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Plugging into the Smart Grid: How College and Universities Can Get Involved


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prepared and presented by Mieko A. Ozeki, Sustainability Projects Coordinator, at the Northeast Campus Sustainability Consortium Conference on April 2, 2012 at Syracuse University.

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Plugging into the Smart Grid: How College and Universities Can Get Involved

  1. 1. treehugger.comPlugging into the Smart Grid: How College and Universities Can Get Involved
  2. 2. Overview I. Premise of Presentation II. Electrical Transmission & Distribution 101 III. Smart Grid Primer IV. A Smart Tale in the Green Mountain State V. VT Higher Education Plugged In VI. Challenges to Smart Grid ImplementationVII. Opportunities for Higher Ed to Lead the WayVIII. Resources
  3. 3. What role can colleges and universities play in smart grid implementation? Whats Smarton our campuses now?
  4. 4. Electrical Transmission and Distribution 101Source:
  5. 5. Smart Grid Primer: 30000 ft. ViewSource:
  6. 6. Smart Grid Primer: Conceptual View
  7. 7. Smart Meters, Data, & Communication Systems Metering energy consumption: Analog to digital
  8. 8. A Smart Tale in the Green Mountain StateeEnergy Vermont:● $68.9 million Smart Grid Investment Grant from Department of Energy via ARRA funds, a match fund of 50%. Overall project value is $138 million.Project Goals:1. Deploy smart meters to over 90% of Vermont premises.2. Pilot the use of in-home devices for communicating and controlling consumer energy patterns.3. Study dynamic rate structures enabled by smart meter technology.4. Deploy automated controls to the grid and substations.
  9. 9. Key Events● 1956: Vermont Electric Power Company Inc. (VELCO) created, "manages the safe, reliable, and cost effective delivery of electric energy through Vermonts transmission systems."● 1970s: VT utilities one of the first in nation to allow AMIs (early version of smart meters)● 1986: Efficiency VT founded, first energy efficiency utility company● 2007-2008: CVPS develops business statement for AMIs● 2009: ARRA funds released for eEnergy Vermont● 2010: ARRA Telecom grant awarded to VTEL Vermont-Sandia Partnership launched● 2011: Burlington votes support smart grid bond.
  10. 10. eEnergy Vermont Participants
  11. 11. A Public-Private CollaborationCollaboration of all eEnergy VT State partiesParticipants: ● VT Department of Public ServiceOne Vermont Application ● VT Congressional DelegationIncludes: ● VT Chief Technology Officer ● 19 electric utilities: ● VT Telecommunications Authority ● 1 statewide transmission company (VELCO) Higher Ed institutions: ● 2 medium-sized investor ● Norwich University--> Cyber owned utilities (CVPS & security GMP) ● University of Vermont --> Research ● 1 medium-sized municipal ● Vermont Law School --> Policy utilities ● Group of 13 municipal Components: electric utilities ● 2 Cooperative utilities ● Implementation ● Efficiency Vermont ● Outreach ● Research
  12. 12. Smart Grid implementation will enable energy consumers to participate. Source: eEnergy Vermont
  13. 13. VT Higher Education Plugged In I. Education: Short courses for utility operators, researchers, government officials, business owners, students, and others. Sample of short courses taught in Summer 2011: ○ "Renewable Energy Integration Course" ○ "Smart Grid Policy: Pathways for Improving the Global Environment" ○ "Cybersecurity of the Smart Grid: Overview of Challenges, Implications, and Latest Mitigation Strategies" II. Consumer Outreach & EducationIII. Research & Development ● Complex systems ● Consumer response ● Policy and governance ● Smart grid deployment
  14. 14. Challenges to Smart GridImplementation: Public Perception
  15. 15. Opportunities for Higher Ed and Businesses to Lead the Way with Smart GridWhat are we doing now: What could we do for the future:● On-Campus energy generation (i.e. solar, wind, biomass, etc.) ● Be a testbed of innovation● Energy efficiency & conservation ○ Consumer dashboards measures.● Research on energy storage. ○ Campus as a microgrid● Demand Response● Etc. ○ Smart apps ● Research beyond science: ○ Policy ○ Economic incentives and modeling. ○ Behavior Change ○ Complex systems Source: EnerNOC ● Preparing future generations for
  16. 16. Resources● Department of Energy, Office Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability: http: //● Smart Power: Climate Change, the Smart Grid, and the Future of Electric Utilities by Peter Fox-Penner (Island Press, 2010) ○● Vermont-Sandia Partnership: Date: October 1-3, 2012 Location: Westin Hotel in Boston
  17. 17. Thank you Mieko A. OzekiSustainability Projects Coordinator University of Vermont