Woody Plant Identification
<ul><li>Honey locust </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Compound, alternate leaf </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Young trees may have double...
<ul><li>Crabapple </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple, alternate leaves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leaves toothed </li></ul></ul>...
<ul><li>Red pine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Needle-leaf tree </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 needles per bundle </li></ul></ul><ul...
<ul><li>Bell’s Honeysuckle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple, opposite </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leaves feel slightly rough </...
Image credit: M. Acker Fruit pairs at leaf axils
<ul><li>Black Cherry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple, alternate leaf </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Small,  rusty brown hairs  on...
Image credit: Nate Krinke (thanks Nate!) Rust brown hairs
Rust brown hairs on black cherry leaf Image credit: M. Acker
<ul><li>Green Ash </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Compound, opposite (may be slightly off) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>7-9 Leaflets w...
Image credit: Nate Krinke (thanks Nate!) White down on leaflet stalks
White down on leaflet stalks Image credit: M. Acker
<ul><li>Mulberry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple, alternate leaf </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Serrated edge </li></ul></ul><ul>...
Image credits: M. Acker 3 strong veins meet at the base of mulberry leaves
<ul><li>Elm </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple, alternate leaves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Toothed leaves </li></ul></ul><ul><u...
<ul><li>Dogwood </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Opposite, simple leaves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Entire leaf margin </li></ul></ul...
<ul><li>Cottonwood </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple, alternate leaves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Triangle shape  leaves </li><...
<ul><li>Box Elder </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Compound, opposite leaves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3-5 leaflets (more with age) ...
Image credit: M. Acker
<ul><li>Black-cap Raspberry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Compound, alternate leaves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3 leaflets </li></...
<ul><li>Virginia Creeper </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compound, alternate leaves </li></ul></ul><...
Virginia creeper turns red in the fall. Image credit: la fattina  on Flickr
Image credit: mechy411  on Flickr Virginia creeper blue berries on red stems… the berries are toxic.
<ul><li>Buckthorn </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple leaves, may be either alternate or opposite </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leaf...
Image: PD-gov Leaf veins follow edge of leaf
<ul><li>Wild grape </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple, alternate leaves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><...
Image credit: M. Acker
<ul><li>Black Walnut </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Compound, alternate leaf </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Up to 23  leaflets </li></u...
<ul><li>Willow </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple, alternate leaves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leaves are  long and skinny </li>...
Image credit: M. Acker The narrow leaves of a willow
<ul><li>Silver Maple </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple, opposite leaves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deep, “U” shaped sinuses </l...
Image credits: fabelfroh on flickr Deep, “U” shaped sinuses and many points
<ul><li>Prickly Ash </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Compound, alternate leaves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prickly on stems and trunk...
Image credit: M. Acker Compound leaf of prickly ash
Image credit: M. Acker Thorns on leaf of prickly ash
Image credit: M. Acker Thorns on leaves and stem of prickly ash
<ul><li>Black oak </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple, alternate leaf </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deep u-shaped lobes </li></ul></...
Image: PD-gov
<ul><li>Blue spruce </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Needles are short and pointy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Needles are boxy in cros...
Image: PD-gov Large, mature cone of blue spruce
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Woody Plant Identification

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  • Woody Plant Identification

    1. 1. Woody Plant Identification
    2. 2. <ul><li>Honey locust </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Compound, alternate leaf </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Young trees may have double compound leaf </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leaflets small </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Turns yellow in fall </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seed pods resemble leather straps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wild honey locust have thorns on trunk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grows quickly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Often planted in new residential areas </li></ul></ul>Image credit: prettywar-stl on Flickr Image credit: Khaz on Flickr
    3. 3. <ul><li>Crabapple </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple, alternate leaves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leaves toothed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many small, crabapple fruits on tree and ground </li></ul></ul>Image credit: daryl_mitchell on Flickr Image credit: jbphototon on Flickr Image credit: Jim Frazier on Flickr
    4. 4. <ul><li>Red pine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Needle-leaf tree </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 needles per bundle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Needles are long and break cleanly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tree branches resemble bottle brushes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bark appears as smooth red plates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cones are 2-3 inches long and stout </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Often replanted in logged areas </li></ul></ul>Image credit: deanna_ on Flickr Image credit: odalaigh on Flickr
    5. 5. <ul><li>Bell’s Honeysuckle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple, opposite </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leaves feel slightly rough </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flowers or fruit found in pairs on leaf axil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prefers forest edges </li></ul></ul>Image credit: M. Acker
    6. 6. Image credit: M. Acker Fruit pairs at leaf axils
    7. 7. <ul><li>Black Cherry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple, alternate leaf </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Small, rusty brown hairs on underside of leaf </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Older tree bark looks like black, burnt potato chips </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>White flowers in May </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dark, edible cherries </li></ul></ul>Image credit: esagor on Flickr
    8. 8. Image credit: Nate Krinke (thanks Nate!) Rust brown hairs
    9. 9. Rust brown hairs on black cherry leaf Image credit: M. Acker
    10. 10. <ul><li>Green Ash </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Compound, opposite (may be slightly off) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>7-9 Leaflets with small, downy stalks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leaflets are green underneath </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Winged fruit are 1-3 inches long </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prefers wet areas </li></ul></ul>Image credit: Roger Smith on Flickr Image: PD-gov
    11. 11. Image credit: Nate Krinke (thanks Nate!) White down on leaflet stalks
    12. 12. White down on leaflet stalks Image credit: M. Acker
    13. 13. <ul><li>Mulberry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple, alternate leaf </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Serrated edge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lobed and un-lobed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3 strong veins at the leaf base </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leaves are shiny </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mulberry fruits range in color from white to dark </li></ul></ul>Image: PD-old
    14. 14. Image credits: M. Acker 3 strong veins meet at the base of mulberry leaves
    15. 15. <ul><li>Elm </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple, alternate leaves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Toothed leaves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leaves are distinctly asymmetrical at the base </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grows to large tree </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>American Elm has smooth leaf </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slippery Elm has rough leaf that may fold upward at mid-vein </li></ul></ul>Image credit: withrow on Flickr
    16. 16. <ul><li>Dogwood </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Opposite, simple leaves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Entire leaf margin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leaves that are held by “strings” when split </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dark red stems from summer to winter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stems green in spring </li></ul></ul>Image credit: Colin Purrington on Flickr
    17. 17. <ul><li>Cottonwood </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple, alternate leaves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Triangle shape leaves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Toothed leaf margin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cottony seeds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grows large in WI </li></ul></ul>Image credit: crossley on Flickr
    18. 18. <ul><li>Box Elder </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Compound, opposite leaves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3-5 leaflets (more with age) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fruits are “V” shape helicopters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Waxy stems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Invasive plant </li></ul></ul>Image: PD-old
    19. 19. Image credit: M. Acker
    20. 20. <ul><li>Black-cap Raspberry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Compound, alternate leaves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3 leaflets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thorny, viney shrub </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5-petal flowers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Raspberry fruit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leaflets are white underneath </li></ul></ul>Image credit: birdfreak on Flickr Image: PD-old
    21. 21. <ul><li>Virginia Creeper </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compound, alternate leaves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5 leaflets that spread from a central point </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fall fruit are a pretty red on the end of blue stems </li></ul></ul>Image credit: bill barber on Flickr
    22. 22. Virginia creeper turns red in the fall. Image credit: la fattina on Flickr
    23. 23. Image credit: mechy411 on Flickr Virginia creeper blue berries on red stems… the berries are toxic.
    24. 24. <ul><li>Buckthorn </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple leaves, may be either alternate or opposite </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leaf veins follow leaf edge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dark berries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thorns found at end of twigs between two buds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>invasive </li></ul></ul>Image credit: M. Acker
    25. 25. Image: PD-gov Leaf veins follow edge of leaf
    26. 26. <ul><li>Wild grape </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple, alternate leaves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leaves with pointy lobes and teeth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Light/medium green leaf </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grape bunches </li></ul></ul>Image credit: Rosenzweig on wikipedia commons
    27. 27. Image credit: M. Acker
    28. 28. <ul><li>Black Walnut </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Compound, alternate leaf </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Up to 23 leaflets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spherical fruit that stains </li></ul></ul>Image location: wikipedia PD-personal
    29. 29. <ul><li>Willow </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple, alternate leaves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leaves are long and skinny </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Often yellow branches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Branches pliant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prefer to grow near water </li></ul></ul>Image: PD-gov
    30. 30. Image credit: M. Acker The narrow leaves of a willow
    31. 31. <ul><li>Silver Maple </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple, opposite leaves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deep, “U” shaped sinuses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pointy tipped lobes on leaves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Each leaf has several points, more than 20 per side </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Older trees have scraggly bark </li></ul></ul>
    32. 32. Image credits: fabelfroh on flickr Deep, “U” shaped sinuses and many points
    33. 33. <ul><li>Prickly Ash </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Compound, alternate leaves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prickly on stems and trunk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crushed leaves smell of citrus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not a member of the ash family </li></ul></ul>Image credit: M. Acker
    34. 34. Image credit: M. Acker Compound leaf of prickly ash
    35. 35. Image credit: M. Acker Thorns on leaf of prickly ash
    36. 36. Image credit: M. Acker Thorns on leaves and stem of prickly ash
    37. 37. <ul><li>Black oak </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple, alternate leaf </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deep u-shaped lobes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pointed lobe tips </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Small acorns, 1 inch or less </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prefers sandy soil </li></ul></ul>Image credit: benimoto on flickr
    38. 38. Image: PD-gov
    39. 39. <ul><li>Blue spruce </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Needles are short and pointy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Needles are boxy in cross section </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dull, bluish-green in color </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Easily distinguished by the long cones </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not native, but often planted in landscaping </li></ul></ul>Image: PD-gov
    40. 40. Image: PD-gov Large, mature cone of blue spruce

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