Ppt 10 july 2007 2032

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Ppt 10 july 2007 2032

  1. 1. The European Employment Strategy Development of EES; The Amsterdam Treaty and the new Title on Employment; Enlargement and the EES; The 2005 revamp of the EES, The Lisbon Strategy Ketrzyn, 12 July 2007 Mr Miguel Mares Garcés Workshop Social Policy –”Safe work” TAIEX – RTP 24724 Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  2. 2. Introduction: Presentation of the Region of Valencia Part I. Part II. Part III. Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  3. 3. Two main factors are impacting the dynamics of the labour market: Globalization Ageing of European population To adapt to a new competitiveness condition in the framework of the Lisbon summit objectives: To increase work productivity; To increase the employment rate growth; To increase the active working age; To develop life long training; To decrease the number of early school leavers; To maintain social protection; To increase the flexibility of the labour market. Some of these objectives are included in the EES and in the Social Agenda. Some objectives seems to be in contradiction Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  4. 4. www.uegva.info EES: introduction • The EES is the main tool to give direction to and ensure coordination of the employment policy priorities to which Member States should subscribe at EU level. • The Amsterdam Treaty obliges the Member States to meet the budgetary constraints of the Union‟s economic and monetary policies so as to guarantee the smooth functioning of EMU. At the same time, it asks the Member States to develop employment policies that create dynamic and flexible labour markets and a workforce with the same qualities. • Basic idea: economic convergence to be sustainable requires some labour market convergence. → Such policy developments stemmed from the realisation by Heads of State and Government of the need to act collectively at EU level. • On the basis of new provisions of Amsterdam Treaty, the EES was launched in November 1997 • The EES also builds on previous attempts to prevent and tackle unemployment at EU level. Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info FUNDACIÓN COMUNIDAD VALENCIANA REGIÓN EUROPEA Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  5. 5. The European Employment Strategy The European Employment Strategy (EES) has coordinated Member States' employment policies since 1997 through: common European guidelines and recommendations annual national action plans for employment monitoring, evaluation and mutual learning at EU level A policy framework which complements EU action in the field of employment (cf. legislation, social dialogue and the European Social Fund) Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  6. 6. www.uegva.info The renewed Lisbon Strategy (2) Implementation at Member States' level: • New integrated EU Guidelines for Growth and Jobs (2005-2008), combining:  the Broad Economic Policy Guidelines (BEPGs) covering macro- and micro-economic policies,  the Employment Guidelines (EGs) for employment policies • MS developed National Reform Programmes for 2005-2008 (Autumn 2005), with updates in 2006/2007 Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info FUNDACIÓN COMUNIDAD VALENCIANA REGIÓN EUROPEA Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  7. 7. www.uegva.info The European Employment Strategy Annual Guidelines + targets Annual National Action Plans for Employment by the Member States Joint Employment Report – an assessment of implementation Annual country-specific recommendations Mutual Learning and Peer Review Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info FUNDACIÓN COMUNIDAD VALENCIANA REGIÓN EUROPEA Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  8. 8. www.uegva.info The European Employment Strategy: Guidelines Attract and retain more people in employment and modernise social protection systems. Improve adaptability of workers and enterprises and the flexibility of labour markets. Increase investment in human capital though better education and skills. * * * Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Governance Región Europea www.uegva.info FUNDACIÓN COMUNIDAD VALENCIANA REGIÓN EUROPEA Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  9. 9. www.uegva.info The EES: Guidelines 1. Attract and retain more people…. Promote a lifecycle approach to work Ensure inclusive labour markets for job-seekers and disadvantaged people Improve matching of labour market needs Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info FUNDACIÓN COMUNIDAD VALENCIANA REGIÓN EUROPEA Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  10. 10. www.uegva.info The EES: Guidelines Improve adaptability of workers and enterprise…. Promote flexibility combined with employment security and reduce labour market segmentation – flexicurity. Ensure employment-friendly wage and other labour cost developements 3. Increase investment in human capital…. Expand and improve investment in human capital Adapt education and training systems in response to Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info new competence requirements FUNDACIÓN COMUNIDAD VALENCIANA REGIÓN EUROPEA Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  11. 11. www.uegva.info Other Key Elements of the EES Mutual Learning: Thematic seminars and good practice sessions on important themes or successful policies Peer Review: Member States critically reviewing each others employment mix and learning from each other Involvement of all important actors: A focus on the "goverance" of the EES and the development of policy. Encouraging the involvement of Social Partners, Parliaments, local and regional partners in the EES Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info ESF support FUNDACIÓN COMUNIDAD VALENCIANA REGIÓN EUROPEA Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  12. 12. www.uegva.info The Process – Spring 2007 European Council (March 2007) – Member States to submit latest Implementations/ National Reform Programmes (Oct. 2007) – Commission to present its third Annual Progress Report (Dec. 2007) Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info FUNDACIÓN COMUNIDAD VALENCIANA REGIÓN EUROPEA Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  13. 13. www.uegva.info Horizon 2010 – LRAs for Jobs and Growth  Delivering Lisbon through Cohesion Policy  Funding of Lisbon activities by LRAs  Focus of LRAs’ Lisbon actions  Governance process Lisbon versus Cohesion Policy Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info FUNDACIÓN COMUNIDAD VALENCIANA REGIÓN EUROPEA Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  14. 14. www.uegva.info Regions can bring some relevant contributions towards the Lisbon objectives: 1. Promoting economic growth:  The regional planning of Stockholm takes in consideration priorities in the economic field and education and training;  Innovation strategies like RIS and RITTS, employment and competitiveness strategy or the competitiveness poles; Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info FUNDACIÓN COMUNIDAD VALENCIANA REGIÓN EUROPEA Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  15. 15. www.uegva.info 1. Promoting economic growth: (cont.)  The creation of Employment and Economic Development Centres;  Life long training strategies;  The creation of economic development agencies;  Consultancy and training for SMEs. Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info FUNDACIÓN COMUNIDAD VALENCIANA REGIÓN EUROPEA Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  16. 16. www.uegva.info 2. Achieving full employment:  Regional and local employment strategies;  Active employment policies regarding job creation;  Modernisation of the employment services. Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info FUNDACIÓN COMUNIDAD VALENCIANA REGIÓN EUROPEA Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  17. 17. www.uegva.info 3. Strengthening social cohesion:  Creation of support schemes with regard to disadvantaged people groups;  Specific programmes for immigrants;  Creation of working/learning places to improve the link between education and the labour market;  Measures regarding prevention of school drop outs. Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info FUNDACIÓN COMUNIDAD VALENCIANA REGIÓN EUROPEA Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  18. 18. www.uegva.info 4. Governance:  The formulation of regional employment strategies;  Social dialogue;  Monitoring and evaluation practices. Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info FUNDACIÓN COMUNIDAD VALENCIANA REGIÓN EUROPEA Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  19. 19. www.uegva.info Despite the different administrative models, the Regions are all involved in instigating projects – in partnership with other players – specifically aimed at improving qualifications and employment in their territories; Employment and training policies are still insufficiently integrated with policies in other areas that also contribute to competitiveness. However, a number of examples show that where strategic approaches do exist at regional level, policy integration and coordination is improved; Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info FUNDACIÓN COMUNIDAD VALENCIANA REGIÓN EUROPEA Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  20. 20. www.uegva.info  Decentralisation encourages policy coordination and integration. Regions that have greater competence achieve a greater degree of policy integration and coordination. Proximity to the issues at stake is therefore a key success factor;  Governance is an important factor in the success of employment and training policies. Achievement of positive results in development processes is increasingly dependent on the capacity of the various public and private players to be actively involved in the design and delivery of policies; Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info FUNDACIÓN COMUNIDAD VALENCIANA REGIÓN EUROPEA Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  21. 21. www.uegva.info  In this context, the Regional Authorities are becoming catalysts and key coordinators of regional development processes. Their specific role is one of networking and getting various partners to work together towards achieving development objectives. Coordination with other administrative levels is necessary if the policies are to be effective. Considerable progress remains to be made in this area. Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info FUNDACIÓN COMUNIDAD VALENCIANA REGIÓN EUROPEA Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  22. 22. www.uegva.info The programme “Regional Employment and Training Policies in search of the Lisbon Agenda - Interregional Project of exchanges and transferability of good practices ” Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info FUNDACIÓN COMUNIDAD VALENCIANA REGIÓN EUROPEA Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  23. 23. www.uegva.info Main objectives: To develop a deep analysis of good experiences concerning employment and training policies at regional level and their coordination with other regional policies focused on the achievement of the Lisbon Agenda objectives;  To identify the main results of these experiences and to identify the key factors (internal and external) which support their success;  To analysis the feasibility and how to transfer the lessons learned to other regional contexts. Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info FUNDACIÓN COMUNIDAD VALENCIANA REGIÓN EUROPEA Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  24. 24. INTRODUCTION: VALENCIAN REGION  With 4,692,499 inhabitants, the population of the region accounts for 10.5 % of the total Spanish population Valencia is the third largest city in Spain Valencian is the language of the Valencian Region one of our most The Region of Valencia is located on the precious legacies. Valencian is one Mediterranean coast of Spain and is part of the so-called Mediterranean Arch, of the co-official languages of Spain an axis which has experienced together with Galician, Catalan and one of the fastest economic growth rates in the European Union Basque. Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  25. 25. 1. VALENCIAN REGION: 20 YEARS MANAGING EUROPEAN FUNDS 1994 / 1999 2000 / 2006 1.040 M ecus 2.744 M € ERDF: 607M, ERDF: 2.055M, ESF: 310M, ESF: 476M, Agriculture funds: 123M Agriculture funds: 212M 3000 3000 2500 2500 2000 2000 1500 1500 1000 1000 500 500 0 0 ERDF ESF EAGGF Total ERDF ESF EAGGF Total Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  26. 26. 1. VALENCIAN REGION: 20 YEARS MANAGING EUROPEAN FUNDS ENVIRONMENT AND HYDRIC RESOURCES TRANSPORT AND ENERGY NETWORKS COMPETITIVENESS AND PRODUCTIVE FABRIC IMPROVEMENT KNOWLEDGE SOCIETY (Innovation, I+D, INFSO) LOCAL AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT AGRICULTURE AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  27. 27. 2. VALENCIAN REGION IN FIGURES Valencian Spain Region SURFACE km² 23,255 505,182 POPULATION 2006 4,692,499 43,197,684 GDP (per capita US dollars, 2006) 28.724 30.820 Hotel occupation 2005 58.3% 53.5% GDP (gross domestic product, 105 1.086 Billion US dollars, 2005) Unemployment 2005 8.8% 9.2% Imports ( Million € ) 2005 16,911 231,371 Exports ( Million € ) 2005 18,294 153,559 Source: 2005 - 2006 Valencian Statistical Institute and Ministry of Economy Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  28. 28. REGIONAL STRATEGIES ON LAND DEVELOPMENT IN THE VALENCIAN COMMUNITY Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  29. 29. The Valencian Community in Europe total populatión 4,8 million total surface area 23.000 km2 income per inhabitant 93(EU25=100) (G.D.P./ capita) population density 185 inhabitant/Km2 Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  30. 30. 2.- EUROPEAN PARTNERSHIPS: AN INSTRUMENT FOR ADDED VALUE Permanent structures for European partnerships Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  31. 31. 2.1. - VALENCIAN REGIONAL DELEGATION IN BRUSSELS The Valencian Regional Office in Brussels is part of the Regional Ministry for Cooperation and Participation which depends on the Presidency of the Valencian Region.  The Delegation aims to disseminate the image of the Valencian Region in Brussels through region marketing, as well as to promote the training to the young of the Valencian Region by means of the promotion of public programs and private grants.  It represents, defend and promotes the Valencian Region interest before the European Union. In order to achieve this goals the Delegation works closely with the different European institutions, the Spanish Permanent Representation to the EU, the Regional Offices and other permanent representations of other European Members.  Active participation in the European parliament activities and Committee of the Regions (Commission RELEX and DEVE) initiatives in favour of economic growth and subsidiarity respect . The President Camps will prepare an opinion about water scarcity and drought management. Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  32. 32. Development of the Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea (2003-2006) 50 45 54 40 35 72 41 30 25 2003 20 April 2007 15 10 5 6 0 3 0 0 0 Human Resources Antennas Agreements Projects Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas 32
  33. 33. 47 Valencian people trained about European issues 60 50 54 40 30 2003 20 24 April 2007 24 6 6 10 0 0 6 0 Re- Trainees Local TOTAL insertion Agents Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  34. 34. Current Human Capital: 54 people Gender CAPITAL HUMANO 40 FCVRE 2006 30 16 31 Men 20 Wom en 10 Trainees; 15% 0 2007 Re-insertion Degrees into Fixed Staff; employment 62% 23% 50 40 30 36 Bachelor 20 11 Graduate 10 0 2007 Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  35. 35. Re-insertion into employment SERVEF Subsidy Mobility Programmes and Traineeships Subsidy People People EMORGA (year 2005) 99.968.94€ 15 EURODYSEE 5 EMORGA (year 2006) 79.976.49€ 13 Traineeships at other 30 entities (IMPIVA, IVEX, FEPORTS, Development “Youong Salary” 74.951.05€ 6 Cooperation) (year2005) TOTAL 35 TOTAL 254.896.48 34 Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas 35
  36. 36. The Foundation Comunidad Valenciana - Región Europea: a new instrument for the Valencian region Public Private Partnership (PPP)  Public sector  Private sector Regional Energy, and local saving banks, administrations chambers of commerce, Public organizations universities, pro associations FCVRE Foundation Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea (created in 2003) Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  37. 37. i. Public Private Partnership  Public Private Partnership, the tool of the Foundation Comunidad Valenciana - Región Europea promotes and provide European service to social and economic bodies in our region.  In 1999, the first policy on PPP was approved to develop innovation projects on the framework of the urban management by means of the research of new technologies solutions: VALENCIA INNOVA. A tool for funding. www.valenciainnova.info  The Valencian Government has identified PPP as a priority and collaborates with the Foundation on the expenses: location, infrastructure…  12% of operational expenses are financed by the Valencian Government  48% other entities support: Intercitrus, IMPIVA, FEPORTS, Saving Banks Association, Feria Valencia, Feria de Alicante…  40% Self – financing: European projects, allowance, services to third parties… Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  38. 38. Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  39. 39. Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  40. 40. Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  41. 41. VALENCIAN REGION TRAINEE PROGRAMS • Since its creation, the Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea (FCVRE, www.uegva.info) has become an instrument of European integration and turned out into an opportunity for all young people willing to have an experience abroad or to complete their studies within the framework of a European programme of mobility of this institution. • La FCVRE has a long experience in the exchange of young people and has obtained the leadership as office welcoming young European people coming for internships. The FCVRE does not only have experience in terms of training, besides it is leader in innovation, technology and projects difusión. • From our institution, young people are offered an adequate methodology and taking into account a number of thematic areas developing themes of interest for the Valencian Community. There is a regular incorporation of young people from Valencian Community who, under the supervision of a tutor, carry out tasks of support, thus gaining training and professional internship which will help them finding a job. Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  42. 42. VALENCIAN REGION TRAINEE PROGRAMS • Our objective is to keep progressing in the interregional collaboration within the scope of the EU, in which the Valencian Community raises the possibility for young people with certain experience, knowledge of languages and motivated to work of joining the liaison offices of the European regions. • The fundamental objective is to narrow the ties of cooperation between regions including the young people within their own funding programmes, or within the European programmes of employment and training. • Common Project • Defined by the participating regions in the exchange. The young people would be under the supervision of two tutors according to the following criteria: • -Internships during three days in the hosting office and another one in the office of origin in order to coordinate and supervise the tasks by the tutor of origin. • -On Fridays, the trainee could keep on working at the FCVRE in order to continue his training on themes of management, languages, European institutions, etc. for instance. • www.uegva.info adl@delcomval.be Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  43. 43. European projects with the involvement of the FCVRE Number of approved projects 41 Valencian budget of approved projects 54.0 Mo € Total budget of approved projects 109.2 Mo € Projects under evaluation 10 projects Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  44. 44. Project Valencia Towers Port of Valencia 3.- Best Practices Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  45. 45. FORESTUR Specialized Training for Rural Tourism professionals LEONARDO DA VINCI project Duration: 24 months Project launch: 1st October 2006 Total budget: € 353.915 Euros Community contribution: € 265.436 Euros (75%) General co-ordinator: FLORIDA Centre de Formació (Valencia Region) Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  46. 46. FORESTUR Specialized Training for Rural Tourism professionals The project will allow tourism professionals operating in rural areas to benefit from high quality continuous training, adapted to their needs and made possible through the use of online resources. The project seeks to increase professionalism of the tourist human capital by means of tailored continuous training adapted to previously identified needs and requirements in the sector, such as: • Quality in the management of tourist companies • Customer-oriented approach • Use of ICT • Language skills (mainly English for Tourism purposes) Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  47. 47. FORESTUR Specialized Training for Rural Tourism professionals www.forestur.net Expected results • Specific training needs of rural tourism sector • ICT based training methodology: adapted to the tourism sector. Its pedagogical approach is based in the use of asynchronous communication and social integration • Training materials suitable for tourism professionals in remote areas • Project website: access to the training platform through which the training will take place, online bulletins, etc. • Online training platform: free software will be used for its design Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  48. 48. WebPOL Leonardo Da Vinci http://www.webpol.info/ Programme 481.024 € Length Period: 1/10/2004- 31/09/2007 The project crate a new training methodology based in e- learning model, a management training system, with the aim of use the new technologies, and face new challenges: changing rules, environmental crime, domestic violence, fight against international mafia, dealing with inmigration… Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  49. 49. http://www.webpol.info/ Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  50. 50. The engagement of the FCVRE at local and regional level is to promote the relations between municipalities and provinces with other European regions • Objetive: promote the participation of municipalities among the transnational cooperation, participation in European projects, agreements in technological and innovation transfer between municipalities, as well as signature of agreements in technical assistance or regional networks. • Local and regional governments can participate in the new strategic objectives of the EU • The local and regional governments can be an example of change innovating directly in municipal structures and improving the services for citizens. Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  51. 51. Cooperation with Local Development Agencies of Municipalities • Agreement of cooperation between FCVRE and the Federation of Municipalities and Provinces • Stage of Local Development Agents in Brussels • Training programes • Duration around 6 months • Objective of the stage: direct participation in projects among european funds and municipalities networks Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  52. 52. •FIRST AGREEMENT with municipality of San Antonio de Benajéber . Incorporation date in Brussels: April 2005 . Objective: Leader in environment and cultural projects . Contact: Miguel Mares Garcés (sabenageber_adl@gva.es), • AGREEMENT with municipality of Vila-Real . Incorporation date in Brussels: September 2006 . Objective: participation in three European projects 1. PROYECTO EASY ( IEE CALL FOR PROPOSAL 2006 ) 2. ESTABLISHMENT OF LOCAL AND REGIONAL ENERGY AGENCY ( IEE CALL FOR PROPOSALS 2006 ) 3. TAXI DRIVER ( LEONARDO PROGRAMME ) . Contact: Amelia Delcampo Carda ( afic@ajvila-real.es) • AGREEMENT with County Council of La Ribera Alta . Incorporation date: February 2007 . Objective: participation in European projects . Contact: Laura Bas (innovacion@delcomval.be ) Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  53. 53. Some examples in European integration • City Council of Vila-real: after municipal elections they have created a new European integration department to coordinate and develop European projects • County Council of La Mancomunitat de la Ribera. Among a consortium with other County Council they have created two autonomous entities for economic and social development in the cities: PATER (Territorial Pact for Employment) involved in projects. and Energy Agency (AER) to establish a culture of energy saving and develop projects. • WE ARE OPEN TO RECEIVE YOUR EXPERTS AND SHARE EXPERIENCES, TO PARTICIPATE IN EU FUNDING ! Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  54. 54. www.uegva.info A brief history of the EES EES evolution is characterized by the following phases: - the early 1990s and the need for EU actions in labour markets; - the 1993 White Paper and Essen Strategy; - the Amsterdam Treaty and EES launch (1997); - the 2000 review and 2002 impact evaluation; - the 2001 Lisbon strategy; - the 2003 revision of EES; - the 2005 revamp of EES. Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info FUNDACIÓN COMUNIDAD VALENCIANA REGIÓN EUROPEA Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  55. 55. The early 1990s and the need for EU actions in labour markets • In the 1990s, political consensus developed around the structural nature of Europe 's employment problem and on the need to increase the employment intensity of growth. Both the monetary stabilisation policy and the common nature of the employment and unemployment challenge provided the impetus for a more co-ordinated employment oriented policy response at European level. • While the pace of European integration had accelerated in various fields, the Union did not have coherent strategies to deal with macroeconomic shocks, nor did it have very effective responses to prevent and tackle persistent unemployment levels, which would in turn develop into long term unemployment and other structural problems in the labour markets. Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  56. 56. www.uegva.info The early 1990s and the need for EU actions in labour markets (cont) • The (un)employment problems led to a process of renewed interest to find European solutions through greater co-ordination and convergence of structural policies, which are the necessary complement to the macroeconomic policy-mix under Economic and Monetary Union. • Employment is the key ingredient of this debate. Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info FUNDACIÓN COMUNIDAD VALENCIANA REGIÓN EUROPEA Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  57. 57. The 1993 White Paper and Essen Strategy • A key starting document: the "Delors' White Book" on Growth, Competitiveness and Employment in 1993, the ideological, political and analytical base upon which a coordinated European approach to employment was developed. • Before the Treaty of Amsterdam, the responsibility for employment policy was under the exclusive responsibility of the Member States, while the role of the Commission was to promote co-operation, research and information dissemination. The Commission also assisted the Member States in their fight against unemployment and social exclusion with Community funding, mainly through the European Social Fund. Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info FUNDACIÓN COMUNIDAD VALENCIANA REGIÓN EUROPEA Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  58. 58. The 1993 White Paper and Essen Strategy • Inspired by the Delors' White Book, the European Council in Essen in December 1994 agreed on five key objectives to be pursued by the Member States (the so called Essen Stragey). These included: - the development of human resources through vocational training, - the promotion of productive investments through moderate wages policies, - the improvement of the efficiency of labour market institutions, - the identification of new sources of jobs through local initiatives, - the promotion of access to the world of work for some specific target groups such as young people, long-term unemployed and women. • It also initiated the first steps to develop common European LM indicators • The Essen Strategy was still based on non-binding conclusions of the European Councils and lacked a clear legal base, a strong permanent structure and a long-term vision. Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info FUNDACIÓN COMUNIDAD VALENCIANA REGIÓN EUROPEA Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  59. 59. The Amsterdam Treaty & EES launch • The Treaty does not change the basic principle of the Member States having the sole competence for employment policy, but t entrusts the European Institutions, the Council and the Commission with a much stronger role, new tasks and more forceful tools. • Beyond this overall strengthening of the Community approach to employment, the key elements of the Amsterdam Treaty in this area are the following: 1. It maintains the commitment to achieve a high level of employment as one of the key objectives of the European Union, and declares that this objective is equally important as the macroeconomic objectives of growth and stability. 2. It emphasises that employment is an issue of "common concern". The Member States have committed themselves to co-ordinate their employment policies at Community level, as EMU made this necessary, and as the way labour market measures are implemented in one country inevitably change the parameters of other Member States' labour market policy. 3. It obliges Member States and the Community to work towards developing a coordinated strategy for employment and particularly for promoting a skilled, trained and Valenciana – Región and labour markets responsive to economic Fundación Comunidadadaptable workforce Europea www.uegva.info change. FUNDACIÓN COMUNIDAD VALENCIANA REGIÓN EUROPEA Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  60. 60. The Amsterdam Treaty & EES launch 4. It also contains the important principle of "mainstreaming" employment policy, as it requires that the employment impact of all community policies must be taken into account 5. It creates the framework for a country surveillance procedure: Member States' employment policies are examined through a yearly Joint Employment Report established by the Commission and the Council. Furthermore, the Commission proposes and the Council adopts yearly Employment Guidelines for the Member States (broadly in a similar manner as in the field of economic and monetary policy), on the basis of which Member States develop National Action Plans for Employment . Finally the Commission may propose and the Council adopt Recommendations to individual Member States. Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info FUNDACIÓN COMUNIDAD VALENCIANA REGIÓN EUROPEA Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  61. 61. The Amsterdam Treaty & EES launch 6. It creates a legal base for the analysis, research, exchange of best practice and the promotion of incentive measures for employment 7. It enables decisions to be taken by qualified majority (before the treaty the unanimity was required), which prevents a single country from blocking decisions or recommendations which may be necessary for Europe and its citizens as a whole.. • On the basis of these new provisions, the Luxembourg Jobs Summit of November 1997 anticipated the entry into force of the Treaty and launched the European Employment Strategy in its current form. • In line with the changing socio-economic situation, the following European Councils have provided fundamental orientations for the EES and reinforced its links with other EU policies. The most important Councils were Cardiff (June 1998), Cologne (June 1999), Lisbon Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea and Barcelona (March 2002). (March 2000), Stockholm (October 2000) www.uegva.info FUNDACIÓN COMUNIDAD VALENCIANA REGIÓN EUROPEA Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  62. 62. www.uegva.info The 1997-2002 EES: four pillars The EES was initially structured into four pillars and a set of corresponding guidelines. • The four pillars were: 1) Improving employability (such as tacking youth unemployment and preventing long-term unemployment; transition from passive to active measures) 2) Developing entrepreneurship (such as favouring business start-up; making taxation more employment friendly) 3) Encouraging adaptability in business and their employees (such as modernizing work organization) 4) Strengthening the policies for Equal Opportunities (such as reducing gender gaps and reconciling work and familiy life, but also employment policies for the disabled) Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info FUNDACIÓN COMUNIDAD VALENCIANA REGIÓN EUROPEA Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  63. 63. www.uegva.info 2000 review • The EES was launched with a view to make decisive progress in the fight against unemployment within five years. A 'mid-term review' was then carried out in 2000 to provide a first assessment of the effectiveness of the new approach. • The 2000 evaluation exercise highlighted some strengths and weaknesses. • Among the positive developments: - the EES had created a common, integrated framework for structural reform which enables synergies to be achieved across simultaneous and mutually supportive action. - an increased involvement of a wide number of actors both at the European and national levels in the EES. - an increased transparency of employment policies, as well as an increased political accountability of the actions. • Among the weaker points: - regional differences in labour market performance remained important - bottlenecks, largely due to the skills gap, were emerging in a number of Member States. - the implementation of different objectives was uneven, with most progress achieved in employability whereas the adaptability pillar was lagging behind. -local levels of administration and other local actors needed to take a greater stake at the design and implementation of the relevant Guidelines. Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info FUNDACIÓN COMUNIDAD VALENCIANA REGIÓN EUROPEA Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  64. 64. www.uegva.info 2000 Lisbon Council: The Lisbon strategy • The Lisbon European Council (March 2000) set a new strategic goal for the EU, which is to become, by 2010, „the most competitive and dynamic knowledge-based economy of the world, capable of sustainable economic growth with more and better jobs and greater social cohesion‟. This goal is to be reached „without abandoning the core values of solidarity, social justice and social right upon which the Union is built‟. • While continuing to call for greater efforts to reduce the still high numbers of unemployed people, the Lisbon Council also set full employment as an overarching long term goal for the new European economy in the form ambitious quantitative targets for employment rates for 2010 (70% overall and 60% for women. Further targets were added for older workers). • The Summit also recommended new or strengthened priorities (such as skills and mobility, lifelong learning). • This new strategic goal changed the perspective of the EES: to fulfil the Union‟s new goal, its aim should be to generate not only more but also better jobs so as to foster not only competitiveness and economic growth but also greater social cohesion. Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info FUNDACIÓN COMUNIDAD VALENCIANA REGIÓN EUROPEA Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  65. 65. www.uegva.info Lisbon targets Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info FUNDACIÓN COMUNIDAD VALENCIANA REGIÓN EUROPEA Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  66. 66. The Lisbon agenda Lisbon objective (2000): to become the most competitive and dynamic knowledge-based economy in the world capable of sustainable economic growth with more and better jobs and greater social cohesion (+ respect for the environment) Why? EU lagging behind in terms of GDP per capita, employment and productivity rates Facing up the challenges of demographic change and global economic integration (+ enlargement) Need for coordinated action at EU level (governance) Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  67. 67. www.uegva.info 2002 impact evaluation • In 2002, the European Commission issued its evaluation of the first five years of the EES (national reports and a joint report). • The Commission evaluation pointed to the significant improvement in EU labour market performance with more than 10 million new jobs created since 1997 and 4 million less unemployed. While conceding it is clearly difficult to establish how much of this overall improvement is due to the introduction of the EES and how much to economic improvement, the evaluation highlighted significant changes in national employment policies, with a clear convergence towards the objectives set out in the EES policy guidelines. • However, the EES is also seen to have a number of weaknesses, partly in relation to the activation of the most disadvantaged groups and to policy evaluation, and partly relating to new and emerging challenges. These include: - demographic challenges - emerging skills gap - enlargement - globalisation and immigration Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info FUNDACIÓN COMUNIDAD VALENCIANA REGIÓN EUROPEA Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  68. 68. www.uegva.info Evaluation results: employment performance • Since 1997, more than 10 million new jobs have been created, six million of which taken up by women. • Overall employment rate in the EU has increased to 64.3% in 2002 (w.r.t. the 2005 target of 67%). • Women‟s employment rate has risen to 55.6% (w.r.t. the 2005 target of 57%) • The rate for older workers has increased to just above 40%, (w.r.t. the 2010 target of 50%) • In addition, unemployment has been decreasing (also for women and the young), as well as the share of long-term unemployed amongst all the unemployed. • The reaction of employment performance to the recent slowdown has been much more moderate than in the previous one in the 1990s. • Nevertheless, the Lisbon targets are within reach only if Member States step up their efforts to implement further labour market reforms. • Furthermore, there are significant differences between Member States in terms of the pace of improvement: Denmark, Sweden, the UK and the Netherlands have already reached an overall employment rate of 70%, while Greece Italy and Spain are still far from it. Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info FUNDACIÓN COMUNIDAD VALENCIANA REGIÓN EUROPEA Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  69. 69. www.uegva.info Evaluation results: Active Labour Market Programmes (ALMP) • Preventive approach now in place almost everywhere in the EU • The target of 20% of the unemployed participating in active labour market programmes has already been overtaken by 14 Member States (excluding UK) • More than half of the general increase in active measures is due to a rise in training to combat skill shortages • Combining training with other measures, such as work experience and individualised action plans, increases the chances of success. • Further progress in individual job search and guidance services at an early stage of unemployment (mainly in Denmark, France, Belgium, Germany and Italy). • Growing tendency to make ALMP more demand-led, and to improve the cooperation between institutions in the public and/or the private sector • An increasing recognition that integration into the labour market requires a broader range of complementary measures contributing to social inclusion, with the consequent need of more links with policies in other fields, such as ducation, health care and housing. • Nevertheless, still room to make the preventive approach more effective • Furthermore, actions often targeted on the groups with the most potential. Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info FUNDACIÓN COMUNIDAD VALENCIANA REGIÓN EUROPEA Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  70. 70. www.uegva.info Evaluation results: Active ageing • All the Member States have made serious efforts to raise the employment rates of older workers, ranging from measures to discourage early retirement to financial incentives to encourage a longer stay in the labour market, and measures aimed at facilitating a gradual phasing out from working life. • However, only a few Member States have developed comprehensive national active ageing strategies (Finland, Denmark, Sweden and UK). • Other Member States (including Italy) have tended to concentrate on reforming the pension scheme and/or on promoting training facilities and measures to re-skill older workers. • NOTE: increasing the mandatory retirement age does not automatically increase the number of older workers in employment. The key issue is how to boost the willingness of employers to keep older workers in employment until retirement age. Recent studies have shown that early retirement is frequently not the employees‟ choice and some Member States continue to use early retirement schemes Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info FUNDACIÓN COMUNIDAD VALENCIANA REGIÓN EUROPEA Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  71. 71. www.uegva.info Evaluation results: Female labour market participation • Considering employment performances in the period between 1997 and 2001, women have contributed most to the overall growth of employment Rates. • Nevertheless, the gender gap in activity rates remains substantial in several Member States, particularly in Greece, Italy and Spain. • Initiatives range from training women returning to the labour market (Ireland, Austria, the Netherlands and Luxembourg), policies aimed at active ageing (Sweden), female- friendly adjustments in the tax, pension and benefit schemes (Belgium, Ireland, Sweden and the Netherlands) measures to encourage entrepreneurship (Greece, Italy, Spain, Sweden and Luxemburg) and better care services for children and/or other dependents (Ireland, Greece, Italy, Luxemburg and the UK). • There are also examples of specific measures, such as reducing employer‟s contributions for hiring women in permanent jobs (Spain), specific campaigns to encourage more positive attitudes towards female workers (Austria), improvements in gender equality at enterprise level (France) and incentives to increase the number of women in decision making (Germany, the Netherlands, France, Italy, Denmark, Sweden and the UK) Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info FUNDACIÓN COMUNIDAD VALENCIANA REGIÓN EUROPEA Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  72. 72. www.uegva.info Evaluation results: Female labour market participation 2 • Nevertheless, still relevant pay differentials by gender, wider for older workers and the high educated • Furthermore, gender segregation remains a structural problem in labour markets, due to many persistent factors (such as educational choices, stereotypes and the attractiveness of certain sectors for men or women, particularly with regard to the chances of reconciling work and family life). • In both cases, more efforts should be made to: - improve care facilities for children and other dependent relatives; - promote measures to encourage men to take parental leaves; - encourage men to take greater responsibilities for family tasks (some actions already in Austria, Belgium Germany, Luxembourg, Portugal, Spain and the UK) Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info FUNDACIÓN COMUNIDAD VALENCIANA REGIÓN EUROPEA Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  73. 73. www.uegva.info Evaluation results: Flexibility and Security Steps have been taken to balance flexibility and security, such as reducing the negative aspects of flexible work patterns, improving (lifelong) training and learning facilities and promoting the reconciliation of work and family life. • However, little attention has been paid to promoting a broader culture of learning in the workplace and lifelong learning is still underdeveloped. • Widening gap in the take-up of learning opportunities between those with low skills and the higher educated, and between younger and older age groups. • Quality of work has not been fully addressed and most Member States tend to identify their own priorities (such as flex-security and gender equality in Italy, Spain, Greece and Portugal; working time in Belgium, France and Luxembourg; health and safety almost everywhere) • Need to actions addressing simultaneously employment and productivity growth Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info FUNDACIÓN COMUNIDAD VALENCIANA REGIÓN EUROPEA Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  74. 74. www.uegva.info 2002 revision • Following the 2002 evaluation, the Commission adopted a “Communication on the future of EES” in January 2003. • In this Communication, the Commission presented an outline for the revised strategy with concrete objectives and targets. It highlights three overarching objectives (instead of the previous four pillars): - full employment (on the basis of Lisbon targets); - quality and productivity at work; - social cohesion and an inclusive labour market. and insists on a better delivery and governance of EES. • In pursuing the three overarching objectives, Member States shall implement policies which take account of a list of specific guidelines which are priorities for action. In doing so they shall adopt a gender-mainstreaming approach across each of the priorities. • The Commission adopted a new set of Employment Guidelines and Recommendations in 2003 Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info FUNDACIÓN COMUNIDAD VALENCIANA REGIÓN EUROPEA Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  75. 75. www.uegva.info Enlargement and EES • Since the late 1990s, the objective of the Commission was to ensure that candidate countries (10 of which as of 1 May 2004 are now Member States) define employment policies that prepare them for membership of the Union and progressively adjust institutions and policies to the European Employment Strategy. • To this end, the Commission initiated in 1999 a cooperation process on employment with these countries. Furthermore, cooperation also aimed at ensuring that both the present EU financial support for accession and the preparations for ESF implementation would focus on supporting the identified employment policy priorities. • In a first step candidate countries and the Commission would analyse the key challenges for employment policies in "Joint Assessments Papers" ("JAPs"), starting from background studies funded by the Commission in cooperation with the European Training Foundation. Most candidate countries consulted extensively on the draft Joint Assessment Papers, including the Finance and Education Ministries and the social partners, which helped to establish policy coherence. • The candidate countries and the Commission agreed to monitor the implementation of the JAP commitments in 2002-2003. • The ten new Member States prepared their first National Action Plans ("NAPs") for employment in 2004, along with those of the 15 other Member States. Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info FUNDACIÓN COMUNIDAD VALENCIANA REGIÓN EUROPEA Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  76. 76. www.uegva.info 2005 revamp • In the beginning of 2005, the EU faces serious structural difficulties: an ageing population and a decline in economic performance lead to a strong pressure on the European social model. • In February 2005, the European Commission made a proposal for a revamp of the Lisbon strategy to focus on delivering stronger, lasting growth and more and better jobs. • This revamp has led to a complete revision of the EES, the guidelines of which will from now on be presented in conjunction with the macroeconomic and microeconomic guidelines and for a period of three years. This is expected to maximise the synergies between the measures taken at the national level and Community actions, and to increase their efficiency. • This new process has been in practice from July 2005, with the approval by the European Council of the Integrated Guidelines for Growth and Jobs. • These guidelines will be the basis for the Community Lisbon Programme and the national reform programmes. Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info FUNDACIÓN COMUNIDAD VALENCIANA REGIÓN EUROPEA Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  77. 77. www.uegva.info 2005-2008 Employment Guidelines • The new Employment Guidelines (2005-8) are eight and they fit within three priorities: 1) attract and retain more people in employment, increase labour supply and modernise social protection systems; 2) improve adaptability of workers and enterprises; 3) increase investment in human capital through better education and skills • In 2005 the Commission also launched an ambitious new programme of mutual learning centred on the exchange of good practice and the Dissemination, including at regional level, of the experience of the EES. This is achieved by the organisation of "peer reviews" in the Member States, as well as of Thematic Seminars, complemented by follow-up dissemination activities. • Combined with a better use of EU financial resources, most notably the European Social Fund , the revised guidelines adopted in July 2005 and the reinforced mutual learning programme can give a new dynamic to the European Employment Strategy, a strategy fully involving national Parliaments, the social partners, other stakeholders and promoting reform partnerships. Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info FUNDACIÓN COMUNIDAD VALENCIANA REGIÓN EUROPEA Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  78. 78. www.uegva.info 2005-2008 Employment Guidelines (integrated guidelines n. 17-24) • Guideline No 17: Implement employment policies aiming at achieving full employment, improving quality and productivity at work, and strengthening social and territorial cohesion • Guideline No 18: Promote a lifecycle approach to work • Guideline No 19: Ensure inclusive labour markets, enhance work attractiveness, and make work pay for job-seekers, including disadvantaged people and the inactive • Guideline No 20: Improve matching of labour market needs • Guideline No 21: Promote flexibility combined with employment security and reduce labour market segmentation, having due regard to the role of the social partners • Guideline No 22: Ensure employment-friendly labour cost developments and wage-setting mechanisms • Guideline No 23: Expand and improve investment in human capital • Guideline No 24: Adapt education and training systems in response to new competence requirements Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info FUNDACIÓN COMUNIDAD VALENCIANA REGIÓN EUROPEA Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  79. 79. www.uegva.info Further targets and benchmarks (set in 2003 and adopted in the new Guidelines) • every unemployed person is offered a new start before reaching 6 months of unemployment in the case of young people and 12 months in the case of adults in the form of training, retraining, work practice, a job or other employability measure, combined where appropriate with on-going job search assistance, • 25 % of long-term unemployment should participate by 2010 in an active measure in the form of training, retraining, work practice, or other employability measure, with the aim of achieving the average of the three most advanced Member States, • jobseekers throughout the EU are able to consult all job vacancies advertised through Member States„ employment services, • an increase by five years, at EU level, of the actual average exit age from the labour market by 2010 (compared to 59,9 in 2001), • the provision of childcare by 2010 to at least 90% of children between 3 years old and the mandatory school age and at least 33% of children under 3 years of age, • an EU average rate of no more than 10% early school leavers, • at least 85% of 22-year olds in the EU should have completed upper secondary education by 2010, • the EU average level of participation in lifelong learning should be at least 12,5% Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea of the adult working-age population (25 to 64 age www.uegva.info group). FUNDACIÓN COMUNIDAD VALENCIANA REGIÓN EUROPEA Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  80. 80. www.uegva.info Progress towards the Lisbon targets Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info FUNDACIÓN COMUNIDAD VALENCIANA REGIÓN EUROPEA Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  81. 81. Progress towards the Lisbon targets Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  82. 82. www.uegva.info Progress towards the Lisbon targets Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info FUNDACIÓN COMUNIDAD VALENCIANA REGIÓN EUROPEA Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  83. 83. www.uegva.info Progress towards the Lisbon targets Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info FUNDACIÓN COMUNIDAD VALENCIANA REGIÓN EUROPEA Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  84. 84. www.uegva.info Concluding remarks • The positive impact of the EES in the second half of the Nineties was favoured by the economic cycle. However, structural improvements have occurred since 1997 thanks to reform in a number of areas, such as competition policy and labour markets. • These improvements are reflected in: - lower structural rates of unemployment, despite deterioration in some new Member States; - lower long-term unemployment rates and shorter average spells in unemployment; - increased efficiency in matching between the unemployed and vacancies; - a rise in aggregate labour demand; - a wage formation process that takes better account of prevailing conditions in the economy and competitiveness constraints, thus raising the employment content of growth; - a positive effect of atypical labour contracts, such as part-time and fixed-term employment, although as regards the latter there is some evidence of market segmentation; - an increase in expenditure on labour market policies, which are better targeted to labour market needs with positive results on job creation. • Economic growth in the EU nearly halved from close to 3% per year in the period 1998-2000 (the value implicitly assumed at the time the Lisbon targets were established) to the average value registered in the period 2001-2004. Given the close relation between economic growth and labour market performance, this slowdown in economic growth had a significant negative impact on employment creation. Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info FUNDACIÓN COMUNIDAD VALENCIANA REGIÓN EUROPEA Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  85. 85. www.uegva.info Concluding remarks(2) • Unemployment remains high and problems remain in a number of areas, such as tax wedges on labour costs and low-wage traps. • Little progress has been achieved in facilitating the transition from unemployment or inactivity to employment, especially for low-skilled people. • Progress in terms of quality and productivity at work is mixed. – There has been some progress in rising participation in lifelong learning, while youth education attainment levels continue to rise. – Nevertheless, further progress is necessary as regards both the transitions from temporary to permanent jobs and out of low-paid jobs. • Some signs of improvement towards greater social cohesion have been registered: – Lower labour market gaps related to gender and age – moving from unemployment into employment lowers considerably the likelihood of being exposed to the risk of poverty. • But the recent economic slowdown can negatively impact on social cohesion, mainly in some new Member States Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info FUNDACIÓN COMUNIDAD VALENCIANA REGIÓN EUROPEA Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  86. 86. www.uegva.info Concluding remarks • Implementation of EES is up to each Member State (EES voluntary and non- binding), with consequent differences in priorities and results (EU avg hides quite different situation) • The EES is still heavily influenced by economic and financial targets and steps taken at European level focus strongly on a work-based society. • When it comes to designing employment policies, financial and economic considerations frequently prevail, even if all the Member States recognize a number of fundamental social rights. • Need to better balance social and economic objectives, eventually linking them to Fundamental Rights (such as the right to education and vocational training, the right to pursue a freely chosen occupation, the right to access public (employment) services, the right to social security and assistance, the right to a life in dignity for all, especially the older workers and the disabled) Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info FUNDACIÓN COMUNIDAD VALENCIANA REGIÓN EUROPEA Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  87. 87. The joint report on employment 06/07 shows some progress and some difficulties on the achievement of these objectives: Some progresses: Employment rate (63.8%) but difficult to achieve the goal of 70% in 2010; Employment of ageing people (42.5%) but difficult to achieve the goal of 50% in 2010; Good progress in women’s employment (56.3%); the 2010 goal will be probably achieved; Social reforms and a more balanced situation of Public Finances. Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  88. 88. Some difficulties: Productivity growth rate remains insufficient (0.9% in 2005) Insufficient participation of adults in life long training; School abandonment still high; The flexibility of labour market; Employment of some social groups in difficulty: young people, women, migrants. Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  89. 89. We want to cooperate with you and are open to discuss new ideas for future initiatives You may find further information on our website: www.uegva.info Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  90. 90. Valencian Regional Office Rue de la Loi, 227 – 4th Floor B-1040 Brussels Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas
  91. 91. Thank you for your kind attention! Miguel Mares Garcés Head of Human resources adl@delcomval.be Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea www.uegva.info Delegación de la Comunidad Valenciana en Bruselas

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