Ethics

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Ethics

  1. 1. MDIOGO CARVALHO Nº 412, MIGUEL PIMENTA Nº495, DANILO FERNANDES Nº 870, TIAGO MONTEIRO Nº 890 INGLÊS CAIC, 2012-2013
  2. 2. INDEX  Ethics Definition  Ethics and Science  Ethics and GMF  Ethics and Cloning  Ethics and Medicine  Ethics and Abortion
  3. 3. ETHICS DEFINITIONETHICS WHAT IS IT? Ethics, also known as moral philosophy, is a branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct.
  4. 4. ETHICS DEFINITIONNowadays ethics may be divided into four areas: meta-ethics normative ethics applied ethics descriptive ethics
  5. 5. ETHICS AND SCIENCE Ethics and science don’t agree in many things; Ethics tell us what we can do but we should avoid some actions: Science doesn’t tell us us what we should or shouldn’t do, it’s our choice; Some science experiments are not morally correct.
  6. 6. ETHICS AND SCIENCE What are science limits? Should everything that is possible to do be done? Should science submit to ethics? To reach something good, should we use unlawful means?
  7. 7. ETHICS AND SCIENCE
  8. 8. ETHICS AND GMFSHORT DEFINITION OF GMF  Genetically modified foods are foods derived from genetically modified organisms (GMOs). GMOs have had their DNA genetically changed by genetic engineers.  Scientists first discovered that DNA can transfer between organisms in 1946.  The first genetically modified plant was produced in 1983, using an antibiotic-resistant tobacco plant.
  9. 9. ETHICS AND GMFSHORT DEFINITION OF GMF  In 2000, with the creation of golden rice, scientists genetically modified food to increase its nutrient value for the first time  This is made to improve the production in this crops and also to change for example their nutrients so it can be healthier and make our meals more balanced.
  10. 10. ETHICS AND GMFETHICAL PROBLEMS WITH GMF The controversy in GMF is a dispute over the relative advantages and disadvantages in GMF. The key areas of controversy related to genetically modified GMF are: Risk of harm from GM food, The effect of GM crops on the environment, The impact of GM crops for farmers, including farmers in developing countries, The role of GM crops in feeding the growing world population,
  11. 11. ETHICS AND CLONINGSHORT DEFINITION OF CLONING Cloning is the process of producing similar populations of genetically identical individuals that occurs in nature when organisms reproduce asexually.
  12. 12. ETHICS AND CLONINGETHICAL PROBLEMS WITH CLONING The ethics of cloning refers to a variety of ethical positions regarding the practice and possibilities of cloning.
  13. 13. ETHICS AND MEDICINE The practice of medicine and the practise of ethics are inseparable; Every clinical decision invokes and ethical decision as well; In many instances the ethical issue may not be readily apparent.
  14. 14. ETHICS AND MEDICINE Medicine is about “Can we?” Ethics is about “Should we?”
  15. 15. ETHICS AND ABORTIONSHORT DEFINITION OF ABORTION Abortion is the termination of pregnancy by the removal or expulsion from the uterus of a fetus or embryo. An abortion can occur spontaneously, or it can be purposely induced.
  16. 16. ETHICS AND ABORTIONTHE TWO SIDE OF ABORTION Against A new person is killed; Women should be careful and don’t do things without thinking;
  17. 17. ETHICS AND ABORTIONTHE TWO SIDES OF ABORTION In Favour There are situations, where women don’t choose if they get pregnant or not. An embryo is not considered a human being yet
  18. 18. ETHICS AND ABORTIONETHICAL PROBLEMS WITH ABORTION Is it correct to destroy an embryo or a fetus just because women don’t want the child?

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