Keyline without a tractor for small farms

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Keyline without a tractor for small farms

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Keyline without a tractor for small farms

  1. 1. keyline contour Keyline System For the Small Tropical Farm
  2. 2. ridge ridge ridge ridge Understanding Tropical Rain Drainage Gulley Gulley Gulley Gulley Water runs from dry ridges to flooded gullies.
  3. 3. Yoeman’s Keyline Design Large Scale Tropical Farm
  4. 4. Large Scale Tropical Farm
  5. 5. Large Scale Tropical Farm
  6. 6. Large Scale Tropical Farm
  7. 7. Large Scale Tropical Farm
  8. 8. Large Scale Tropical Farm
  9. 9. Large Scale Tropical Farm
  10. 10. Large Scale Tropical Farm
  11. 11. Large Scale Tropical Farm
  12. 12. Large Scale Tropical Farm
  13. 13. Large Scale Tropical Farm
  14. 14. Contour FarmingContour Farming S.A.L.T. Sloping Agricultural Land Technology Small Scale Tropical Farm
  15. 15. Perennial Shrubs and Hedges Napier Grass Legume shrubs Productive height 2 meter Cut down to 1 meter Small Scale Tropical Farm
  16. 16. S.A.L.T. "sloping agricultural land technology" Small Scale Tropical Farm
  17. 17. S.A.L.T. Simple Agro-Livestock Technology (SALT 2) Sustainable Agro-forest Land Technology (SALT 3) Small Agro-Livelihood Technology (SALT 4) Small Scale Tropical Farm
  18. 18. Small Scale Tropical Farm
  19. 19. Small Scale Tropical Farm
  20. 20. Small Scale Tropical Farm
  21. 21. Small Scale Tropical Farm
  22. 22. Small Scale Tropical Farm
  23. 23. Mani Mani - Don’t let cuttings dry out Triconthera- 3 nodes per cutting Napier-3 nodes Vetivar space 15 cm Small Scale Tropical Farm
  24. 24. Small Scale Tropical Farm Contour stops erosion but ridges still dry out
  25. 25. Swale 3 Contour swales impound water while it soaks in and have their place
  26. 26. Contour swales impound water while it soaks in and have their place
  27. 27. The Swale Water percolates through to the lower soil 2 waysWater provides extra growth potential in the soil system Contour swales impound water while it soaks in and have their place
  28. 28. swale Contour swales impound water while it soaks in and have their place
  29. 29. 5 year Master development plan - 3 hectares - tropical - 1,600mm annual rainfall 30% pasture, 30% forest,15% water, 25% fruits/vegetables swales swales swales swales swales Pond 00 Pond 0 Pond 1 Pond 2 Pond 3 Pond 4Pond 5 Pond 00 - ridge dam Pond 0 - contour dam Pond 1 - contour dam Pond 2 - barrier/check dam Pond 3 - keyline dam Pond 4 - saddle dam Pond 5 - ridge dam 12,000L rainwater storage W aterharvestinghardware -household& road Waterharvesting hardware-road
  30. 30. Vetiver Deep rooted tropical grass
  31. 31. Vetiver Deep rooted tropical grass • Non invasive • Tillering - non running • Economical • Erosion stopper
  32. 32. Vetiver Deep rooted tropical grass • Non invasive • Tillering - non running • Economical • Erosion stopper
  33. 33. King of Siam Vetiver Deep rooted tropical grass • Non invasive • Tillering - non running • Economical • Erosion stopper
  34. 34. Vetiver Deep rooted tropical grass • Non invasive • Tillering - non running • Economical • Erosion stopper
  35. 35. Vetiver Deep rooted tropical grass • Non invasive • Tillering - non running • Economical • Erosion stopper
  36. 36. Vetiver Deep rooted tropical grass • Non invasive • Tillering - non running • Economical • Erosion stopper
  37. 37. Vetiver Deep rooted tropical grass • Non invasive • Tillering - non running • Economical • Erosion stopper
  38. 38. Vetiver Deep rooted tropical grass • Non invasive • Tillering - non running • Economical • Erosion stopper
  39. 39. Vetiver Deep rooted tropical grass • Non invasive • Tillering - non running • Economical • Erosion stopper
  40. 40. Vetiver Deep rooted tropical grass • Non invasive • Tillering - non running • Economical • Erosion stopper
  41. 41. Vetiver Deep rooted tropical grass • Non invasive • Tillering - non running • Economical • Erosion stopper
  42. 42. Vetiver Super bound non-erosion
  43. 43. 15 cm spacing = 7 slips/m = 700 slips/100m = P42,000 / kilometer @ P6.00/slip Vetiver Super bound non-erosion
  44. 44. Vetiver Super bound non-erosion
  45. 45. Vetiver Super bound non-erosion
  46. 46. Vetiver Super bound non-erosion
  47. 47. Vetiver Super bound non-erosion
  48. 48. Vetiver Super bound non-erosion
  49. 49. Vetiver Super bound non-erosion
  50. 50. Vetiver Super bound non-erosion
  51. 51. Vetiver Super bound non-erosion
  52. 52. Vetiver Super bound non-erosion
  53. 53. Vetiver Super bound non-erosion
  54. 54. Vetiver Super bound non-erosion
  55. 55. Roots fail to interlock
  56. 56. Root and shoot pruning
  57. 57. Livestock feed
  58. 58. Livestock feed
  59. 59. Livestock feed
  60. 60. Livestock feed
  61. 61. Off Contour triangle The adjustment is suttle: 1”/yard (2cm/meter)
  62. 62. Off Contour triangle The adjustment is suttle: 1”/yard (2cm/meter)
  63. 63. Off Contour triangle The adjustment is suttle: 1”/yard (2cm/meter) Down to ridges, up to gullies! Do not turn the apparatus but lead with appropriate leg.
  64. 64. keyline contour
  65. 65. 2000 slips Direct Planting
  66. 66. 2000 slips Direct Planting
  67. 67. Inoculation 2000 slips Direct Planting
  68. 68. EM Dip Inoculation Direct Planting
  69. 69. Mycorrhizal Dip Inoculation Direct Planting
  70. 70. 6 months6 months
  71. 71. 12 months12 months
  72. 72. 10 months in drum10 months in drum
  73. 73. 10 months in drum10 months in drum
  74. 74. 10 months in drum10 months in drum
  75. 75. 10 months in bag10 months in bag Best nursery practiceBest nursery practice
  76. 76. 6 months in aquaponics6 months in aquaponics
  77. 77. Vetiver soil stabilizationVetiver soil stabilization

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