Report Round Table Inclusive Development Cambodia


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On 18 December 2013 Handicap International (HI) Cambodia organized a National round table on including vulnerable people in Commune/Sangkat Investment Program (CIP) process. In the morning - presentations by HI, Save the Children, CDMD and DoLA on how to promote inclusive development actions. In the afternoon the World Cafe -discussing ideas and together finding recommendations to improve active participation of vulnerable people in to the CIP.

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Report Round Table Inclusive Development Cambodia

  1. 1. REPORT National Round Table Local Inclusive Development © P. Vermeulen / Handicap International © W. Daniels pour Handicap International 18 December 2013 Inter Continental Hotel Phnom Penh © B. Franck / Handicap International HI Cambodia & Thailand Program
  2. 2. Objective of the National Round Table on including vulnerable people in Commune/Sangkat Investment Program Through dialogue, share and gain support among national and sub national authorities, stakeholders and donors involved in decentralization about most disadvantaged groups’ participation to local governance
  3. 3. Agenda of the National Roundtable on including vulnerable people in Commune/Sangkat Investment Program Morning session presentations Handicap International Cambodian Development Mission to Disability Save the Children, and Department of Local Authorities Afternoon session World café
  4. 4. Welcome speech Dear ladies and gentlemen, The decentralization process launched by the Royal Government of Cambodia offers unique opportunity to promote pro-poor development and democracy. Despite the progress made, the challenges remain many. Today, we choose the roundtable to insist on the importance of supporting regular dialogue & exchanges to address these challenges. Large exchanges ensuring all stakeholders can input and come with their knowledge and experience. Exchange between citizens and local authorities, stakeholders involved aside them, national authorities and donors engaged into poverty reduction. Exchanges that can lead to a change. I hope learning from each other and confronting our experience will help us identifying appropriate ways to foster empowerment, participation and equity for the communities of Cambodia. Last but not least, I would like to take the opportunity to thank the European Union and the Government of the United Kingdom that have been supporting HI and have made this workshop possible. Mr. Benjamin NGUYEN Handicap International Programme Director Cambodia and Thailand
  5. 5. Participants Target groups - Mr. Soeum Soy, Mr Kong Pove, Ms. Choy Oun, Mr. Seng Chey (CDRPs) Ms. Rem Srey Nom and Mr. Run Chetra (Child group) Mr. Pov Chhen (BDPO) and Say Sothean (KCDPO) Partners - Mr Yim Mean, Mr. Touch Vuth, Mr. Nginn Saorath and Ms. Phum Lakena (CDPO) NGOs - Ms Um Sokom (WOMEN). Mr Nhip Thy and Ms Chan Dara (CDMD). Mr.Nep Sinthai (API), Uk Pheakdey (ADD), Ms. Nong Yarida (SC), Ms. Thoin Sean Lay (SNV), Mr. Ngy San (CBM), Mr. Phanna Chhim (PLAN), Mr. Dustin (Associates), Mr. Peng Samnang (DDSP) Government - Village and Commune Council - Mr. Norm Nuam (Battambang), Mr. Prak Sarom (Kampong Cham), Mr.Mot Roun (Battambang), Ms. Dem Oun (Kampong Cham), Mr Mon Sinat (Kampong Spue), Mr. Heng Sophary (Battambang), Mr. Sara Want (Battambang). District – Ms. Un Chanta (Kampong Cham), Mr. Mean Pv (Kamong Cham). Provincial – Mr. Kong Vutha (POSVY battambang)) , Mr. Prak Tith (Kampong Cham), Mr. Moul Thon (Battambang), Mr. Meas Uy (Takao), National – Mr. Dy Sovarm (MEF), Mr. Lao Veng (MoSVY), Mr. Pok Sovandara, Mr. Nhav Tang (MoI), Mr. Ing Sambath (DAC), Ms. Mao Malis (NCDD) and Mr. Seth Soman (MRD) Donors - Mr. Bou Noeun (EU), Ms. Anne Lobell and Mr. Kosal Vathanak (UNICEF), Bak Tokoyo (AisAid) Press - Mr. Meas Savoung, Mr. Chim Ratha, San Vovanara, Mr. Chea Sarith, Chem Dina, Mr. Hok Sokrin, Chihim Makara. Oum Vang, Eang Bunrith, Mr. Chao Soeun , Ms. Chandy
  6. 6. Vision & mission Handicap International Work alongside people with disabilities and vulnerable populations, offering them assistance and supporting them in their efforts to become self-reliant Rights based approach, empowerment, participation are important principles of intervention Save the Children Our vision is a world in which every child attains the right to survival, protection, development and participation. To inspire breakthroughs in the way the world treats children, and to achieve immediate and lasting change in their lives Cambodian Development Mission for Disability A Society for all where people with disabilities live with dignity and prosperity To coordinate and build capacity of people with disabilities, communities, and stakeholders to provide equal opportunity for people with disabilities to fully participate in all development efforts
  7. 7. Local Inclusive Development Projects Duration Locations Target groups Handicap International People with disabilities and their families Local authoritiesvillage/Commune level, District and Provincial level Battambang and Kampong Cham provinces in 8 districts: Choeng Prey, Prey Chhor, Tbong Khmom, Chamkar Loe, Maung Reussey, Banan, Bavel, and Thmorkol March 2011 – December 2013 (30 months) with EU funding January 2013 – December 2015 with UK Government support Save the Children Cambodian Development Mission for Disability 40 Children and Youth Led Group (CYLGs) 33 Children and Youth Led Group (CYLGs) Persons with disabilities, family of persons with disabilities, and community people Prey Veng province in Peam Ro district in Kampong Cham province in Oreang Ov district Phnom Penh, Kandal, Takeo, Kampot, and Kampong Speu province 2013 - 2015 2010 – 2012 2013 - 2015
  8. 8. Partners & Stakeholders Partners Handicap International Cambodia Disabled People Organization (CDPO) Opérations Enfants du Cambodge (OEC) Nak Akphivath Sahakum (NAS) Stakeholders Save the Children Stakeholders: Disability People Organisations, Service Providers, and Local Authorities WOMEN Phnom Srey Cambodian Development Mission for Disability Commune Disability Committee Disability People Organisations and Self-help groups Provencal and District Office Social Affairs Veterans and Youth PIDPA/PoP Commune Council, Community Schools Health Centre, Pagodas Local NGO, and Government Agency
  9. 9. CDMC Presentations Save the Children Handicap International
  10. 10. Approach Handicap International Save the Children Cambodian Development Mission for Disability Twin track approach Empower to promote dignity, respect and equity Promoting inclusive development while addressing particular needs of people with disabilities Developing a knowledge about disability issues DO & WCCC advocacy Supporting representation & participation Raise capacities of CDPO and two provincial DPOs Creation of partnerships between non-state actors and sub-national level authorities Build capacities of local stakeholders PD & WCCC WOMEN Representation & participation To promote participation of people with disabilities in the community development, and increase the role of the community coordination of comprehensive CBR services. Through: 20% of commune budget increased for children’s issues C/S & CCWC Childr en Group s NGO PS CAPACITY BUILDING Parents /Care givers Build capacity of CBR staff and partners; Set up Community Disability Committees Empower people with disabilities Coordinate advocacy network and referral systems
  11. 11. Tools Local Inclusive Development Handicap International Save the Children Cambodian Development Mission for Disability Barrier assessment guideline Participatory Training Manuals CIP Poster and Agendas For All Fact sheets Inclusive development and Disability issues Satisfaction survey and quality of life tools Capacity assessment Social service mapping Follow up Coaching Training modules Monitoring tools Video and Radio Spots Newsletter/Posters/Leafle ts UNCRPD/Law on the Protection and Promotion of Rights of Persons with Disabilities Evaluation Report of CDMD-CBR Project 2012 Study Report on Effective of CDC 2013
  12. 12. Local Inclusive Development Struggles Handicap International The complexity of the CIP process changing roles and responsibilities Commitment and understanding of local authorities towards inclusive development Level of understanding of citizens, included people with disabilities of the CIP process Limited participatory management within the CIP Financial resources / budgeting capacities limited of the CIP results Save the Children Communes still have limited budget and unclear responsibilities relating to social services. Late budget disbursement from provincial level to communes. Limited capacity of CCWC in terms of coordination with relevant sectors. Cambodian Development Mission for Disability Limited knowledge and experiences Limited fund for social work at commune level Limited support from national level Lack good cooperation amongst relevant NGOs, government agencies, etc
  13. 13. Local Inclusive Development Successes Handicap International Save the Children ☺ Establishments of Disability Village Networkers (DVNs), electing their Commune Disability Representative Person (CDRP) ☺ People with disabilities gained more knowledge on and got more active at village and commune levels ☺ Local Authorities interest and actions to mainstream disability inclusive issues into the CIP process ☺ Stakeholders (service providers) support inclusive disability development projects ☺ Development of inclusive awareness materials and step-by-step training materials ☺ Commune Councils have integrated children’s issues in Commune Investment Program (CIP) 2014. ☺ Increased involvement of children and young people in CIP processes. ☺ Improved relationship between community people and local authorities in commune development processes. Cambodian Development Mission for Disability ☺ 42 CDCs established and trained ☺ 366 partners and stakeholders trained on rights base and disability inclusive ☺ 135 communes in target areas integrated disability into their development plans ☺ People with disabilities live in CDC commune received services better than PwDs in non-CDC commune ☺ Many people with disabilities and families, their situation is now either better or same as others
  14. 14. Local Inclusive Development Recommendations Handicap International Include Local Authorities Added two extra steps within the CIP process Share tools e.g. iAgenda with other stakeholders Strengthen the local authorities abilities Design accountability mechanisms to reinforce step 5 of the CIP process Expand from people with disabilities to all disadvantaged groups Save the Children Push for more budget allocation for children’s issues from national level. Continue to provide capacity building to CCWC on planning and social services, especially relating to children. Cambodian Development Mission for Disability Need capacity support from national level Need to strengthen collaboration and cooperation amongst relevant GOs, NGOs, private, people with disabilities, and community Need to increase involvement persons with disabilities
  15. 15. Questions & Answers Question 1 to HI “What do you mean by exclusion ?” Answer: Here are two way of exclusion, intended and non-intended, in the development process. For example, you have invited people with disabilities to join meeting, but the meeting room is at the 1st floor and only to be reach with a stair, so people with moving difficulties are excluded from the meeting. Another example, latrines are built for everybody but the door is only 80 cm width a person using a wheelchair cannot enter the toilet, the door wide should be a minimum of 90cm. Question 2 to HI “How to address disability into the CIP ?” Answer: We added 2 additional steps - Preparation Step - (pre-step 1) to brainstorm problems/issues of people with disabilities in the village, based on last year CIP experience and the daily life of the villagers, an Inclusive village table 1.1 is drafted by and agreed on by people with disabilities of the village to be presented at CIP Step 1 Village meeting, and - Support Step - to lobby, jointly with C/C Chief and Commune disability Focal Point after STEP 2 and before STEP 3 in order to gain support from relevant non-governmental organizations, stakeholders, service providers and/or the business community who have shown interest to support the commune development that improve the needs and demands of All citizens and at the same time of people with disabilities and their family members living in the village/Commune. With signing a adapted inclusive Temporary Agreement (TA) letter, organizations, local stakeholders, service providers and/or business community members promise to support and lobby for your inclusive actions/projects at the District Integration Workshop (CIP Step 3).
  16. 16. Question and Answers Questions 3 to HI “How to monitor inclusive project, and what mechanism are there ?” Answer: We acknowledge that this is something we need to work more in order to improve it in future. So far, we have focal person at commune level who pass the information of progress to CDRPs but CDRPs themselves have not participated directly due to no invitation. Question 4 to CDMD “Where is Contribution Fund come from?” Answer: The contribution of 800.000 Riels is funded by the CS fund under social intervention budget line. This fund will use to support social service activities, but not specifically for people with disabilities. CS has no clear idea about the allocation. Question 5 to CDMD “To what extent, do people with disabilities receive ID poor card?” Answer: The precise number of people with disabilities that receive the ID poor cards is not known, we believe that it are quite a lot. Question 6 to Save the Children “Are disable youth and children include in the process?” Answer. Yes, they are welcome to join the children group. Children with disabilities, when they show interest are included in the group. Question 7 to Save the Children “How to include private sector into process?” Answer: In practice, we invite credit service and the bank into the discussion.
  17. 17. Summary of the Presentation of Department of Local Administration National Level Department of Local Administration is established to support CS council in decentralization implementation based on CS admin law Roles and responsibilities of the department are defined in a Prakas # 185, dated 07th May 2002; Six offices under this department Dept. of Local Administration (DoLA) Admin Office M&E and CS Support Office Education and CD Office Planning Statistic and Info Office Finance Office Research and Tech Office
  18. 18. Challenges during implementation C/S council is replaced every 5 years CIP Planning schedules are ad hoc basis delayed (start sometime in September) Revised CIP procedures e.g. budget code Dependency of C/S members on provincial facilitation Lack of human resources in provincial divisions and district offices CS members have difficulties to understand and lack practice with CIP tools provided by partners Limited participatory facilitation skills of C/S member Timing and venue of C/S meeting not convenient for all citizens Limited participation of citizens Low C/S funds, decrease of additional funds from the International community Change in C/S projects e.g. Infra structure and service projects Work overload of C/S members Suggestion: NGOs to support capacity building to government officers in accordance to rules and regulations of provincial divisions and district offices.
  19. 19. New Provincial and District structure
  20. 20. Question and Answers to DoLa Question 1 “How to calculate C/S Fund allocation?” Answer: The C/S fund allocation is calculated based on three criteria: a) Equal share b) Total population c) Poverty score Question2 “Why does C/S project focus mainly on infrastructure?” Answer: Because infrastructure is visible. The C/S council would like to show their result of development to the people. The Ministry can not influent the decision of C/S council. Question 3. “Does MoI has a policy on disability inclusive ?” Answer: Yes, this year we included additional structure into the C/S fund project design to ensure accessibility.
  21. 21. What is The World Café ? The World Café is an international way to create a living network of conversations around that matters. It is a methodology which enables people (from 12 to 1200) to think together and intentionally create new, shared and collective meanings & understanding
  22. 22. World Café Questions 1. HOW to build the capacities of Local Authorities at the different levels; Village en c/s, District and Province and National 2. WHAT are the best approaches to motivate people to become active citizens? 3. HOW to implement and monitor village and c/s council investment projects – Best practice? 4. What is good about the CDP/CIP structure/ systems? is the CDP/CIP the only way to do local inclusive development projects 5. ROLE of the c/s council to ensure Local Inclusive Development projects in the CIP process? Are the 5 STEPS given enough possibilities? 6. HOW to support vulnerable people (included children) for meaningful participation in local decision making?
  23. 23. World Café Discussions
  24. 24. World Café voting session Each participant received 6 stickers to vote for the best idea per World café questions
  25. 25. World Café outcome HOW to build the capacities of Local Authorities at the different levels; Village en c/s, District and Province and Nation • To conduct training need assessment (TNA) before starting training. • To develop training session in accordance to results of TNA WHAT are the best approaches to motivate people to become active citizens? Ensuring prioritized project is implemented in response to inclusive needs HOW to implement and monitor village and c/s council investment projects – Best practice? • Coaching and actual practice and exposure. • Strengthening capacity of PMC with people with disabilities participation Ensure beneficiary participation • • • • • Public forum on CS project implementation and budget expenditure. To be transparent, integrity and equity Encourage participation and understanding feeling;
  26. 26. World Café outcome What is good about the CDP/CIP structure and systems? Is the CDP/CIP the only way to do local inclusive development project • • • To meet wit all citizens, included people with disabilities to discuss and collect disability issues Ensure participation from stakeholders, including line department and donors Private sector and NGOs can implement inclusive project ROLE of the C/S council to ensure Local Inclusive Development projects in the CIP process? Are the 5 STEPS given enough possibilities? HOW to support vulnerable people (included children) for meaningful participation in local decision making? • Explain people about CIP process • Empower and encourage vulnerable group • Prioritize project based on equity manner • Study real needs of the vulnerable people • Follow 5 steps of CIP process fully • Invite representative of vulnerable people in CIP process.