Second Language Acquisition

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A review about the process involved in second language acquisition.

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Second Language Acquisition

  1. 1. SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION<br />Prof. Miguel Villanueva Coaguila<br />
  2. 2. The process of acquiring a second or foreign language<br />TakenfromAppliedLinguisticsDictionary Oxford<br />It is the process by which people learn a second language in<br />addition to their native language(s). <br />Takenfrom www.wikipedia.com<br />
  3. 3. Second language acquisition (SLA) is defined as the process of becoming competent or proficient in a second or foreign language, from the first use of a language item to its advanced applications at a later stage<br />
  4. 4. The purpose of SLA studies is to describe and explain the way second languages are learned in terms of both linguistic and communicative competence. <br />
  5. 5. From a sociolinguistic perspective, acquisition through organized instruction occurs in classrooms with the help of teachers and instructional materials. Acquisition through immersion occurs in social situations using contextual clues.<br />
  6. 6. Klein identifies ‘spontaneous’ and ‘guided’ acquisition. The first focuses<br /> on everyday communication, whereas the second targets the mastery <br />of the language system.<br />
  7. 7. Krashen distinguishes between ‘acquisition’ and ‘learning’. In his analysis<br /> of the process of mastering a second language, he reserves ‘acquisition’ <br />for the subconscious process of learning a language by being exposed to it. <br />‘Learning’, according to him, is the conscious process of mastering a language<br /> by studying it.<br />
  8. 8. Chomsky focuses on the results of SLA, which he defines as ‘competence’ <br />and ‘performance’. According to him, ‘competence’ in a second language is <br />the mastery of the internalized grammar that the ideal speaker or hearer, <br />not a real one, has of the whole language.<br />Performance’ in Chomsky’s Generative Transformational Grammar, <br />on the other hand, refers to a person’s actual use of a language in<br />the understanding and production of sentences.<br />

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