Martes 19 uji eu julio 2011

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Martes 19 uji eu julio 2011

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  2. 2. D :Bloque 1 (cont)Comisión Europea:- DG de Empleo- DG Educación- DG RegioProgramas de trabajo anuales.ConvocatoriasOrganigramas;ubicacion y contactos.Estrategias generales:NacionalRegionalPresidências (trios)Europeas
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  5. 5. Tiene cinco prioridades para los próximos cinco años:EMPLEO:Repensar la estrategia europea de empleo, con elobjetivo de crear mayores oportunidades de empleopara todos;Hacer frente a la crítica situación de desempleo de losjóvenes;Alentar a los gobiernos a promover una agenda de laflexiguridad, para garantizar la seguridad de empleopara los trabajadores (más fácil las transicioneslaborales y el aprendizaje de por vida);Asegurar que los trabajadores ganar Nuevascapacidades para nuevos empleos, incluidos losempleos verdes, que también mejorará la competitividadde Europa y aumentar la productividad;Ayudar a mantener a los trabajadores de edad en elempleo y apoyar el envejecimiento activo.
  6. 6. LUCHA CONTRA LA POBREZA:Promover políticas que apoyen a los grupos vulnerables yabordar las causas profundas de la pobreza;Prevenir la pobreza en edad de seguir adelante con laspropuestas para asegurar los sistemas de pensionesadecuados para el largo plazo;Apoyar la prestación de servicios sociales accesibles,asequibles y de alta calidad.Seguir promoviendo la igualdad de trato de los gitanos,ayudar a su inclusión en la sociedad y darles la posibilidad desalir de la pobreza;Aprovechar las oportunidades que en el 2010, Año Europeopara combatir la pobreza y la exclusión social y fomentar laparticipación y el compromiso político de todos los socios en lalucha contra la pobreza y la exclusión social;
  7. 7. EFECTIVIDAD DE LOS FONDOS DE LA UE:Garantizar más rápido y un uso más eficaz delos fondos de la UE: el Fondo Social Europeo(FSE), el Fondo Europeo de Adaptación a laGlobalización (FEAG), el progreso delprograma y, espero que muy pronto, el próximoservicio de microcréditos;Asegurar que el dinero de la UE actúa como uncatalizador para la formación, volver altrabajo y la inclusión, complementando yreforzando las acciones nacionales.
  8. 8. DIÁLOGO SOCIAL:Renovar e intensificar el diálogo con nuestros socios.Bajo el Tratado de Lisboa, el diálogo social seconvierte en un objetivo de la Unión Europea en suconjunto;Garantizar que la reestructuración y el cambio segestionan de una manera socialmente responsable;Trabajar para mejorar las condiciones en el lugarde trabajo, y abrir un nuevo capítulo en la regulaciónde la UE a nivel del tiempo de trabajo;Abordar los nuevos desafíos emergentes en el áreade la salud y seguridad en el trabajo, y el uso deinstrumentos legislativos cuando es el mejor camino aseguir.
  9. 9. MOVILIDAD:Eliminar los obstáculos a la libre circulación detrabajadores en la UE mediante la mejora dela coordinación de los sistemas de protecciónsocial y la portabilidad de los derechos depensión;Revisar la forma en que el desplazamiento detrabajadores se interpreta y aplica, y nuevasmedidas si fuera necesario.
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  27. 27. Open calls for proposals VT/2011/006 Study on the consequences of the documentation of the risk assessment (Article 9 of Directive 89/391/EEC) by very small enterprises, compared with a possible exemption from that obligation VT/2011/009 Framework contract on Helpdesk and other support services to the EURES Portal VT/2011/016 Performance Monitoring 2011-2013 of the EU Programme for Employment and Social Solidarity PROGRESS 2007-2013 VT/2011/020 Secretariat for MISSOC, the Mutual Information System on Social Protection VT/2011/024 Study service for the evaluation of the European strategy on safety and health at work 2007-2012 VT/2011/033 ESF expert evaluation network VT/2011/039 Study service contract to establish the potential impact of nanomaterials nanotechnology at the workplace, evaluate the scope and requirements of possible modifications of relevant EU safety health at work legislation Notice: This selection is not exhaustive. For a complete list of current calls for tenders please log on to the tenders/grants webpages or the Tenders Electronic Daily database Current calls for tenders VP/2011/001 Industrial Relations and Social Dialogue, Budget heading 04.03.03.01 VP/2011/003 Budget heading 04.03.03.03 Information, Consultation and Participation of Representatives of Undertakings VP/2011/005 PARES: Partnerships between employment services VP/2011/007 Innovative policies to support healthy, active and dignified ageing and raise the effectiveness and efficiency of spending on social, health and long-term care services and benefits VP/2011/008 Restructuring, well-being at work and financial participation VP/2011/010 Projects contributing to exchange of good practices Notice: This selection is not exhaustive. For a complete list of current calls for tenders please log on to the tenders/grants webpages or the Tenders Electronic Daily database Publisher: European Commission Employment, Social Affairs InclusionSocial Europe e-newsletter Contact | Subscribe to our publications | Modify your subscription | Unsubscribe | Legal noticeEuropean Commission » Employment, Social Affairs Inclusion
  28. 28. PROGRESS PROGRAMME - ANNUAL FINANCIAL ENVELOPE 2011 - OPERATIONAL EXPENDITURESHARE OF THE 2011 BUDGET PER PROGRESS IMMEDIATE OUTCOME Outcome 5 - High Outcome 2 - Outcome 3 - Cross- Outcome 4 - Greater Outcome 1 - Evidence- quality and Policy Sections based policy % Information sharing - % cutting policy and % capacity of key EU % participatiry policy % Total learning consistency networks debate Employment 5,30 26,16% 12,76 62,98% 0,00 0,00% 0,00 0,00% 2,20 10,86% 20,26 Social Inclusion and Protection 6,60 23,22% 8,90 31,32% 0,00 0,00% 10,30 36,24% 2,62 9,22% 28,42 Working Conditions 3,24 37,54% 4,19 48,55% 0,00 0,00% 0,00 0,00% 1,20 13,90% 8,63 Non-discrimination 4,80 23,28% 8,02 38,88% 0,00 0,00% 6,25 30,32% 1,55 7,52% 20,62 Gender Equality 1,10 9,11% 6,40 53,02% 0,00 0,00% 1,80 14,91% 2,77 22,95% 12,07 2% support 0,00 0,00% 0,00 0,00% 1,39 100,00% 0,00 0,00% 0,00 0,00% 1,39 Total 21,04 23,02% 40,27 44,06% 1,39 1,52% 18,35 20,08% 10,34 11,31% 91,39The table does not include PROGRESS administrative expenditure (amounting at 4.38 m€)
  29. 29. IMPLEMENTATION OF ANNUAL WORK PLAN - PROCEDURES CONSOLIDATED TABLE Spontaneous subsidies - Renewal Open Restricted Open Restricted Monopolies de Framework Contracts of current Convention Subdelegatio Convention Policy Sections Calls for Calls for Calls for Calls for Outputs facto/dejure- Contracts (Outputs) service s (Outputs) n to ESTAT s (Outputs) Tenders Tenders Proposals Proposals Framework Outputs contracts Partnership Agreements Employment 1 4 5 4 2 0 11 3 3 16 16 26 Social Inclusion and 5 3 7 0 2 0 15 1 10 20 20 8 Protection Working Conditions 8 0 11 0 1 0 15 1 4 14 15 13 Non-discrimination 5 0 5 2 0 1 32 1 30 16 16 12 Gender Equality 4 0 4 1 0 0 1 0 0 6 6 6 2% support 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 Total 25 7 34 7 5 1 73 6 47 72 73 68 32 6The table does not include PROGRESS administrative expenditure (amounting at 4.38 m€)
  30. 30. PARTCIP. THIRD COUNTRIES NUMBER OF PROGRESS OUTPUTS / UNIT NEW / RECCURRINGREF. Nº IMMEDIATE ACTIVITY DESCRIPTION TARGET AUDIENCES TIMEFRAME PROCEDURE BUDGET PER RESPONSIBL ACTIVITY OUTCOMES IMMEDIATE E OUTCOME The aim is to cover short-term needs in relation to analytical work in support of: a) the Employment in Europe report b) the monthly and quarterly labour market monitoring and MS, EFTA/EEA, potential and Small-scale studies in support of Employment in reporting candidate countries, social Evidence- Europe report, of monthly and quarterly labour c) the EES policy assessment in the context of the EU20201 partners, non profit organisations, 2011 New Activity Call for Tender 4 Studies D1/D2 Yes based Policy market monitoring and reporting and in support of strategy by ad-hoc literature review, analysis and fact- higher education institutes, the EES finding; research institutes d) preparatory research papers within the context of the EU2020 Strategy. A maximum of four low value tenders to be launched in the second and third quarters of 2011. The aim of this activity is to setting up of WEESP (Web- MS, EFTA/EEA, potential and Service contract for setting up of WEESP - an tool of Evaluated Employment Services Practises), an candidate countries, social Evidence-2 information system on Employment Services information system composed of evaluated and tested partners, non profit organisations, 2011 New Activity Call for Tender 1 Study D3 Yes based Policy Practises (public, private and third sector) employment services higher education institutes, practises (i.e. on what works and does not work) research institutes The objective of the evaluation is twofold: 1) to assess, three years after their publication/adoption the impact of the Communication and the Common MS, EFTA/EEA, potential and Principles on national policy making, i.e. whether and to candidate countries, social Framework Evidence- Evaluation of the first phase of Flexicurity what extent Member States put into practice these3 partners, non profit organisations, 2011 New Activity contract DG 1 Evaluation D2 Yes based Policy (2007/2010) principles and developed their own flexicurity pathways; higher education institutes, EMPL 2) to analyse the impact of the implemented integrated research institutes flexicurity policies in terms of strengthening employment security, facilitating transitions and reducing labour market segmentation. The aim of the evaluation is to asses how the Mutual Learning programme (MLP) could be refocused in order to ensure that it contributes better to the achievements of MS, EFTA/EEA, potential and the key objectives in the Europe 2020. The key issue to candidate countries, social Framework Evidence-4 Evaluation of the Mutual Learning Programme assess is how to ensure that the main results and main partners, non profit organisations, 2011 New Activity contract DG 1 Evaluation D2 Yes based Policy findings are being disseminated to and used by the higher education institutes, EMPL highest level of policy makers and to the local research institutes stakeholders responsible for implementing labour market policies. MS, EFTA/EEA, potential and Ad hoc data collection and research to assess candidate countries, social Framework Evidence-5 Fact-finding on specific policy experiences employment impact of national measures promoting partners, non profit organisations, 2011 New Activity contract DG 1 Study D1 Yes based Policy green jobs and economic recovery higher education institutes, EMPL research institutes ESCO, a common multilingual taxonomy of occupations and skills, based on the ISCO classification, has been identified as one of the flagship initiatives under the MS, EFTA/EEA, potential and Europe 2020 strategy. It will be made freely available as candidate countries, social Framework Evidence- ESCO (European Skills Competences and Recurring 1 Multilingual6 a standard tool for all interested stakeholders. The work partners, non profit organisations, 2011 contract DG D3 Yes based Policy Occupations) Activity Dictionary to develop ESCO involves IT tools to manage and higher education institutes, EMPL/OPOCE distribute ESCO as well as the operation of a secretariat research institutes to coordinate the work of the management board, maintenance committee and reference groups. Taking into consideration the proposals under the foreseen Communication on the implementation of the MS, EFTA/EEA, potential and flagship initiative An agenda for New Skills and Jobs, a candidate countries, social Framework Evidence- Beyond flexicurity: new ways of tackling labour study will be launched in order to prepare for post 20127 partners, non profit organisations, 2011 New Activity contract DG 1 Study D2 Yes based Policy market segmentation Commission proposals in the context of Europe 2020 higher education institutes, EMPL/OPOCE Strategy to take into account the challenge of increasing research institutes employment creation but not at the expense of widening contractual diversity/segmentation
  31. 31. NUMBER OF OUTPUTS / BUDGET BY UNITREFERENCE NUMBER PROGRESS IMMEDIATE OUTCOMES ACTIVITY DESCRIPTION TARGET AUDIENCES TIMEFRAME NEW / RECCURRING ACTIVITY PROCEDURE PARTCIP. THIRD COUNTRIES IMMEDIATE OUTCOME RESPONSIBLE 1 Evidence-based policy Development of data in collaboration with international organisations Contribution to research in programmes related to Health and Safety at Work All stakeholders 2011 New activity Spontaneous subsidy (Monopoly de facto - Joint Management) 4 Contributions to international programmes F4 No 2 Evidence-based policy Development of data /statistics Further implementation of ESAW (aligning to the future implementing measures in view of Regulation no 1338/2008) All stakeholders 2007-2012 Recurring activity Subdelegation (to ESTAT - Others interventions) Restricted grants to national statistical authorities F4 Yes 3 Evidence-based policy Evaluation of the OSH Strategy 2007-2012 Study to review the effectiveness and the efficiency of the OSH Strategy 2007-2012 and to identifiy priorities for 2013-2020 All stakeholders 2011 New activity Open call for tenders 1 study F4 Yes Study on the costs/benefits of existing requirements as regards the documentation for risk assessment, in particular for SMEs (Article 9 of Directive 4 Evidence-based policy Study on csts/benefits related to documentation of the risk assessments by SMEs All stakeholders 2011 New activity Open call for tenders 1 study F4 Yes 89/391/EEC) Cooperation between JRC and DG EMPL to gather scientific information and evidence needed for SCOELs preliminary evaluation documents for a 5 Evidence-based policy SCOEL activities All stakeholders 2011 Recurrent Administrative Arrangement with Joint Research Center (since 2010) 1 document per substance F4 Not relevant number of identified priority chemical substances Development of a model for the evaluation of management (OSH) systems aimed at facilitating the implementation of the future 2013-2020 EU Strategy 6 Evidence-based policy Development of strategic models All stakeholders 2011 New activity Open call for tenders 1 study F4 Yes on health and safety at work 7 Evidence-based policy Study to establish the scope of modifications of safety signs directive Study to establish the scope of modifications of the technical annex of Directive 92/58/EEC (Health and Safety Signs) All stakeholders 2011 New activity Open call for tenders 1 study F4 Yes Contract to analyse the conformity of the transposal of Directive 89/391/EEC , its individual directives, Directive 92/29/EEC and Directive 2009/148/EC 8 Evidence-based policy Study to analyse the conformity of the transposition of OSH directive by Iceland All stakeholders 2011 New activity Open call for tenders 1 study F4 not relevant into national law of the Republic of Iceland. 9 Evidence-based policy Study - European Society and European Cooperative Society Impact assessment study to support the review of Directives 2001/86 on European Company and 2003/72 on European Cooperative Society All stakeholders 2011 New activity Impact assessment framework contract 1 study F2 Just EEA countries Impact assessment study to support the review of Article 8 of Directive 2008/94 concerning the protection of employees rights to occupational pension 10 Evidence-based policy Study - Insolvency Directive (Article 8) All stakeholders 2011 New activity Impact assessment framework contract 1 study F2 Just EEA countries schemes in case of insolvency of their employer Part of ongoing exercise to evaluate EU 11 Evidence-based policy Study on Directives 99/70 on fixed-term work and 97/81 on Part-time work Study to evaluate the impact of current legislation on fixed-term and part-time work and identify difficulties or loopholes in their application All stakeholders 2011 Impact assessment framework contract 1 study F2 Just EEA countries employment legislation Study to define and assess mechanisms in Member States to provide non-jurisdictional settlement of labour disputes and identify specific difficulties 12 Evidence-based policy Study - Dispute settlement mechanisms in labour law All stakeholders 2011 New activity Open call for tenders 1 study F2 Yes with the settlement of international disputes. Study to establish the potential impact of Nanomaterials/Nanotechnology in the Study to establish the scope of modifications of relevant EU Safety Health at Work legislation to accomodate risks/concerns posed by 13 Evidence-based policy All stakeholders 2011 New activity Open call for tenders 1 study F4 Yes Workplace, in particular to ensure adequate protection of workers health and safety Nanomaterials/Nanotechnology in the Workplace Total Evidence-based policy 3,24 Development of an inspection toolkit for targeted interventions on occupational 14 Information sharing learning SLIC Activities All Member States 2011 Ongoing activity De facto monopoly 1 report F4 Yes health and safety (psycho-social risks) 15 Information sharing learning SLIC Activities - Exchange of national inspectors To assess the quality and impact of national inspection systems Labour Inspectors 2011 Recurring activity Others interventions - Exchange of national inspectors inspection visits reports F4 No 16 Information sharing learning Committee of experts on posting of workers The Committee would support and assist Member States in identifying/exchanging good practices and problems encountered. Member states 2011 Recurring activity Reimbursement of experts travel and subsistence expenses 4 meetings F2 No To support the development of an information exchange system in order to facilitate the enhanced administrative cooperation in the context of Directive 17 Information sharing learning Development of an information exchange system All stakeholders 2011 New activity Subdelegation to DIGIT IT system F2 No 96/71/EC on posting of workers. 18 Information sharing learning Meeting of expert groups Logistics of expert group meetings, to be organised extra-muros. All stakeholders 2011 Recurring activity Framework Contract (EMPL- Conference) 3 meetings F2 No Identify key messages on Dir F activities and create slogans. This will constitute the milestone for the production of promotional material for the citizens 19 Information sharing learning Communication and networking activities and design of a conference visibility toolkit aimed at decision-makers. The objective is to have a common product for all Dir F units with specific slogans Citizens decision-makers 2011 Recurring activity Framework contracts 1 leaflet, 1 video and promotional material F2,F3, F4 No for each unit. Support the research and networking with the view to exchange of information and best practices, raising awareness and improving knowledge in 3 Member states, social partners, universities 20 Information sharing learning Call for proposals on restrucuturing, well-being and financial participation 2011 Recurring activity Call for Proposals (Open) 15 reports F3 No issues : restructuring, financial participation and Well-being at work research institute Legal experts, national authorities responsible To deal with the legal issues raised by EU labour law, to provide a forum for an open discussion and exchange of information of topical issues and to 4 quarterly flash reports, 1 thematic report, 1 21 Information sharing learning European Network of independent Legal Experts for law-making and enforcement and social 2011-2014 New contract Open call for tender Service Contract, renewable F2 Just EEA countries reinforce the capacity to anticipate problems related to the application of EU law legal seminar, 1 final report partners Total Information sharing learning 4,19 Member states, social partners, universities 22 Participatory debate Presidency Conferences Conferences on health and safety at work (2/presidency) 2011 New activity Spontaneous subsidy (Monopoly de facto - Presidency) 4 reports F4 Yes research institute Conferences on Working conditions Labour Law. (1) Member states, social partners, universities 23 Participatory debate Presidency Conferences 2011 New activity Spontaneous subsidy (Monopoly de facto - Presidency) 1 report F2 Yes research institute Member states, social partners, universities 24 Participatory debate Conference organized by DG EMPL Conference on Working Conditions and labour Law (1) 2011 New activity Framework Contract (EMPL- Conference) 1 report F2 Yes research institute Total Participatory debate 1,20 Total Section 8,63
  32. 32. El nuevo Comisario Europeo de Empleo, Lazlo Andor declaro el 11 defebrero, después del voto del parlamento en Estrasburgo, la aprobación deunas nuevas medidas contra la crisis y el desempleo.La propuesta, presentada por la Comisión en junio de 2009 ha sido aprobadapor el Parlamento Europeo por 511 votos contra 95, y 11 abstenciones.El objetivo primario del “European Microfinance Facility” será de ayudar a laspersonas que han perdido o están en riesgo de perder sus puestos de trabajoen obtener un crédito para empezar una actividad de negocios o una pequeñaempresa. Los trabajadores tendrán así un mejor acceso a fondos y sebeneficiarán de medidas de apoyo adicionales, como tutoría, formación yentrenamiento.Los diputados acordaron destinar 100 millones de € para el instrumentofinanciero durante más de cuatro años.60 millones provendrán del programa Progress para el empleo y la solidaridadsocial, y 40 millones de € de márgenes no asignados enpresupuesto de la UE.Para 2010 Parlamento y Consejo acordaron de liberar 25 millones de € delpresupuesto UE de 2010.Este instrumento podría movilizar más de 500 millones de € en una iniciativaconjunta con instituciones financieras internacionales, en particular el GrupoBanco Europeo de Inversiones (BEI).Los microcréditos están diseñados para microempresas, con menos de diezempleados (el 91 % de todas las empresas europeas), y para personas enparo o inactivas que quieren hacerse trabajadoras autónomas pero no tienenacceso a los servicios bancarios tradicionales. El montante máximo de cadapréstamo será menor de 25000 €.
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  37. 37. Erasmus Mundus es un programa de cooperación y movilidad que pretende promovereducación de calidad y desarrollar la cooperación entre la Unión Europea y tercerospaíses, además de favorecer la movilidad en ambos sentidos y el acceso a la educaciónsuperior.El programa cofinancia iniciativas de movilidad y cooperación entre institucioneseducativas europeas y está dirigido a centros de investigación e instituciones deenseñanza superior. Pretende fomentar la participar en iniciativas conjuntas conentidades similares de otros países europeos y de fuera de la UE, siempre que vayanencaminadas a facilitar la movilidad, la formación y el desarrollo de los recursos humanos.En muchos casos estas iniciativas están relacionadas con otras políticas globales: PaísesPreadhesión o ENPI, por ejemplo.Cuenta con un presupuesto global que asciende a 493 millones de euros para elperiodo 2009-2013 y está abierto a centros y estudiantes de enseñanza superior,investigadores postdoctorales, académicos, personal docente así como para organismosy entidades públicos y privados que trabajen en el ámbito de la enseñanza superior.Este año, con un presupuesto aprox. de 207m €,la financiación puede llegar hasta un75% de cada iniciativa.Se desarrolla de manera conjunta para el periodo 2009-2013 en 3 acciones diferentes:La Acción 1 comprende los estudios máster (Acción 1 A) y doctorado (Acción 1 B) consus correspondientes becas. (masters y programas doctorales -muchos de ellos soncontinuidad de programas anteriores, pero caben algunas nuevas propuestas-) La Acción 2 se ocupa de las asociaciones y partnerships,facilitando que las institucioneseducativas se puedan asociarse con otras de terceros países para promover movilidad ycooperación académica.La Acción 3 se centra en la promoción del atractivo de la educación superior europea,acciones de difusión del programa, asociación de alumnos y otras actividadesaccesorias (este apartado es un presupuesto para la propia gestión del programa entemas de difusión)
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  45. 45. 1. Objeto y finalidad del ProgramaLa estrategia del Programa Operativo sebasa en:los retos regionales puestos de relieve enel diagnóstico y el análisis de laspotencialidades del territorio;los logros resultantes de las fasesanteriores de la programación comunitaria;las orientaciones estratégicas comunitariasy el marco estratégico nacional,que establecen los principios deasignación de los fondos europeos.
  46. 46. La Comunidad Valenciana ha optado por situar en el centro de suestrategia el desarrollo sostenible e integrado socialmente, y másconcretamente:La mejora de la competitividad regional, basándose en las inversiones enmateria de comunicación y la intensificación de la investigación, de laproducción y de la difusión de la innovación (sobre todo la originada en elsector privado), así como el acceso a la información y los conocimientos ysu difusión; El incremento de la productividad y la diversificación del tejidoproductivo; El equilibrio territorial, la integración, la protección del medioambiente y la gestión de los recursos hídricos.El objetivo estratégico es que la Comunidad Valenciana se dote del capitalfísico y tecnológico suficiente para incrementar su competitividad a escalainternacional.
  47. 47. Con respecto al período 2000 2006, la Comunidad Valenciana ha conseguidoatenuar algún déficit y alcanzar g así una prosperidad relativa, que le hapermitido abandonar el objetivo «convergencia» y dar un paso hacia adelantepara unirse a las regiones «competitividad phasing in». Ahora debe hacerfrente a nuevos retos, a saber:El mercado laboral (una tasa de desempleo elevada, en particular entre lasmujeres y los jóvenes, que se suma a una tasa de participación baja);los retos relacionados con los movimientos migratorios (formación, integraciónsocial, económica y territorial);Las necesidades en materia de infraestructuras, tanto en lo que respecta a laoptimización de las comunicaciones y las telecomunicaciones, como paragarantizar la disponibilidad de los recursos hídricos necesarios para noobstaculizar el desarrollo.
  48. 48. El Programa tiene por objeto contribuir significativamente a los objetivosde la Estrategia de Lisboa, con un respaldo importante a lainvestigación, la transferencia de tecnología, la innovación y el espírituempresarial.Algunas acciones de la programación estarán dirigidas a mejorar ladotación y la accesibilidad a los servicios de transporte de las redestranseuropeas y regionales, pero también se centrarán en el recurso alas energías renovables, el buen aprovechamiento de los recursosenergéticos, la gestión y la distribución del agua potable y el tratamientode las aguas residuales.Se hará un esfuerzo especial para promover el desarrollo sostenible enlas zonas urbanas y en las zonas montañosas o periféricas de la región
  49. 49. Efectos que se esperan de las inversionesA continuación se indican los objetivos que se espera alcanzar con elPrograma:la creación de 22 865 puestos de trabajo; un incremento de los gastos enmateria de investigación y desarrollo/ PIB de aproximadamente un 264 %(desde el 0,99 % actual hasta un 2,61 % en 2013);una inversión privada cercana a los 4 000 millones de euros;un incremento del 160 % del número de empresas que se beneficien desistemas de gestión que respetan el medio ambiente (que han obtenidola certificación ISO 14001 y/o EMAS); en otras palabras, pasar de las442 empresas que tienen la certificación ISO 14001 hoy en día a 711 en2013.
  50. 50. PrioridadesEl Programa Operativo se articula en torno a seis ejes prioritarios.Prioridad 1: Desarrollo de la economía basada en el conocimiento,(I+D+I) y de la sociedad de la información[aproximadamente un 17 % de la inversión total]Esta prioridad se orienta hacia la convergencia tecnológica de laComunidad con la Unión Europea, favoreciendo determinadas accionesrelacionadas con la promoción de la investigación, de la innovación, deldesarrollo y de la difusión de las tecnologías, así como de la sociedad de lainformación. Dicha prioridad se basará más concretamente en lo siguiente:la intensificación de la investigación, el desarrollo y la innovación (I+D+I) (enparticular por parte de las empresas);el desarrollo de las tecnologías de la información y de la comunicación(TIC), como instrumento de mejora de la productividad
  51. 51. Prioridad 2:Desarrollo e innovación empresarial[alrededor del 24 % de la inversión total]La segunda prioridad tiene como objeto proporcionar asistencia a laspequeñas y medianas empresas (PYME) en materia de innovacióntecnológica y organizativa, de internacionalización, de acceso a recursosfinancieros para inversiones productivas, de servicios tecnológicos, etc.Esta prioridad está basada principalmente en:el incremento de la inversión privada en términos de capital físico,tecnológico y humano para mejorar la productividad de las empresas;la asistencia para la reinversión de las empresas, para la innovación ypara la diversificación productiva;la promoción y la asistencia para la internacionalización;la sociedad de la información; la asistencia a la iniciativa empresarial.
  52. 52. Prioridad 3:Medio ambiente, recursos hídricos y prevención de riesgos[aproximadamente un 27 % de la inversión total]la recuperación del suelo y una utilización alternativa del mismo que ofrezcauna plusvalía importante; la reducción de los riesgos derivados deldesbordamiento de los ríos y embalses para la población y el entorno; eldesarrollo sostenible, garantizando la disponibilidad de los recursos hídricosen condiciones higiénicas y de calidad; el aumento de la eficacia riegos;la promoción de la biodiversidad y de la protección de la Naturaleza.Prioridad 4:Transporte y energía[aproximadamente un 22 % de la inversión total]Las acciones principales tienen por objeto mejorar las infraestructuras en elámbito de las conexiones ferroviarias, las infraestructuras metropolitanas yla integración intermodal con los aeropuertos y los puertos de laComunidad.
  53. 53. Prioridad 5:Desarrollo sostenible local y urbano[aproximadamente un 8,5 % de la inversión total]Las acciones principales tienen por objetivo un desarrollo equilibrado de laregión.la asistencia al desarrollo en las zonas rurales;el incremento de la calidad de la oferta turística como motor de desarrollorural; la promoción de la cohesión territorial, a partir de proyectos integradosde regeneración urbana y rural destinados a los pequeños y medianosmunicipios; el refuerzo del desarrollo urbano para alcanzar la cohesiónsocial.Prioridad 6:Asistencia técnica[aproximadamente un 1,5 % de la inversión total]La asistencia técnica ha de permitir incrementar la capacidad administrativade la utilización de los fondos y la cofinanciación de las actividades degestión, seguimiento, evaluación, animación, información y comunicación
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  60. 60. Programme in shortThe MED programme is a transnational programme of European territorialcooperation.It is financed by the European Union as an instrument of its regionalpolicy and of its new programming period. It continues the tradition of theEuropean programmes for cooperation (previously named Interreg). It takesplace within the objective « European territorial cooperation » of the period 2007-2013.With a budget of more than 250M€ (whose 193M€ of ERDF), the Programme willlaunch , until exhaustion of its ERDF envelope, calls for projects to buildtransnational partnerships aiming at meeting the priority objectives of theProgramme in the Mediterranean space.
  61. 61. Programme objectives• To improve the areas competitiveness in a way that guaranteesgrowth and employment for the next generations (Lisbon strategy).• To promote territorial cohesion and environmental protection,according to the logic of sustainable development (Goteborgstrategy).
  62. 62. D / W D http://www.programmemed.eu/fileadmin/PROG_MED/Communication/maj_sept_2010/MED_Programme_brochure.pdf
  63. 63. Branch Office for the Western MediterraneanENPI CBC Med ProgrammeGeneralitat ValencianaC/ Cronista Carreres 11, 4E - 46003 Valencia Espa aTel: +34 96 192 26 31Fax: +34 96 192 26 11enpicbcmed_valencia@gva.eswww.enpicbcmed.eu
  64. 64. EES EUROPEAN EMPLOYMENT STRATEGYY Part II.Contribution of the regions in the Lisbon agenda
  65. 65. EES: introductionThe EES is the main tool to give direction to and ensure coordinationof the employment policy priorities to which Member States shouldsubscribe at EU level. Basic idea:economic convergence to be sustainable requires some labour market convergence.The European Employment Strategy (EES) has coordinated Member Statesemployment policies since 1997 through:common European guidelines and recommendationsannual national action plans for employmentmonitoring, evaluation and mutual learning at EU level
  66. 66. EES: Guidelines Attract and retain more people in employment and modernise social protection systemsImprove adaptability of workers and enterprises and the flexibility of labour markets. Increase investment in human capital though better education and skills. Governance
  67. 67. A brief history of the EES The early 1990s The 1993 White Paper and Essen StrategyThe Amsterdam Treaty and EES launch (1997) The 2000 review and 2002 impact evaluation The 2001 Lisbon strategy The 2003 revision of EES The 2005 revamp of EES
  68. 68. The early 1990s the need for EU actions in labour marketsIn the 1990s, need to increase the employment intensity of growth.Both the monetary stabilisationMore co-ordinated employment oriented policy response at European level.Effective responses to prevent and tackle persistent unemployment levels,which would in turn develop into long term unemployment and otherstructural problems in the labour markets.Find European solutions under Economic and Monetary Union.
  69. 69. The 1993 White Paper and Essen StrategyDelors White Book on Growth,Competitiveness and EmploymentThe ideological, political and analytical base upon which a coordinatedEuropean approach to employment was developed.Before the Treaty of Amsterdam, the responsibility for employment policywas under the exclusive responsibility of the Member States, while the roleof the Commission was to promote co-operation, research and informationdissemination.The Commission also assisted the Member States in their fight againstunemployment and social exclusion with Community funding, mainly throughthe European Social Fund.
  70. 70. The 1993 White Paper and Essen Strategythe European Council in Essen in December 1994 agreed on five keyobjectives to be pursued by the Member States ;the so called Essen Strategy :- the development of human resources through vocational training,- the promotion of productive investments through moderate wages policies,- the improvement of the efficiency of labour market institutions,- the identification of new sources of jobs through local initiatives,- the promotion of access to the world of work for some specific target groupssuch as young people, long-term unemployed and women.• It also initiated the first steps to develop common European LM indicators• The Essen Strategy was still based on non-binding conclusions of theEuropean Councils and lacked a clear legal base, a strong permanentstructure and a long-term vision.
  71. 71. The Amsterdam Treaty EES launchstrengthening of the Community approach to employment key elements :1. high level of employment as one of the key objectives,2. employment as a common concern.3. coordinated strategy for employment.4. priciple of mainstreaming employment policy,5. Joint Employment Report + Employment Guidelines for the Member States6. Commission may propose and the Council adopt ecommendations7. legal base for the analysis, research, exchange of best practice8. It enables decisions to be taken by qualified majority Luxembourg Jobs Summit of November 1997 anticipated the entry into force of the Treaty and launched the European Employment Strategy in its current form. Cardiff (June 1998), Cologne (June 1999), Lisbon (March 2000), Stockholm (October 2000) and Barcelona (March 2002).
  72. 72. The 1997-2002 EES: four pillarsThe EES was initially structured into four pillars and a set ofcorresponding guidelines. 1) Improving employability 2) Developing entrepreneurship 3) Encouraging adaptability in business and their employees 4) Strengthening the policies for Equal Opportunities The EES was launched with a view to make decisive progress in the fight against unemployment within five years.
  73. 73. 2000 review “mid-term” evaluationpositive developments: weaker points:the EES had created a common, Regional differences in labour marketintegrated framework for structural performance remained importantreform which enables synergies to be Bottlenecks, largely due to the skills gap,achieved across simultaneous and were emerging in a number of Membermutually supportive action. States.an increased involvement of a wide The implementation of different objectivesnumber of actors both at the European was uneven, with most progress achievedand national levels in the EES. in employability whereas the adaptability pillar was lagging behind.An increased transparency ofemployment policies, as well as an Local levels of administration and otherincreased political accountability of the local actors needed to take a greater stakeactions. at the design and implementation of the relevant Guidelines.•
  74. 74. 2000 Lisbon Council: The Lisbon strategyLisbon objective (2000): to become the most competitive and dynamicknowledge-based economy in the world capable of sustainable economicgrowth with more and better jobs and greater social cohesion(+ respect for the environment)Facing up the challenges of demographic change andglobal economic integration (+ enlargement)Need for coordinated action at EU level (governance)ambitious quantitative targets for employment rates for 2010:(70% overall and 60% for women)new or strengthened priorities (such as skills and mobility, lifelong learning).more but also better jobs so as to foster not only competitiveness and economicgrowth but also greater social cohesion.
  75. 75. Lisbon targets
  76. 76. impact evaluation• In 2002, the European Commission issued its evaluation of the first fiveyears of the EES (national reports and a joint report).more than 10 million new jobs created since 1997 and 4 million less unemployed. howmuch due to the introduction of the EES and how much to economic improvement,? The evaluation highlighted significant changes in national employment policies, •However, the EES is also seen to have a number ofweaknesses, partly in relation to the activation of the most disadvantaged groupsand to policy evaluation, and partly relating to new and emerging challenges. Theseinclude: - demographic challenges - emerging skills gap - enlargement - globalisation and immigration
  77. 77. Evaluation results: employment performancenew jobs / employment rateWomen’s employment rateThe rate for older workers increasedunemployment has been decreasing (also for women and the young + long term)Nevertheless,The Lisbon targets are within reachFurthermore,There are significant differences between Member States.
  78. 78. Evaluation results: Active Labour Market Programmes• Preventive approach• The target of 20% of the unemployed participating in active labour marketprogrammes has already been overtaken by 14 Member States (excluding UK)• a rise in training to combat skill shortages• Combining training with other measures, such as work experience andindividualised action plans, increases the chances of success.• Further progress in individual job search and guidance services at an earlystage of unemployment (mainly in Denmark, France, Belgium, Germany and Italy).• Growing tendency to make ALMP more demand-led, and to improve thecooperation between institutions in the public and/or the private sector• An increasing recognition that integration into the labour market requires a broaderrange of complementary measures contributing to social inclusion, with theconsequent need of more links with policies in other fields, such as ducation, healthcare and housing.• Nevertheless, still room to make the preventive approach more effective• Furthermore, actions often targeted on the groups with the most potential.
  79. 79. Evaluation results: Active ageing• All the Member States have made serious efforts• However, only a few Member States have developed comprehensivenational active ageing strategies• NOTE: increasing the mandatory retirement age does not automaticallyincrease the number of older workers in employment. The key issue is how toboost the willingness of employers to keep older workers in employment untilretirement age.Recent studies have shown that early retirement is frequently not theemployees’ choice and some Member States continue to use earlyretirement schemes
  80. 80. Evaluation results: Female labour market participationConsidering employment performances in the period between 1997 and 2001, womenhave contributed most to the overall growth of employment Rates.The gender gap in activity rates remains substantial in several Member States,ageingfemale-friendly adjustments in the tax, pension and benefit schemesencourage entrepreneurshipbetter care services for children and/or other dependentswomen in permanent jobs (gender equality at enterprise level / decision makingpay differentialseducational choices, stereotypes :encourage men to take roles
  81. 81. Evaluation results: Flexibility and Securitybalance flexibility and security, such as reducing the negative aspects offlexible work patterns, improving (lifelong) training and learning facilities andpromoting the reconciliation of work and family life.Promoting a broader culture of learning in the workplaceLifelong learning is still underdeveloped.Gap in learning opportunities low skills/ higher educated, younger/olderQuality of work has not been fully addressed and most Member Statestend to identify their own priorities :Flex-security and gender equalityworking timehealth and safety almost everywhere
  82. 82. 2002 revisionNew set of Employment Guidelines and Recommendations in 2003Following the 2002 evaluation, the Commission adopted a “Communicationon the future of EES” in January 2003.revised strategy with concrete objectives and targets.three overarching objectives - full employment (on the basis of Lisbon targets); - quality and productivity at work; - social cohesion and an inclusive labour market.and insists on a better delivery and governance of EES.
  83. 83. Enlargement and EESSince the late 1990s, the objective of the Commission:candidate countries define employment policies that prepare them for membership of the Union andprogressively adjust institutions and policies to the European Employment Strategy.The Commission initiated in 1999 a cooperation process on employment with these countries. EUfinancial support for accessionpreparations for ESFJoint Assessments Papers (JAPs), Most candidate countries consulted extensively on the draft Joint Assessment Papers, includingthe Finance and Education Ministries and the social partners, which helped to establish policycoherence.implementation of the JAP commitments in 2002-2003.The ten* new Member States prepared their first National Action Plans (NAPs) for employment in2004, along with those of the 15* other Member States.
  84. 84. 2005 revampstructural difficulties on the European social model:ageing populationdecline in economic performanceFebruary 2005, the European Commission made a proposal for a revamp ofthe Lisbon strategy to focus on delivering stronger, lasting growth andmore and better jobs.complete revision of the EES,the guidelines in conjunction with the macroeconomic and microeconomicguidelines and for a period of three years. TSynergies: national level and Community actions,This new process has been in practice from July 2005,
  85. 85. 2005-2008 Employment Guidelines The new Employment Guidelines (2005-8) are eight and they fit within three priorities: 1) attract and retain more people in employment, increase labour supply and modernise social protection systems; 2) improve adaptability of workers and enterprises; 3) increase investment in human capital through better education and skillsambitious new programme of mutual learningexchange of good practice and the Dissemination, including at regional level,Combined with a better use of EU financial resources,European Social Fund ,
  86. 86. 2005-2008 Employment Guidelines1.Implement full employment, improving quality and productivity at work,and strengthening social and territorial cohesion2.Promote a lifecycle approach to work3.Ensure inclusive labour markets, enhance work attractiveness, and makework pay for job-seekers, including disadvantaged people and the inactive4.Improve matching of labour market needs5.Promote flexibility combined with employment security and reduce labourmarket segmentation, having due regard to the role of the social partners6.Ensure employment-friendly labour cost developments and wage-settingmechanisms7.Expand and improve investment in human capital8.Adapt education and training systems in response to new competencerequirements
  87. 87. Further targets and benchmarkson-going job search assistance,• 25 % of long-term unemployment should participate by 2010 in an active measure inthe form of training, retraining, work practice, or other employability measure, with theaim of achieving the average of the three most advanced Member States,• jobseekers throughout the EU are able to consult all job vacancies advertisedthrough Member States‘ employment services,• an increase by five years, at EU level, of the actual average exit age from the labourmarket by 2010 (compared to 59,9 in 2001),• the provision of childcare by 2010 to at least 90% of children between 3 years oldand the mandatory school age and at least 33% of children under 3 years of age,• an EU average rate of no more than 10% early school leavers,• at least 85% of 22-year olds in the EU should have completed upper secondaryeducation by 2010,• the EU average level of participation in lifelong learning should be at least 12,5% ofthe adult working-age population (25 to 64 age group).
  88. 88. Progress towards the Lisbon targets
  89. 89. Concluding remarksThe positive impact of the EES in the second half of the Nineties was favoured by theeconomic cycle.However, structural improvements have occurred since 1997 thanks to reforms in a numberof areas, such as competition policy and labour markets.• These improvements are reflected in:- lower structural rates of unemployment,- lower long-term unemployment rates;- increased efficiency in matching between the unemployed and vacancies;- a rise in aggregate labour demand;- a positive effect of atypical labour contracts, such as part-time and fixed-term- an increase in expenditure on labour market policies,- Further progress transitions from temporary to permanent jobs and out of low-paid jobs.- Lower labour market gaps related to gender and age- Economic slowdown can negatively impact on social cohesion, ( new Member States)- Need to better balance social and economic objectives
  90. 90. The processSpring 2007 European Council (March 2007)Member States to submit latest Implementations/ NationalReform Programmes (Oct. 2007)Commission to present its third Annual Progress Report(Dec. 2007)
  91. 91. The joint report on employment 06/07Some progresses:Employment rate (63.8%)but difficult to achieve the goal of 70% in 2010;Employment of ageing people (42.5%)but difficult to achieve the goal of 50% in 2010;Good progress in women’s employment (56.3%)the 2010 goal will be probably achieved;Social reforms and a more balanced situation of Public Finances.Some difficulties:Productivity growth rate remains insufficient (0.9% in 2005)Insufficient participation of adults in life long training;School abandonment still highThe flexibility of labour marketEmployment of some social groups : young people, women, migrants.
  92. 92. The joint report on employment 06/07Some difficulties:Productivity growth rate remains insufficient (0.9% in 2005)Insufficient participation of adults in life long training;School abandonment still highThe flexibility of labour marketEmployment of some social groups : young people, women, migrants.
  93. 93. Introduction (1)• In March 2010, the European Commission (EC) released the Europe 2020 strategy proposal, which strives for „smart, sustainable and inclusive growth“ and greater policy coordination between the EU and national governments.• While the document was greeted with scepticism in some quarters, others believe it lays out the path to continued European prosperity and social cohesion.• In January 2011 a comprehensive plan was adopted by the EC “to respond to the crisis and to speed up Europe‘s growth“.
  94. 94. Lessons from the Lisbon Strategy (1)• The EU 2020 strategy is about improving competitiveness and achieving sustainable growth in the EU.• It builds on the revised Lisbon strategy (2005) which is nowadays often regarded as a failure. E.g., it did not undo the large persisting differences between member states in the implementation of Lisbon goals.• A main lesson learned from Lisbon is to reinforce economic policy cooperation.• In principle, however, the same governance framework is used. The strategy builds still to a large extent on the toolbox of the revised Lisbon strategy.
  95. 95. Lessons from the Lisbon Strategy (2)• As the economic and financial crisis and the subsequent soveregn debt crisis have exposed some member states‘ weaknesses, particularly more coordination is required in certain fields at least.• The crises have highlighted the interdependencies between economic and monetary policy in the eurozone and the negative spillovers from the economic part of the union to the monetary side.• The EU 2020 strategy, therefore, puts a special focus on tackling the causes of the negative externalities so as to justify the emergency coordination measures adopted to avoid the insolvency or illiquidity of member states.
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