mm from the east The Site has a huge vegetation with different species of trees plants which will be invaluable for the establishment of the proposed therapeutic gardens The Site’s major access road is directly from the front . There is possible secondary road which can equally have access to the site through the hospital The Site is divided into (3) basic zones.  The public zone like the main detox block, should be facing towards the road.  Semi-private zone like inpatient activities and cafeteria come in the middle  Private zone : accommodation
  30. 30. DRUG DE-ADDICTION & REHAB. Centre, PANTANG LEVEL 500 CENTRAL UNIVERSITY COLLEGE DEPT.OF ARCHITECTURE ARC/10/01/1221 MICHAEL FOSU BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE - THESIS Conceptual Detox building Special Detox building Male isolation ward female isolation ward cafeteria Occupational therapy Male accommodation female accommodation Main entrance into facility from the parking area A therapeutic courtyard With both soft & hard landscape A Proposed parking area Internal therapeutic courtyard With both soft & hard landscape E B c B Therapeutic court E Recreational areas Proposed services route F F Service yard Ventilation The layout allows proper ventilated due to the incorporation of courtyards and large openings Shaded walkways ,corridors ,stairs. Lifts and courtyards are used as circulation in the building Circulation Storey Height Due to the function and nature of the occupants the facility will range between 1-2 storey height Proposed therapeutic gardens Public zone Private zone D
  31. 31. DRUG DE-ADDICTION & REHAB. Centre, PANTANG LEVEL 500 CENTRAL UNIVERSITY COLLEGE DEPT.OF ARCHITECTURE ARC/10/01/1221 MICHAEL FOSU BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE - THESIS 3 D impression ALAFIA STREET FROM ACCRA AERIAL VIEW OF THE FACILITY( SOUTH WEST) PANTANG LINKED ROUTE RECREATIONAL AREA
  32. 32. DRUG DE-ADDICTION & REHAB. Centre, PANTANG LEVEL 500 CENTRAL UNIVERSITY COLLEGE DEPT.OF ARCHITECTURE ARC/10/01/1221 MICHAEL FOSU BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE - THESIS 3 D impression AERIAL VIEW OF THE FACILITY(NORTH) THERAPEUTIC GARDENS INPATIENT ACCOMMODATION SPECIAL DETOX BUILDING MAIN ENTRANCEPEDESTRIAN ACCESS CAR PARK
  33. 33. DRUG DE-ADDICTION & REHAB. Centre, PANTANG LEVEL 500 CENTRAL UNIVERSITY COLLEGE DEPT.OF ARCHITECTURE ARC/10/01/1221 MICHAEL FOSU BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE - THESIS 3 D impression FRONT /ENTRANCE VIEW INTO MAIN DETOX BLOCK
  34. 34. DRUG DE-ADDICTION & REHAB. Centre, PANTANG LEVEL 500 CENTRAL UNIVERSITY COLLEGE DEPT.OF ARCHITECTURE ARC/10/01/1221 MICHAEL FOSU BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE - THESIS 3 D impression RECEPTION (DETOX BLOCK)
  35. 35. DRUG DE-ADDICTION & REHAB. Centre, PANTANG LEVEL 500 CENTRAL UNIVERSITY COLLEGE DEPT.OF ARCHITECTURE ARC/10/01/1221 MICHAEL FOSU BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE - THESIS 3 D impression CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGIST OFFICE
  36. 36. DRUG DE-ADDICTION & REHAB. Centre, PANTANG LEVEL 500 CENTRAL UNIVERSITY COLLEGE DEPT.OF ARCHITECTURE ARC/10/01/1221 MICHAEL FOSU BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE - THESIS 3 D impression THERAPEUTIC COURTYARD
  37. 37. DRUG DE-ADDICTION & REHAB. Centre, PANTANG LEVEL 500 CENTRAL UNIVERSITY COLLEGE DEPT.OF ARCHITECTURE ARC/10/01/1221 MICHAEL FOSU BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE - THESIS 3 D impression DETOX WARD
  38. 38. DRUG DE-ADDICTION & REHAB. Centre, PANTANG LEVEL 500 CENTRAL UNIVERSITY COLLEGE DEPT.OF ARCHITECTURE ARC/10/01/1221 MICHAEL FOSU BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE - THESIS 3 D impression PEDESTRIAN FOOT BRIDGE CONNECTING SPECIAL DETOX BLOCK
  39. 39. DRUG DE-ADDICTION & REHAB. Centre, PANTANG LEVEL 500 CENTRAL UNIVERSITY COLLEGE DEPT.OF ARCHITECTURE ARC/10/01/1221 MICHAEL FOSU BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE - THESIS 3 D impression RECREATIONAL AREAS EASTERN VIEW OF DETOX FACILITY
  40. 40. DRUG DE-ADDICTION & REHAB. Centre, PANTANG LEVEL 500 CENTRAL UNIVERSITY COLLEGE DEPT.OF ARCHITECTURE ARC/10/01/1221 MICHAEL FOSU BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE - THESIS Structural details POST AND BEAM STRUCTURAL SYSTEM DETOX BLOCK PEDESTRIAN FOOTBRIDGE
  41. 41. DRUG DE-ADDICTION & REHAB. Centre, PANTANG LEVEL 500 CENTRAL UNIVERSITY COLLEGE DEPT.OF ARCHITECTURE ARC/10/01/1221 MICHAEL FOSU BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE - THESIS Structural details STRUCTURAL SYSTEM SHOWING OVERALL BUILDING FRAME(ARIEL VIEW) OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY BLOCK

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