Conditional SentencesConditional Sentences
Type 1 orType 1 or futurefuture conditionalconditional
 If it gets colder tonight, I’ll turn on the heating.
 He’ll get ...
Type 1: Other tenses & variantsType 1: Other tenses & variants
 We’re staying at home on Tuesday if the transport strike ...
Type 2: hypothetical or unrealType 2: hypothetical or unreal
 Use to speculate about something that is (or that we
percei...
Type 2: Other tenses & variantsType 2: Other tenses & variants
 If I were you, I’d make an appointment to see the doctor....
Type 3: past eventsType 3: past events
 Reproach or regret:
◦ If you hadn’t driven so fast, you would never have had the ...
Zero conditional sentencesZero conditional sentences
 General truths:
◦ If you want to change money on a Sunday, you have...
Mixed conditional sentencesMixed conditional sentences
 If you hadn’t wasted so much money last week, we’d be
able to aff...
Other conjuctionsOther conjuctions
 Supposing: imagination
◦ Where will you go supposing you manage to have a holiday?
 ...
Other conjuctionsOther conjuctions
 Supposing: imagination
◦ Where will you go supposing you manage to have a holiday?
 ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Conditionals

540 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
540
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
298
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
4
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Conditionals

  1. 1. Conditional SentencesConditional Sentences
  2. 2. Type 1 orType 1 or futurefuture conditionalconditional  If it gets colder tonight, I’ll turn on the heating.  He’ll get here early if he catches the fast train.  Persuasion: I’ll take the children to the party if you collect them from school.  Warning: If you try to get a short cut, you’ll get lost.  Threat: If you open that box, you’ll be out of the project.  IMPERATIVE  Advice or instructions: If you go to the supermarket, bring back a carton of milk please.
  3. 3. Type 1: Other tenses & variantsType 1: Other tenses & variants  We’re staying at home on Tuesday if the transport strike goes ahead. (plan)  They’re going to take their mother to the old house if she remembers where it is. (intention)  If it hasn’t rained by the weekend, we’ll have to water the garden. (time lapse)  If they’re watching TV, they won’t hear you. (action in progress)  We can use may, might and could in the main clause: ◦ I can bring something to eat if you want. ◦ If you listen to me carefully, you may learn something useful
  4. 4. Type 2: hypothetical or unrealType 2: hypothetical or unreal  Use to speculate about something that is (or that we perceive to be) impossible or contrary to fact.  Present: ◦ If he didn’t annoy me so much, I’d spent more time in his office.  Future: ◦ If I got an invitation, I’d go there right away.  Difference between type 1 & 2: ◦ 1: If it gets colder tonight , I’ll turn on the heating. ◦ 2: If it got colder tonight, I’d turn on the heating.
  5. 5. Type 2: Other tenses & variantsType 2: Other tenses & variants  If I were you, I’d make an appointment to see the doctor. (advice)  I should be grateful for an early response to the letter. (official or commercial correspondence)  If the river were to rise, there would be nothing we could do to save the city. (more hypothetical, more polite)  Were he really ill, I might feel more sympathetic.  Were you to accept my offer, I’d personally oversee the arrangement.  We can use might and could in the main clause
  6. 6. Type 3: past eventsType 3: past events  Reproach or regret: ◦ If you hadn’t driven so fast, you would never have had the accident. ◦ I wouldn’t have left my job if I had known how difficult it is to find another one.  Make excuses: ◦ If there hadn’t been an accident on the motorway, I would have been here in really good time for the meeting.  VARIANT: ◦ Had I known he was ill, I’d never have shouted at him. ◦ Might and could can be used instead of would
  7. 7. Zero conditional sentencesZero conditional sentences  General truths: ◦ If you want to change money on a Sunday, you have to go to one of the big railway stations. ◦ Most cats purr if you tickle them under the chin  We can use modal verbs in either or both clauses: ◦ I have a ticket you can go through now. ◦ You should wear glasses if you can’t see.
  8. 8. Mixed conditional sentencesMixed conditional sentences  If you hadn’t wasted so much money last week, we’d be able to afford a better holiday  If I weren’t so busy, I could have taken off a few days last week.
  9. 9. Other conjuctionsOther conjuctions  Supposing: imagination ◦ Where will you go supposing you manage to have a holiday?  Provided, as long as, on condition: reservation, the speaker imposes the condition ◦ I would help him as long as he asked me nicely.  Unless: If…not, stronger reservation ◦ I won’t come round unless you phone. (I’ll ONLY come)  In case: the need to be ready for something ◦ Take an umbrella in case it rains.
  10. 10. Other conjuctionsOther conjuctions  Supposing: imagination ◦ Where will you go supposing you manage to have a holiday?  Provided, as long as, on condition: reservation, the speaker imposes the condition ◦ I would help him as long as he asked me nicely.  Unless: If…not, stronger reservation ◦ I won’t come round unless you phone. (I’ll ONLY come)  In case: the need to be ready for something ◦ Take an umbrella in case it rains.

×