Ernest Miller Hemingway was born on July21, 1899, in Oak Park, Illinois, a suburb of Chicago. His fatherClarence Edmonds Hemingway was a physician, and hismother, Grace Hall-Hemingway, was a musician. Both were well-educated and well-respected in the conservative community ofOak Park, Illinois. Hemingway attended Oak Park and River Forest HighSchool from 1913 until 1917. He took part in a number ofsports—boxing, track and field, water polo, and football—andhad good grades in English classes. Hemingway was a journalist before becoming a novelist; after leaving high school he went to work for The Kansas City Star as a cub reporter at the age of seventeen.
After the United States entered the First World War, hejoined a volunteer ambulance unit in the Italian army. Serving atthe front, he was wounded, was decorated by the ItalianGovernment, and spent considerable time in hospitals. After hisreturn to the United States, he became a reporter for Canadian andAmerican newspapers and was soon sent back to Europe to coversuch events as the Greek Revolution. Hemingway used his experiences as a reporter duringthe civil war in Spain as the background for his most ambitiousnovel, For Whom the Bell Tolls (1940). Among his laterworks, the most outstanding is the short novel, The Old Man andthe Sea (1952), the story of an old fishermans journey, his longand lonely struggle with a fish and the sea, and his victory indefeat. Hemingway - himself a great sportsman - liked to portraysoldiers, hunters, bullfighters - tough, at times primitive peoplewhose courage and honesty are set against the brutal ways ofmodern society, and who in this confrontation lose hope andfaith. His straightforward prose, his spare dialogue, and hispredilection for understatement are particularly effective in hisshort stories.
Hemingway also suffered paranoia- a mental deterioration.Hemingway suffered from physical problems as well: his healthdeclined and his eyesight was failing. Three months later, back in Ketchum, Mary (his wife)"found Hemingway holding a shotgun". His personal physicianDr. Saviers arrived, sedated him, and admitted him to the SunValley hospital; from there he was returned to the Mayo for moreshock treatments. He was released in late June and arrived homein Ketchum on June 30. Two days later, in the early morning hours of July2, 1961, Hemingway "quite deliberately" shot himself with hisfavourite shotgun. He unlocked the basement storeroom wherehis guns were kept, went upstairs to the front entrance foyer oftheir Ketchum home, and "pushed two shells into the twelve-gauge Boss shotgun ...put the end of the barrel into hismouth, pulled the trigger and blew out his brains."
Hemingways chin, mouth, and lower cheeks were left, butthe upper half of his head was blown away. Mary called the SunValley Hospital, and Dr. Scott Earle arrived at the house within"fifteen minutes". Despite his finding that Hemingway "had died of aself-inflicted wound to the head", the story told to the press was thatthe death had been "accidental". Spouse(s) Elizabeth Hadley Hemingway’s Literary works: Richardson(1921–1927) "Indian Camp" (1926) Pauline Pfeiffer (1927–1940) The Sun Also Rises (1927) Martha Gellhorn (1940– A Farewell to Arms (1929) 1945) "The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber" Mary Welsh (1935) Hemingway (1946–1961) For Whom the Bell Tolls (1940) Children The Old Man and the Sea (1951) Jack Hemingway (1923– A Moveable Feast (1964, posthumous) 2000) True at First Light (1999) Patrick Hemingway (1928–) Gregory Hemingway (1931– 2001)
Santiago: The old man who goes out to the sea farther than any otherfishermen. He has gone 84 days without catching any fish at all. Once heget out there, he has an epic battle with nature.Manolin: The old man’s apprentice. A young boy who has been forbiddenby his parents to sail with the old man and been ordered to fish withmore successful fishermen. He is the boy who visits Santiagos shack eachnight, hauling back his fishing gear, feeding him and discussing Americanbaseball—most notably Santiagos idol Joe DiMaggio.The great Marlin: Is a "billfish" with an elongated body, a spear-like snout orbill, and a long rigid dorsal fin, which extends forward to form acrest.
In the middle of the sea: where the man experienced agreat struggle with the marlin. A battle in nature. The Old Man and the Sea recounts an epic battle of willsbetween an old, experienced fisherman and a giant marlin said tobe the largest catch of his life. It opens by explaining that thefisherman, who is named Santiago, has gone 84 days withoutcatching any fish at all. He is apparently so unlucky that his youngapprentice, Manolin, has been forbidden by his parents to sailwith the old man and been ordered to fish with more successfulfishermen.
Still dedicated to the old man, however, the boy visits Santiagos shackeach night, hauling back his fishing gear, feeding him and discussing Americanbaseball—most notably Santiagos idol, Joe DiMaggio (an American baseballplayer for the New York Yankees). Santiago tells Manolin that on the next day, hewill venture far out into the Gulf to fish, confident that his unlucky streak is nearits end. Thus on the eighty-fifth day, Santiago sets out alone, taking his skiff faronto the Gulf. He sets his lines and, by noon of the first day, a big fish that he issure is a marlin takes his bait. Unable to pull in the great marlin, Santiagoinstead finds the fish pulling his skiff. Two days and two nights pass in thismanner, during which the old man bears the tension of the line with his body. Though he is wounded by the struggle and in pain, Santiagoexpresses a compassionate appreciation for his adversary, often referring tohim as a brother. He also determines that because of the fishs greatdignity, no one will be worthy of eating the marlin.
On the third day of the ordeal, the fish begins to circle theskiff, indicating his tiredness to the old man. Santiago, now completely wornout and almost in delirium, uses all the strength he has left in him to pull thefish onto its side and stab the marlin with a harpoon ending the long battlebetween the old man and the tenacious fish. Santiago straps the marlin to the side of his skiff and headshome, thinking about the high price the fish will bring him at the market andhow many people he will feed. While Santiago continues his journey back to the shore, sharks areattracted to the trail of blood left by the marlin in the water. The first, agreat mako shark, Santiago kills with his harpoon, losing that weapon in theprocess. He makes a new harpoon by strapping his knife to the end of an oar tohelp ward off the next line of sharks; in total, five sharks are slain and manyothers are driven away. But the sharks keep coming, and by nightfall the sharkshave almost devoured the marlins entire carcass, leaving a skeleton consistingmostly of its backbone, its tail and its head.
Finally reaching the shore before dawn on the next day, he struggleson the way to his shack, carrying the heavy mast on his shoulder. Oncehome, he slumps onto his bed and falls into a deep sleep. A group of fishermen gather the next day around the boat wherethe fishs skeleton is still attached. One of the fishermen measures it to be18 feet (5.5 m) from nose to tail. Tourists at the nearby café mistakenly takeit for a shark. Manolin, worried during the old mans endeavor, cries uponfinding him safe asleep. The boy brings him newspapers and coffee. Whenthe old man wakes, they promise to fish together once again. Upon hisreturn to sleep, Santiago dreams of his youth—of lions on an Africanbeach.
The story of the old man and the seapertains to the heroic struggle of an aging man tocatch a giant marlin far out at sea. It shows thatthere are something in life which we can’t belearned quickly, and time which is all we havemust know how to used it properly. They are thevery simple things and because it takes a man’slife to know them, the little new that each mangets from life is very costly and the only heritagewe can give to our future generations.
The story wants to imply to us that inlife, we should not limit ourselves to dosomething. We should learn how to acceptpossibilities. Don’t lose hope because life is acycle. Sometimes we fail but there will besuccess in the end. Remember that life islike a road of continues journey.