Early modern history on france geography by miguel cardenas


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Early modern history on france geography by miguel cardenas

  1. 1. EARLY MODERN EUROPE • Early modern Europe is the term that historians used to refer to a period in the history of Western Europe and its first colonies. • The early modern period brought many changes to the world including science as a formalized practice, fast technological progress, the establishment of the state being apart from religion, civic politics, law courts, and the nation state. • The early modern period is believed to have brought us the Renaissance, the Reformation, the Scientific Revolution, and the Enlightenment period.
  2. 2. EARLY MODERN FRANCE • The early modern France period was from 1492 to 1791 • The capitol of early modern France was Paris. • The government type of early modern France was absolute monarchy. • From March 1562- April 1598 there were wars named, The French Wars of Religion. These wars were civil wars in fighting and military operations. Primarily fought by French Catholics and Protestants. • In early modern France the black death plague killed almost 1/3rd of the population from its appearance in 1348.
  3. 3. EARLY MODERN FRANCE (CONT.) • The only two kings that ruled during early modern France were Charles VII (1483-1498) and Louis XVI (1774- 1791) • The kingdom of France established September 1791. • Absolute monarchy in early modern France relied on the doctrine of the divine right of kings; Which was a political and religious doctrine of royal absolutism • The Peace of Etaples - a treaty in which it indicated that English invasion of France would stop. It was signed on November 3, 1492. In Etaples (northern France) between the kings Charles VII Valois of France and Henry VII Tudor of England.
  4. 4. GEOGRAPHY IN EARLY MODERN FRANCE • Geography is the study of earth, its lands, features and inhabitants. • France is primarily located in Western Europe. • During the middle of the mid 15 century, France was smaller than it is today. • During the middle of the mid 15 century the provinces, Roussillon, Cerdagne, Calais, Béarn, Navarre, County of Foix, Flanders, Artois, Lorraine, Alsace, Trois- Évêchés, Franche-Comté, Savoy, Bresse, Bugey, Gex, Nice, Provence, and Brittany were foreign held. • France embarked on explosation, colonization, and mercantile exchanges with the Americas, India, the Indian Ocean, the Far East and African trading posts. • Paris was its capitol.
  5. 5. FRENCH ACQUISITIONS FROM 1461-1789 • Under Louis XI - Provence (1482), Dauphiné (1461, under French control since 1349) • Under Francis I - Brittany (1532) • Under Henry II - Calais, Trois-Évêchés (1552) • Under Henry IV - County of Foix (1607) • Under Louis XIII - Béarn and Navarre (1620, under French control since 1589 as part of Henry IV's possessions) • Under Louis XIV • Treaty of Westphalia (1648) - Alsace • Treaty of the Pyrenees (1659) - Artois, Northern Catalonia (Roussillon, Cerdagne) • Treaty of Nijmegen (1678-9) - Franche-Comté, Flanders • Under Louis XV - Lorraine (1766), Corsica (1768)