Vertebrates

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1 ESO manin characteristics of vertebrates, spanish and english

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Vertebrates

  1. 1. VERTEBRATES
  2. 2. Vertebrates. How many groupsare there?• Fish• Amphibians• Reptiles• Birds• Mammals
  3. 3. ALL VERTEBRATESHAVE• ENDOSKELETON with a BACKBONE• HEAD, TRUNK AND some with a TAIL• ARTICULATED LIMBS• WELL-DEVELOPED NERVOUS SYSTEM• BILATERAL SYMMETRY
  4. 4. What group or animal has:• Gills• Gills with operculum• Gill openning without operculum• A lateral line• Scales• Fins• Cartilaginous skeleton
  5. 5. • Tail• Webbed feet• Carapace• Poisonous teeth• Strong jaws• Bifidous tongue• Feathers• Hollow bones
  6. 6. • Air sacs• Wings• Beak• Lays eggs• Mammary glands• Marsupium
  7. 7. COPY THIS QUESTION• What means the word“AMPHIBIAN “(Anfibios)?
  8. 8. Egagropilas (Puke balls/pellets)• http://onemomswalk.blogspot.com.es/2010/10
  9. 9. Huevo amniótico (Amniotic egg)• Protegido por una cáscara• Rodeado por varias membranas• Permite intercambio de gases• Evita la pérdida de agua• Independencia del medio acuático• Presente en REPTILES Y AVES.
  10. 10. Huevo amniótico
  11. 11. ¿Qué son los huevos que noscomemos?• Óvulos de gallina nofecundados.
  12. 12. THERMIC REGULATIONEndothermic or exothermic?The lizard is exothermicor endothermic?SUNRISEMIDDAYSUNSET
  13. 13. Sustituir en el libro• Donde pone:–Homeothermal/ Warm-bloodedescribir ENDOTHERMIC–Poikilotherms/Cold-bloodedescribir EXOTHERMIC
  14. 14. EXOTHERMIC ANIMALS• Obtienen el calor del medio externo• Tienen distintos mecanismo paraestabilizar su temperatura.• Regulan temperatura por medio delcomportamiento. Ej. Lagartos• Fish, amphibians, reptiles
  15. 15. ENDOTHERMIC ANIMALS• Capaces producir calor por si mismos.• No dependen del medio externo• Tienen un mecanismo interno deregulación de la temperatura corporal• Birds, mammals
  16. 16. EXOTHERMIC VERTEBRATES• FISH• AMPHIBIANS• REPTILES
  17. 17. ENDOTHERMIC VERTEBRATES• BIRDS• MAMMALS
  18. 18. Ide ntify the e xtrang e anim al• Tiburón, trucha, salmón, delfín, atún• Salmón , tiburón, trucha, sardina,atún• Turtle, snake, lizzard, frog,salamander.• Platypus, kangaroo, whale, penguin,monkey.• Avestruz, murciélago, cigüeña,paloma, gorrión.
  19. 19. • Find out for each picture:–Group of vertebrates: Is it amammal, fish, reptile, amphibianor bird?–Main characteristics of eachanimal
  20. 20. Frog• It is an….• It has no tail.. ANURA• Skin:• Number of legs• Metamorphosis• Respiration• Reproduction• Thermic regulationMOISTEXOTHERMICAMPHIBIANOVIPAROUS HUEVOS NOAMNIÓTICOS
  21. 21. Salamander• It is• Skin (moist or dry?)• With tail??• Number of legs• Respiration• Reproduction• Thermic regulation• MetamorphosisAMPHIBIANURODELAOVIPAROUSEXOTHERMICHUEVOS NOAMNIÓTICOS
  22. 22. MetamorphosisEGGSFROGSPAWNLITTLETADPOLEBIG TADPOLE withlegsFROG
  23. 23. Turtle• It is• Skin• Reproduction• ThermicregulationCARAPACEOVIPAROUSEXOTHERMICREPTILEHUEVOSAMNIÓTICOS
  24. 24. Lizard• It is• Skin (moist or dry?• Scaly skin?• Number of legs• Respiration• Reproduction• Thermic• regulationREPTILELUNGSOVIPAROUSEXOTHERMICHUEVOSAMNIÓTICOS
  25. 25. Shark• It is• Bony??• Scales??• Operculum??• Respiration• ThermicregulationLateral line system??FISHGILLSEXOTHERMICCARTILAGINOUS
  26. 26. Bony fish• It is• Bony??• Scales??• Operculum??• Respiration• Reproduction• Thermic regulationLateral line system??•GILLSOVIPAROUSEXOTHERMICHUEVOS NOAMNIÓTICOS
  27. 27. Buzzard• It is• Fur? Hair?• Number of limbs• Hollow bones?• Respiration• Reproduction• Amniotic eggs?• Thermic regulationFEATHERSLUNGSOVIPAROUSENDOTHERMICHUEVOSAMNIÓTICOS
  28. 28. Dolphin• It is• Respiration• Reproduction• Thermic regulationMAMMALLUNGSVIVIPAROUSENDOTHERMIC
  29. 29. Bear• It is• Skin• Number of legs• Respiration• Reproduction• Thermic regulation
  30. 30. CLASSIFY THESEANIMALS• BAT• KANGAROO• DUCK• PLATYPUS• ROOSTER• TOAD• NEWT• SEA GULL• CHAMALEON• COBRA• LIZARD• CROCODILE• SALMON• RAY• PENGUIN
  31. 31. IMPORTANT THINGS• EXOTHERMIC /ENDOTHERMIC• OVIPAROUS-VIVIPAROUS-OVOVIVIPAROUS• HUEVOS AMNIÓTICOS• LINEA LATERAL DE LOS PECES (LATERALLINE SYSTEM)

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