A3 Aquaponics - filter,feed and fish

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Aquaponic applications for the small farm are becoming all the rage, but how can it truly produce profitably? You need a complete system that supplies it's own feed that is mercury free, soy free, GMO free.

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A3 Aquaponics - filter,feed and fish

  1. 1. N2 Denitrification NO2 NO3 Nitrification NH3 Ion Balance H+ NH4+ Gas Stripping TAN Mineralization BOD Bacteria Solids Alkalinity Addition CO2 BOD Reduction Dissolved Refractory Management Inert Aeration Solids O2 Solids RemovalModified version from Ronald F. Malone, Dept of Civil Engineering, Louisiana State University
  2. 2. Conventional Aquaponics Grow Medium: Perlite, rock wool, coir, peat, synthetic Tank Solids Hydroponic Biofilter SumpCulture Removal Subsystem Plants Grown in soil less medium Flood and Drain Raft method NFT
  3. 3. Bacci tower installed
  4. 4. Vortex Filter Gravity Settled solidsSettled Solids Catchment
  5. 5. Combined Aquaponics Grow Medium: Perlite, rock wool, coir, peat, synthetic Supplemental Aeration Tank Solids Hydroponic Biofilter SumpCulture Removal Subsystem Plants Grown in soil less medium Flood and Drain Raft method--DWC NFT
  6. 6. Second bed prototype NFT (Nutrient Film Technique)
  7. 7. Advanced Aquaponics Grow Medium: Gravel for Flood and Drain Potting soil (Wick) for Raft and NFT Tank Solids Hydroponic Biofilter SumpCulture Removal Subsystem Plants Grown in soil, compost etc. Flood and Drain Raft method NFT
  8. 8. Ebb and Flow
  9. 9. Convenient Aquaponics Grow Medium: Gravel for Flood and Drain Potting soil (Wick) for Raft and NFT TankCulture Solids Hydroponic in Biofilter Removal SubsystemSump Plants Grown in soil, compost etc. Flood and Drain Raft method NFT
  10. 10. Conversion Beds Raised Soil Beds toCement Ebb and Flow
  11. 11. Convenient Aquaponics Grow Medium: Gravel for Flood and Drain Potting soil (Wick) for Raft and NFT TankCulture inSump 3/4” Gravel for Flood and Drain Ebb and Flow
  12. 12. Test prototype before you installBacci tower prototype
  13. 13. Supply distribution manifold loop
  14. 14. 4 produce cratesBacci tower installed
  15. 15. Supply distribution manifold loopBacci tower installed
  16. 16. Some Nutrient Exchanges in Nature CO2 waste produced by fish 2 O Suspended solids filter Ammonia fecal NH + (50% + secreted through gills and 4 urine) matter Ammonium NH3 Biofiltration Nitrifying bacteria (Nitrosomonas bacteria)Mineralization Heterotrophic CO2bacteria consumes fish waste, No - Biofilters perform optimally 2 decaying plant at a temperature nitrite 77 to range of O2 86 °F, a pH range of 7.0 to 9.0, matter Saturated DO, low BOD (<20 mg/liter) and total alkalinity of 100 mg/literand uneaten food, converting all NO - 3 (Nitrobacter)three to ammonia and other nitrate compounds.
  17. 17. Block and tackle lift
  18. 18. Low blockage high surface area
  19. 19. Block and tackle lift Low blockage high surface area
  20. 20. Block and tackle lift
  21. 21. Solids filter cartridge
  22. 22. Bacci tower
  23. 23. Culture Types Tank Pond CageFry Nursery Fingerling Nursery
  24. 24. Constant HeightOne PumpSystem Water level High Oxygen Water Sump Settled Solids Settled Solids and Low Oxygen and pump Detritus Water Detritus
  25. 25. Constant HeightOne PumpSystem Water level High Oxygen Water Sump Settled Solids Settled Solids and Low Oxygen and pump Detritus Water Detritus
  26. 26. Quic kTim e™ and a decompress orare needed to s ee this pic ture. CHOPS w/ venturi 300 L grow out tank
  27. 27. CHOPS w/ venturi300 L fingerling cage system
  28. 28. Bacci tower
  29. 29. Herb Production Ebb and Flow
  30. 30. Ebb and FlowNutrient Film Bed
  31. 31. FNSFishwater Nutrient Solution
  32. 32. FNSFishwater Nutrient Solution
  33. 33. FNS FishwaterNutrient Solution
  34. 34. FNSFishwater Nutrient Solution
  35. 35. Aloha Gourmet Salad Arugula Gotocola Dandelion Watercress Red lettuce Anjin flowers Cosmos leavesYellow amaranthGreen leaf lettuce
  36. 36. Aeration Flow Forms
  37. 37. Aeration Flow Forms
  38. 38. Aeration Flow Forms
  39. 39. Aeration Flow Forms
  40. 40. Aeration Flow Forms
  41. 41. Aeration Flow Forms
  42. 42. Aeration Flow Forms
  43. 43. Aeration Flow Form production
  44. 44. Aeration Flow Forms
  45. 45. Water/Air out Directional Vortex Water/AirAir in Air in Air stone Water in Water in Pond bottom Aeration vortex
  46. 46. VenturiSingle Motor Aeration
  47. 47. Lower pressure Higher pressureEductor type air jet - Venturi
  48. 48. Commercial VenturiEductor type air jet
  49. 49. Red Tilapia
  50. 50. Grow Your Own Feed Lettuce
  51. 51. Cage Culture Grow Your Own Feedin a recirculating pond system Feed Grow Out Bed Culture Types Tank Pond Cage
  52. 52. Cage Culture Culture Types Tank Pond Cage
  53. 53. Quic kTim e™ and a decompress orare needed to s ee this pic ture. Grow Your Own Feed High protein vegetative feed --Azzolla--
  54. 54. Timed Feeding Intestine Stomach Stomach and intestine of tilapia.White arrows show path of feed when fish are fed before thestomach empties. Tan arrows show path of feed when fish arefed at proper intervals.
  55. 55. Full time security
  56. 56. Full time security
  57. 57. Cheese cave pond Culture Types Tank Pond Cage Feed Grow Out Bed
  58. 58. Cheese cave pond Grow Your Own Feed Feed Grow Out Bed
  59. 59. NFT
  60. 60. Cheese cave pond Recycle Re-use Reduce
  61. 61. Cheese cave pond
  62. 62. NFT
  63. 63. Feeding Strategies Azolla Extensive Natural Food/ Pond Food Organisms Semi Intensive Stocking Artificial Densities Feeding Intensive
  64. 64. Grow Your Own Feed Azolla is feed for tilapia and hogs
  65. 65. Grow Your Own Feed Cosmos
  66. 66. Grow Your Own Feed Cosmos
  67. 67. Eggspresent in clumps of up to 300laying to hatching takes 1 dayLarva - 1st instar 1 1Initially feeds on fluid exuded from the mattermigrates into bodyhatching to first moult takes 1 dayLarva - 2nd instarmoves around in maggot massfirst moult to second moult takes 1 day 2 1Larva - 3rd instarstill moves in massgreatly increases in sizesecond molt to pre-pupa takes 2 days Juvenile flyPre-pupamigrates away from the corpse seeking a suitable pupation site,(usually in soil) Eats with mouth 2does not feed and vomittransforms into pupa 10 4pre-pupa to pupa takes 4 daysPuparesides within pupariumundergoes transformation from larval body form adult flydoes not feedpupa to emergence takes 10 days 9 day cycle to PupaeAdult flymates on emergence from pupafeeds on protein from body fluidslays eggs on corpse 19 day cycle to adulthoodemergence to egg laying takes 2 daysThese development times are generalized. They vary depending on the species and the temperature. 2 week lifespan
  68. 68. Grow Your Own Feed Size comparison Blow FlyBlack Soldier Fly BSFermetia illucens)
  69. 69. Grow Your Own Feed The Black Soldier Fly Grub Culture (Hermetia illucens) Eats with mouth and vomit Does not Eat Does not have mouth or vomit
  70. 70. lack Soldier Fly Grub Culture (Hermetia illucens) Grow your own Feed
  71. 71. The Black Soldier Fly Grub Culture (Hermetia illucens)Grow your own Feed
  72. 72. The Black Soldier Fly Grub Culture (Hermetia illucens) 35º 35ºGrow your own Feed
  73. 73. The Black Soldier Fly Grub Culture (Hermetia illucens)Grow your own Feed
  74. 74. Actively feeding grubs will secrete The Black Soldier Fly Grub Cu a natural fly repellant called a (Hermetia illucens) synomone (an interspecies, chemical communication) that alerts and warns other kinds of flies to stay away from the food, since BSF are already present auto-collecting side bucket continually harvests grubs 35ºGrow your own Feed Uses for Liquid Tea 1. Natural Filth Fly Repellent 2. Female Attractant for Restarting Colony 3. Liquid Plant Fertilizer (dilute 20:1)
  75. 75. The Black Soldier Fly Grub Cultu (Hermetia illucens)Grow your own Feed body Pair of angled, 35˚ filler migration ramps allow for natural migration and auto-separation screw of grubs. Inner edge of 1" ramps possess a raised lip to guide grubs and optimize wood crawl-off. Ramps spacer converge at top into aRamp detail single vertical exit port.
  76. 76. ack Soldier Fly Grub Culture (Hermetia illucens) Grow your own Feed Pair of angled, 35˚ migration ramps allow for natural migration and auto-separation of grubs. Inner edge of 1" ramps possess a raised lip to guide grubs and optimize crawl-off. Ramps converge at top into a single vertical exit port.
  77. 77. he Black Soldier Fly Grub Culture (Hermetia illucens) Grow your own Feed Leachate collection
  78. 78. Grow your own Feed Egg Depository The Black Soldier Fly Grub Culture (Hermetia illucens)
  79. 79. Grow your own Feed Grubs “Phoenix worms” FemaleBlack Soldier Fly Grub Culture (Hermetia illucens)
  80. 80. Grow Your Own Feed Blow Fly Control (Filth Fly) (House Fly) (Bottle Fly) Juvenile fly Egg Maggot Pupae Adult
  81. 81. Grow Your Own Feed Blow Fly Control
  82. 82. Grow Your Own Feed The Black Soldier Fly Grub Culture (Hermetia illucens)Actively feeding grubs will secrete a Does not Eatnatural fly repellant called a synomone Does not have mouth(an interspecies, chemical communication) and vomitthat alerts and warns other kinds of fliesto stay away from the food, since BSF arealready present Uses for Liquid Tea 1. Natural Filth Fly Repellent 2. Female Attractant for Restarting Colony 3. Liquid Plant Fertilizer (dilute 20:1)
  83. 83. Grow Your Own Feed Fly Control QuickTime™ an d a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are need ed to see this p icture . Biological Control: The use of Fly Parasites on a regular basis along with traps and natural baits The need for chemical sprays can be eliminated by adopting a program of Biological Fly Control. Such a program includes regular releases of Fly Parasites, aimed at destroying flies at their source, or breeding sites.
  84. 84. Grow Your Own Feed Fly QuickTime™ and a Control Quic kTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompress or are needed to see this picture. TIFF (Uncompress ed) decompres sor are needed to see this picture. Biological Control: The use of Fly Parasites on a regular basis along with traps and natural baits The need for chemical sprays can be eliminated by adopting a program of Biological Fly Control. Such a program includes regular releases of Fly Parasites, aimed at destroying flies at their source, or breeding sites. It also includes the use of traps with attractant baits which will help eliminate the adult fly population. Cultural Control: Using good sanitation practices Do not allow manure to pile up around the farm. The manure should be piled or composted . This reduces the surface area and results in heat generation within the pile, driving the pest larvae to the surface within reach of the control method. Elimination of as many wet areas as possible while using EME and EM
  85. 85. Grow Your Own Feed
  86. 86. Grow Your Own Feed
  87. 87. Grow Your Own Feed Universal Mix 1/4 Soil 1/4 Sand 1/4 Vermicast 1/4 Uling na ipa
  88. 88. Grow Your Own Feed
  89. 89. Grow Your Own Feed Fertilized Water For Algae Floating feeder Bokashi blocks
  90. 90. Grow Your Own Feed Fixed feeder
  91. 91. Algae tank life•zooplankton, insect eggs,larva•large bodied animalsmosquito larvae andbloodworms which comefrom midges, nymphs andlarvae from damsel anddragon fly, springtail andmayfly
  92. 92. EM Floating Feed Blocks
  93. 93. EM Floating Feed Blocks Wet mix, tight compression and complete drying
  94. 94. Bokashi Blocks (Fish Fe e d) Tilapia - w/ Fish M e al & High CP Gulay Crude Protein P/ 50K sack Cost CostB Meg 32.00% 1,300.00 26.00 P/ KiloFermented EM Feed 32.35% 400.00 8.00 P/ Kilo Ingredient Crude Protein Weight (K) Cost P/Kilo CP Units COST Tiki Tiki 14% 1.00 9.00 0.14 9.00 P Copra Meal 22% 1.00 9.00 0.22 9.00 P Fish Meal 72% 0.70 20.00 0.50 14.00 P Azolla- Gulay 44% 1.00 0.00 0.44 0.00 P Livestock Lime 0% 0.10 8.00 0.00 0.80 P Rock Dust Minerals 0% 0.02 2.00 0.00 0.04 P Charcoal - fine 0% 0.01 1.00 0.00 0.01 P Fish Sliage (FAA) 33% 0.10 6.00 0.03 0.60 P Molases 3% 0.10 8.00 -- 0.80 P EM 1% 0.10 8.00 -- 0.80 P 4.03 1.30 34.25 PEM Floating Feed Blocks Grow and process Azolla meal to lower cost of feed

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